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Encyclopedia > Hollywood
Today's Hollywood Sign.

Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles, situated west-northwest of Downtown Los Angeles.[1] Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios and movie stars, the word "Hollywood" is often used as a metonymy of American cinema. The nickname Tinseltown refers to the glittering, superficial nature of Hollywood and the movie industry.[2] Today, much of the movie industry has dispersed into surrounding areas such as the Westside neighborhood,[3] but significant auxiliary industries, such as editing, effects, props, post-production and lighting companies, remain in Hollywood, as does the backlot of Paramount Pictures. American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... The Hollywood Sign is a famous landmark in the Hollywood Hills area of Los Angeles, California, spelling out the name of the area in 50 feet (15 m)[1] high white letters. ... Kodak Theatre. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... Cultural identity is the (feeling of) identity of a group or culture, or of an individual as far as he is influenced by his belonging to a group or culture. ... A movie studio (aka film studio) is a controlled environment for the making of a motion picture. ... A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ... In rhetoric, metonymy is the substitution of one word for another word with which it is associated. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... The Westside is generally considered to be the portion of Los Angeles, California and its suburbs that lies east of the Pacific Ocean including Brentwood, west of La Brea Avenue (varying definitions set the boundary at Fairfax Avenue or even the eastern border of Beverly Hills), south of the Santa... Film editing is the connecting of one or more shots to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an entire movie. ... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Post production is the general term for the last stage of film production in which photographed scenes (also called footage) are put together into a complete film. ... Not to be confused with lightning. ... A backlot is an area behind or adjoining a movie studio with permanent exterior sets for outdoor scenes in motion picture and/or television productions. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ...


Many historic Hollywood theaters are used as venues and concert stages to premiere major theatrical releases and host the Academy Awards. It is a popular destination for nightlife, and tourism and is home to the Hollywood Walk of Fame. For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle — indeed... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


Although it is not the typical practice of the city of Los Angeles to establish specific boundaries for districts or neighborhoods, Hollywood is a recent exception. On February 16, 2005, California Assembly Members Goldberg and Koretz introduced a bill to require California to keep specific records on Hollywood as though it were independent. For this to be done, the boundaries were defined. This bill was unanimously supported by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce and the Los Angeles City Council. Assembly Bill 588 was approved by the Governor on August 28, 2006, and now the district of Hollywood has official borders. The border can be loosely described as the area east of Beverly Hills and West Hollywood, south of Mulholland Drive, Laurel Canyon, Cahuenga Boulevard, and Barham Boulevard, and the cities of Burbank and Glendale, north of Melrose Avenue and west of the Golden State Freeway and Hyperion Avenue. This includes all of Griffith Park and Los Feliz—two areas that were hitherto generally considered separate from Hollywood by most Angelenos. The population of the district, including Los Feliz, as of the 2000 census was 167,664 and the median household income was $33,409 in 1999.[4] Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... Goldberg (German: gold mountain) can refer to the city Goldberg in Landkreis Parchim, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany the German name of the city ZÅ‚otoryja, Lower Silesia, Poland the name of a quarter of the city of Sindelfingen, see Sindelfingen-Goldberg the name of a part of the municipality of... This article is about the U.S state. ... Chambers of commerce are business advocacy groups which are usually not associated with government. ... The Los Angeles City Council meets three times a week in city hall. ... Beverly Hills redirects here. ... West Hollywoods logo illustrates the citys borders. ... Map of Mulholland Drive (orange) and Mulholland Highway (brown) in Los Angeles County. ... Laurel Canyon, Los Angeles, California is a canyon neighborhood, like Topanga Canyon, so its very oriented to the main canyon street, Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ... For the community in Santa Clara County, California, see Burbank, Santa Clara County, California. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Melrose Avenue is a popular shopping street stretching from Santa Monica Boulevard in Beverly Hills to Hoover Street in Silver Lake. ... Interstate 5; the Golden State Freeway is highlighted in red, the Santa Ana Freeway is highlighted in purple, and the San Diego Freeway is highlighted in blue. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Los Feliz (usually pronounced Loss Feeliss by most non-Spanish-speaking locals) is a neighborhood in the north-central region of the city of Los Angeles, California. ... The following notable people were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the city of Los Angeles, California. ... This article is about the statistical concept. ...


As a portion of the city of Los Angeles, Hollywood does not have its own municipal government, but does have an official, appointed by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, who serves as an honorary "Mayor of Hollywood" for ceremonial purposes only. Johnny Grant held this position for decades, until his death on January 9, 2008.[5][6] Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...

Contents

History

In 1853, one adobe hut stood on the site that became Hollywood. By 1870, an agricultural community flourished in the area with thriving crops. A locally popular etymology is that the name "Hollywood" traces to the ample stands of native Toyon or "California Holly", that cover the hillsides with clusters of bright red berries each winter. But this and accounts of the name coming from imported holly then growing in the area, are not confirmed. The name Hollywood was coined by H. J. Whitley,[7] the Father of Hollywood[8]. He and his wife, Gigi, came up with the name while on their honeymoon in 1886, according to Margaret Virginia Whitley's memoir. The name "Hollywood" was used by H. H. Wilcox when he laid out his 160 acre farm in 1887. On February 1, 1887 Harvey filed a deed and map of property he sold with the Los Angeles County Recorder's office. He had learned of the name Hollywood from his neighbor Ivar Weid and wanted to be the first to record it on a deed. Renewal of the surface coating of an adobe wall in Chamisal, New Mexico Adobe is a natural building material composed of sand, sandy clay and straw or other organic materials, which is shaped into bricks using wooden frames and dried in the sun. ... Binomial name Heteromeles arbutifolia (Lindl. ... Hobart Johnstone Whitley, The Father of Hollywood, (October 7, 1847–June 3, 1931) named and developed the area today known as Hollywood, California. ...


By 1900, the community then called Cahuenga had a post office, newspaper, hotel and two markets, along with a population of 500. Los Angeles, with a population of 100,000 people at the time, lay 10 miles (16 km) east through the citrus groves. A single-track streetcar line ran down the middle of Prospect Avenue from it, but service was infrequent and the trip took two hours. The old citrus fruit packing house would be converted into a livery stable, improving transportation for the inhabitants of Hollywood. Campo de Cahuenga Tinted postcard of the original adobe farmhouse, with Cahuenga Peak in the background. ... A tram system, tramway, or street railway is a railway on which trams (streetcars, trolleys) run. ...

Glen-Holly Hotel, first hotel in Hollywood, at the corner of what is now Yucca Street. It was built by Joakim Berg, a famous artist back in the 1890s.
Hollywood Hotel 1905.
The intersection of Hollywood and Highland 1907.

The first section of the famous Hollywood Hotel, the first major hotel in Hollywood, was opened in 1902, by H. J. Whitley, the President of the Los Pacific Boulevard and Development Company of which he was a major shareholder. He was eager to sell residential lots among the lemon ranches then lining the foothills. Flanking the west side of Highland Avenue, the structure fronted on Prospect Avenue. Still a dusty, unpaved road, it was regularly graded and graveled. His company opened and developed the first residential area the Ocean View Tract. The corner of Hollywood and Highland Hollywood and Highland Center from the west An elephant sculpture high atop the Hollywood and Highland courtyard. ... Hobart Johnstone Whitley, The Father of Hollywood, (October 7, 1847–June 3, 1931) named and developed the area today known as Hollywood, California. ... Highland Avenue is a major north/south arterial road that runs from Caheunga Boulevard in the southern end of the San Fernando Valley to Washington Boulevard in South Los Angeles. ... Prospect Avenue is the street in Princeton, New Jersey on which ten of the eleven eating clubs at Princeton University are located. ...


Hollywood was incorporated as a municipality in 1903. Among the town ordinances was one prohibiting the sale of liquor except by pharmacists and one outlawing the driving of cattle through the streets in herds of more than two hundred. In 1904, a new trolley car track running from Los Angeles to Hollywood up Prospect Avenue was opened. The system was called "the Hollywood Boulevard." It cut travel time to and from Los Angeles drastically. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Spirits redirects here. ... The mortar and pestle is an international symbol of pharmacists and pharmacies. ...


By 1910, because of an ongoing struggle to secure an adequate water supply, the townsmen voted for Hollywood to be annexed into the City of Los Angeles, as the water system of the growing city had opened the Los Angeles Aqueduct and was piping water down from the Owens River in the Owens Valley. Another reason for the vote was that Hollywood could have access to drainage through Los Angeles´ sewer system. With annexation, the name of Prospect Avenue was changed to Hollywood Boulevard and all the street numbers in the new district changed. For example, 100 Prospect Avenue, at Vermont Avenue, became 6400 Hollywood Boulevard; and 100 Cahuenga Boulevard, at Hollywood Boulevard, changed to 1700 Cahuenga Boulevard. Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Annexation is the legal merging of some territory into another body. ... There are two Los Angeles Aqueducts--the original Los Angeles Aqueduct was designed by William Mulholland (an Irish immigrant who became a self-taught engineer and head of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power) and completed in 1913 to deliver water from the Owens River to the city... Owens Valley The Owens River is a river in eastern California in the United States, approximately 120 mi (193 km) long. ... Owens Valley is the arid ranching valley of the Owens River in southeastern California in the United States. ... The Champs Elysees in Paris, France. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Motion picture industry

Nestor Studio, Hollywood's first movie studio, 1913.

Filmmaking in the greater Los Angeles area preceded the establishment of filmmaking in Hollywood. The Biograph Company filmed the short film A Daring Hold-Up in Southern California in Los Angeles in 1906.[9] The first studio in the Los Angeles area was established by the Selig Polyscope Company in Edendale, with construction beginning in August 1909.[10] American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... The American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1928. ... The Selig Polyscope Company was an American motion picture company founded in 1896 in Chicago, Illinois by William Selig. ... Edendale is a historical name for a district in Los Angeles, California, northwest of downtown, in what is known today as Echo Park and the eastern edge of Silver Lake. ...


In early 1910, director D. W. Griffith was sent by the Biograph Company to the west coast with his troupe, consisting of actors Blanche Sweet, Lillian Gish, Mary Pickford, Lionel Barrymore and others. They started filming on a vacant lot in downtown Los Angeles. The company decided to explore new territories and traveled five miles (8 km) north to the little village of Hollywood, which was friendly and enjoyed the movie company filming there. Griffith then filmed the first film ever shot in Hollywood called In Old California, a one-reel melodrama set in Mexican colonial-era California in the 1800s. The movie company stayed there for months and made many, many films before returning to New York. David Llewelyn Wark D.W. Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American film director. ... The American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1928. ... Blanche Sweet (June 18, 1896 [1] – September 6, 1986) was a silent film actress who began her career in the earliest days of the Hollywood motion picture film industry. ... Lillian Diana de Guiche (October 14, 1893 – February 27, 1993), was an Oscar-nominated American actress, better known as Lillian Gish. ... For the Katie Melua song, see Mary Pickford (Used to Eat Roses). ... Lionel Barrymore (born Lionel Herbert Blythe on April 28, 1878 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – November 15, 1954 in Van Nuys, California) was an American Academy Award Winning actor of stage, radio and film. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... In Old California is a Donald Duck comic strip story written by Carl Barks in May, 1951. ...


The first studio in Hollywood was established by the New Jersey-based Centaur Co., which wanted to make westerns in California. They rented an unused roadhouse at 6121 Sunset Boulevard at the corner of Gower, and converted it into a movie studio in October 1911, calling it Nestor Studio after the name of the western branch of their company.[11] The first feature film made specifically in a Hollywood studio, in 1914, was The Squaw Man, directed by Cecil B. DeMille and Oscar Apfel,[12] and was filmed at the Lasky-DeMille Barn amongst other area locations. Sunset Boulevard (officially known as West Sunset Boulevard, except in Beverly Hills) is a street in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, that stretches from Figueroa Street in downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean in the Pacific Palisades. ... Gower Street is a street in Hollywood, California, which marks the start of the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which runs east to west on Hollywood Boulevard. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... The claim is made (under the heading Personal Life) that DeMille was in negotiations with MGM to direct Ben-Hur at the time of his death in January, 1959. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Lasky-DeMille Barn, where the Hollywood Heritage Museum is now located, was built in about 1895 on the Hollywood, California, citrus ranch of Robert Northam for horses, carriages, hay and other farm supplies. ...


By 1915, the majority of American films were being produced in the Los Angeles area.[13]

Hollywood movie studios, 1922.

Four major film companies — Paramount, Warner Bros., RKO and Columbia — had studios in Hollywood, as did several minor companies and rental studios. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... “WB” redirects here. ... RKO redirects here. ...

1920s-1940s

By 1920, Hollywood had become world famous as the center of the United States film industry. American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ...


From the 1920s to the 1940s, a large percentage of transportation to and from Hollywood was by means of the red cars of the Pacific Electric Railway. The Pacific Electric Railway main company depot at Sixth Street and Main Street in downtown Los Angeles, circa 1910. ...

Modern Hollywood

On January 22, 1947, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, KTLA, began operating in Hollywood. In December of that year, The Public Prosecutor became the first network television series to be filmed in Hollywood. And in the 1950s, music recording studios and offices began moving into Hollywood. Other businesses, however, continued to migrate to different parts of the Los Angeles area, primarily to Burbank. Much of the movie industry remained in Hollywood, although the district's outward appearance changed. For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... For the community in Santa Clara County, California, see Burbank, Santa Clara County, California. ...


In 1952, CBS built CBS Television City on the corner of Fairfax Avenue and Beverly Boulevard, on the former site of Gilmore Stadium. CBS's expansion into the Fairfax District pushed the unofficial boundary of Hollywood further south than it had been. CBS's slogan for the shows taped there was "From Television City in Hollywood..." This article is about the broadcast network. ... Television City redirects here. ... Beverly Boulevard is one of the main east-west thoroughfares in Los Angeles. ...


During the early 1950s the famous Hollywood Freeway was constructed from Four Level Interchange interchange in downtown Los Angeles, past the Hollywood Bowl, up through Cahuenga Pass and into the San Fernando Valley. In the early days, streetcars ran up through the pass, on rails running along the central median. Aerial photo of the Four Level Interchange; the stack configuration of the interchange is readily apparent (downtown Los Angeles is towards the bottom of this image). ... Cahuenga Pass (from the indigenous Tongva language) (el. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ...


The famous Capitol Records building on Vine St. just north of Hollywood Boulevard was built in 1956. The building houses offices and recording studios which are not open to the public, but its circular design looks like a stack of 7-inch (180 mm) vinyl records. Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ...


The now derelict lot at the corner of Hollywood Boulevard and Serrano Avenue was once the site of the illustrious Hollywood Professional School, whose alumni reads like a Hollywood Who's Who of household "names". Many of these former child stars attended a "farewell" party at the commemorative sealing of a time capsule buried on the lot. Hollywood Professional School (also known as Hollywood Conservatory of Music and Arts) was a private school in Hollywood, California for children working in show business, operating mornings only so that the children could work in the afternoon. ...


The Hollywood Walk of Fame was created in 1958 as a tribute to artists working in the entertainment industry and the first embedded star on the walk—honoring actress Joanne Woodward -- was set in place on February 9, 1960. Honorees receive a star based on career and lifetime achievements in motion pictures, live theatre, radio, television, and/or music, as well as their charitable and civic contributions. Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward (born February 27, 1930) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe, Emmy award winning American actress. ... For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle — indeed...


In 1985, the Hollywood Boulevard Commercial and Entertainment District was officially listed in the National Register of Historic Places protecting important buildings and ensuring that the significance of Hollywood's past would always be a part of its future. A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


In June 1999, the long-awaited Hollywood extension of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail Red Line subway opened, running from Downtown Los Angeles to the Valley, with stops along Hollywood Boulevard at Western Avenue, Vine Street and Highland Avenue. The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. ... Diagram of the Metro Red Line. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ...

The Kodak Theatre, which opened in 2001 on Hollywood Boulevard at Highland Avenue, where the historic Hollywood Hotel once stood, has become the new home of the Oscars. Kodak Theatre. ... Kodak Theatre. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


While motion picture production still occurs within the Hollywood district, most major studios are actually located elsewhere in the Los Angeles region. Paramount Pictures is the only major studio still physically located within Hollywood. Other studios in the district include the aforementioned Jim Henson (formerly Chaplin) Studios, Sunset Gower Studios, and Raleigh Studios. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ...


While Hollywood and the adjacent neighborhood of Los Feliz served as the initial homes for all of the early television stations in the Los Angeles market, most have now relocated to other locations within the metropolitan area. KNBC began this exodus in 1962, when it moved from the former NBC Radio City Studios located at the northeast corner of Sunset Boulevard and Vine Street to NBC Studios in Burbank. KTTV pulled up stakes in 1996 from its former home at Metromedia Square in the 5700 block of Sunset Boulevard to relocate to Bundy Drive in West Los Angeles. KABC-TV moved from its original location at ABC Television Center (now branded The Prospect Studios) just east of Hollywood to Glendale in 2000, though the Los Angeles bureau of ABC News still resides at Prospect. After being purchased by 20th Century Fox in 2001, KCOP left its former home in the 900 block of North La Brea Avenue to join KTTV on the Fox lot. The CBS Corporation-owned duopoly of KCBS-TV and KCAL-TV moved from its longtime home at CBS Columbia Square in the 6100 block of Sunset Boulevard to a new facility at CBS Studio Center in Studio City. KTLA, located in the 5800 block of Sunset Boulevard, and KCET, in the 4400 block of Sunset Boulevard, are the last broadcasters (television or radio) with Hollywood addresses. Los Feliz (usually pronounced Loss Feeliss by most non-Spanish-speaking locals) is a neighborhood in the north-central region of the city of Los Angeles, California. ... A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the population can receive the same (or similar) television and radio station offerings, and may also include other types of media including newspapers and Internet content. ... KNBC (Channel 4) is the West Coast flagship station of the NBC television network, serving the Greater Los Angeles Area. ... The NBC Radio City Studios was a radio and television studio located at the northeast corner of Sunset Boulevard and Vine Street in Hollywood, California. ... NBC Studios are the two studio facilities belonging to the National Broadcasting Company, with one of them being located at Rockefeller Center in New York City, and the other located in Burbank, California, just outside of Los Angeles. ... KTTV, channel 11, is an owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in Los Angeles, California. ... Satellite image of Metromedia Square from May 1994 Metromedia Square (also known as Fox Television Center from 1986 to 1996) was a radio and television studio facility located at 5746 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, on the southeastern corner of Sunset and Van Ness Avenue. ... KABC-TV, channel 7, is an owned-and-operated television station of the Walt Disney Company-owned American Broadcasting Company, licensed to Los Angeles, California. ... The Prospect Studios (also known as ABC Television Center [West]) is a lot containing several television studios located at 4151 Prospect Avenue in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, at the corner of Prospect Aveune and Talmadge Street (named in honor of silent screen star Norma Talmadge), just east... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS, NYSE: CBSA) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... A true duopoly is a specific type of oligopoly where only two producers exist in one market. ... KCBS-TV is the CBS owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles, California area. ... KCAL-TV (Channel 9) is an independent station in Los Angeles, California owned by CBS Corporation. ... CBS Columbia Square (formerly known as the KCBS-TV/FM and KNX Studios) is a group of radio and television studios located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California. ... CBS Studio Center is a television and film studio located in the Studio City district of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley. ... Studio City is a district in the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles, California. ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... For the Japanese computer game developer, see Konami Computer Entertainment Tokyo KCET is one of four PBS member stations serving Los Angeles and Southern California, the others being KVCR-TV, KOCE-TV, and KLCS. Broadcasting on channel 28, the studio is located at 4401 West Sunset Boulevard. ...


Additionally, Hollywood once served as the home of nearly every radio station in Los Angeles, all of which have now moved into other communities. KNX was the last station to broadcast from Hollywood, when it left CBS Columbia Square for a studio in the Miracle Mile in 2005. KNX (1070 kHz) is an all-news radio station in Los Angeles, California. ... CBS Columbia Square (formerly known as the KCBS-TV/FM and KNX Studios) is a group of radio and television studios located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California. ... Miracle Mile has several meanings: The first time an athlete ran a mile in under four minutes, done by Roger Bannister in 1954. ...


In 2002, a number of Hollywood citizens began a campaign for the district to secede from Los Angeles and become, as it had been a century earlier, its own incorporated municipality. Secession supporters argued that the needs of their community were being ignored by the leaders of Los Angeles. In June of that year, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors placed secession referendums for both Hollywood and the San Fernando Valley on the ballots for a "citywide election." To pass, they required the approval of a majority of voters in the proposed new municipality as well as a majority of voters in all of Los Angeles. In the November election, both referendums failed by wide margins in the citywide vote. San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ...


Hollywood is served by several neighborhood councils, including the Hollywood United Neighborhood Council (HUNC) [2] and the Hollywood Studio District Neighborhood Council. [3] These two groups are part of the network of neighborhood councils certified by the City of Los Angeles Department of Neighborhood Empowerment, or DONE. [4] Neighborhood Councils cast advisory votes on such issues as zoning, planning, and other community issues. The council members are voted in by stakeholders, generally defined as anyone living, working, owning property, or belonging to an organization within the boundaries of the council. [5]

Revitalization

After many years of serious decline, when many Hollywood landmarks were threatened with demolition,[14] Hollywood is now undergoing rapid gentrification and revitalization with the goal of urban density in mind. Many developments have been completed, typically centered on Hollywood Boulevard. The Hollywood and Highland complex (site of the Kodak Theater), has been a major catalyst for the redevelopment of the area. In addition, numerous fashionable bars, clubs, and retail businesses have opened on or surrounding the boulevard, returning Hollywood to a center of nightlife in Los Angeles. Many older buildings have also been converted to lofts and condominiums, Cosmo Lofts was the first live/work loft development in the Hollywood area. A W Hotel is currently under construction at the intersection of Hollywood and Vine. In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Urban density is a term used in urban planning and urban design to refer to the number of people inhabiting a given urbanized area. ... The corner of Hollywood and Highland Hollywood and Highland Center from the west An elephant sculpture high atop the Hollywood and Highland courtyard. ... The Kodak Theatre in Hollywood. ... Singles bar redirects here. ... A nightclub (often dance club or club, particularly in the UK) is an entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... Drawing of a self-service store. ...

Hollywood neighborhoods and communities

The Hotel Roosevelt has long sat on Hollywood Boulevard near Hollywood High School and Grauman's Chinese Theater.

Local Government

Politics

Much of the neighborhood of Hollywood that includes most of Hollywood Boulevard and Sunset Boulevard falls within the 13th District of the City of Los Angeles. Recent city councilmembers include: Hollywood High School This article is about Hollywood High school, a secondary school. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Beachwood Canyon is a community located in the Hollywood Hills, in the northern portion of Hollywood in Los Angeles, California. ... Cahuenga Pass (from the indigenous Tongva language) (el. ... The Hollywood Hills, an unofficial designation of part of the City of Los Angeles, California, are part of the eastern section of the low transverse range of the Santa Monica Mountains, which extends from the Los Feliz District and Hollywood, on the south side of the Valley, to Pacific Coast... Hollywood Heights is a small district in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles, bounded by Highland Avenue, Franklin Avenue, the Hollywood Bowl and Outpost Drive. ... Laurel Canyon, Los Angeles, California is a canyon neighborhood, like Topanga Canyon, so its very oriented to the main canyon street, Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ... Mount Olympus is a prominent neighborhood in Hollywood, California, specifically Hollywood Hills. ... Nichols Canyon is an area in the Hollywood Hills of Los Angeles County, California. ... Outpost Estates is a canyon neighborhood of Hollywood and the Hollywood Hills in the central region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Sunset Hills is a small community in the Hollywood district of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... East Hollywood is a neighborhood in Los Angeles encompassing Hollywood east of Western Ave. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Thai Town is a neighborhood of Los Angeles centered along Hollywood Boulevard between Normandie Avenue and Western Avenue in Hollywood. ... Located south of Silverlake in Los Angeles, Virgil Village is centered on Virgil Blvd. ... The Fairfax District is an area of neighborhoods in the City of Los Angeles, California, that is roughly bordered by West Hollywood on the north, La Brea Avenue on the east, West Hollywood and Beverly Hills on the west and Wilshire Boulevard on the south. ... Melrose Hill is a small neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles, California, tucked away between Hollywood and Hancock Park. ... Spaulding Square is a small community of the Hollywood district in the region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Cherokee Ave The Yucca Corridor is a small, diverse, and densely populated neighborhood of Hollywood centered along most of the length of Yucca Street. ...


Michael Woo: 1985-1993


Jackie Goldberg: 1994-2000


Eric Garcetti: 2000-present

Urban revitalization

The city agency that spearheads revitalization within the Hollywood Redevelopment Project Area is the Community Redevelopment of Los Angeles located in the House of Blues Building at 6244 Sunset Blvd., #2206, Hollywood, CA 90028.

Demographics

As of the 2000 census, there were 210,777 people residing in the Community Plan Area of Hollywood. The population density was 8,443 people per square mile (3,261/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 59.84% White (47.27% White Non-Hispanic), 9.44% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 4.28% African American, 0.62% Native American, 19.10% from other races, and 6.59% from two or more races. 34.51% of the population were Hispanic of any race. 49.63% of the population was foreign born; of this, 46.24% came from Latin America, 32.73% from Asia, 17.80% from Europe and 3.23% from other parts of the world.[15] The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they...

Education

Students who live in Hollywood are zoned to schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District. The area is within Board District 4.[16] As of 2008 Marlene Canter represents the district.[17] Canter announced that she will not seek re-election after her term expires in June 2009.[18] Hollywood High School This article is about Hollywood High school, a secondary school. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District (the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ...


Elementary schools:

Middle schools:

Hollywood High School and Helen Bernstein High School are public high schools in the Hollywood area. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Joseph Le Conte Middle School is located in 1316 North Bronson Avenue. ... Hollywood High School This article is about Hollywood High school, a secondary school. ...


Christ the King Elementary School is a private school in the area.


For many years, the motion picture Industry had its own private Industry-run institution for child actors, the Hollywood Professional School. Hollywood Professional School (also known as Hollywood Conservatory of Music and Arts) was a private school in Hollywood, California for children working in show business, operating mornings only so that the children could work in the afternoon. ...

Public libraries

The Will and Ariel Durant Branch and the Frances Howard Goldwyn – Hollywood Regional Branch of the Los Angeles Public Library are in Hollywood. The Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) system serves the residents of Los Angeles, California. ...

Landmarks

Hollywood Bowl opening night 2005.
Grauman's Chinese Theater.
The Ripley's Believe It or Not! Odditorium.
Crossroads of the World.

Special events

  • The Academy Awards are held in late February/early March (since 2004) of each year, honoring the preceding year in film. Prior to 2004, they were held in late March/early April. Since 2002, the Oscars have been held at their new home at the Kodak Theater at Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue.
  • CINECON Classic Film Festival & Exposition (Annual timing is five days—connected to Labor Day weekend) Classic film memorabilia, expert presentations, author signings, and movie screenings with celebrity guests.
  • The annual Hollywood Christmas Parade: The 2006 parade on Nov 26th, was the 75th edition of the Christmas Parade. The parade goes down Hollywood Boulevard and is broadcast in the LA area on KTLA, and around the United States on Tribune-owned stations and the WGN superstation. [6]

See also

Hollywood history books

  • Gaelyn Whitley Keith (2006) The Father of Hollywood: The True Story (Hardcover), Book Surge, An Amazon.com Company. (ISBN 1-4196-4194-8)
  • Nudelman, Robert & Wanamaker, Marc (2005) Historic Hollywood: An Illustrated History (Hardcover), Texas: Historical Pub Network. (ISBN 978-1893619463)
  • R. Jezek, George & Wanamaker, Marc (2003) Hollywood: Now and Then (Hardcover), California: George Ross Jezek Photography & Publishing. (ISBN 978-0970103611)
  • Gregory Paul Williams (2005) The Story of Hollywood: An Illustrated History (Hardcover), BL Press LLC. (ISBN 0-9776299-0-2)

References

Notes

  1. ^ City of Los Angeles Map - Larger View
  2. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=tinsel&searchmode=none. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "LA Almanac". http://www.laalmanac.com/LA/la00c25.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-24. 
  5. ^ Scott (2005).
  6. ^ "Johnny Grant, honorary Hollywood mayor, dies". CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/TV/01/10/grant.obit. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  7. ^ Keith (2006).
  8. ^ ^ "Death Calls H.J. Whitley. Real Estate Man Known as "Father of Hollywood". Pioneer in Many Southland Developments.". Los Angeles Times. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/384306361.html?dids=384306361:384306361&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Jun+04%2C+1931&author=&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=DEATH+CALLS+H.+J.+WHITLEY&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2008-07-17. "H. J. Whitley, pioneer California real estate man and known as the "Father of Hollywood." died yesterday at the age of 83 years and after an illness of more than a year. Mr. Whitley died during his sleep while staying as a guest of his son Ross Whitley at the Whitley Park"
  9. ^ Niver (1971), p. 262.
  10. ^ Robertson (2001), p. 21.
  11. ^ Robertson (2001), p. 21. The facility later became the Hollywood Film Laboratory, which is now called the Hollywood Digital Laboratory.
  12. ^ Feature-length films made in the Los Angeles area before The Squaw Man include From Dusk to Dawn (1913) and The Sea Wolf (1913). American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures.
  13. ^ Koszarski (1994), p. 99.
  14. ^ Russell Leavitt, In California: A Fading Hollywood, TIME magazine, June 14, 1982
  15. ^ City of Los Angeles Census 2000 Statistical Profile, Community Plan Area: Hollywood
  16. ^ Board District 4 Map. Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
  17. ^ "Board Members." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
  18. ^ "Two LAUSD board members retire, Friedlander wins Shoah scholarship prize." The Jewish Journal. November 12, 2008.

Bibliography

  • Keith, Gaelyn Whitley (2006). The Father of Hollywood: The True Story. BookSurge Publishing. ISBN 1419641948.
  • Koszarski, Richard (1994). An Evening's Entertainment: The Age of the Silent Feature Picture, University of California Press. ISBN 0520085353.
  • Niver, Kemp R. (1971). Biograph Bulletins, 1896–1908. Los Angeles: Locare Research Group.
  • Robertson, Patrick (2001). Film Facts, Billboard Books.
  • Scott, Allen J. (2005). On Hollywood: The Place, The Industry. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691116830.

External links


Coordinates: 34°06′N 118°20′W / 34.1°N 118.333°W / 34.1; -118.333 Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ... Amoeba Music in San Francisco The inside of the San Francisco store Amoeba Music is an independent music chain in Berkeley, San Francisco, and Hollywood, California. ... Barnsdall Park on top of Olive Hill in Los Angeles, CA BARNSDALL ART PARK has as its mission the presentation, promotion, enrichment, and development of the arts and artists of the Los Angeles region in all its cultural diversity. ... Picture of Hollywood and Vine Sign Hollywood and Vine, the intersection of Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street in Hollywood, California, became famous in the 1920s for its concentration of radio and movie related businesses. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ... CBS Columbia Square (formerly known as the KCBS-TV/FM and KNX Studios) is a group of radio and television studios located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California. ... Deny Hermawan Denny@xmsg. ... The Cinerama Dome, as decorated for Shrek 2 Pacific Theatres Cinerama Dome at 6360 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood of the United States has been a landmark movie theater since its opening on November 7, 1963. ... Crossroads of the World Designed by Robert V. Derrah and built in 1936, the Crossroads of the World has been called Americas first modern shopping mall. ... Earl Carroll Theatre, New York City, 1922 The Earl Carroll Theatre was the name of two major theatres, one on Broadway in New York City and the other on Sunset Blvd in Hollywood, owned by Broadway impresario and showman Earl Carroll. ... The El Capitan Theatre is a fully restored movie palace at 6838 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California, owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company. ... Fredericks of Hollywood is a well known retailer of lingerie in the United States, with stores in most modern shopping malls across the USA. The business was started by Frederick Mellinger (inventor of the push-up bra) in 1946. ... The Gibson (formerly Universal) Amphitheatre is a theater located in Universal City, California, USA. It was originally built in 1972 as an outdoor venue, but was remodeled and converted into an indoor theater in 1982. ... Gower Gulch is a nickname for the intersection of Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street in Hollywood, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Graumans Egyptian Theatre, 1922 Graumans Egyptian Theatre, at 6712 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California is a world famous movie theatre that opened in 1922. ... Griffith Observatory, September, 2006. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The corner of Hollywood and Highland Hollywood and Highland Center from the west An elephant sculpture high atop the Hollywood and Highland courtyard. ... Hollywood High School This article is about Hollywood High school, a secondary school. ... The Hollywood Sign is a famous landmark in the Hollywood Hills area of Los Angeles, California, spelling out the name of the area in 50 feet (15 m)[1] high white letters. ... The Hollywood Wax Museum is located in Hollywood, California. ... KCBS-TV is the CBS owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles, California area. ... For the Japanese computer game developer, see Konami Computer Entertainment Tokyo KCET is one of four PBS member stations serving Los Angeles and Southern California, the others being KVCR-TV, KOCE-TV, and KLCS. Broadcasting on channel 28, the studio is located at 4401 West Sunset Boulevard. ... The Knickerbocker Hotel, now senior home Hollywood Knickerbocker Apartments, (1714 Ivar Ave, Los Angeles, CA) is one of the old historic Los Angeles Hotels that has had its share of notoriety and was the scene for some of Hollywood’s most famous dramatic moments, including suicides, séances and death. ... Kodak Theatre. ... KTLA-TV, channel 5, is the WB affiliated television station in Los Angeles. ... The Lasky-DeMille Barn, where the Hollywood Heritage Museum is now located, was built in about 1895 on the Hollywood, California, citrus ranch of Robert Northam for horses, carriages, hay and other farm supplies. ... Musso & Franks Grill Exterior of Musso & Franks Grill Musso & Frank Grill is a world famous restaurant located on Hollywood Boulevard in the Hollywood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. ... Pantages Theatre during the 2006/2007 run of The Lion King The Pantages Theatre, formerly known as RKO Pantages Theatre, is located at 6233 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood, California in the United States of America. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Pinks Hot Dogs Pinks Hot Dogs is a well-known hot dog restaurant located in the Hollywood district of the city of Los Angeles; they are also sold at Hollywood Park Casino in Inglewood, California and at the Zanzibar Cafe in the Aladdin Hotel and Casino in Las... Believe It or Not redirects here. ... The Rock n Roll Ralphs is located in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles, California, at 7257 Sunset Boulevard. ... Guitar Center is a chain of musical instrument retailers, located throughout the United States. ... Runyon Canyon Park is a 160-acre park in Los Angeles, California at the eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains, managed by the City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks. ... Sunset Gower Studios Sunset Gower Studios is a 14-acre television and movie studio at the corner of Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street in Hollywood, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Laugh Factory is one of the best known comedy stages in the world and has been graced by such stars as Bob Saget, Carlos Mencia, Richard Pryor, Robin Williams, Rodney Dangerfield, Jerry Seinfeld, Jim Carrey, Damon Wayans, Paul Rodriguez, Dave Chappelle, Adam Sandler, Chris Rock, Chris Tucker, Kathy Griffin... The tone of this article is inappropriate for an encyclopedia. ... The Prospect Studios (also known as ABC Television Center [West]) is a lot containing several television studios located at 4151 Prospect Avenue in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, at the corner of Prospect Aveune and Talmadge Street (named in honor of silent screen star Norma Talmadge), just east... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Hollywood Christmas Parade is a parade that takes place every year on the weekend after thanksgiving in Hollywood, California, in the United States. ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Cerise (pronounced IPA: in English and IPA: in French) is a deep to vivid purplish red. ... The Hollywood Principle is stated as dont call us, well call you. ... This is a list of Hollywood novels i. ... This is a list of movie-related topics. ... This is a list of movies set in Los Angeles, California: // 1920s Hollywood (1923) 1930s What Price Hollywood? (1932) A Star Is Born (1937) 1940s Double Indemnity (1944) Murder My Sweet (1944) Mildred Pierce (1945) The Big Sleep (1946) The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946) 1950s Sunset Boulevard (1950) The... This is a list of television shows set in the Greater Los Angeles area (including Los Angeles and Orange County communities such as Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Malibu, and Newport Beach). ... Nickname: WeHo Location of Los Angeles County in California and West Hollywood within Los Angeles County Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated 1984  - City Council John Heilman (mayor) Sal Guarriello John J. Duran Abbe Land Jeffrey Prang Area    - City  1. ... CNN.com is the news website maintained by CNN. The website debuted on August 30, 1995, and it describes itself as the first major news and information website on the Internet. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District (the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District (the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... The Princeton University Press is a publishing house, a division of Princeton University, that is highly respected in academic publishing. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Midwest redirects here. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Historic Southern United States. ... The Southwest could be defined as the states south, or for the most part west of the Mississippi River, with the qualification of a certain northern limit, such as the 37, or 38, or 39, or 40 degree north line. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Rivers in the United States is a list of rivers in the United States. ... The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin Horseshoe Bend is a horseshoe-shaped meander of the Colorado River located near the town of Page, Arizona The Colorado River is... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... United States territory is any extent of region under the jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States,[1] including all waters[2] (around islands or continental tracts). ... Water supply and sanitation in the United States is provided by towns and cities, public utilities that span several jurisdictions and rural cooperatives. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The primary regulator of communications in the United States is the Federal Communications Commission. ... USD redirects here. ... Annual U.S. spending 1934-2006 with adjustment for inflation. ... The Fed redirects here. ... The standard of living in the United States is one of the highest in the world by almost any measure. ... For information on household income, see Household income in the United States. ... For information on the income of individuals, see Personal income in the United States. ... Single family homes such as this are indicative of the American middle class. ... This graph shows the household income of the given percentiles from 1967 to 2003, in 2003 dollars. ... US Debt from 1940 on. ... The United States of America has a large and lucrative tourism industry serving millions of international and domestic tourists. ... Elaborate marble facade of New York Stock Exchange as seen from the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets This article is about the New York street. ... Main articles: Adolescent sexuality and Adolescent sexual behavior Adolescent sexuality in the United States relates to the sexuality of American adolescents and its place in American society, both in terms of their feelings, behaviors and development and in terms of the response of the government, educators and interested groups. ... The first U.S. census, in 1790, recorded four million Americans. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... A monument to the working and supporting classes along Market Street in the heart of San Franciscos Financial District, home to tens of thousands of professional and managerial middle class workers each day. ... The percentage of households and individuals over the age of 25 with incomes exceeding $100,000 in the US.[1][2] Affluence in the United States refers to an individuals or households state of being in an economically favorable position in contrast to a given reference group. ... For other uses, see American Dream (disambiguation). ... A monument to the working and supporting classes along Market Street in the heart of San Franciscos Financial District, home to tens-of-thousands of professional and managerial middle class workers each day. ... This graph shows the educational attainment since 1947. ... Percent below each countrys official poverty line, according to the CIA factbook. ... Violent conforntation between working class union members and law enforecement such as the one between teamsters and Minneapolis police above were commonly frowned upon by professional middle class. ... This article is about the high culture and popular culture of the United States. ... American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. ... The United States has a history of architecture that includes a wide variety of styles. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Closely related to the development of American music in the early 20th century was the emergence of a new, and distinctively American, art form -- modern dance. ... Union Jack. ... The folklore of the United States, or American folklore, is one of the folk traditions which has evolved on the North American continent since Europeans arrived in the 16th century. ... The United States is home to a wide array of regional styles and scenes. ... Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains, Landers Peak, 1863, Hudson River School Visual arts of the United States refers to the history of painting and visual art in the United States. ... Social issues are matters which directly or indirectly affect many or all members of a society and are considered to be problems, controversies related to moral values, or both. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial quota... Anti-Americanism, often Anti-American sentiment, is defined as being opposed or hostile to the United States of America, its people, its principles, or its policies. ... Capital punishment is the legal process which ends the life of a felon. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Progress of America, 1875, by Domenico Tojetti American exceptionalism (cf. ... The Energy policy of the United States is determined by federal, state and local public entities, which address issues of energy production, distribution and consumption. ... 1970s US postage stamp block In the United States today,the organized environmental movement is represented by a wide range of organizations sometimes called non-governmental organizations or NGOs. ... Gun Politics in the United States, incorporating the political aspects of gun politics, and firearms rights, has long been among the most controversial and intractable issues in American politics. ... The human rights record of the United States of America has featured an avowed commitment to the protection of specific personal political, religious and other freedoms. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      The LGBT rights movement in the United States seeks to achieve equality for all Americans, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity (heterosexual, lesbian, gay, bisexual... International recognition Civil unions and domestic partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated Civil unions legal, same-sex marriage debated See also Same-sex marriage Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage, also called gay... Racism in the United States has been a major issue in America since the colonial era. ... A common definition of terrorism is the systematic use or threatened use of violence to intimidate a population or government and thereby effect political, religious, or ideological change. ...

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