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Encyclopedia > Horacio Carochi

Horacio Carochi (1586 - 1666) Jesuit priest and grammarian , born in Florence, Italy and died in Mexico. Known for his grammar of the Classical Nahuatl language. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... This article is about grammar from a linguistic perspective. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Florence (FI) Mayor Leonardo Domenici Elevation 50 m Area 102 km² Population  - Total (as of 2006-06-02) 366,488  - Density 3,593/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Fiorentini Dialing code 055 Postal code 50100 Frazioni Galluzzo, Settignano Patron St. ... hello how are you This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...



Carochi was born in Florence, Italy he went to Rome where he entered the Society of Jesus. From Rome he went to the new world, arriving in Mexico, then New Spain. There he dedicated himself to the study of the indigenous languages, and became proficient in Nahuatl and also the Otomi language. He was a friend of the Bishop and later Viceroy of New Spain Juan de Palafox y Mendoza something that is documented by the letters existing today written by Carochi to the bishop. Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Juan de Palafox de Mendoza (b. ...


Carochi had an accute understanding of the nahuatl language and was the first grammarian to understand and propose a consistent transcription of several phenomena in nahuatl phonology, especially vowel length and the saltillo. His art was seen as important soon after its elaboration and already in 1759 a reedited version by Ignacio Paredes was prepared and reprinted. This version however lacks most of the virtues of the original work.

Today his original "Arte de la lengua Mexicana" is now considered by linguists to be the finest and most useful of the many extant early grammars of Nahuatl. He also wrote a grammar of the Otomi language, which is now lost.


Of the works of Carochi only the "Arte de la lengua Mexicana" has been published others exist only in manuscript form.

  • "Arte de la Lengua mexicana con la declaración de todos sus adverbios, printed in Mexico in 1645";
  • "Vocabulario copioso de la Lengua mexicana";
  • "Gramática de la Lengua Otomæ";
  • "Vocabulario Otomí";
  • "Sermones en Lengua mexicana."


  • [Catholic Encyclopaedia: Horacio Carochi]



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