His first work was done as assistant to Sir A.H. Layard in his first expedition (1845-1847). He subsequently came to England, studied at Oxford (Magdalen College), and was again sent by the British Museum trustees to accompany Layard in his second expedition (1849-1851).
Layard having entered upon a political career, Rassam continued the work (1852-1854) in Assyria under the direction of the British Museum and Sir Henry Rawlinson at Nimrud and Kuyunjik. In 1866 he was sent by the British government to Abyssinia, where, however, he was imprisoned for two years until freed by the victory of Sir Robert Napier.
From 1876 to 1882 he was again in Assyria conducting important investigations, especially at Nineveh, and during the Russo-Turkish War he went on a mission of inquiry to report on the condition of the Christian communities of Asia Minor and Armenia. His archaeological work resulted in many important discoveries and the collection of valuable epigraphical evidence.
HormuzdRassam (1826-1910), Assyrian explorer, was born at Mosul in 1826.
Hormuzd won Layard's fullest confidence and when Layard went to Bagdad to arrange for the transport of the antiquities to England, Hormuzd was left in charge, and all the accounts of the excavations passed through his hands.
Rassam, whose personal relations with Theodore were not unnameable, succeeded in communicating with the frontier, and a military expedition was despatched to Abyssinia to effect the release of the captives, under Sir Robert Napier (afterwards Lord Napier of Magdala).
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