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Encyclopedia > Holiest sites in Islam

Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are generally recognized as the three most important cities in Islam according to interpretations of scriptures in the Quran and Hadith. [1] Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links Information_icon. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Panoramic view from Mt. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... // Most religions have religious texts they view as sacred. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ...

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Masjid al-Haram, Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Masjid al Haram
Masjid al Haram

Al-Masjid al-Ḥarām (المسجد الحرام IPA: [ælˈmæs.ʤi.dæl.ħɑˈrɑm] "The Sacred Mosque"), is a large mosque in the city of Mecca, and the largest in Islam. It surrounds the Kaaba, the place which all Muslims turn towards each day in prayer, considered by Muslims to be the holiest place on Earth. The mosque is also commonly known as the Haram or Haram Sharif[citation needed]. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (650x601, 223 KB) Summary Mecca Image Work of the Govt. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (650x601, 223 KB) Summary Mecca Image Work of the Govt. ... Masjid al Haram The Masjid al Haram is a mosque in the city of Mecca (or Makkah). It is considered by Muslims to be the holiest place on Earth and is the focal point of the hajj pilgrimage required of all able-bodied Muslims as one of the Five Pillars... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Picture of the Kaaba with Muslim pilgrims performing Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) The Kaaba (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), also known as al-Ka‘abatu’l-Musharrafat ( ‎), al-Baytu l-‘AtÄ«q ( ‎ The Primordial House), or al-Baytu’l-Ḥarām ( ‎ The Sacred House), is a large cuboidal building located inside the mosque known... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Earth (IPA: , often referred to as the Earth, Terra, the World or Planet Earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ...


The current structure covers an area of 356,800 square meters including the outdoor and indoor praying spaces and can accommodate up to 820,000 worshippers during the Hajj period. During the Hajj period, the mosque is unable to contain the multitude of pilgrims, who pray on the outlining streets. More than 2 million worshippers gather to pray during taraweeh and Eid prayers. [3] [4] The Hajj (Arabic: ‎, translit: ; Turkish: ; Ottoman Turkish: حاج, Hāc; Malay: , Bosnian: ) is the Pilgrimage to Mecca in Islam. ... The Hajj (Arabic: ‎, translit: ; Turkish: ; Ottoman Turkish: حاج, Hāc; Malay: , Bosnian: ) is the Pilgrimage to Mecca in Islam. ... Tarawih (Arabic: تراويح) prayers are extra prayers given at night in the Islamic month of Ramadan. ... The word Eid can mean several things: There are two Islamic festivals of Eid: One is called Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, The other is Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) or Eid-e Qurban (Persian: عید قربان) which is celebrated to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim...


According to the teachings of Islam, God in the Qur'an used the word Mosque when referring to the sites established by Abraham and his progeny as houses of worship to God centuries before the revelation of the Qur'an. The first of these spots is Masjid al-Haram in Mecca and the second is Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. Before Mecca and Jerusalem came under Muslim control in 630 CE and 638 CE, the site of the Kaaba, which was established by Abraham and Ishmael but at the time of Muhammad was used by pagans. It has been suggested that Abraham (Hebrew Bible) be merged into this article or section. ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ... Masjid al Haram Al-Masjid al-Ḥarām (Arabic: ‎ The Sacred Mosque), is a large mosque in the city of Mecca. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... For other uses, see Al-aqsa (disambiguation). ... Panoramic view from Mt. ... Picture of the Kaaba with Muslim pilgrims performing Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) The Kaaba (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), also known as al-Ka‘abatu’l-Musharrafat ( ‎), al-Baytu l-‘Atīq ( ‎ The Primordial House), or al-Baytu’l-Ḥarām ( ‎ The Sacred House), is a large cuboidal building located inside the mosque known... Expulsion of Ishmael and His Mother. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism Bagan, a city in Myanmar also known as Pagan Pagan (album), the 6th album by Celtic metal band Cruachan Pagan Island, of the Northern Mariana Islands Pagan Lorn, a metal band from Luxembourg, Europe (1994-1998) Pagans Mind, is...

And when We assigned to Abraham the place of the House (Kaaba), saying: Do not associate with Me aught, and purify My House for those who make the circuit and stand to pray and bow and prostrate themselves.

Qur'an22:26 It has been suggested that Abraham (Hebrew Bible) be merged into this article or section. ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...

And when Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the House (Kaaba): Our Lord! accept from us; surely Thou art the Hearing, the Knowing.

Qur'an2:127 It has been suggested that Abraham (Hebrew Bible) be merged into this article or section. ... Expulsion of Ishmael and His Mother. ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Masjid-an-Nabawi, Medina, Saudi Arabia

Masjid al-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet)

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (Arabic: المسجد النبوي IPA: [ælˈmæs.ʤi.dæˈnːæ.bæ.wiː]) or the Mosque of the Prophet, in Medina, is the second holiest mosque in Islam after Al-Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 232 KB) Description : Masjid Nabawi. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 232 KB) Description : Masjid Nabawi. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Masjid al Haram The Masjid al Haram is a mosque in the city of Mecca (or Makkah). It is considered by Muslims to be the holiest place on Earth and is the focal point of the hajj pilgrimage required of all able-bodied Muslims as one of the Five Pillars... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


The original mosque was built by the prophet Muhammad. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated the mosque. The most important feature of the site is the green dome over the center of the mosque, where the tomb of Muhammad is located. Constructed in 1817C.E. and painted green in 1839C.E., it is known as the Dome of the Prophet.[2] Early Muslim leaders Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab are buried beside the Holy Prophet (SAW). Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Al-Masjid al-Nabawi. ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... For other uses of the name, see Umar (disambiguation). ...


The edifice was originally Muhammad's house; he settled there after his Hijrah (emigration) to Medina, later building a mosque on the grounds. He himself shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other mosques throughout the world. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Qur'an. It is the second holiest site in Islam. The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...

Al-Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem, Israel

Al-Aqsa Mosque
Al-Aqsa Mosque

Al-Aqsa Mosque is the general and oldest name for the compound of Islamic religious buildings in Jerusalem that includes al-Aqsa congregation mosque and the Dome of the Rock. This same area was called at later Islamic periods as the Noble Sanctuary [3][4][5]. References to Jerusalem and events in it have been made more than seventy times in the Quran, in various states of ambiguity, and many times in the Hadith.[6] Al-Aqsa's importance in Islam stems from a long history that extends far before the birth of prophet Muhammad. The site has been mentioned in Quran several times in relation to Prophets of Islam. It is also the site from where the Prophet Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven and hence is widely recognized as the third holiest site in Islam. [7] Download high resolution version (1600x1050, 195 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1050, 195 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Al-aqsa (disambiguation). ... The Temple Mount or Noble Sanctuary (Hebrew: הר הבית Har HaBayit, Arabic: الحرم الشريف Al-Haram As-Sharif), is a hotly contested religious site in the old city of Jerusalem. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ... Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... A 16th century Persian miniature painting celebrating Muhammads ascent into the Heavens, a journey known as the Miraj. ...


The term Al-Aqsa Mosque was coined in the Quran:

Glory be to Him Who made His servant (Muhammad) to go on a night from the Sacred Mosque to the remote mosque of which We have blessed the precincts, so that We may show to him some of Our signs; surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

Qur'an17:1 For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Al-Aqsa Mosque is the

  • The first of the two Qiblas.(Arabic: اولى القبلتين; Translit: Ula al-Qiblatayn)[8] Jerusalem is called the “First of the two qibla’s”. [9]
  • The second Masjid. (Arabic: ثاني المسجدين; Translit: Thani al-Masjidayn)
  • Third of the two Sanctuaries. (Arabic: ثالث الحرمين; Translit: thālith al-ḥaramayn)[10]

Although most political references to the Al Aqsa Mosque date from the 12th century or later due to its occupation by the Crusades, the Mosque's position in Islam is firmly grounded in a number of hadith dating from the birth of Islam.[11]. Facing the Qibla at a prayer in Damascus The geometrical calculation of Qibla Qibla () is an Arabic word for the direction that should be faced when a Muslim prays. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Hadith ( translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of Muhammad. ...


In terms of the virtue of a religious site, and the value of prayers performed within it, Muslims believe that the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem is the third most virtuous mosque based on the Hadith narrated by the companion Abu al-Dardaa: "the Prophet of Allah Muhammad said a prayer in the Sacred Mosque (in Mecca) is worth 100,000 prayers; a prayer in my mosque (in Medina) is worth 1,000 prayers; and a prayer in al-Masjid al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem) is worth 500 prayers more than in any other mosque. For other uses, see Al-aqsa (disambiguation). ... Panoramic view from Mt. ... Abu al-Dardaa was a Companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Masjid al Haram Al-Masjid al-Ḥarām (Arabic: ‎ The Sacred Mosque), is a large mosque in the city of Mecca. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Masjid al-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet) Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (Arabic: المسجد النبوي IPA: ) or the Mosque of the Prophet, in Medina, is the second holiest mosque in Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Panoramic view from Mt. ...

See also Sahih Bukhari 2:21:288. Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Sahih is a Islamic term that means authentic. ... Sahih Muslim is a collection of sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (also known as the sunnah). ... Sahih Bukhari is one of the Sunni six major Hadith collections (Hadith are oral traditions recounting events in the lives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers). ...


The Western Wall which supports the Al Aqsa Mosque is also venerated by Muslims as being the wall to which the prophet tethered his winged steed.[citation needed]


Imam Ali Mosque, Najaf, Iraq

Exterior view of Imam Ali Shrine

This is where Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib, the son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad and the fourth caliph is buried. Because Ali was also Muhammad's cousin, he is considered by Shiite tradition to be the first legitimate caliph and the first Imam. Image File history File links Meshed_ali_usnavy_(PD). ... Image File history File links Meshed_ali_usnavy_(PD). ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘Alī ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Imam (Arabic: إمام ,Persian: امام ) is an Arabic word meaning leader. ...


Many sources refer to the Imam Ali Mosque, in Najaf, Iraq, as the third holiest site for the Shiite branch of Islam.[14][15][16] With an estimated 130 to 200 million followers worldwide, this accounts for approximately 15% of all Muslims.[17] It is estimated that only Mecca and Medina receive more Muslim pilgrims. Exterior view of Imam Ali Shrine The Imam Ali Holy Shrine (Arabic: حرم الإمام علي), also known as Meshed Ali or the Tomb of Ali, is a mosque located in Najaf, Iraq. ... Najaf (Arabic: ) is a city in Iraq, about 160 km south of Baghdad, located at 31. ... Shi‘as (the adjective in Arabic is شيعى shi‘i; English has traditionally used Shiite) which mean follower in Arabic make up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%-35% of all Muslim. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


It has also been reported in the name of Imam Sardeg (Imam-Jaafar Al-Sadeq, the Sixth Twelver of Shia) that the Imam Ali mosque is the third of five holy places: Mecca, Medina, the Imam Ali shrine in Najaf, the Imam Hussein shrine in Karbala, and the shrine for Fatemah in Qom.[18] Twelvers or the Ithna Asharia are members of the group of Shias who believe in twelve Imams. ... Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ...


There are even those who claim that the Imam Ali shrine is the second holiest site after Mecca[19] Juan Cole mentions that Imam Ali Mosque, in Najaf is the fourth holiest preceded by Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem. He also mentions that Najaf and Karbala, the two holiest cities for Shiites.[20] This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Exterior view of Imam Ali Shrine The Imam Ali Holy Shrine (Arabic: حرم الإمام علي), also known as Meshed Ali or the Tomb of Ali, is a mosque located in Najaf, Iraq. ... Najaf (Arabic: ) is a city in Iraq, about 160 km south of Baghdad, located at 31. ...


Chinguetti, Mauritania

Chinguetti is sometimes said to be 'the seventh holiest city of Islam'. [21] Home to five important manuscript libraries of scientific and Qur'anic texts, and a principal gathering place for pilgrims of the Maghreb to gather on the way to Mecca. It also became a center of Islamic religious and scientific scholarship in West Africa. Chinguetti (Arabic: شنقيط) is a ksour or ancient trading centre in northern Mauritania, lying on the Adrar Plateau east of Atar. ...


Imam Husayn Shrine, Karbala, Iraq

Imam Husayn Shrine
Imam Husayn Shrine

The Imam Husayn Shrine is built on the spot where Husayn ibn Ali, grandson of the prophet Muhammad, is believed to have been killed during the Battle of Karbala. Image File history File links RozaeHussain. ... Image File history File links RozaeHussain. ... Imam Husayn Shrine 3D Model of Imam Husayn Shrine The Imam Husayn Shrine is a holy place in Shia Islam in the city of Karbala, Iraq. ... Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib ()‎ 28th August (626 – 680) ( Shaban 3 , 4 - Muharram 10 , 61 A.H.)was the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Combatants Umayyads Banu Hashim Commanders Umar ibn Saad Husayn ibn Ali† Strength 4,000 - 4,500 72 Casualties unknown 72 The Battle of Karbala was a military engagement that took place on 10 Muharram, 61 AH (October 10, 680) in Karbala, in present day Iraq, between the prophet Muhammad...


According to the Public Broadcasting Service, the Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbala is the holiest site outside of Meca and Medina.[22] This view was also agreed to by the British public broadcast network, Channel 4.[23] The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada. ... Imam Husayn Shrine 3D Model of Imam Husayn Shrine The Imam Husayn Shrine is a holy place in Shia Islam in the city of Karbala, Iraq. ... Shrine of Karbala Karbala (Arabic: ‎; BGN: Karbalā’; also spelled Kerbala, Kerbela, Karbila) is a city in Iraq, located about 100 km southwest of Baghdad at 32. ... Channel 4 is a public-service television broadcaster in the United Kingdom (see British television). ...


Juan Cole mentions that Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbala in Iraq is the fifth holiest preceded by Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem and Najaf. He also mentions that Najaf and Karbala, the two holiest cities for Shiites.[20] Imam Husayn Shrine 3D Model of Imam Husayn Shrine The Imam Husayn Shrine is a holy place in Shia Islam in the city of Karbala, Iraq. ... Shrine of Karbala Karbala (Arabic: ‎; BGN: Karbalā’; also spelled Kerbala, Kerbela, Karbila) is a city in Iraq, located about 100 km southwest of Baghdad at 32. ...


Al Askari Mosque, Samarra, Iraq

Al Askari Mosque before and after its bombing
Al Askari Mosque before and after its bombing

Here the remains of the tenth and eleventh Shī`a Imāms, `Alī l-Hādī and his son Hassan al-`Askarī, known as "the two `Askarīs", are interred. It stands adjacent to a shrine to the Twelfth or "Hidden" Imām, Muħammad al-Mahdī. The `Askariyya Shrine is also known as the "Tomb or Mausoleum of the Two Imāms". Also buried within the Mosque are the remains of Hakimah Khatun, sister of `Alī l-Hādī, and of Narjis Khatun, mother of Muħammad al-Mahdi. Image File history File links Beforesmarraafter. ... Image File history File links Beforesmarraafter. ... The Shia Imam is considered by the Shia sect of Islam to be the rightful successor to Muhammad, and is similar to the Caliph in Sunni Islam only with regards to the aspect of political leadership. ... Imam Ali al-Hadi (September 8, 828 _ July 1, 868) was the tenth Shia Imam. ... Hasan al-Askari (Arabic: الإمام الحسن بن علي العسكري) (December 6, 846 – January 1, 874), was the eleventh Shia Imam. ... Mohammad al-MahdÄ« () (or Muhammad ibn Hasan ibn Ali) is, according to Twelver Shias, the twelfth Imam and the Mahdi, a figure considered by both Sunnis and Shias to be the ultimate saviour of mankind. ...


At the time of the Al Askari Mosque bombing in Samarra, it was reported that the mosque was one of Shiite Islam's holiest sites, only exceeded by the shrines of Najaf and Karbala.[24] The Al Askari Mosque in Samarra around 1926. ... The Al Askari Mosque bombing occurred on February 22, 2006 at approximately 6:55am local time (0355 UTC) at the Al Askari Mosque — one of the holiest sites in Shia Islam — in the Iraqi city of Samarra, some 100 km (60 miles) northwest of Baghdad. ... Map showing Samarra near Baghdad Sāmarrā (سامراء) is a town in Iraq ( ). It stands on the east bank of the Tigris in the Salah ad Din Governorate, 125 km north of Baghdad and, in 2002, had an estimated population of 201,700. ...


In an interview published by Abroad Media, Lt. Gen. David Petraeus referred to it as the third holiest shrine in shia Islam. [25] Lt. ...


Quba Mosque, Medina, Saudi Arabia

Masjid Al-Quba
Masjid Al-Quba

The Quba Mosque (Quba' Masjid or Masjid al-Quba, Arabic: مسجد قباء) just outside Medina, Saudi Arabia, is the first Islamic mosque ever built. Its first stones were positioned by the prophet Muhammad on his emigration from the city of Mecca to Medina and the mosque was completed by his companions. Muhammad spent more than 20 nights in this mosque (after migrating) praying qasr (a short prayer) while waiting for Ali whose house was behind this mosque. Image File history File links Quba. ... Image File history File links Quba. ... Masjid Al-Quba The Quba Mosque (Quba Masjid or Masjid al-Quba, Arabic: مسجد قباء) just outside Medina, Saudi Arabia, is the first Islamic mosque ever built. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... For other uses see Hijra. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) was the final prophet in Islam. ...


The Prophet used to go there, riding or on foot, every Saturday and offer a two rak'ah prayer. He advised others to do the same, saying, "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an 'Umrah." This hadith is reported by Ahmad, Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, and Al-Hakim.


Al Kadhimiya Mosque, Baghdad, Iraq

After the bombing of the Al Kadhimiya Mosque, Middle East correspondent of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Nahlah Ayed, reported that “Well, it had been a very quiet crowd just walking around, milling around, and then the first of the bombs went off. People didn't really know what was going on until the second bomb went off and it blew up in a fiery ball right in front of the Kadhimiya Mosque, the third holiest site for Shia Muslims.”[26] The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ...


Other reports after the bombing also referred to the shrine as the third-holiest in Shiite Islam.[27]


Eyüp Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey

This site is the reputed burial place of Ayoub al-Ansari who was a friend and the standard bearer for Muhammed. In addition to Ayoub's tomb there is a golden-framed footprint of Muhammed.


The Eyüp Sultan Mosque is situated outside the walls near the Golden Horn, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari standard - bearer of the Prophet Muhammad, died an assault on Constantinople in 670. His tomb is greatly venerated and attracts many pilgrims. Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (587 - 668) - born Khalid ibn Zayd ibn Kulayb in Yathrib - hailed from the tribe of Banu Najjar and was a close companion (Arabic: الصحابه, sahaba) of the Prophet Muhammed. ...


Rawze-e-Sharif, Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan

The ornate exterior of Rawze-e-Sharif
The ornate exterior of Rawze-e-Sharif

Rawze-e-Sharif located in Mazari Sharif is said by Capt. Emma Schofield to be the resting place of the Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth caliph and the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He is revered as the first Shi'a Imam by Shi'a Muslims. It is said that bandits stole his body and buried it in Mazari Sharif. However this claim is disputed, see Grave of Ali. According to Capt. Emma Schofield Rawze-e-Sharif is the third holiest site in Islam.[28] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1080x720, 132 KB) The historic blue mosque in Mazar-e Sharif Afghanistan File links The following pages link to this file: Mazar-e Sharif Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1080x720, 132 KB) The historic blue mosque in Mazar-e Sharif Afghanistan File links The following pages link to this file: Mazar-e Sharif Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... The Blue Mosque in Mazar-e-Sharif Rawze Sharif, also known as the Blue Mosque is the most beautiful and proportional mosque in Afghanistan, and one of the most beautiful in the world. ... Mazari Sharif, also known as Mazar-e-Sharif, Mazar-i Sharif, Mazār-e SharÄ«f and Mazar-i-Sharif (Persian: مزار شریف), is the fourth largest city of Afghanistan, with population of 183,000 people (2002 official estimate). ... Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘AlÄ« ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Imam (Arabic: إمام ,Persian: امام ) is an Arabic word meaning leader. ... Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) was the final prophet in Islam. ...


Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Syria

The Umayyad Mosque is one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. Located in the old city of Damascus, it is of great architectural importance. The mosque holds a shrine which is said to contain the head of John the Baptist, honoured as a prophet by both Christians and Muslims. The head was supposedly found during the excavations for the building of the mosque. The tomb of Saladin stands in a small garden adjoining the north wall of the mosque. The Umayyad Mosque in the center of Damascus by night St Johns Shrine inside the Mosque The courtyard of the Mosque with the ancient Treasury (Beit al Mal) The Grand Mosque of Damascus, also known as the Umayyad Mosque (Arabic: جامع بني أمية الكبير, transl. ... Damascus at sunset Damascus ( translit: Also commonly: الشام ash-Shām) is the largest city of Syria and is also the capital. ... Mural depiction of Jesus baptism by the hand of John, Jordan River, Jordan The excavated remains of the baptism site in Bethany beyond the Jordan John the Baptist (also called John the Baptizer, or Yahya the Baptizer) is regarded as a prophet by four religions: Christianity, Islam, Mandaeanism, and the... In religion, a prophet is a person who has directly encountered God, of whose intentions he can then speak as if he were a formal representative of God. ... Artistic representation of Saladin. ...


Jawatha Mosque, Al-Kilabiyah, Saudi Arabia

Jawatha Mosque (Arabic مسجد جواثا ) (also incorrectly spelled Al-Jawana) is a traditional mosque located in the village of Al-Kilabiyah, about 12km northeast of Hofuf, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Al-Kilabiyah and nearby villages Al-Kilabiyah (Arabic = الكلابية) is a village in eastern Saudia Arabia in Al-Ahsa and one of the eastern villages . ... Hofuf (Arabic: الهفوف) is a common name for the major city also called Al-Hasa or Hassa in the Al-Hasa oasis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. ... Al-Ahsa, Al-Hasa, or Hasa, (Arabic: ‎ , locally ) is a governorate of Saudi Arabias Eastern Province about 60 km inland from the Persian Gulf. ...


It was built the in seventh year of hijra (629 AD) at the hands of the Bani Abdul Qais tribe which lived there before and early in the Islamic period. This mosque is believed to be the first mosque built in Eastern Province and is where the second Friday congregation prayer in Islam was offered, the first being held at the Prophet's Mosque in Medina. [29] For other uses see Hijra. ... Eastern Province (Arabic: المنطقة الشرقية al-Mantaqa ash-Sharqiyah) is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the coasts of the Persian Gulf, and has borders with Kuwait, Qatar, the United...


Imam Reza Shrine, Mashhad, Iran

Imam Reza was the Eighth Imam of Shi'ite Islam, who is believed by members of the Shi'ia sect to have been poisoned there upon orders of Caliph Al Ma'mun. Among the first major buildings built in Mashad was a mausoleum built by Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi. Today the holy shrine and its museum hold one of the most extensive cultural and artistic treasuries of Iran, in particular manuscript books and paintings. Several important theological schools are associated with the shrine of the Eighth Imam. As a city of great religious significance, it is also a place of pilgrimage. It is said that the rich go to Mecca but the poor journey to Mashhad. Thus, even as those who complete the pilgrimage to Mecca receive the title of Haji, those who make the pilgrimage to Mashhad – and especially to the Imam Reza shrine – are known as Mashtee, a term employed also of its inhabitants. It is thought that over 20 million Muslims a year make the pilgrimage to Mashhad. Imām ˤAlÄ« ibn-MÅ«sā ar-Riđā (Arabic: علي بن موسى الرضا) (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the eighth Shīˤa Imām. ... Imam (Arabic: إمام ,Persian: امام ) is an Arabic word meaning leader. ... Abu Jafar al-Mamun ibn Harun (also spelled Almanon and el-Mâmoûn) (786 – October 10, 833) (المأمون) was an Abbasid caliph who reigned from 813 until his death in 833. ... Imam Reza Shrine Tomb of Nader Shah Afshar, a popular tourist attraction in Mashad. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Mahmud and Ayaz The Sultan is to the right, shaking the hand of the sheykh, with Ayaz standing behind him. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Pilgrim at Mecca In religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


Writing in the Chicago Business biweekly Alex Mahler wrote that the site is third holiest for Shiite Muslims. [30]


Fatima al-Masumeh Shrine, Qom, Iran

The shrine of Fatema Mæ'sume, sister of Imam Reza, is located in Qom, the second most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad. The shrine has attracted to itself dozens of seminaries and religious schools. Shah Abbas I built the shrine complex in the early 17th century. [14] The Persian saint Hadratah Fatimah Masumah was buried in Qum, modern Iran. ... Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ... Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ... Mashhad (also spelt Mashad, Persian: ‎ ) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shia world. ... Shah Abbas I (شاه عباس اول) (January 27, 1571?-January 19, 1629?) was the most eminent ruler of the Safavid Dynasty. ...


References

  1. ^ A Muslim Iconoclast (Ibn Taymiyyeh) on the "Merits" of Jerusalem and Palestine Charles D. Matthews Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 56, No. 1 (Mar., 1936), pp. 1-21
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of the orient
  3. ^ Oleg Grabar, THE HARAM AL-SHARIF: AN ESSAY IN INTERPRETATION, BRIIFS vol. 2 no 2 (Autumn 2000) [1]
  4. ^ Palestinian Encyclopedia Volume 4, pp. 203
  5. ^ Palestinian Encyclopedia Volume 3, pp. 23
  6. ^ el-Khatib, Abdallah (May 1, 2001). "Jerusalem in the Qur'ān" (Abstract). British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 28 (1): 25–53. "The third section deals with the verses which imply ambiguous, but likely references to the same [i.e. Jerusalem]. The fourth section deals with the verses that imply ambiguous, but unlikely references. It was found that there are about 70 places in the Qur'an which fall into these two last categories.". DOI:10.1080/13530190120034549. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  7. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1883472.stm
  8. ^ (1999-09-01) Wendy Doninger, consulting ed.: Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster, 70. ISBN 0-877-79044-2. , reviewed on Google books
  9. ^ Lindsay, James (2005). Daily Life in the Medieval Islamic World. Greenwood Press, 142-143. ISBN 0313322708. 
  10. ^ A Muslim Iconoclast (Ibn Taymiyyeh) on the "Merits" of Jerusalem and Palestine Charles D. Matthews Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 56, No. 1 (Mar., 1936), pp. 1-21
  11. ^ Hashimi, Sohail H; various coauthors (2003-05-07). “Political Boundaries and Moral Communities: Islamic Perspectives”, Allen E. Buchannan, Margaret Moore, eds: States, Nations and Borders: the ethics of making boundaries. Cambridge University Press, 192-193. ISBN 0-521-52575-6. , reviewed on Google books
  12. ^ Sahih Bukhari 2:21:288
  13. ^ Sahih Muslim 4:1056
  14. ^ a b Almodarresi, Sayed Mahdi (February 9, 2003). Never Again!. Modarresinews.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “The place was the burial site of Islam’s second most important figure and third holiest shrine.”
  15. ^ Muslim Shiite's Saint Imam Ali Holy Shrine. Photo Agency. Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran (2005). Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “world's 120 million Shiites regard Najaf - a center of scientific, literary and theological studies - as their third-holiest site, behind Mecca and Medina.”
  16. ^ al-Issawi, Tarek (August 31, 2003). Iraqis arrest 19 with terror ties in mosque blast. The Washington Times. Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “American authorities have not taken an active public role in the mosque investigation because of Iraqi sensitivity to any U.S. presence at the Najaf shrine, the most-sacred Shi'ite shrine in Iraq and the third holiest in the world after Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia.”
  17. ^ Penhaul, Karl (April 23, 2003). Religious rivalries and political overtones in Iraq. CNN. Retrieved on 2006-11-12.
  18. ^ Escobar, Pepe (May 24, 2002). Knocking on heaven's door. Central Asia/Russia. Asia Times Online. Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “To give a measure of its importance, according to a famous hadith (saying) - enunciated with pleasure by the guardians of the shrine - we learn that ‘our sixth imam, Imam Sardeg, says that we have five definitive holy places that we respect very much. The first is Mecca, which belongs to God. The second is Medina, which belongs to the Holy Prophet Muhammad, the messenger of God. The third belongs to our first imam of Shia, Ali, which is in Najaf. The fourth belongs to our third imam, Hussein, in Kerbala. The last one belongs to the daughter of our seventh imam and sister of our eighth imam, who is called Fatemah, and will be buried in Qom. Pilgrims and those who visit her holy shrine, I promise to these men and women that God will open all the doors of Heaven to them.’”
  19. ^ Lebanese Firms To Start Tourism Projects In Iraq. IslamicTourism.com (September 3, 2006). Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “Najaf, home to the shrine of Imam Ali, the cousin of the Prophet Mohammed, is Muslim Shiites second holiest site after Mecca in Saudi Arabia.” Editor's note: This is actually taken from the www.azzaman.com news website, but is no longer directly linked on the English-language page.
  20. ^ a b Juan, Cole (August 28, 2004). Informed Comment. Juan Cole. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  21. ^ Shadow Over Sahara. www.time.com (June 25, 1973). Retrieved on 2006-12-18. “Told that the strangers are there to watch the moon black out the sun, some believers in the oasis town of Chinguetti—the seventh holiest city of Islam—are incredulous.”
  22. ^ Karbala. Interactive Map: Sunni and Shia: The Worlds of Islam. Public Broadcasting Service (2006). Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “Husayn, Ali's son, Muhammad's grandson, and the central martyr in the Shia tradition, died at Karbala and is buried there. For Shiites, his tomb is the holiest site outside of Mecca and Medina, and many make the pilgrimage there -- up to a million pilgrims visit the city to observe Ashura, the anniversary of Husayn's death.”
  23. ^ Karbala. Channel 4. Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “The holy city of Karbala, situated 100 km south of Baghdad, derives its name from the ancient Babylonian meaning "sacred place of God" from the two shrines it houses of the Prophet Muhammad's grandson Husayn and his brother 'Abbas. Shi'a Muslims consider this to be one of the holiest places in the world second only to Mecca and Najaf.”
  24. ^ Gosh, Aparisim (March 6, 2006). An Eye For an Eye Cover Story. Time Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “That makes al-Askari one of Shi'ite Islam's holiest sites, exceeded in veneration only by the shrines of Najaf and Karbala. Even Samarra's Sunnis hold al-Askari in high esteem. The expression "to swear by the shrine" is routinely used by both communities.” Editor's note: Quote is found on third page of article.
  25. ^ Petraeus, Lt. Gen. David (Sept 17, 2006). Transcript: Lt. Gen. David Petraeus - Interview. American Abroad Media. Retrieved on 2006-11-13. “…but now also sectarian militias that have very much become active particularly in the wake again of the Gold Dome Mosque bombing on Samara when the third holiest shrine in Shia Islam was devastated by an explosion…”
  26. ^ Robertson, Hamish (March 3, 2004). Iraq suicide bombings: an eyewitness account. The World Today. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 2006-11-12.
  27. ^ Iraq blasts kill 143 on Shiite holy day. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (March 2, 2004). Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “‘After the blast, all you could see was death everywhere you looked,’ said Ahmed Kamil Ibrahim, a guard at the Kazimiya shrine in Baghdad, the third-holiest in Shiite Islam.”
  28. ^ Schofield, Emma (October 17, 2005). The Blue Mosque at Masar-e-Sharif. Mirror 8. International Security Assistance Force. Retrieved on 2006-11-12. “The Blue Mosque in Masar-e-Sharif is the third holiest site in Islam and the main dome was built 970 years ago to house the coffin of Khalif Ali, the son-in-law of Prophet Mohammed.”
  29. ^ Jawatha Mosque in danger of going down, Jafariya News, August 24, 2005. [2]
  30. ^ Mahler, Alex (November 25, 2002). Sneaking Into Iran's Holiest Shrine. Chicago Business. Retrieved on 2006-11-15. “Hundreds of thousands of Iranians come to Mashad each year on pilgrimage. The Emam Reza Shrine in the heart of the city is the third holiest site for Shi'ite Muslims, and the most important within Iran.”

 
 

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