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Encyclopedia > Hope (virtue)
Allegorical personification of Hope: "Hope in a Prison of Despair" by Evelyn de Morgan
Allegorical personification of Hope: "Hope in a Prison of Despair" by Evelyn de Morgan

Hope is one of the three theological virtues in Christian tradition. Hope being a combination of the desire for something and expectation of receiving it, the virtue is hoping for Divine union and so eternal happiness. Like all virtues, it arises from the will, not the passions. An allegory (from Greek αλλος, allos, other, and αγορευειν, agoreuein, to speak in public) is a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than (and in addition to) the literal. ... Evelyn de Morgan (1855-1919) was an English Pre-Raphaelite painter. ... The three Theological Virtues listed in the Bible are: Faith (πίστις) Hope (ἐλπίς) Love or Charity (ἀγάπη) They occur in the Bible at 1 Corinthians 13:13: And now abideth faith, hope, and love, even these three: but the chiefest of these is love. (Geneva Bible, 1560). ...

Hope is opposed to the sins of despair and presumption; refraining from them is adhering to the negative precept of hope. The positive precept is required when exercising some duties, as in prayer or penance. Despair in common usage is the condition of having abandoned hope. ... In common law, a rebuttable presumption is an assumption that is made that will stand as a fact unless someone comes forward to contest it and prove otherwise. ...

Some forms of Quietism have denied that a human being should desire anything whatsoever to such an extent that they denied that hope was a virtue. Quietism is a Christian philosophy that swept through France, Italy and Spain during the 17th century, but it had much earlier origins. ...

Hope is also the driving factor in human emotion that lets what some might view as impossible human action to be accomplished. Emotion, in its most general definition, is an intense neural impulse-produced mental state that arises subjectively rather than through conscious effort and evokes either a positive or negative psychological response to move an organism to action. ...

In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, hope in Christ and faith in Christ are closely linked, with hope having a connotation that means the one with hope has a firm assurance, through the witness of the Holy Spirit, that Christ has promised a better world to the faithful and that by keeping covenants, God's promised blessings are assured. Hope can thus sustain one through trials of faith, human tragedies or difficulties that may otherwise seem overwhelming. Hope can be a firm anchor to the souls of men throughout their lives. This is the current Mormon collaboration of the month! Please help improve it to meet the ideal article standard. ...

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