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Encyclopedia > Hopalong Cassidy
Hopalong Cassidy #30, April 1949, published by Fawcett Comics.
Hopalong Cassidy #30, April 1949, published by Fawcett Comics.

Hopalong Cassidy is a fictional cowboy-hero, created in 1904 by Clarence E. Mulford and appearing in a series of popular stories and novels. In print, the character appears as a rude, rough-talking 'galoot'. Beginning in 1935, the character, played by William Boyd was transformed into the clean-cut hero of a series of 66 immensely popular films, only a few of which were based on Mulford's works. Mulford actually rewrote his earlier stories to fit the movie conception, and these led in turn to a comic book series modeled after the films. Howard Hopalong Cassady (born March 2, 1934 in Columbus, Ohio) is a former college and professional American football running back. ... Image File history File links Hopalong Cassidy #30, April 1949, Fawcett Comics This image is a book cover. ... Image File history File links Hopalong Cassidy #30, April 1949, Fawcett Comics This image is a book cover. ... Whiz Comics #2, the first appearance of Captain Marvel, the companys most popular character. ... For other uses, see Cowboy (disambiguation). ... Within Internet-based woodworking communities, a galoot is a handtool aficionado, specifically old handtools (antique tools). ... William Boyd on Topper William Boyd (June 5, 1895 - September 12, 1972) was an American actor. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ...


As portrayed on the screen, the white-haired Bill "Hopalong" Cassidy was usually clad strikingly in black. He was reserved and well spoken, with a fine sense of fair play. He was often called upon to intercede when dishonest characters were taking advantage of honest citizens. "Hoppy" usually traveled through the west with two companions: one young and trouble-prone with a weakness for damsels in distress, the other comically awkward and outspoken.


The juvenile lead was played by James Ellison, Russell Hayden, or Rand Brooks. Gabby Hayes originally played Cassidy's grizzled sidekick Windy Halliday. After Hayes left the series due to a salary dispute with producer Harry Sherman, he was replaced by comedian Britt Wood as Speedy McGinnis, and finally by veteran movie comedian Andy Clyde as California Carlson. Clyde, the most durable of the sidekicks, remained with the series until it ended. James Ellison (born May 4, 1910, as James Ellison Smith, in Guthrie Center, Iowa; died December 23, 1993, in Montecito, California) was an American actor who appeared in nearly seventy films between 1932 and 1962. ... Russell Hayden Russell Hayden (12 June 1912, Chico, California - 9 June 1981, Palm Springs, California) was an American actor. ... George Francis Gabby Hayes (May 7, 1885–February 9, 1969) was an American actor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Hopalong Cassidy pictures were filmed not by movie studios, but by independent producers who released the films through the studios. Most of the "Hoppies," as the films were known, were distributed by Paramount Pictures to highly favorable returns, and were noted for their fast action and excellent outdoor photography (usually by Russell Harlan). Harry Sherman was anxious to make more ambitious movies and tried to cancel the Cassidy series, but popular demand forced Sherman to go back into production, this time for United Artists release. Sherman gave up the series once and for all in 1944, but star William Boyd wanted to keep it going. To do this, he gambled his entire future on Hopalong Cassidy, mortgaging virtually everything he owned to buy both the character rights from Mulford and the backlog of movies from Sherman. Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... The current United Artists logo (a variant was used during the 1980s). ...


Boyd resumed production himself in 1946, on lower budgets, and continued through 1948, when "B" westerns in general were being phased out. Boyd thought that Hopalong Cassidy might have a future in television, and approached the fledgling NBC television network to use the old films. The initial broadcasts were so successful that NBC couldn't wait for a TV series to be produced, and simply re-edited the old feature films down to broadcast length. Boyd, who owned the TV rights to his films, was paid $250,000. [1] On June 24, 1949, Hoppy became the first network Western television series. The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ...


The TV exposure started a huge merchandising boom, and Boyd made millions in licensing and endorsement deals. The Mutual Broadcasting System began broadcasting a radio version of Hopalong Cassidy, with Andy Clyde as the sidekick, in January 1950; at the end of September, the show moved to CBS Radio, where it ran into 1952.[1] Also in 1950, Hopalong Cassidy was featured on the first lunch box to bear an image, causing sales for Aladdin Industries to jump from 50,000 units sold the previous year to 600,000 units sold. Hopalong Cassidy also appeared on the cover of national magazines, such as Look, Life and Time. In stores, there was a line of Hopalong Cassidy children's dinnerware, as well as Hopalong Cassidy roller skates, Hopalong Cassidy soap, Hopalong Cassidy wristwatches, and Hopalong Cassidy jackknives.[2] There was also a new demand for Hopalong Cassidy features in movie theaters, and Boyd licensed reissue distributor Film Classics to make new film prints and advertising accessories. Another 1950 enterprise saw the home-movie company Castle Films manufacturing condensed versions of the Paramounts for 16mm and 8mm projectors; they were sold through 1966. The Mutual Broadcasting System (MBS) was an American radio network, in operation from 1934 to 1999. ... CBS Radio Inc. ... Lunch box and vacuum bottle owned by Harry S. Truman. ... Look was a weekly, general-interest magazine published in the United States from 1937 to 1971, with more of an emphasis on photographs than articles. ... Philippe Halsmans famous portrait of Marilyn Monroe Life generally refers to two American magazines: A humor and general interest magazine published from 1883 to 1936; A publication created by Time founder Henry Luce in 1936, with a strong emphasis on photojournalism. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Boyd began work on a separate series of half-hour westerns made especially for television. Edgar Buchanan was the new sidekick, Red Connors. The theme music for the TV show was written by veteran songwriters Nacio Herb Brown (music) and L. Wolfe Gilbert (lyrics). The show ranked number 7 in the 1949 Nielsen ratings. The success of the show and tie-ins inspired several juvenile TV Westerns, including The Gene Autry Show and The Roy Rogers Show. Edgar Buchanan (born March 20, 1903; died April 4, 1979) was an American actor with a long career in both movies and television, but is probably most familiar as Uncle Joe Carson from the Petticoat Junction and Green Acres television sitcoms of the 1960s. ... Nacio Herb Brown (22 February 1896 - 28 September 1964) was a United States songwriter. ... Louis Wolfe Gilbert (August 31, 1886–July 12, 1970) was a Russian-born American songwriter. ... Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is a U.S. firm, headquartered in New York City, and operating primarily from Oldsmar, FL, which measures media audiences, including television, radio and newspapers. ... Orvon Gene Autry (September 29, 1907 – October 2, 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television. ... Dale Evans & Roy Rogers at the 61st Academy Awards. ...


Boyd's company devoted to Hopalong Cassidy (U. S. Television Office) is still active and has released many of the features to DVD, many of them in sparkling prints prepared by Film Classics.


Louis L'Amour wrote a handful of Hopalong Cassidy novels, which are still in print. In 2005, author Susie Coffman published Follow Your Stars, containing new stories starring the character. In three of these stories, Coffman has written the wife of actor William Boyd into the stories. Cover Louis LAmour book, Showdown at Yellow Butte. ...


There are a number of museum displays of Hopalong Cassidy. The major display is at the Autry Center at Griffin Park in Los Angles. 15 miles east of Wichita KS at the Prairie Rose Chuckwagon Supper is the Hopalong Cassidy Museum. This museum is dedicated to the heroic image of Hopalong Cassidy. Unfortunately the Museum and its contents will be auctioned on 24 Aug 2007, due to the failure of the its parent company Wild West World.


Trivia

Reference to Hopalong Cassidy is alluded to in the novel The Great Gatsby as the material on which the central character, Jay Gatsby, writes a precise schedule to follow to achieve his dreams of success. The Great Gatsby is a novel by the American author F. Scott Fitzgerald. ...


Further reading

  • Drew, Bernard A. (2005) The Hopalong Cassidy Radio Program. Albany: BearManor Media ISBN 1-59393-006-2

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hopalong Cassidy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (123 words)
Hopalong Cassidy #30, April 1949, published by Fawcett Comics.
Hopalong Cassidy is a fictional cowboy-hero, created in 1904 by Clarence E. Mulford and appearing in a series of popular stories and later novels.
Beginning in 1935, the character, played by William Boyd was transformed into a series of 66 immensely popular films, only a few of which were based on Mulford's works, but which led, in turn, to a comic book series modelled after the films, and an early 1950s television series also starring Boyd, with numerous tie-ins.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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