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Encyclopedia > History of the Prophets and Kings

Part of a series on
Hadith collections
Hadith collection a Hadith collection is a book that includes several hadith. ...

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Most famous

Sunni six major collections
(Al-Kutub al-Sittah):
Image File history File links Mosque02. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... The Six major Hadith collections are the works of some individuals Islamic scholars who by their own initiative started collecting sayings that people attributed to Muhammad approximately 200 years after his death. ...

  1. Sahih Bukhari
  2. Sahih Muslim
  3. al-Sunan al-Sughra
  4. Sunan Abu Da'ud
  5. Sunan al-Tirmidhi
  6. Sunan Ibn Maja/Al-Muwatta

Shi'a collections: Sahih Bukhari is one of the Sunni six major Hadith collections (Hadith are oral traditions recounting events in the lives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers). ... Sahih Muslim is a collection of sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (also known as the sunnah). ... as-Sunan as-Sughra (Arabic: السنن الصغرى), also known as Sunan an-Nasai (Arabic: سنن النسائي) is one of the Sunni Six Major Hadith collections, and was collected by Al-Nasai. ... Sunan Abu Daud is one of the Sunni Six Major Hadith collections , collected by Abu Daud. ... Sunan al-Tirmidhi is one of the six most authentic canonical hadith collections of the Sunnis, collected by al-Tirmidhi. ... Sunan Ibn Maja is the last compiled of Sunni Islams six canonical hadith collections, compiled by Ibn Maja. ... The Muwatta is a collection of hadith of the Muhammad that form the basis for the jurisprudence of the Maliki school. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ...

  1. Usul al-Kafi and Furu al-Kafi of Kulayni
  2. Man la Yahdhuruhu' l-Faqih of Shaikh Saduq
  3. Tahdhibu 'l-Ahkam by Tusi
  4. al-Istibsar by Tusi

Ibadi collections: The Nahj al Balagha (Peak of Eloquence) is the most famous collection of speeches (sermons) and letters attributed to Ali ibn Abi Talib, accepted as the fourth of the Caliphs by Sunni Muslims and the first of the Imams by Shia Muslims. ... The Four Books (Arabic Al-Kutub Al-Arbah) is a Shia term refering to their four best known Hadith collections. ... Usul al-Kafi is one of the most authoritarian Shia hadith collections, collected by Muhammad Yaqub Kulainy. ... Furu al-Kafi is one of the most authoritarian Shia hadith collections, it contains eight volumes. ... Abu Jafar Muhammad bin Yaqoub bin Ishaaq al-Kulainy Ar-Razi (d. ... Mohammad ibn-Ali ibn-e Babuyeh , ( who is known as Sheikh Saduq and ibn-e Babuyeh) (306- 381 A.H) in Qom. ... Al-Tusi or Tusi is the title of several Iranian scholars who were born in the town of Tous in Khorasan. ... Al-Tusi or Tusi is the title of several Iranian scholars who were born in the town of Tous in Khorasan. ... Al-Ibāḍiyyah (Arabic الاباضية) is a form of Islam distinct from the Shiite and Sunni denominations. ...

  • al-Jami' as-Sahih by al-Rabi' ibn Habib
  • Tartib al-Musnad by al-Warijlani
Sunni collections
  • Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal — 780-855
  • Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah — 923
  • Sahih Ibn Hibbaan — 965
  • Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain — 1014
  • Mawdu'at al-Kubra— 1128-1217
  • Riyadh as-Saaliheen — 1233 - 1278
  • Talkhis al-Mustadrak — 1274-1348
  • Majma al-Zawa'id — 1335-1405
  • Bulugh al-Maram — 1372-1449
  • Kanz al-Ummal — 1500th
  • Da'if al-Tirmidhi — 20th century
  • Sahih al-Tirmidhi — 20th century
Shi'a collections
Mu'tazili collections
  • Nahj with comments — ?-1258

The History of the Prophets and Kings (Arabic: تاريخ الرسل والملوك Tarikh al-Rusul wa al-Muluk, popularly Tarikh al-Tabari) is a history by Persian author and historian Ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838–923) from the Creation to AD 915, and is renowned for its detail and accuracy concerning Arab and Muslim history. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain or Mustadrak al-Hakim is a ten volume hadith collection written by Hakim al-Nishaburi, the leading hadith scholar of his time. ... A Great Collection of Fabricated Traditions (Arabic: Al-Mawduat al-Kubrah) is a book written by Abul-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzi. ... Riyadh as-Saaliheen (The Gardens of the Righteous), which is a collection of hadith (sayings of the Prophet Muhammad), is the most famous book by Imam an-Nawawi. ... Talkhis al-Mustadrak is abridged version of Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, writen by Al-Dhahabi Hakim al-Nishaburi, the author of Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, wrote it in the year 393H, i. ... Majma al-Zawaid wa Manba al-Fawaid is a 10-volume secondary hadith collection written by Nur al-Din Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Haythami (735-808 AH/1335-1405 CE) and printed in Cairo 1352-1353 AH/1933-1934 CE. It contains those hadiths uniquely reported by... Bulugh al-Maram is the shortened name of the collection of hadith by al-Hafidh ibn Hajar al-Asqalani entitled, Bulugh al-Maram min Adillat al-Ahkam (translation: Attainment of the Objective According to Evidences and the Ordinances). ... Treasure of the Doers of Good Deeds[1] (Arabic: Kanz al-Ummal fi sunan al-aqwal wal af`al [2]) is a known 8 volume set Islamic hadith collection, collected by Islamic Scholar Ali ibn Abd-al-Malik al-Hindi (died 1590 CE/975 AH). ... Da`if al-Tirmidhi is a Hadith collection written by the Muslim Scholar al-Albani, based on the Sunan al-Tirmidhi, which he seperated into Sahih al-Tirmidhi and Daif al-Tirmidhi. ... Sahih al-Tirmidhi is a Hadith collection written by the Muslim Scholar al-Albani, based on the Sunan al-Tirmidhi, whom he separated into Sahih al-Tirmidhi and Da`if al-Tirmidhi [1]. Content Among its content can be found: Hadith of truth References ^ [1] Categories: | ... The Book of Sulaym ibn Qays is a Hadith collections, collected by Sulaym ibn Qays who entrusted it to Aban ibn abi-Ayyash. ... Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is the oldest prayer manual in Islamic sources and one of the most seminal works of Islamic spirituality of the early period. ... Oceans of Light (Arabic: Bihar ul Anwar) is a holy scripture of Shia Islam. ... Reality of Certainty (Arabic: Haqq al-Yaqeen) is a Shia Twelver hadith collection authoured by Allamah al-Majlisi [1]. It has been criticized by Shia in the words: Haqq al-Yaqeen has many weak narrators, none of the Hadith scholars have graded the narration as Sahih. ... Shahr Usul al-Kafi is a commentary on Usul al-Kafi by Mohammad Salih al-Mazandarani. ... Jesus through Shiite Narrations is a collection of hadith about the Islamic view of Jesus, collected by Mahdi Muntazir Qaim. ... This is about the book by Abd al-Hamid, for other uses, see Comments on the Peak of Eloquence or Sharh Nahj al-Balgha. ... The Persians are an Iranian people who speak the Persian language and share a common culture and history. ... Balamis 14th century Persian version of Universal History by al-Tabari Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Jarir at-Tabari AD 838-AD 923 (Father of Jafar, named Muhammad, son of Jarir from the province of Tabaristan, Arabic الطبري, ), was an author from Persia, one of the earlies, most prominent and... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب) are a heterogeneous ethnic group who are predominantly speakers of the Arabic language, mainly found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Various editions of the Annals include:

  • A version published under the editorship of M.J. de Goeje in three series, comprising thirteen volumes, with two extra volumes containing indices, introduction and glossary (Leiden, 1879-1901).
  • A Persian digest of this work, made in 963 C.E. by the Samanid scholar al-Bal'ami, translated into French by H. Zotenberg (vols. i.-iv., Paris, 1867-1874).
  • An English translation in thirty-nine volumes, published by the State University of New York Press from 1988 through 1998. Various editors.
  • ISBN 0-7914-2820-6, Author: Tabari/Brinner, Publisher: TEMP [1]

Here is the list of titles for the 39-volume edition: Michael Jan de Goeje (1836 - May 17, 1909), Dutch orientalist, was born in Friesland. ... Events Holy Roman Emperor Otto I defeats Mieszko I of Poland, compels him to pay tribute Luxembourg is founded, and the Belgium area becomes part of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. ... The Samanids (875-999) (in Persian: Samanian) were a Persian dynasty in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... The New York Press is one of many free alternative weekly competitor to the Village Voice in New York City. ...

  • Vol. 01 General Introduction & from the Creation to the Flood
  • Vol. 02 Prophets & Patriarchs
  • Vol. 03 The Children of Israel
  • Vol. 04 The Ancient Kingdoms
  • Vol. 05 The Sasanids, the Byzantines, the Lakhmids, and Yemen
  • Vol. 06 Muhammad at Mecca
  • Vol. 07 The Foundation of the Community - Muhammad at al-Madina, A. D. 622-626
  • Vol. 08 The Victory of Islam
  • Vol. 09 The Last Years of the Prophet: The Formation of the State, A.D. 630-632-A.H. 8-11
  • Vol. 10 The Conquest of Arabia, A. D. 632-633 - A. H. 11
  • Vol. 11 The Challenge to the Empires
  • Vol. 12 The Battle of al-Qadisiyyah & the Conquest of Syria & Palestine
  • Vol. 13 The Conquest of Iraq, Southwestern Persia, & Egypt: The Middle Years of 'Umanr's Caliphate, A.D. 636-642-A.H. 15-21
  • Vol. 14 The Conquest of Iran, A. D. 641-643 - A. H. 21-23
  • Vol. 15 The Crisis of the Early Caliphate: The Reign of Uthman, A. D. 644-656 - A. H. 24-35
  • Vol. 16 The Community Divided: The Caliphate of Ali I, A. D. 656-657-A. H. 35-36
  • Vol. 17 The First Civil War: From the Battle of Siffin to the Death of Ali, A. D. 656-661-A. H. 36-40
  • Vol. 18 Between Civil Wars: The Caliphate of Mu'awiyah 40 A.H., 66 A.D.-60 A.H., 680 A.D.
  • Vol. 19 The Caliphate of Yazid B. Mu'awiyah, A. D. 680-683 - A. H. 60-64
  • Vol. 20 The Collapse of Sufyanid Authority & the Coming of the Marwanids: The Caliphates of Mu'awiyah II & Marwan I
  • Vol. 21 The Victory of the Marwanids, A. D. 685-693-A. H. 66-73
  • Vol. 22 The Marwanid Restoration: The Caliphate of 'Abd al-Malik: A.D. 693-701 - A.H. 74-81
  • Vol. 23 The Zenith of the Marwanid House: The Last Years of 'Abd al-Malik & the Caliphate of al-Walid A.D. 700-715-A.H. 81-95
  • Vol. 24 The Empire in Transition: The Caliphates of Sulayman, Cumar, & Yazid, A. D. 715-724-A. H. 96-105
  • Vol. 25 The End of Expansion: The Caliphate of Hisham, A.D. 724-738-A.H. 105-120
  • Vol. 26 The Waning of the Umayyad Caliphate: Prelude to Revolution, A.D. 738-744 - A.H. 121-126
  • Vol. 27 The Abbasid Revolution, A. D. 743-750 - A. H. 126-132
  • Vol. 28 Abbasid Authority Affirmed: The Early Years of Al-Mansur
  • Vol. 29 Al-Mansur & al-Mahdi, A.D. 763-786-A.H. 146-169
  • Vol. 30 The Abbasid Caliphate in Equilibrium: The Caliphates of Musa al-Hadj & Harun al-Rashid, A. D. 785-809 - A. H. 169-192
  • Vol. 31 The War Between Brothers, A. D. 809-813 - A. H. 193-198
  • Vol. 32 The Absolutists in Power: The Caliphate of al-Ma'mun, A.D. 813-33 - A.H. 198-213
  • Vol. 33 Storm and Stress Along the Northern Frontiers of the Abbasid Caliphate
  • Vol. 34 Incipient Decline: The Caliphates of al-Wathig, al-Mutawakkil & al-Muntasir, A.D. 841-863-A.H. 227-248
  • Vol. 35 The Crisis of the Abbasid Caliphate
  • Vol. 36 The Revolt of the Zanj, A. D. 869-879 - A. H. 255-265
  • Vol. 37 The Abbasid Recovery: The War Against the Zanj End
  • Vol. 38 The Return of the Caliphate to Baghdad: The Caliphate of al-Muctadid al-Muktafi & al-Mugtzdir, A.D. 892-915
  • Vol. 39 Biographies of the Prophet's Companions & Their Successors: al-Tabari's Supplement to His History


The introduction states:

The main purpose of Tabari was to write all traditions which he could lay his hands on, without deeming it necessary to express any opinion on their value or reliability. Thus one easily perceives that some of his traditions are less reliable than some others. We might perhaps excuse his use of a method that would not be acceptable today. At least he has provided others with a great deal of information. A careful scholar would be able to distinguish the sound traditions from the fabricated ones by studying the Isnad. Image File history File links Cquote1. ... Image File history File links Cquote2. ... Image File history File links Cquote1. ... Image File history File links Cquote2. ... The isnad (Arabic اسناد or in Quranic era Arabic اسند) are the citations or backings that establish the legitimacy of the hadith, which are the sayings of Muhammad, Prophet of Islam. ...

Among its content can be found:

Hadith of the pen and paper is a famous Hadith in Islam about the event when the prophet Muhammad whas prevented to write his will. ... Zayd al-Khayr is one of numerous companions of the Prophet Muhammad who is not widely known. ... Utbah ibn Ghazwan (d. ... Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr (631–658) was the son of Islams first caliph, Abu Bakr and Asma bint Umais. ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman (disambiguation). ... Aisha bint Abu Bakr, one of the wives of Muhammed, is traditionally believed to have been married young. ...


  1. ^ http://islamicbookstore.com/b5377.html
  2. ^ [Tarikh Al-Tabari, 1/7-8]
  3. ^ [Tarikh Al-Tabari, 1/8].



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