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Encyclopedia > Hormozgan
Qeshm Island is a protected UNESCO biosphere reserve, seen here on a stormy day in The Persian Gulf.
Qeshm Island is a protected UNESCO biosphere reserve, seen here on a stormy day in The Persian Gulf.

Hormozgan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, facing Oman. Its area is 68475 km2, and it's provincial capital is Bandar Abbas. The province has 14 islands located in the Persian Gulf, and 1000 km of coastline. ImageMetadata File history File links Qeshm. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Qeshm. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Image File history File links IranHormozgan. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


The province has eight major cities, namely: Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, Minab, Bandar Charak, Jask, Bastak, Bandar Khamir and Fin. The province also has 21 counties (or districts), 69 municipalities, and 2046 villages. In 1996, the population of the province was at almost 1.1 million. Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Bandar Lengeh is a port city in the Hormozgan province of Iran on the coast of the Persian Gulf. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Bastak is a town in the far south of Iran not too far from the cost of the Persian Gulf. ...

Contents


History

Located in Bandar Lengeh in Hormozgan province, this Portuguese military fortress was built in the Safavid era.
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Located in Bandar Lengeh in Hormozgan province, this Portuguese military fortress was built in the Safavid era.

Although Hormozgan is known to have had settlements during the Achaemenid era and when Nearchus passed through this region, recorded history of the main port of Hormozgan ("Bandar-e-Hormoz") begins with Ardashir I of Persia of the Sassanid empire. ImageMetadata File history File links Portugese-bandar-abbas. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Portugese-bandar-abbas. ... Bandar Lengeh is a port city in the Hormozgan province of Iran on the coast of the Persian Gulf. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius I and Xerxes I. At the height of their power, the Achaemenid rulers of Persia ruled over territories roughly emcompassing some parts of todays Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon... Nearchus (or Nearchos) was one of the officers in the army of Alexander the Great. ... Ardashir I (Artaxerxes, Artaxares, Artashastra) was the founder of the Sassanian Empire of Persia and king from around 226 until around 240. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate...


The province is said to have been particularly prosperous between 241 BC and 211 BC, but is said to have grown even further in trade and commercial significance after the arrival of the Islamic era. Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - 240s BC - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 246 BC 245 BC 244 BC 243 BC 242 BC - 241 BC - 240 BC 239 BC 238... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC - 210s BC - 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC Years: 216 BC 215 BC 214 BC 213 BC 212 BC - 211 BC - 210 BC 209 BC...


Marco Polo visited the port of Bandar Abbas in 1272 and 1293, and reported widespread trading in Persian jewelry, the ivory and silk of IndoChina, and pearls from Bahrain in the Bazaars in the port of Hormuz. Marco Polo, after a late painting Marco Polo (15 September 1254, Venice, Italy; or Curzola, Venetian Dalmatia - now Korčula, Croatia — 8 January 1324, Venice) was a Venetian trader and explorer who, together with his father Niccolò and his uncle Maffeo, was one of the first Westerners to travel the... Ivory is a hard, white, opaque substance that is the bulk of the teeth and tusks of animals such as the elephant, hippopotamus, walrus, mammoth, etc. ... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. ...


In 1497, European colonialists landed in the region for the first time, headed by Vasco da Gama. In 1506, the Portuguese, led by Alfonso d'Albuquerque invaded the area with 7 warships, under the pretext of protecting their interests from Egypt and Venice. The port of Hormuz was at this time considered a strategic port for commercial interests in the Persian Gulf. Vasco da Gama Vasco da Gama (c. ... Afonso de Albuquerque Afonso de Albuquerque, Afonso dAlbuquerque or Alfonso de Albuquerque (1453 - December 16, 1515) was a noted Portuguese naval general whose activities helped establish the Portuguese colonial empire in India. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′ N 12°19′ E, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ...


Ismail I who was trying to counter the Ottomon empire to the west, was unable to save the port from the Portuguese, until Shah Abbas I was finally able to drive them out of the Persian Gulf with the aid of the British. The name of Bandar Abbas comes directly from the name of Shah Abbas I. Shah Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid State. ... Shah Abbas I of Safavid at a banquet Detail from a celing fresco; Chehel Sotoun palace; Isfahan Shah Abbas King of the Persians Copper engraving by Dominicus Custos, from his Atrium heroicum Caesarum pub. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ...


The British, meanwhile were competing for influence in the region with Dutch colonialists who finally invaded Qeshm island and dispatched warships to Bandar Abbas during the final years of Shah Abbas' reign. The Persian government was unable to defend itself against this attack. However, with the souring of British and Dutch relations, military tensions further grew in the region. The Dutch finally resorted to moving their base up to Kharg Island. Qeshm is an island situated in the Strait of Hormuz off the south coast of Iran and east of the Persian Gulf. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Kharg Island from space, April 1993 Kharg Island (Arabic: Jazirat Kharg, also sometimes written as Khark Island) is a continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran. ...


The Amir of Kharg, Mir Mahna, was however able to defeat the Dutch forces at Kharg, leaving the British firmly in charge of the entire region. Soon Britain took control over the entire Persian Gulf via the interests of British East India Company. The British adopted a policy of encouraging local autonomy throughout the Persian Gulf so as to prevent any possible formidable unified force from threatening their establishments in the Persian Gulf. The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ...


The strategic importance of the Persian Gulf further increased after World War I with the discovery of oil in the region. World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ...


Geography and Culture

The Hindu Temple in Bandar Abbas, built during the Qajar era for Indian soldiers serving in the British Army during the British occupation.
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The Hindu Temple in Bandar Abbas, built during the Qajar era for Indian soldiers serving in the British Army during the British occupation.

The province is primarily mountainous, consisting of the southern tip of the Zagros range. A Hindu temple in Bandar Abbas, Iran. ... A Hindu temple in Bandar Abbas, Iran. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... The Zagros Mountains (In Persian:رشته‌کوه‌های زاگرس) make up Irans second largest mountain range. ...


The province experiences a very hot and humid climate, with temperatures sometimes exceeding 120F (49C) in summers. There is very little precipitation year round.


Islands of the province

Fourteen Iranian islands in the Persian Gulf are part of this province, including: Map of the Persian Gulf. ...

Qeshm is an island situated in the Strait of Hormuz off the south coast of Iran and east of the Persian Gulf. ... Kish Kish (Persian: کیش) is an Iranian (Persian) island and city in the Persian Gulf, and is part of the Hormozgan province. ... The Greater and Lesser Tunbs (in Persian: تنب بزرگ و تنب کوچک Tunb-e Buzurg & Tunb-e Kuchak) (tunb is Persian for hilly place) are two Iranian islands situated along the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf and part of the Iranian province of Hormozgan. ... Abu Musa or Abu Musâ (in Persian ابوموسی) is an Persian (Iranian) island in the Persian Gulf. ... Lavan is a Persian (Iranian) island in the Persian Gulf. ... Distorted from Persian Ohrmuzd, Ahura Mazda. ... Hendurabi or Hendorabi (هندرابی in Persian) in an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf. ...

Hormozgan today

Fekri Mansion, Qajari era architecture of Bandar Lengeh. The sea facing Windcatchers create natural cool ventilation inside the house during the hot days of summer.
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Fekri Mansion, Qajari era architecture of Bandar Lengeh. The sea facing Windcatchers create natural cool ventilation inside the house during the hot days of summer.

Hormozgan today has 11 ports, 5 national airports, and 3 international airports. The province has an active agriculture sector, ranking first in Iran in lime production and second in date production. 30% of Iran's fishery produce comes from this province. Two major hydro dams serve the water needs of the province, namely Jegin Dam and Shemil Dam. ImageMetadata File history File links Bandar-abbas-old. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Bandar-abbas-old. ... Bandar Lengeh is a port city in the Hormozgan province of Iran on the coast of the Persian Gulf. ... Qajari era architecture of Hormozgan province. ... Lime is actually an ambiguous term in the context of fruit, referring to a number of different citruses with typically round, green to yellow fruits, 3-6 cm in diameter, generally containing sour pulp, and frequently associated with the lemon. ... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera is a palm, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... Scrivener Dam, Canberra Australia, was engineered to withstand a once-in-5000-years flood event A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment. ...


Germany has recently offered to build a bridge that would connect Qeshm island to the mainland, a formiddable project.


Hormozgan has two free trade zones, one in Kish, the other on Qeshm island. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Qeshm is an island situated in the Strait of Hormuz off the south coast of Iran and east of the Persian Gulf. ...


Attractions

Hormozgan has 4 and 5 star hotels with modern amenities. The Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran lists 212 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province. Some of the more popular attractions are:

  • Emarat e Kolah Farangi (built by and during the Dutch occupation)
  • Berkeh haye Baran (6 traditional water reservoirs)
  • Gele-dari traditional Bath
  • The Hindu temple
  • Latidan Bridge, built during the era of Shah Abbas I
  • Fekri House
  • Sa'di House
  • The Portuguese fortress
  • Qeshm Island
  • Kish Island, the most popular tourist resort in southern Iran in the Persian Gulf.
  • Geno UNESCO natural biosphere reserve
  • Hara UNESCO natural biosphere reserve
  • Various hotwater springs

This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ...

Colleges and Universities

    1. Bandar Abbas University of Medical Sciences
    2. University of Hormozgan
    3. Qeshm Institute of Higher Education
    4. Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas
    5. Kish University

Kish University, affiliated to Kish Free Zone Organization, was established in 1996 on the beautiful Iranian island of Kish in the Persian Gulf. ...

External links

  • Official website of Hormozgan Governorship
  • Hormozgan Cultural Heritage Organization
  • Hara UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • Geno UNESCO Biosphere Reserve


Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil | Bushehr | Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari | East Azarbaijan | Isfahan | Fars | Guilan | Golestan | Hamadan | Hormozgan | Ilam | Kerman | Kermanshah | Khuzestan | Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad | Kurdistan | Lorestan | Markazi | Mazandaran | North Khorasan | Qazvin | Qom | Razavi Khorasan | Semnan | Sistan and Baluchistan | South Khorasan | Tehran | West Azarbaijan | Yazd | Zanjan

  Results from FactBites:
 
About IRAN (2873 words)
In November 1996, the population of Hormozgan province was estimated 1,062,155 of which 41.8% were resided in urban areas and 57.74% in rural areas and remaining were non-residents.
Hormozgan province is situated in the warm and dry zone of Iran having arid and semi-arid climate.
Hormozgan province is one of important tourism areas, in national and international level, especially for its coastal and water attractions.
Hormozgan (871 words)
In November 1996, the population of Hormozgan province was estimated 1,062,155 of which 41.8% were resided in urban areas and 57.74% in rural areas and remaining were non-residents.
Hormozgan province is situated in the warm and dry zone of Iran having arid and semi-arid climate.
Hormozgan province is one of important tourism areas, in national and international level, especially for its coastal and water attractions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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