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Encyclopedia > Horoscope
A horoscope calculated for January 1, 2000 at 12:01:00 A.M. Eastern Standard Time in New York City, New York, USA (Longitude: 074W00'23" - Latitude: 40N42'51").
A horoscope calculated for January 1, 2000 at 12:01:00 A.M. Eastern Standard Time in New York City, New York, USA (Longitude: 074W00'23" - Latitude: 40N42'51").

In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, the astrological aspects, and sensitive angles at the time of an event, such as the moment of a person's birth. The word horoscope is derived from Greek words meaning "a look at the hours" (horoskopos, pl. horoskopoi, or "marker(s) of the hour.") Other commonly used names for the horoscope in English include astrological chart, astro-chart, celestial map, sky-map, star-chart, cosmogram, vitasphere, radical chart, radix, chart wheel, or simply chart. It is used as a method of divination regarding events relating to the point in time it represents and forms the basis of the horoscopic traditions of astrology. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (758x689, 92 KB) wow File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (758x689, 92 KB) wow File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ... The angles are the four Cardinal points of an astrological chart: the Ascendant, the Midheaven, the Descendant and the Imum Coeli. ... Parturition redirects here. ... For other uses, see Divination (disambiguation). ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ...


In common usage, horoscope often refers to an astrologer's interpretation, usually through a system of Sun sign astrology. In particular, many newspapers and magazines carry predictive columns based on celestial influences in relation to the zodiacal placement of the Sun on the day of a person's birth, identifying the individual's Sun sign or "star sign." This system is distinct from horoscopes as traditionally employed, as only the zodiacal placement of the Sun is considered in interpretation. While this modern usage is perhaps the most popular in the colloquial lexicon, this article will focus primarily on the traditional concept. An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ... Sun-sign astrology is the form of astrology most commonly found in many newspaper and magazine columns. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... Western astrology employs the tropical zodiac which divides the ecliptic into twelve signs of equal length starting at the first point of Aries, which is defined as the point at which the ecliptic (the apparent path of the Sun through the heavens) crosses the celestial equator at the spring equinox. ...

Contents

Introduction

The horoscope serves as a stylized map of the heavens over a specific location at a particular moment in time. In most applications the perspective is geocentric (heliocentric astrology being one exception). The positions of the actual planets (including Sun and Moon) are placed in the chart, along with those of purely calculated factors such as the lunar nodes, the house cusps including the midheaven and the ascendant, zodiac signs, fixed stars and the lots. Angular relationships between the planets themselves and other points, called aspects, are typically determined. Which elements are used or emphasized over others varies by tradition. This article is about the historical term. ... In astronomy, heliocentrism is the theory that the Sun is at the center of the Universe and/or the Solar System. ... The lunar nodes are the orbital nodes of the Moon, that is, the points where the orbit of the Moon crosses the ecliptic (which is the apparent path of the Sun across the heavens against the background stars). ... Most Western astrological systems divide the horoscope into a number (usually twelve) of houses whose positions depend on time and location rather than on date. ... The Midheaven is noted as Mc in this Natal chart, close to the top Ptolemys definition: The Medium Coeli is the point which is upper square from ascendant, eg. ... [Image:Natal Chart -- Adam. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... In astrology, the Arabian/Arabic parts or lots are constructed points based on mathematical calculations of three horoscopic entities such as planets or angles. ... The astrological aspects are noted in the central circle of this natal chart, where the different colors and symbols distinguish between the different aspects, such as the square (red) or trine (blue) In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ...


Concepts

These are the astrological symbols as most commonly used in Western Astrology
These are the astrological symbols as most commonly used in Western Astrology
The astrological symbols/glyphs used in Western astrology to represent the astrological signs (Zodiac)
The astrological symbols/glyphs used in Western astrology to represent the astrological signs (Zodiac)

The techniques described here belong to Western astrology. Image File history File links Wikitext. ... Image File history File links Astrological_Glyphs. ... Image File history File links Astrological_Glyphs. ... Astrological symbols are images used in various astrological systems to denote relevant objects. ... Western astrology is the system of astrology most popular in Western countries. ... Image File history File links Astro_signs. ... Image File history File links Astro_signs. ... Astrological symbols are images used in various astrological systems to denote relevant objects. ... A glyph is a carved figure or character, incised or in relief; a carved pictograph; hence, a pictograph representing a form originally adopted for sculpture, whether carved or painted. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... Western astrology is the system of astrology most popular in Western countries. ...


Native

The native is the time and place of the event being charted, and considered to be at the centre of the celestial sphere. This event can be not only birth times, but any event for which a horoscope would be drawn.


Astronomical framework

  • The celestial sphere is a sphere of arbitrary radius upon which the items appearing on the horoscope are projected without regard to their distance from the native.
  • The plane of the equator is the plane of the earth's equator projected into space.
  • The plane of the ecliptic is defined by the orbits of the earth and the sun. For practical purposes the plane of the equator and the plane of the ecliptic maintain a constant inclination to each other of approximately 23.5°.
  • The plane of the horizon is centred on the native, and is tangential to the earth at that point. In a sphere whose radius is infinitely large this plane may be treated as nearly equivalent to the parallel plane with its centre at the earth's center. This greatly simplifies understanding the geometry of the horoscope. Some writers on astrology have considered the effects of parallax, but most would agree that (apart from that of the moon) they are relatively minor, and are beyond the scope of this article.

For other uses, see Parallax (disambiguation). ...

Angles

  • There are four primary angles in the horoscope (though the cusps of the houses are often included as important angles by some astrologers). The ascendant is the eastern point where the ecliptic and horizon intersect; the ascendant is generally considered the most important and personalized angle (along with the midheaven) in the horoscope by the vast majority of astrologers. Its opposite point in the west is the descendant. In creating a horoscope the ascendant is traditionally placed as the left-hand side point of the chart. During the course of a day, because of the Earth's rotation, the entire circle of the ecliptic will pass through the ascendant and will be advanced by about 1°. This provides us with the term rising sign, which is the sign of the zodiac that was rising in the east at the exact time that the horoscope or natal chart is calculated.
  • The medium coeli or midheaven is the point on the ecliptic that is furthest above the plane of the horizon (not to be confused with zenith, which is normal to the horizon and so directly above the horoscope location). Its opposite point is known as the imum coeli (not to be confused with nadir, which is the opposite point of the zenith on the reverse side of the horizon). For events occurring where the planes of the ecliptic and the horizon coincide, the limiting position for these points is located 90° from the ascendant.

The angles are the four Cardinal points of an astrological chart: the Ascendant, the Midheaven, the Descendant and the Imum Coeli. ... Most Western astrological systems divide the horoscope into a number (usually twelve) of houses whose positions depend on time and location rather than on date. ... [Image:Natal Chart -- Adam. ... The term descendant or descendent has several meanings, some of which are listed below: A living being, like a plant, animal or person, that belongs to a particular lineage. ... This natal chart, appearing in Ebenezer Siblys Astrology (1806), was drawn for the speculated birth date of Jesus Christ, midnight, December 25, year 45 in the Julian calendar. ... The Midheaven is noted as Mc in this Natal chart, close to the top Ptolemys definition: The Medium Coeli is the point which is upper square from ascendant, eg. ... In broad terms, the zenith is the direction pointing directly above a particular location (perpendicular, orthogonal). ... In astrology, the Imum Coeli, or IC, is the point in space where the ecliptic crosses the Meridian in the north, exactly opposite the Midheaven in degrees and marking the 4th house cusp in most house systems (this is reversed in the southern hemisphere). ... For other uses, see Nadir (disambiguation). ... In broad terms, the zenith is the direction pointing directly above a particular location (perpendicular, orthogonal). ...

The zodiac

  • The zodiac refers to the 16° wide band on the celestial sphere containing the signs. It is centered on the ecliptic,occurs at the exact moment that the Sun crosses the celestial equator and enters the zodiac sign of Aries. Astrologers in India and some Western astrologers use the more ancient sidereal zodiac, which corresponds to the ancient position of the constellations as they were viewed thousands of years ago. Many people are confused regarding the difference between the sidereal constellations and the tropical zodiac signs. Because of a "wobble" in the earth's axis of rotation over a period of about 26,000 years (this 26,000 year period is often called a "great year"), the point at which the vernal equinox advances in the sky rate is approximately 0 deg, 0 min, 50.23 seconds a year. Precession of the equinoxes thus occurs at a rate of roughly 5 arc minutes of a degree every 6 years. Sidereal astrologers use zodiac signs that roughly align with the constellations as they were charted many thousands of years ago. Tropical astrologers use zodiac signs that align with the vernal equinox in the northern hemisphere and so the signs relate to the seasons and not the stars. It is also important to note that some astrologers don't use the signs of the zodiac at all, focusing more instead on the astrological aspects and other features of the horoscope.
  • The sun sign is the sign of the zodiac in which the sun is located for the native. This is the single astrological fact familiar to most people. If an event occurs at sunrise the ascendant and sun sign will be the same; other rising signs can then be estimated at approximately two hour intervals from there.
  • A cusp is the boundary between two signs or houses. For some the cusp includes a small portion of the two signs or houses under consideration.

The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... The celestial equator is a great circle on the imaginary celestial sphere, which could be constructed by inflating the Earths equator until it intersects with said sphere. ... Aries the animal Aries is an astrological sign that is associated with the constellation Aries. ... Sidereal astrology is the system of astrology used by some western and all Jyotish astrologers which bases their interpretation around the use of the sidereal zodiac. ... A Great year (also known as a Platonic year or Equinoctial cycle) is the time required for one complete cycle of the precession of the equinoxes: about 25700 years. ... Precession of the equinoxes refers to the precession of the Earths axis of rotation. ... In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ... Western astrology employs the tropical zodiac which divides the ecliptic into twelve signs of equal length starting at the first point of Aries, which is defined as the point at which the ecliptic (the apparent path of the Sun through the heavens) crosses the celestial equator at the spring equinox. ...

Houses

The houses are a series of twelve divisions of the plane of the ecliptic. Astrologers have devised many systems of calculating these house divisions. In the case of the equal house system the ecliptic is divided into twelve equal houses of 30° each. The first house begins at the ascendant and the others are numbered counterclockwise from that point. The first six are therefore below the horizon, and the other six are above. The positions of these houses remains fixed relative to the native. The signs and planets all move through the twelve houses during the course of a day, and the planets move through the signs over the course of months or years. Most Western astrological systems divide the horoscope into a number (usually twelve) of houses whose positions depend on time and location rather than on date. ... In astrology, the equal house system is a system of house division in which each of the 12 houses is composed of 30 degrees. ...


Aspects

  • The astrological aspects are angles between celestial bodies. The more exact the aspect is, the more important it is said to be. The difference between the exact aspect and the actual aspect is called the orb.

In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ... In astrology, the orb is how much an angle made by two points differs from the exactness of an aspect. ...

Construction of a horoscope

To create a horoscope, an astrologer first has to ascertain the exact time and place of the subject's birth, or the initiation of an event. The local standard time (adjusting for any daylight savings time or war time) is then converted into Greenwich Mean Time or Universal Time at that same instant, which in turn is translated into the sidereal time at Greenwich. The astrologer will next consult a set of tables called an ephemeris, which lists the location of the sun, moon and planets for a particular year, date and sidereal time, with respect to the northern hemisphere vernal equinox or the fixed stars (depending on which astrological system is being used). The astrologer then adds or subtracts the difference between the longitude of Greenwich and the longitude of the place in question to determine the true local mean time (LMT) at the place of birth to show where planets would be visible above the horizon at the precise time and place in question. Planets hidden from view beneath the earth are also shown in the horoscope. The horoscope is then divided into 12 sectors around the circle of the ecliptic, starting from the eastern horizon where objects are just rising into view. These are called the houses and numerous systems for calculating these divisions exist. Tables of houses have been published since the 19th Century to make this otherwise demanding task easier. GMT redirects here. ... Universal Time (UT) is a timescale based on the rotation of the Earth. ... Sidereal time is time measured by the apparent diurnal motion of the vernal equinox, which is very close to, but not identical with, the motion of stars. ... This article is about Greenwich in England. ... Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of equinox The vernal equinox (or spring equinox) marks the beginning of astronomical spring. ... A fixed star is a celestial object that does not seem to move (in comparison to the other stars of the night sky). ... Most Western astrological systems divide the horoscope into a number (usually twelve) of houses whose positions depend on time and location rather than on date. ...


Houses

The chart thus begins with a framework of 12 houses. Upon this the signs of the zodiac are superimposed. In the equal house system the cusp between any two houses will fall at the same degree for each of the signs. Thus, for a native whose ascendant is at 12° of Leo, the second house will begin at 12° of Virgo, the third at 12° Libra, and so on. In house systems that take into consideration the effects of the angle of intersection between the planes of the horizon and the ecliptic, the calculations are more complicated. For these calculations it is essential to know the latitude of the event. Tables are available for these calculations, but they are now commonly calculated by computer. Most astrology computer programs allow the user to choose from a variety of house systems.


Ascendant

Longitude is necessary in order to determine the position of the Ascendant because horoscopes use local time. Due to time zones, adjustments are made for the difference in one's actual longitude and the longitude of the nominal meridian associated with clock time. Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... [Image:Natal Chart -- Adam. ...


Planetary placements

Having established the relative positions of the signs in the houses, the astrologer positions the sun, moon, and planets at their rightful celestial longitudes. Some astrologers also take note of minor planetary bodies, fixed stars, asteroids (for example, Chiron) and other mathematically calculated points and angles such as the vertex, equatorial ascendant, etc. Many astrologers also use what are commonly referred to as Arabic parts (or Greek Lots), the most common of which is the Part of Fortune (Pars Fortuna). For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... 2060 Chiron (IPA: ) is an object in the outer solar system with an orbit between those of Saturn and Uranus and a radius of 71±5 km [1]. Although it was initially classified as an asteroid, later dispute arose as to whether it was an asteroid or actually a comet. ... In astrology, the Lots or Arabian Parts (or Arabic parts) are based on a mathematical calculation of three points in the horoscope. ... In astrology, the Lots or Arabian Parts (or Arabic parts) are based on a mathematical calculation of three points in the horoscope. ...


Aspects

To complete the horoscope the astrologer will consider the aspects or relative angles between pairs of planets. Certain aspects are considered more important than others. Those generally recognized by the astrological community are Conjunction (0°), Opposition (180°), Square (90°), Trine (120°), Sextile (60°), Semi-Square (45°), Sesqisquare (135°), and Quincunx (150°). Understandably these aspects are more significant when they are exact, but they are considered to function within an orb of influence, the size of which varies according to the importance of each aspect. Thus conjunctions are believed to operate with a larger orb than sextiles. Most modern astrologers use an orb of 8° or less for aspects involving the Sun, Moon, and Jupiter and smaller orbs for the other points. Some astrologers, such as practitioners of Cosmobiology, and Uranian astrology, use minor aspects (15°, 22.5°, 67.5°, 72°, 75°, 105°, 112.5°, 157.5°, 165°) with much narrower orbs. In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 The field of astrology called Cosmobiology is a system based on the early research of the Hamburg School surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), to whom its origins should properly be credited. ... Uranian astrology is a modern form of astrology based on teachings of German surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. ...


See also

  • Natal chart, a horoscope calculated for the birth of a person

This natal chart, appearing in Ebenezer Siblys Astrology (1806), was drawn for the speculated birth date of Jesus Christ, midnight, December 25, year 45 in the Julian calendar. ...

External Links

  • How Stuff Works - Horoscope

  Results from FactBites:
 
horoscope: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (2082 words)
Basic to a horoscope is the belief that each heavenly body has its own character, which is modified according to its relation to other celestial bodies at a given moment.
To cast a horoscope, the heavens are divided into 12 zones called houses; these influence such aspects of human life as health, wealth, marriage, friendships, or death.
In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the planets, other celestial bodies, and sensitive angles at the time of any event, such as a person's birth.
Horoscope - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1694 words)
The horoscope serves as a stylized map of the heavens.
In most applications the Earth is placed in the centre (although heliocentric astrology uses the Sun) with various remaining elements around the outside: the planets, the lunar nodes, the ascendant, midheaven, the zodiac and the houses.
In common usage, the word horoscope often refers to an astrologer's interpretation through a system of sun sign astrology.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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