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Encyclopedia > Hornby Railways

Hornby Railways is the leading brand of model railway in the United Kingdom. Its roots date back to 1901, when founder Frank Hornby received a patent for his Meccano construction toy. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Frank Hornby (15 May 1863 — 21 September 1936) invented Meccano around 1901, established Hornby Model Railways in 1920 and launched Dinky Toys in early 1934. ... Meccano is a model construction kit comprising re-usable metal strips, plates, angle girders, wheels, axles and gears, with nuts and bolts to connect the pieces. ...

Contents

Early history

Hornby, then known as Meccano Ltd and based in Liverpool, released its first train, a clockwork 0 gauge (1:48) model, in 1920. An electric train soon followed but was under-designed and the few that were made were sold out in France. In 1925 a much more successful electric model was introduced , operating on high voltage (220-240V) AC power. Safety concerns saw low voltage 4V and then 6V motors introduced, followed by a reliable 20V AC system, which was developed in the early 1930s. However, clockwork remained the mainstay of the Hornby 0 gauge trains until 1937, and became the only power available in Liverpool-made 0 gauge trains from 1949. Meccano Ltds Meccano logo. ... Location within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Historic county Merseyside Lancashire Admin HQ Liverpool City Centre Founded 1207 City Status 1880 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Liverpool City Council Area  - Borough & City 43. ... Gear with escapment mechanism For other uses, see Clockwork (disambiguation). ... ... City lights viewed in a motion blurred exposure. ...


A factory was established in France, which developed its own range of French outline trains, but Liverpool dominated export activity elsewhere, with large numbers of Hornby trains exported to Australia, New Zealand, Argentina and Scandinavia. Even though the export models were often painted in 'foreign' liveries, Hornby trains looked very British. Hornby attempted to break into the American market by setting up a factory in 1927 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, to make American-style trains. These were colourful and attractive, but low market and only clockwork. They probably would have failed in the marketplace because several established U.S. firms could undercut them and Hornby offered no better-class goods or electric models, but the Wall Street Crash precipitated matters. In late 1929, Meccano Ltd. sold its New Jersey factory to the A. C. Gilbert Company, and Hornby trains had vanished from the U.S. market by 1930. The leftover inventory was sold in Canada and in the UK, and some of the tooling was reused for products in other markets. Map of Elizabeth in Union County Union County Court House Elizabeth is a City in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. ... The A. C. Gilbert Company was an American toy company, once one of the largest toy companies in the world. ...


Hornby Dublo

Hornby introduced its 00 gauge trains in 1938 under the name 'Hornby Dublo'. The locomotives were die-cast, and the carriages and wagons were generally made of tinplate. This was a very well planned range of electric models, successfully consolidating 12 V DC as the standard for 00 gauge. The range expanded quickly, but was curtailed from 1940 due to World War II, production being completely suspended in 1942. Production resumed after the war but did not reach full capacity until 1948. (Redirected from 00 gauge) OO gauge model railways are the most popular standard in the United Kingdom, being one of several 4 mm scale standards (4 mm to the foot (305 mm), or 1:76. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Like its counterparts Bassett-Lowke and Exley in the UK and Lionel and American Flyer in the US, Hornby thrived in the first half of the decade but struggled in the late 1950s. The company were slow to recognise the threat posed by rival manufacturers (particularly Triang-Rovex) and to realise the potential of plastic. In 1959, far too late, Hornby introduced two-rail track, but even then the system was complicated and difficult to use in comparison to its rivals. Meanwhile the company plugged on producing a range of very old-fashioned 0 gauge models, in 1957 completely retooling much of the range instead of taking the opportunity to discontinue it, indicative of major failings at management level. Bassett-Lowke was a toy company, based in Northampton, England founded by Wenman Joseph Bassett-Lowke in 1898 or 1899 that specialized in model railways, model boats and ships, and construction sets. ... Summary Edward Exley Limited, the popular manufacturer of model railway equipment, particularly ready-to-run coaches in 0 gauge and 00 Gauge and a one-time major competitor to Hornby and Bassett-Lowke was founded in about 1922 by its namesake in Bradford, Yorkshire, United Kingdom. ... Lionel, LLC is a designer and importer of toy trains and model railroads, based in Chesterfield Township, Michigan and currently in bankruptcy. ... This American Flyer S gauge 4-4-2 steam locomotive and tender dates from 1960 American Flyer was a popular brand of toy train and model railroad in the United States in the middle part of the 20th century. ...

Hornby Victorian Railways B Class diesel from 1976.
A 1960s book of trains.

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Download high resolution version (666x950, 154 KB)Hornby Trains 1960s File links The following pages link to this file: Hornby Railways ... Download high resolution version (666x950, 154 KB)Hornby Trains 1960s File links The following pages link to this file: Hornby Railways ...

Merger with Tri-ang

In 1964, Lines Bros Ltd., the parent company of rival Tri-ang Railways purchased Meccano Ltd., and merged Hornby and Tri-ang into Tri-ang Hornby. The former Hornby line was discontinued in favour of Tri-ang's less costly plastic designs. The Hornby Dublo tooling was sold to G & R Wrenn, which continued to make most of the loco range and 'superdetail' rolling stock. Remaining stocks of 0 gauge were either scrapped or sold to the local retailer Hattons. In 1967 Hornby was merged internally into Rovex Industries, which by 1969 was Rovex Tri-ang Ltd. Lines Bros Ltd was a British toy manufacturer of the 20th Century - operating under the Tri-ang brand name. ... Triang Railways was an English manufacturer of toy trains. ... Meccano Ltds Meccano logo. ... G & R Wrenn was a toy company specialising in the manufacture of model railways. ... The phrase mergers and acquisitions or M&A refers to the aspect of corporate finance strategy and management dealing with the merging and acquiring of different companies as well as assets. ...


The Tri-ang group was disbanded in 1971 when Meccano Ltd's owner Lines Bros. filed for bankruptcy. The former Tri-ang Hornby was sold to Dunbee-Combex-Marx, becoming Hornby Railways in 1972. By 1976 Hornby was facing challenges from Palitoy and Airfix, both of which were producing high quality detailed models. Detail on the models was upgraded to make the product line more attractive to adult hobbyists. A multiple train control system named Zero 1 was introduced in the early 1980s. This digital system was a forerunner to the Digital Command Control (DCC) system, an NMRA open standard, which appeared in the 1990s. Airfix is a UK manufacturer of plastic scale model kits of aircraft and other subjects. ... A digital system is one that uses discrete values (often electrical voltages), especially those representable as binary numbers, or non-numeric symbols such as letters or icons, for input, processing, transmission, storage, or display, rather than a continuous spectrum of values (ie, as in an analog system). ... A Digitrax DCC system Digital Command Control (DCC) is a scheme for controlling locomotives on a model railroad layout that allows one or more locomotives to be independently controlled on the same electrical section of track. ... The National Model Railroad Association or NMRA is a non-profit organization for those involved in the hobby or business of model railroading. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


By 1980 the market was extremely tough and Dunbee-Combex-Marx was liquidated, placing Rovex in receivership. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ...


Hornby Hobbies

In 1980 Hornby became Hornby Hobbies and in 1981 a management buyout saw the company back on a sound footing. It went public in 1986.

A Hornby model of a BR standard class 9F
A Hornby model of a BR standard class 9F
In 2006 a Cotswold Rail Class 43 HST power car carried a livery advertising Hornby
In 2006 a Cotswold Rail Class 43 HST power car carried a livery advertising Hornby

By the early 1990s Hornby again faced competition from newcomers like Dapol and established foreign manufacturers, including Lima and Bachmann Industries. Manufacturing was moved to Guangdong province in China in 1995, completed by 1999, cutting costs and improving quality, according to the company. As part of the process Hornby also bought in some of Dapol's products and also some of the old Airfix moulds (by then owned by Dapol). Train sets associated with Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends and Harry Potter (the "Hogwarts Express") have been particularly profitable ventures. In September 2003 Hornby released its first steam-powered 00 gauge locomotive, a model of the record-breaking Mallard. Several other "Live Steam" locomotives have now been produced. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 92011 at New Basford 7 May 1966. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 862 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see User:Thryduulf/Relicensing if you wish to use this image under a different license. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 862 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see User:Thryduulf/Relicensing if you wish to use this image under a different license. ... Class 47, no. ... HST power car 43127 is shown here crossing the Kennet and Avon Canal The British Rail Class 43 is the classification used for the InterCity 125 High Speed Train power cars, built by BREL from 1976 to 1982 The class are officially the fastest diesels in the world, with an... Dapol Ltd are a United Kingdom company which designs and manufacturers model railway products at its factory near Chirk on the border between England and Wales. ... Lima S.p. ... It has been suggested that Bachmann Branchline be merged into this article or section. ... Guangdong, often spelt as Kwangtung, is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a list of OO gauge model engines produced by Hornby Railways based on the characters of Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for September, 2003. ... // The term steam engine may also refer to an entire railroad steam locomotive. ... Mallard at York Number 4468 Mallard is a London and North Eastern Railway Class A4 4-6-2 Pacific steam locomotive built in the 1930s by the LNER and designed by Sir Nigel Gresley in England. ... A Live Steam Festival displaying equipment ranging from small stationary engines to full-size locomotives. ...


Since then Hornby has bought Lima, an Italian model railway equipment manufacturer that had previously acquired Jouef, a French manufacturer. Some of the ex-Lima models appear in the main Hornby products list. This range is known as Hornby International. Lima S.p. ... Jouef were a French manufacturer of model railways. ... On 16 December 2004, Hornby Railways announced the acquisition of the well known European model train manufacturer Lima, along with certain assets of the Rivarossi, Jouef, Arnold and Pocher ranges. ...


Hornby now produces a large range of detailed British locomotives, such as the Class 60, Class 50, Class 31 and Class 08. Class 60s at Peak Forest In the mid 1980s British Rail was faced with an aging fleet of freight locomotives which required overhaul or replacement. ... 50050 Fearless at Reading, 1975. ... Class 31, no. ... D3312 at Kings Cross, 1963 in British Railways green livery 08 910 at Carlisle, 1975 in British Rail blue livery. ...


See also

Lyddle End is the new range of N Gauge model railway buildings for Hornby Railways. ... Smokey Joe is a model steam locomotive produced by Hornby Railways. ... Skaledale is a range of resin buildings and track accessories for 00 Gauge railways. ...

References

  • Foster, Michael (1980) Hornby Dublo Trains: 1938-1964: The story of the perfect table railway, Hornby Companion Series, vol. 3, New Cavendish Books, ISBN 0-904568-18-0
  • Hornby PLC (2004) Hornby OO Scale Model Railways: Fiftieth Edition, Product catalogue: R8108, Limited anniversary edition, EAN 501-0-9634810-8-7
  • Schneider, Lewis (May 2000) Hornby's made-in-USA trains, Classic Toy Trains, vol. 13, p. 84

A typical EAN-13 barcode A European Article Number (EAN) is a barcoding standard which is a superset of the original 12-digit Universal Product Code (UPC) system developed in North America. ...

External links

  • Company website
  • Hornby Railways Collector Guide 1966-1990
  • History and pictures of Hornby,Triang,Wrenn,Bassett Lowke

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hornby Railways - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (630 words)
Hornby Railways is the leading brand of model railway in the United Kingdom, and its company roots date back to 1901, when founder Frank Hornby received a patent for his Meccano construction toy.
Hornby, then known as Meccano Ltd, released its first train, a clockwork O gauge model, in 1920.
By 1976 Hornby was facing challenges from Palitoy and Airfix both of whom were producing high quality detailed models.
Hornby - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (104 words)
Hornby, New York - a town in Steuben County.
Hornby Island - island in the Canadian Strait of Georgia
Geoffrey Thomas Phipps Hornby was British admiral of the fleet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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