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Encyclopedia > History of the Jews in Mexico

The history of the Jews in Mexico is not quite as extensive as some of the other Latin American countries, though in the modern era the Mexican-Jewish populations living in the country have become more economically and socially prominent. Due to the strong Catholic presence in Mexico, few Jews migrated there until the late 1800s. Then, a number of German (Ashkenazi) Jews settled in Mexico as a result of invitations from Maximilian of Mexico; this was followed by a wave of Ashkenazic Jews fleeing Russia. A second large wave of immigration occurred as the Ottoman Empire collapsed, leading many Sephardic Jews to flee. Finally, a wave of immigrants fled the increasing Nazi persecutions in Europe. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים Standard Hebrew, AÅ¡kanazi,AÅ¡kanazim, Tiberian Hebrew, ʾAÅ¡kănāzî, ʾAÅ¡kănāzîm, pronounced sing. ... Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (July 6, 1832 - June 19, 1867) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg family. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the...


Today, there are between 40,000 and 50,000 Mexican Jews [1]. There are several sectors of the Jewish community in Mexico, the largest of which are the Ashkenazi Community (descended from Central and Eastern Europe), the Maguén David and Monte Sinai Communities (descended from Syrian immigrants), and the Sephardic Community (primarily descended from Turkish immigrants). While most of the Jews in Mexico are concentrated in Mexico City and other large Mexican cities, there are subtantial Jewish communities in Guadalajara, Monterrey, and more recently in Tijuana and Cancún. The "Centro Deportivo Israelita" is a social, cultural and sporting institution which includes members from all Jewish communities. In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the... Nickname: Ciudad de los Palacios Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... Nickname: City of Roses Western Pearl Coordinates: Country Mexico State Jalisco Boroughs Guadalajara Zapopan Tlaquepaque Tonala Tlajomulco de Zuñiga Foundation 1542 Mayor Ernesto A. Espinosa Guarro Area    - City 187. ... Nickname: The City of the Mountains Motto: El Trabajo templa el Espíritu Location of Monterrey in northern Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico State Nuevo León Founded 20 September 1596 Government  - Mayor Adalberto Madero (PAN) Area  - City 572 km²  (220. ... Tijuana (Spanish [tixwana], English usually [ËŒtiːəˈwÉ‘nÉ™]), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... Giant Mexican flag in the Hotel Zone Cancún (pronounced can-koon) is a coastal city in Mexicos easternmost state, Quintana Roo. ...


The Jewish community in Guadalajara is continually shrinking and has approximately 150 families[citation needed]. The community is made up of almost an equal number of Sephardic and Ashkenazi Jews. Originally the two groups had separate synagogues and didn’t intermarry; eventually the two groups united and almost all of the younger families are made up of mixed Sephardic-Ashkenazi marriages. There is a community center, similar to that of a J.C.C., which is the center of Jewish life in the city. The center has a sports facility, a Jewish day-school, and also houses the synagogue. In recent years the community, called La Comunidad Israelita, became Modern Orthodox, which caused a sizeable part of the community to break-off and form a new Conservative community, dividing this already small community. Because the Jews of Guadalajara rarely marry outside of the Jewish community, most of the young adults who are interested in getting married are inclined to move to Mexico City, which has a larger Jewish population. This is the main cause of the diminishing population of the community, a similar problem facing the Jewish community of Monterrey which is almost of identical size.


There are also some Mexicans who consider themselves descendants of Conversos (also known as New Christians or Marronos), those being the Jews who converted to Catholicism to escape the Spanish Inquisition and/or Portuguese Inquisition but retained certain elements of their Jewish heritage (like lighting candles on Friday nights). For example, the famous painter and Converso descendent Diego Rivera wrote in 1935 that: "Jewishness is the dominant element in my life. From this has come my sympathy with the downtrodden masses which motivates all my work" [2]. Spanish for converted one, converso (feminine conversa) referred to Jews or Muslims or the descendants of Jews or Muslims who had converted, sometimes unwillingly, to Catholicism in Spain, particularly during the 1300s and 1400s. ... Jews were banished from Portugal in 1496. ... The term marrano refers to the Sephardim, Jews from the Iberian peninsula, who were forced to adopt the identity of Christians, either through coercion as consequence of the cruel persecution of Jews by the Spanish Inquisition, or for forms sake, and became Catholic converts. ... The Spanish Inquisition was established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms and was under the direct control of the Spanish monarchy. ... An Inquisition - Auto-da-fe. ... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957), (full name Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez) was a Mexican painter and muralist born in Guanajuato City, Guanajuato. ...


References

  1. ^ Jewish Populations Worldwide [1]
  2. ^ The Virtual Jewish History Tour [2]

See also


 
 

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