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Encyclopedia > History of video game consoles (third generation)
History of…
Video games
Console games

First generation
Second generation
Video game crash of 1983
Third generation
Fourth generation
Fifth generation
Sixth generation
Seventh generation
Although the history of computer and video games spans almost five decades, computer and video games themselves did not become part of the popular culture until the late 1970s. ... A console game is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1979. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... E.T. for the Atari 2600. ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... The seventh generation is the era in the history of computer and video games that began on November 21, 2004 with the release of the Nintendo DS. The console portion of the generation began with the release of Microsofts Xbox 360 on November 22, 2005 and continued a year...

Arcade games

Golden Age of Arcade Games
This article contains a timeline of notable events in the history of arcade gaming: // 1971 Computer Space, the first ever coin-operated arcade video game, is released by Nutting Associates. ... In Space Invaders, the player controls the firing and horizontal position of the green cannon at the bottom, fending off constant attack by echelons of eponymous enemies. ...

In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first "modern" era of console gaming. It began in 1983 with the release of the Famicom in Japan and lasted until 1987. Although the previous generation of consoles had also used 8-bit processors, it was in this time that home game systems were first labeled by their "bits". This came into fashion as 16-bit systems like the Mega Drive/Genesis were marketed to differentiate between the generations of consoles. This generation in gaming was primarily dominated by the Nintendo Entertainment System/Famicom. Although the history of computer and video games spans almost five decades, computer and video games themselves did not become part of the popular culture until the late 1970s. ... video game consoles A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer. ... E.T. for the Atari 2600. ... 8-bit refers to the number of bits used in the data bus of a computer. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) is a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... NES redirects here. ...

Contents

Overview

During the era, the Famicom (short for family computer) became very popular in Japan. The Famicom's American counterpart, the Nintendo Entertainment System, highly dominated the gaming market in North America, thanks in part to its restrictive licensing agreements with developers. Though the NES dominated the market, the Sega Master System (which was popular in Brazil and Europe), and the Atari 7800, were also major players during this era. The Sharp X68000 began its niche run in Japan with its first iteration in 1987. The Nintendo Entertainment System (U.S., Europe, and Australia) NES redirects here. ... NES redirects here. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... The Sharp X68000, often referred to as the X68K, was a home computer released only in Japan. ...

The latter part of the third generation (argued by some as part of the 4th generation) introduced the Game Boy, which single-handedly gelled and proceeded to dominate the previously scattered handheld market for 15 years. While the Game Boy product line has been incrementally updated every few years, until the Game Boy Micro and Nintendo DS, and partially the Game Boy Color, all Game Boy products were backwards compatible with the original released in 1989. NES title screen of Super Mario Bros This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... NES title screen of Super Mario Bros This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Super Mario Bros. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... Game Boy Micro is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... The Nintendo DS, sometimes abbreviated NDS or DS, is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo, and first released in 2004. ... The Game Boy Color (also referred to as GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The post-crash 8-bit era saw the first console role-playing video games, and was the birth of the side-scroller. Editing and censorship of video games was often used in localizing Japanese games to North America. It is the era when many famous video game series, and the characters starring in them, originated. Some notable examples include Super Mario Bros., The Legend of Zelda, Dragon Quest, Metroid, Mega Man, Metal Gear, Castlevania, Final Fantasy, Phantasy Star, and Bomberman. A side-scrolling game or side-scroller is a genre of video games in which the gameplay action is viewed from a side-view camera angle, and the onscreen characters generally move from the left side of the screen to the right in order to reach their goals. ... For other uses, see Censor. ... Localization can mean any of the following: Generally, localization is the determination of the locality (position) of an object. ... Super Mario Bros. ... This article is about the first game in the series. ... Dragon Quest ), published as Dragon Warrior in North America until the 2005 release of Dragon Quest VIII, is a series of role-playing games produced by Enix (now Square Enix). ... This article is about the first game in the series. ... The original NES Mega Man. ... One of many logos; used in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and the sequel to it. ... Castlevania is a video game series, created and developed by Konami. ... For the first installment in the series, see Final Fantasy (video game). ... This article is about the first Phantasy Star game. ... Sonic is a strategic, maze-based computer and video game franchise originally developed by Hudson Soft. ...


This generation is often mislabeled as the "First Generation" as it is the start of video gaming as it is today (although the grouping of generations is arbitrary).


The first Sega vs Nintendo console war

In the later 8-bit era, the NES came out on top in North America and Japan (where it was known as Nintendo Famicom), partially due to its earlier release, but mostly because of Nintendo's strict licensing rules that forbade developers from releasing their games on other systems if their games were released on the NES. This put a damper on third party support for the Master System and the rest of Nintendo's competition. However, the Master System was far more popular in Europe and Brazil, which were markets first covered by Sega. Many more games were released in Europe and Brazil than in North America, and the Master System had a very long shelf-life in Brazil, finally being discontinued in the late 1990s.


Worldwide sales standings

Console Units Sold Date
Nintendo Entertainment System 60 million[1] February 11, 2006
Sega Master System 13 million[citation needed] N/A

NES redirects here. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ...

Third generation (late 8-bit era) systems

Consoles

Nintendo Famicom, NES Sega Master System Atari 7800 Amstrad GX4000 Commodore 64 Games System Intellivision II Coleco Gemini
Image:Intellivision2.jpg
Launch price ¥24,200
US$199.99
CA$240<
US$199.99
¥24,200
US$140.00 n/a UK£99.99
Logo n/a n/a
Release date July 15, 1983
Flag of United States October 18, 1985
February 1986
Flag of European Union 1986 & 1987
Flag of United States June 1986
Flag of European Union 1987
1987
Flag of United States June 1986
Flag of European Union 1987
Flag of European Union 1990 Flag of European Union 1990
Media Cartridge Cartridge & card Cartridge Cartridge Cartridge
Backwards compatibility None Sega SG-1000 (Japanese system only) Atari 2600 None None
Top-selling games Super Mario Bros. or Super Mario Bros. 3 Alex Kidd in Miracle World n/a n/a n/a
Accessories (retail)
More...
  • Light Phaser
  • Sega 3-D Glasses
  • Sega Control Stick
  • Sega Sports Pad
  • XG-1
  • n/a
  • n/a
CPU Ricoh 2A03, based on

MOS Technology 6502 The Nintendo Entertainment System (North America, Europe, and Australia) NES redirects here. ... Nes is: A municipality in the county of Akershus in Norway, see Nes, Akershus. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... The GX4000 was Amstrads short-lived attempt to enter the games console market. ... The Commodore C64 Games System (often abbreviated C64GS) was the cartridge-based game console version of the popular Commodore 64 home computer. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1980; development of the console began in 1978 (less than a year after the introduction of its main competitor, the legendary Atari 2600 aka the Atari VCS). ... The Coleco Gemini was a Atari 2600 clone manufactured by Coleco. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nintendo_entertainment_system. ... Picture of Sega Master System Picture taken by me (Eike) and licensed under the GFDL. File links The following pages link to this file: Sega Sega Master System Desert Speedtrap (Game Gear) Categories: GFDL images ... Image File history File linksMetadata Atari_7800_pro_system. ... Image File history File links AmstradGX4000. ... Image File history File links Commodore_64_GS.jpg Summary From http://usuarios. ... Image File history File links Neslogo. ... Image File history File links 7800. ... Image File history File links Commodore_logo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada_(bordered). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Super Mario Bros. ... Super Mario Bros. ... Alex Kidd in Miracle World is a platform game for the 8-bit Sega Master System video game console. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Robotic Operating Buddy R.O.B. (Robotic Operating Buddy) was an accessory for the Nintendo Entertainment System. ... The Power Pad is a floor mat game controller released in the United States for the Nintendo Entertainment System. ... The Power Glove (1989) is a controller accessory for the Nintendo Entertainment System designed by the team of Grant Goddard and Sam Davis for Abrams/Gentile Entertainment, made by Mattel in the United States and PAX in Japan. ... The NES Satellite is a Nintendo Entertainment System accessory created by Nintendo. ... The NES Advantage was a large joystick sold for the Nintendo Entertainment System in the 1980s. ... The array of accessories designed and released for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) (known in Japan as the Family Computer, or Famicom) is considerable. ... The Sega Light Phaser The Light Phaser was a light gun created for the Sega Master System, modeled after the Zillion gun from the Japanese anime series of the same name. ... The Sega 3D Glasses was one of the most popular Accessories. ... The Atari XG-1 Light Gun Released in 1987, the XG-1 is the light gun that came bundled with the Atari XEGS. The XEGS, which stands for XE Game System, was an Atari 65XE computer reworked cosmetically to give the appearance of a game console. ... The Ricoh 2A03 or RP2A03 was the 8-bit microprocessor in the Nintendo Family Computer and Nintendo Entertainment System video game consoles sold in Japan and North America. ... The MOS Technology 6502 is an 8-bit microprocessor that was designed by Chuck Peddle for MOS Technology in 1975. ...

NEC 780C, Zilog Z80 clone Custom, 6502C based on

MOS Technology 6502 One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp says well before July 1976. ... The MOS Technology 6502 is an 8-bit microprocessor that was designed by Chuck Peddle for MOS Technology in 1975. ...

Zilog Z80 MOS Technology 6510
Memory 2 KB main RAM
2 KB video RAM
256 bytes sprite RAM
28 bytes palette RAM
8 KB main RAM
16 KB video RAM
4 KB main RAM 64 KB main RAM
16 KB video RAM
64 KB main RAM
512 bytes color RAM
Video 64 sprites (8 per scanline)
256x240 resolution
25 simultaneous colors
53 color palette
64 sprites (8 per scanline)
256x240 resolution
32 simultaneous colors
64 color palette
Unlimited sprites
320x200 resolution
16 simultaneous colors
256 color palette
16 sprites
n/a
32 simultaneous colors
4,096 color palette
8 sprites
320x200 resolution
16 simultaneous colors
16 color palette
Audio Mono audio with:
  • Two square waves
  • One triangle wave
  • One noise generator
  • One DPCM channel
Mono audio with:
  • Three square waves
  • One noise generator
  • FM synthesizer (Japan only)
Mono audio with:
  • Two square waves
Mono audio with:
  • Three square waves
  • One noise generator
3-channel synthesizer with programmable ADSR envelope
  • 8 octaves
  • 4 waveforms: triangle, sawtooth, variable pulse, noise
  • Oscillator synchronization, ring modulation
  • Programmable filter: high pass, low pass, band pass, notch filter

One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp says well before July 1976. ... Image of the innards of a Commodore 64 showing the 6510 CPU (40-pin DIP, lower left). ...

Handhelds

Nintendo Gameboy Atari Lynx Sega Game Gear
Launch Price ¥13,300
US$109.99
€85
US$189.99
€145
¥14,500
€90
US$119.99
AUD $155
Release date 1989
Flag of United States 1989
Flag of European Union 1990
Flag of United States 1989
Flag of European Union 1990
1990
Flag of European Union Flag of United States 1991
Flag of Australia 1992
Logo n/a
Media Cartridge Cartridge Cartridge
Top-selling games Pokémon Red, Blue, and Green Road Blasters Sonic the Hedgehog

The original Game Boys design set the standard for handheld gaming consoles. ... The Atari Lynx is Ataris only handheld game console, and the first such machine with a color display. ... The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console and was Segas response to Nintendos Game Boy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x800, 26 KB)Nintendo Gameboy, picture by me fdgsf File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1600x784, 79 KB)Picture of an Atari Lynx 1 (made myself) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File links Sega_GameGear. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links Gameboy_logo. ... Image File history File links Lynxlogo. ... Pokémon Red and Pokémon Blue (known in Japan as Pocket Monsters: Red and Green) are the first two installments of the Pokémon series of role-playing video games, released for the Game Boy in Japan in 1996. ... RoadBlasters is an arcade game released by Atari. ... Sonic the Hedgehog is a video game in the Sonic the Hedgehog series, developed and published by Sega for Sega Master System and Sega Game Gear. ...

Video game franchises established during the 8-bit era

¹ The Nintendo Wars franchise was debuted in Japan during the 8-bit era, but Nintendo did not release a Nintendo Wars game in North America until the sixth generation era, where it was marketed as Advance Wars. Interestingly, Advance Wars was not released in America until the Gameboy Wars Advance 1+2 compilation, due to the September 11th attacks. Adventure Island may refer to: Adventure Island (video game), a video game. ... Alex Kidd. ... Battletoads is a video game franchise by Tradewest created to rival the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles games. ... Sonic is a strategic, maze-based computer and video game franchise originally developed by Hudson Soft. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Castlevania is a video game series, created and developed by Konami. ... Contra ) is an arcade game released in 1987 by the Konami corporation. ... Billy and Jimmy Lee, the protagonists of the Double Dragon series. ... Dragon Quest ), published as Dragon Warrior in North America until the 2005 release of Dragon Quest VIII, is a series of role-playing games produced by Enix (now Square Enix). ... EarthBound (Mother in Japan) is a role-playing game series created by Shigesato Itoi for Nintendo. ... Excitebike for the Nintendo Family Computer. ... For the first installment in the series, see Final Fantasy (video game). ... EA Sports FIFA 2006 PSP cover The FIFA Series is a popular series of football (soccer) video games, released yearly by EA under the EA Sports label. ... Eliwood, Hector and Lyn from Fire Emblem (Game Boy Advance), the first Fire Emblem to be released internationally. ... Gauntlet is a 1985 arcade game by Atari Games. ... The Gradius series, first introduced in 1985, is a series of scrolling shooter video games published by Konami for a variety of portable, console and arcade platforms, and has since its inception become synonymous with the phrase Shoot the core! []. In many games in the series the player controls a... Kid Icarus , Myth of Light: The Mirror of Palutena) is a platforming video game developed by what is now known as Intelligent Systems and published by Nintendo for the Famicom Disk System in 1986 and the Nintendo Entertainment System in 1987. ... Kirby ) is a video game character in a series of video games published by Nintendo. ... The original NES Mega Man. ... One of many logos; used in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and the sequel to it. ... Box art of the first Metroid game The Metroid ) games are a series of video games produced by Nintendo. ... The starting match in Mike Tysons Punch-Out, against Glass Joe. ... Nekketsu K&#333;ha: Kunio-Kun (Japanese: &#29105;&#34880;&#30828;&#27966;&#12367;&#12395;&#12362;&#12367;&#12435;) is the video game franchise started by Technos Japan Corporation, the defunct company that made the Double Dragon franchise. ... For information regarding the game Ninja Gaiden for the Xbox, see Ninja Gaiden (Xbox). ... Nintendo Wars (Japanese: ファミコンウォーズ Famicom Wars) is a series of military turn-based strategy video games (See wargame), developed by Intelligent Systems and published by Nintendo. ... Phantasy Star (Japanese: ファンタシースター) is the most famous RPG series by Sega. ... R-Type is a horizontally-scrolling shoot-em-up arcade game produced by Irem in 1987. ... Title screen from Shinobi (2002) Shinobi (忍) is an umbrella term for the central character in a series of videogames developed by Sega commonly referred to as the Shinobi series. ... Over the years, Mario has appeared in at least 140 popular video games to date, both with starring and less significant roles. ... The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles video games have been produced since 1989, largely by Japanese video game manufacturer Konami. ... Tetris (Russian: ) is a very popular falling blocks puzzle game, released on a large spectrum of platforms. ... A Legend of Zelda series logo The Legend of Zelda series (often shortened to Zelda, TLoZ, or LoZ), by Nintendo, is a series of video games created by celebrated game designer Shigeru Miyamoto. ... Wave Race is a jet-ski themed racing game for the Nintendo Game Boy, released July 1992. ... Wonder Boy was a series of video games published by SEGA and developed by Westone (formerly Escape). ... Ys , IPA: ) is a Japanese-origin computer role-playing game series, and Nihon Falcoms flagship franchise. ... It has been proposed below that Sixth generation era be renamed and moved to History of video games (Sixth generation era). ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ...


References

  1. ^ Classic Systems—Nintendo Entertainment System (html). Nintendo. Retrieved on February 11, 2006.


February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


See also


 
 

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