The Home Rule Movement was formed by Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak with the aim of seeking a Dominion status within the British Empire to the Indian Empire in 1917. At that time Dominion status was only enjoyed by the white colonies of Australia, Canada, the Irish Free State, South Africa and New Zealand, Newfoundland in addition to the United Kingdom. Had it been achieved after the 1931Statute of Westminster, India would have achieved political independence. Annie Besant activist, socialist and latterly theosophist Annie Besant (October 1, 1847 - September 20, 1933) was a prominent Theosophist, womens rights activist, writer and orator. ... Lokmanya Tilak Introduction Bal Gangadhar Tilak (July 2, 1856-August 1, 1920) was a political activist for Indian independence who was imprisoned for his activities. ... A Dominion is a wholly self-governing or virtually self-governing state of the British Empire or British Commonwealth, particularly one which reached that stage of constitutional development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The British Raj is an informal term for the period of British rule of most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka (previously known as Ceylon). ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Irish Free State (Irish: SaorstÃ¡t Ãireann) was (1922â1937) the name of the state comprising the 26 of Irelands 32 counties which were separated from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland under the Irish Free State Agreement (or Anglo-Irish Treaty) signed by British and... Newfoundland (French: Terre-Neuve; Irish: Talamh an Ãisc; Latin: Terra Nova) is a large island off the north-east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... ...
Parnell's movement proved to be a broad church, from conservative landowners to the Land League which was campaigning for fundamental reform of Irish landholding, where most farms were rented from large aristocratic estates.
In 1912 a further homerule bill passed the House of Commons but was defeated in the House of Lords, as had been the bill of 1893, but by this time the House of Lords had lost its power to veto legislation and could only delay the bill for two years.
The Fourth HomeRule Act, known as the Government of Ireland Act, 1920, attempted to partition Ireland into two semi-autonomous regions: Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland, with what was hoped (by nationalists) to be an embryonic all-Ireland parliament (the Council of Ireland), joining them.
The modern HomeRulemovement began in 1870 under the leadership of Isaac Butt, whose program appealed most strongly to the Irish middle classes.
The long agricultural depression beginning in 1873 increased economic stimulus for HomeRule, and under the leadership of Charles Stewart Parnell the movement gained support from the agricultural laborers and erstwhile members of the Fenian movement.
The six counties of Northern Ireland (see Ireland, Northern) remained part of the United Kingdom, their government established under the provisions of the Fourth HomeRule Bill of 1920, which was rendered void in the South by the establishment of the Irish Free State.
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m