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Encyclopedia > History of the classical guitar
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Classical guitar serie.
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There are 146 articles in this serie. edit Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... The first article started in the Classical guitar serie was the biography of Matteo Carcassi on June 18, 2001. ... Classical guitar from the dutch wikipedia nl:Afbeelding:SpaanseGitaar. ... Classical guitar A classical guitar, also called a Spanish guitar, is a musical instrument from the guitar family. ... A minstrel playing a vihuela. ... The baroque guitar is a music instrument from the baroque time. ... Yang Xuefei See also Contemporary art and Contemporary classical music Instrument Modern concert guitars often, but by no means always, follow the Smallman design which replaces the fan braces with a much lighter balsa brace attached to the back of the sound board with carbon fiber. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... List of classical guitar makers by country // Australia Greg Smallman Canada Fritz Mueller France Olivier Fanton dAndon Robert Bouchet Dominique Field Daniel Friedrich Daniel Lesueur Godefroy Maruejouls Antoine Pappalardo (*1945) Germany Matthias Dammann Hermann Hauser Sr. ... // History Treble strings From Gut to Nylon Albert Augustine was the first company to produce strings in Nylon. ... // Guitar support List of guitar supports Traditional adjustable guitar footstool Dionisio Aguados tripode. ... // History Renaissance music for vihuela El Maestro by Luis de Milán (1536) Los seys libros del Delphin by Luis de Narváez (1538) Tres Libros de Música by Alonso Mudarra (1546) Silva de sirenas by Enríquez de Valderrábano (1547) Libro de música de Vihuela by... The following is a list of composers who have composed original music for the classical guitar. ... This article lists the most significant classical guitar music in the classical guitar repertoire. ... // Introduction This is a selected contemporary repertoire list for guitar. ... // History of the classical guitar pedagogy Classical guitar Methods Fernando Sor (1778-1839) (Spain) Method for the Spanish Guitar First published in French under the name “Methode Pour La Guitare” (1830) and then translated in English under the name “Method for the Spanish Guitar” in 1832. ... The classical guitar technique is a fingerstyle technique used by classical guitarists to play classical guitar music. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... List of the most significant classical guitar recordings by chronological order 1920 Agustín Barrios Andrés Segovia Johann Sebastian Bach Ciaconna 1964 Julian Bream 20th century music Benjamin Britten: Nocturnal which are the best albums of julian bream on the classicalguitar. ... // History List of International classical guitar competitions Australia 3rd Australian Guitar Competition & Festival July 7-11, 2004 Austria International Guitar Competition Karl Scheit 2006 Wien, September 19-23, 2006 Belgique 9ème Concours International de Guitare 2006 September 22 - September 30, 2006 Bolivia III International Guitar Festival and Competition August... Classical guitar related Medias (Magazines, webzines, webportals, etc. ... // History of classical guitar societies List of classical guitar societies Australia Sydneys Classical Guitar Society website Canada Classical Guitar Society of Calgary Classical Guitar Society of Toronto Edmonton Classical Guitar Society Lethbridge Guitar Society Lethbridge, Alta Mississauga Guitar Society Montreal Guitar Society Ottawa Guitar Society Toronto Guitar Society Regina... This is a classical guitar bibliography. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An engravers impression of Antonio Stradivari examining an instrument. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A vibration in a string is a wave. ...

The history of the classical guitar and its repertoire span over four centuries, including its ancestry the baroque guitar. The popularity of the classical guitar has been sustained over the years by many great players, arrangers, and composers. A very short list might include Gaspar Sanz (1640-1710), Fernando Sor (1778-1839), Mauro Giuliani (1781-1829), Francisco Tárrega (1852-1909), Andrés Segovia (1893-1987), and John Williams (1941). The baroque guitar is a music instrument from the baroque time. ... Gaspar Sanz (April 4, 1640 - 1710) was a Spanish composer and priest born in Calanda in the region of Aragon. ... Fernando Sor Fernando Sor (baptized February 14, 1778 – July 10, 1839) was a Spanish guitarist and composer, born in Barcelona. ... Mauro Giuliani Mauro Giuliani (July 27, 1781 – May 8, 1828) was an Italian guitarist and composer. ... Francisco Tárrega (November 21, 1852 — December 15, 1909) was a Spanish composer and guitarist. ... Andrés Segovia Andrés Segovia, Marques de Salobreña (February 21, 1893 – June 3, 1987) was a Spanish classical guitarist born in Linares, Spain who is considered to be the father of the modern classical guitar movement by most modern scholars. ... John Christopher Williams (born 24 April 1941) is one of the worlds best-known classical guitarists. ...

Contents


Origins

Figurines playing the ancestor of the Guitar. Excavated in Susa, Iran. Dated 2000-1500 BCE. Kept at the National Museum of Iran.
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Figurines playing the ancestor of the Guitar. Excavated in Susa, Iran. Dated 2000-1500 BCE. Kept at the National Museum of Iran.

Instruments similar to what we know as the guitar have been popular for at least 5,000 years. The guitar appears to be derived from earlier instruments known in ancient central Asia as the cithara. Instruments very similar to the guitar appear in ancient carvings and statues recovered from the old Iranian capitol of Susa. The modern word, guitar, was adopted into English from Spanish guitarra, possibly from earlier Greek word kithara. Prospective sources for various names of musical instruments that guitar could be derived from appear to be a combination of two Indo-European roots: guit-, similar to Sanskrit sangeet meaning "music", and -tar a widely attested root meaning "chord" or "string". Figurines playing the ancestor of the guitar. ... Figurines playing the ancestor of the guitar. ... Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great at Susa. ... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is an archeological and historical museum located in Tehran. ... Ancient India and Central Asia have long traditions of socio-cultural, political and economic contact since remote antiquity. ... Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great at Susa. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, believed to have been spoken around 4000 BC in Central Asia (according to the Kurgan hypothesis) or millennia before that in Anatolia (according to the Anatolian hypothesis). ...


The word guitar may also be a Persian loanword to Iberian Arabic. The word qitara is an Arabic name for various members of the lute family that preceded the Western guitar. The name guitarra was introduced into Spanish when guitars were brought into hort list of signifiant compositions for the contemporary classical guitar. For a longer list see the article [[[Iberian Peninsula|Iberia]] by the Moors after the 10th century. (See related article). Persian is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... A loanword is a word directly taken into one language from another with little or no translation. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... It has been suggested that Moor religion be merged into this article or section. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ...


Renaissance era

See main article about the vihuela. Renaissance music is European classical music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... A minstrel playing a vihuela. ...

Orpheus playing a vihuela. Image from the famous tabulature by Luis de Milán, Libro de música de vihuela de mano intitulado El maestro (1536). The text surrounding the image praises Orpheus as the inventor of vihuela. Most vihuelas are much smaller than the engraving suggests.
Orpheus playing a vihuela. Image from the famous tabulature by Luis de Milán, Libro de música de vihuela de mano intitulado El maestro (1536). The text surrounding the image praises Orpheus as the inventor of vihuela. Most vihuelas are much smaller than the engraving suggests.

A minstrel playing a vihuela. ... A minstrel playing a vihuela. ... The head of Orpheus, from an 1865 painting by Gustave Moreau. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Luis de Milán (c. ...

Instrument

The Spanish vihuela appears to be an intermediate form between the ancestral guitar and the modern guitar, with lute-style tuning and a small, but guitar-like body. It is not clear whether this represents a transitional form or simply a design that combined features from the two families of instruments. In favor of the latter view, the reshaping of the vihuela into a guitar-like form can be seen as a strategy of differentiating the European lute visually from the Moorish oud. (See the article on the lute for further history.) The Ancient Iranian lute, called tar in Persian also is found in the word guitar. The tar is thousands of years old, and could be found in 2, 3, 5, and 6 string variations. The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... In music, tuning is the process of producing or preparing to produce a certain pitch in relation to another, usually at the unison but often at some other interval. ... Front and rear views of an oud. ... The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... Iranian Tar Woman playing the tar in a painting from the Hasht-Behesht Palace in Isfahan Iran, 1669 Iranian Tar The tar is a long-necked, waisted lute found in Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and other areas near the Caucasus region. ... Persian is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ...


Technique

Repertoire

Baroque guitar

The guitar player (c. 1672), by Johannes Vermeer, guitar Voboam
The guitar player (c. 1672), by Johannes Vermeer, guitar Voboam

See main article about the Baroque guitar Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1820, 203 KB) Description: Title: de: Die Gitarrenspielerin en: The Guitar Player Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 53 × 46,3 cm Country of origin: de: Niederlande (Holland) Current location (city): de: London Current location (gallery): de: Kenwood House, Lord... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1820, 203 KB) Description: Title: de: Die Gitarrenspielerin en: The Guitar Player Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 53 × 46,3 cm Country of origin: de: Niederlande (Holland) Current location (city): de: London Current location (gallery): de: Kenwood House, Lord... Milkmaid (1658-1660) Johannes Vermeer or Jan Vermeer (October 31, 1632 - buried on December 15, 1675) was a Dutch painter, who lived and worked in Delft. ... The baroque guitar is a music instrument from the baroque time. ...


See also Baroque music Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 to 1750 (see Dates of classical music eras for a discussion of the problems inherent in defining the beginning and end points). ...


Instrument

The voboam family, Paris, France. Nicholas Alexandre Voboam II, René Voboam, Domenico Sellas


Technique

Repertoire

Romantic guitar

Dioniso Aguado
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Dioniso Aguado

See main article Romantic guitar


Instrument

The earliest extant six string guitar was built in 1779 by Gaetano Vinaccia (1759 - after 1831) [1] [2] in Naples, Italy. The Vinaccia family of luthiers is known for developing the mandolin. This guitar has been examined and does not show tell-tale signs of modifications from a double-course guitar. [3] 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Alternate uses: See Naples (disambiguation) Naples (Italian Napoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα-Πόλις, latinised in Neapolis) is the largest town in southern Italy, capital of Campania region. ... Carved and round backed mandolins (front) A mandolin is a small, plucked, stringed musical instrument, descended from the mandora. ...


Technique

Repertoire

The first 'Golden Age' of the classical guitar repertoire was the 19th century.


External link

Modern classical guitar

Augstin Barrios
Enlarge
Augstin Barrios

See the main article Modern classical guitar.


See also Modern art and 20th century classical music Modern art is a general term used for most of the artistic production from the late 19th century until approximately the 1970s. ... 20th century classical music, the classical music of the 20th century, was extremely diverse, beginning with the late Romantic style of Sergei Rachmaninoff and the Impressionism of Claude Debussy, and ranging to such distant sound-worlds as the complete serialism of Pierre Boulez, the simple triadic harmonies of minimalist composers...


Instrument

Antonio de Torres Jurado, Ignacio Fleta, Hermann Hauser Sr., Robert Bouchet Antonio De Torres Jurado (1817-1892) is as revered among guitarists as Stradivarius is revered among violinists. ... Hermann Hauser Sr. ...


Technique

Francisco Tárrega, Emilio Pujol, Andrés Segovia Francisco Tárrega (November 21, 1852 — December 15, 1909) was a Spanish composer and guitarist. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Andrés Segovia Andrés Segovia, Marques de Salobreña (February 21, 1893 – June 3, 1987) was a Spanish classical guitarist born in Linares, Spain who is considered to be the father of the modern classical guitar movement by most modern scholars. ...


Repertoire

In the 20th century, many non-guitarist composers wrote for the instrument, which previously only players of the instrument had done. Francisco Tárrega, Roberto Gerhard (1896-1970), Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959) Francisco Tárrega (November 21, 1852 — December 15, 1909) was a Spanish composer and guitarist. ... Roberto Gerhard (born September 25, 1896 in Valls, Catalonia; died January 5, 1970 in Cambridge, England), was a Catalan-born composer of classical music. ... Heitor Villa-Lobos Heitor Villa-Lobos (March 5, 1887 - November 17, 1959) was a Brazilian composer. ...


Contemporary classical guitar

Yang Xuefei
Yang Xuefei

See main article Contemporary classical guitar. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x3072, 1274 KB)Yang Xuefei This work is a copyrighted publicity photograph. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x3072, 1274 KB)Yang Xuefei This work is a copyrighted publicity photograph. ... Yang Xuefei See also Contemporary art and Contemporary classical music Instrument Modern concert guitars often, but by no means always, follow the Smallman design which replaces the fan braces with a much lighter balsa brace attached to the back of the sound board with carbon fiber. ...


See also Contemporary art and Contemporary classical music The term contemporary art generally refers to art being done now. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ...


Instrument

Modern concert guitars often, but by no means always, follow the Smallman design which replaces the fan braces with a much lighter balsa brace attached to the back of the sound board with carbon fiber. The balsa brace has a honeycomb pattern and allows the (now much thinner) sound board to support more vibrational modes. This leads to greater volume and longer sustain.


Greg Smallman, Matthias Dammann


Technique

See main article Classical guitar technique The classical guitar technique is a fingerstyle technique used by classical guitarists to play classical guitar music. ...


Repertoire

Short list of signifiant compositions for the contemporary classical guitar. For a longer list see the article Selected contemporary repertoire for guitar. // Introduction This is a selected contemporary repertoire list for guitar. ...

Luciano Berio (October 24, 1925 – May 27, 2003) was an Italian composer. ... Elliott Cook Carter, Jr. ... Aldo Clementi (born 1925 in Catania) is an Italian composer. ... Franco Donatoni (1927, Verona-17 August 2000) was an Italian composer of art music. ... Brian John Peter Ferneyhough (born 16 January 1943 in Coventry) is a British composer. ... Alberto Evaristo Ginastera (April 11, 1916 – June 25, 1983) was an Argentinian composer of classical music. ... Hans Werner Henze (born July 1, 1926 in Gütersloh, Westphalia, Germany) is a composer well known for his sometimes controversial political beliefs. ... Ernst Krenek Ernst Krenek (August 23, 1900 – December 22, 1991) was an Austrian-born composer of Czech ancestry; throughout his life he insisted that his name be written Krenek rather than Křenek, and that it should be pronounced as a German word. ... Bruno Maderna (1920-1973) was an Italian composer of 20th century music. ... Tristan Murail (b. ... Maurice Ohana (died June 12, 1914 in Casablanca, Morocco; died November 13, 1992 in Paris) was a French composer of Spanish origin. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Sir Michael Kemp Tippett (2 January 1905 – 8 January 1998) was one of the foremost English composers of the 20th century. ...

New perspectives

Luc Skywalker
Luc Skywalker

Image File history File linksMetadata Lukepromo2321. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Lukepromo2321. ...

Instrument

Technique

Repertoire

Bibliography

See also Classical guitar bibliography This is a classical guitar bibliography. ...

  • Wade, Graham, Traditions of the Classical Guitar, London : Calder, 1980.

External links

  • [1] Classical Guitar Illustrated History by François Faucher on Classicalguitarmidi.com.
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