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Encyclopedia > History of South Asia
History of South Asia
Stone Age before 3300 BCE
Mehrgarh Culture • 7000–3300 BCE
Indus Valley Civilization 3300–1700 BCE
Late Harappan Culture • 1700–1300 BCE
Vedic Civilization 2000–600 BCE
Iron Age 1200–1 BCE
Maha Janapadas • 700–300 BCE
Magadha Empire • 684–424 BCE
Nanda Empire • 424-321 BCE
Maurya Empire • 321–184 BCE
Sunga Empire • 185-73 BCE
Kanva Empire • 75-26 BCE
Kharavela Empire • 209–170 BCE
Kuninda Kingdom • 200s BCE–300s CE
• Indo-Scythian Kingdom • 200 BC–400 CE
Chera Kingdom • 300 BCE–1200 CE
Chola Empire • 300 BCE–1279 CE
Pandyan Kingdom • 250 BCE–1345 CE
Satavahana Empire • 230 BCE–220 CE
• Indo-Greek Kingdom • 180 BCE–10 CE
Middle Kingdoms 1CE–1279 CE
• Indo-Parthian Kingdom • 21–130s CE
Western Satrap Empire • 35–405 CE
Kushan Empire • 60–240 CE
• Indo-Sassanid Kingdom • 230–360 CE
Vakataka Empire • 250–500 CE
Kalabhras Kingdom • 250–600 CE
Gupta Empire • 280–550 CE
Pallava Kingdom • 275–800 CE
Kadamba Empire • 345–525 CE
Western Ganga Kingdom • 350–1000 CE
Vishnukundina Empire • 420-624 CE
• Huna Kingdom • 475-576 CE
• Chalukya Empire • 543–753 CE
Harsha Empire • 590-647 CE
Shahi Kingdom • 565-670 CE
Eastern Chalukya Kingdom • 624-1075 CE
Pratihara Empire • 650–1036 CE
Pala Empire • 750–1174 CE
• Rashtrakuta Empire • 753–982 CE
• Paramara Kingdom • 800–1327 CE
Yadava Empire • 850–1334 CE
Solanki Kingdom • 942–1244 CE
Western Chalukya Empire • 973–1189 CE
Hoysala Empire • 1040–1346 CE
Sena Empire • 1070–1230 CE
• Eastern Ganga Empire • 1078–1434 CE
Kakatiya Kingdom • 1083–1323 CE
Kalachuri Empire • 1130–1184 CE
Islamic Sultanates 1206–1596 CE
Delhi Sultanate • 1206–1526 CE
Deccan Sultanates • 1490–1596 CE
Ahom Kingdom 1228–1826 CE
Vijayanagara Empire 1336–1646 CE
Mysore Kingdom 1399–1947 CE
Mughal Empire 1526–1858 CE
Madurai Nayak Kingdom 1559 –1736 CE
Thanjavur Nayak Kingdom 1572–1918 CE
Maratha Empire 1674–1818 CE
Sikh Confederacy 1716–1799 CE
Sikh Empire 1799–1849 CE
Company rule in India 1757–1858 CE
British India 1858–1947 CE
Partition of India 1947 CE
Nation histories
AfghanistanBangladeshBhutanIndia
Maldives • NepalPakistanSri Lanka
Regional histories
AssamBiharBalochistanBengal
Himachal PradeshOrissaPakistani Regions
Punjab • South India • Tibet
Specialised histories
CoinageDynastiesEconomy
IndologyLanguageLiteratureMaritime
MilitaryScience and TechnologyTimeline

The term South Asia refers to the political entities of the Indian subcontinent and associated islands, that is the states of Pakistan, Republic of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and the island nations of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. In historical (pre-1947) usage, these territories are subsumed under "India". The Palaeolithic and Mesolithic in South Asia. ... Mehrgarh was an ancient settlement in South Asia and is one of the most important sites in archaeology for the study of the earliest neolithic settlements in that region. ... Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan. ... The Cemetery H culture developed out of the northern part of the Indus Valley Civilization around 1900 BC, in and around the Punjab region. ... Map of early Iron Age Vedic India after Witzel (1989). ... The Iron Age in the Indian subcontinent succeeds the Late Harappan (Cemetery H) culture, also known as the last phase of the Indus Valley Tradition. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Magadha was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of Buddha, having risen to power during the reigns of Bimbisara (c. ... Extent of the Nanda Empire. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... The Sunga Empire (or Shunga Empire) is a Magadha dynasty that controlled North-central and Eastern India from around 185 to 73 BCE. It was established after the fall of the Indian Mauryan empire. ... The Kanva dynasty replaced the Sunga dynasty, and ruled in the eastern part of India from 71 BCE to 26 BCE. The last ruler of the Sunga dynasty was overthrown by Vasudeva of the Kanva dynasty in 75 BC. The Kanva ruler allowed the kings of the Sunga dynasty to... Hathigumpha on Udayagiri Hills, Bhubaneswar Hathigumpha inscription of King Khāravela at Udayagiri Hills Khandagiri caves Kharavela (IAST: Khāravela, Devanagari: खारवेल) (?209 - after 170 BCE), was the king of Kalinga, in Orissa state of India. ... Silver coin of the Kuninda Kingdom, c. ... The Indo-Scythians are a branch of the Indo-Iranian Sakas (Scythians), who migrated from southern Siberia into Bactria, Sogdiana, Arachosia, Gandhara, Kashmir, Punjab, and into parts of Western and Central India, Gujarat and Rajasthan, from the middle of the 2nd century BCE to the 4th century CE. The first... For district of Kuala Lumpur, see Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, the town in Spain, see Chera, Valencia, for the town in Selangor, see Cheras, Selangor. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Cholas. ... The Pandyan kingdom (Tamil: பாண்டியர்) was an ancient Tamil state in South India of unknown antiquity. ... The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... The Indo-Greek Kingdom (or sometimes Graeco-Indian Kingdom[2]) covered various parts of the northwest and northern Indian subcontinent from 180 BCE to around 10 CE, and was ruled by a succession of more than thirty Hellenic and Hellenistic kings,[3] often in conflict with each other. ... Middle kingdoms of India refers to the political entities in India from the 6th century BCE through to the Islamic invasions and the related Decline of Buddhism from the 7th century CE. // Kingdoms and Empires The Aryans had invaded India from the Northwest, according to the Aryan Invasion Theory, and... Coin of Gondophares (20-50 CE), first and greatest king of the Indo-Parthian Kingdom. ... The Western Satraps, or Western Kshatrapas (35-405) were Saka rulers of the western and central part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states). ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... Coin of the Indo-Sassanid kushansha Varhran I (early 4th century). ... The Vakataka was an Indian dynasty. ... Kalabhras were the South Indian dynasty who between the 3rd and the 6th century C.E. ruled over entire Tamil country, displacing the ancient Chola, Pandya and Chera dynasties. ... The Gupta Empire under Chandragupta II (ruled 375-415) The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in the world. ... Pallava Dynasty (300s-early 900s) were the rulers of the northern part of what is now the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. ...  Extent of Kadamba Empire, 500 CE Capital Banavasi Language(s) Sanskrit, Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 345 - 365 Mayurasharma Krishna Varma II History  - Earliest Kadamba records 450  - Established 345  - Disestablished 525 Kadamba Dynasty (Kannada:ಕದಂಬರು) (345 - 525 CE) was an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka that ruled from Banavasi in... The Gangas of Talakad, like the Kadambas of Banavasi, rose to political eminence in the middle of the fourth century A.D., and ruled over the southern parts of Karnataka, in southern India. ... The Vishnukundina dynasty ruled over the eastern Deccan in South India comprising of the area covered by modern day Andhra Pradesh and Kalinga (Orissa). ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... This article is about the Hindu dynasty. ... Eastern Chalukyas were a South Indian dynasty whose kingdom was located in the present day Andhra Pradesh. ... The Pratiharas (Hindi परतिहार pratihāra, also known as Parihars) ruled a large kingdom in northern India from the 6th to the 11th centuries. ... Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... Extent of Western Chalukya Empire, 1121 CE Capital Manyakheta, Basavakalyan Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 957 – 997 Tailapa II  - 1184 – 1189 Somesvara IV History  - Earliest records 957  - Established 973  - Disestablished 1189 The Western Chalukya Empire (Kannada:ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) ruled most of the western deccan, South India, between the 10th... Extent of Hoysala Empire, 1200 CE Capital Belur, Halebidu Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 1026 – 1047 Nripa Kama II  - 1292 – 1343 Veera Ballala III History  - Earliest Hoysala records 950  - Established 1026  - Disestablished 1343 The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: in Kannada) was a prominent South Indian empire that... The Sena dynasty ruled Bengal through the 11th and 12th centuries. ... The Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. ... This name is used by two kingdoms who had a secession of dynasties from the 10th-12th century AD, ruling over areas in Central India (west Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan) and were called Chedi or Haihaya (Heyheya) (northern branch) and the other Kalachuri (southern branch). ... During the middle ages, several Islamic regimes established empires in South Asia. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Deccan sultanates were five Muslim-ruled kingdoms–-Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar, Bidar, and Berar of south-central India. ... The Ahom Kingdom (1228-1826) was established by Sukaphaa, a Tai prince from Mong Mao, in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra river, between the extant Chutiya kingdom in the north and the Kachari kingdom in the south. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... The Madurai Nayaks or Nayak Dynasty of Madurai were rulers of Tamil Nadu with Madurai as their capital, in India, from 1559 until 1736. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... The Sikh Confederacy (from 1716-1799) was a collection of small to medium sized independent sovereign, punjabi Sikh states, which were governed by barons, in Punjab[1]. They were loosely politically linked but strongly bound in the cultural and religious spheres. ... The Sikh Empire (from 1801-1849) was formed on the foundations of the Sikh Confederacy by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. ... // The East India Company was founded in 1600, as The Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... This article is under construction. ... The history of Assam is the history of a confluence of peoples from the east, west and the north; the confluence of the Indo-Aryan, Austro-Asiatic and the Tibeto-Burman cultures. ... // History Bihar as a region has had a very rich and eventful history - both as a centre of power as well as of learning and culture. ... This article is about the history of the Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire Further information: History of Bangladesh The history of Bengal (including Bangladesh and West Bengal) dates back four millennia. ... Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited by human beings since the dawn of civilization. ... // Orissa has a history spanning a period of over 3000 years. ... The historical regions of Pakistan are former states, provinces and territories which mainly existed between 1947 and 1975 when the current provinces and territories were finally established. ... The history of Indian coinage stretches back at least 2600 years. ... The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several lists of incumbents. ... Indology refers to the academic study of the history, languages, and cultures of the Indian subcontinent, and as such a subset of Asian studies. ... Indian literature is generally acknowledged, but not wholly established, as the oldest in the world. ... India has had a maritime history dating back around 5,000 years. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a timeline of Indian history. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... The Republic of India is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of more than one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. ...


For the pre-1947 history, see History of India


For the histories of countries and regions in South Asia since the 1947 Partition of India, see: This article is under construction. ...

OTHER COUNTRIES The historical regions of Pakistan are former states, provinces and territories which mainly existed between 1947 and 1975 when the current provinces and territories were finally established. ... East Bengal was the name used during two periods in the 20th century for a territory that roughly included the modern state of Bangladesh. ... East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. ... West Pakistan was the popular and sometimes official (1955–1970) name of the western wing of Pakistan until 1971, when the eastern wing (East Pakistan) became independent as Bangladesh. ... Hemis Monastery in the 1870s Information on Ladakh before the birth of the kingdom (10th century) is scarce. ... Sindh (Sind) (Sindhi: سنڌ ,Urdu: سندھ, Hindi: सिन्ध) is one of the provinces of Pakistan. ... This article is about the history of the Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... The History of the Republic of India began on August 15, 1947 when India became an independent Dominion within the British Commonwealth. ... The history of Assam is the history of a confluence of peoples from the east, west and the north; the confluence of the Indo-Aryan, Austro-Asiatic and the Tibeto-Burman cultures. ... // History Bihar as a region has had a very rich and eventful history - both as a centre of power as well as of learning and culture. ... The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history, including a history as the capital of several empires. ... Situated on the western coast of India, the name of the state is derived from Gujjarātta (Gurjar Rāshtra), which means the land of the Gujjars . ... Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited by human beings since the dawn of civilization. ... The Chinese pilgrim, Hiun Tsang, visited Maharashtra during AD 640-641 and was very impressed by the prosperity of the country, the efficiency of the administration and the character of the people. ... // Orissa has a history spanning a period of over 3000 years. ... Statue of Guru Rinpoche, the patron saint of Sikkim in Namchi is the tallest statue of saint in the world. ... Hoysala Empire architecture in Belur The recorded history of Karnataka goes back more than two millenia. ... History related to Union Territory of Puducherry means, Colonial History of Pondicherry, History. ... A temple from the Chola period. ... This article concerns itself with the History of Kerala state, south India. ... The State of Tripura has a long history. ... Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire Further information: History of Bangladesh The history of Bengal (including Bangladesh and West Bengal) dates back four millennia. ... East Bengal was the name used during two periods in the 20th century for a territory that roughly included the modern state of Bangladesh. ...

Motto: In tutela nostra Limuria (Latin:Limuria is in our charge) Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital (largest city) n/a English Government Overseas territory of the United Kingdom  - Commissioner Tony Crombie  - Administrator Tony Humphries Created 1965  Area  - Total 60 km² (n/a)  sq mi   - Water (%) 0 Population  - Density 58. ...

See also

SAARC portal
It has been suggested that Undivided India be merged into this article or section. ... The Silk Road connected many civilisations across Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region The history of Central Asia is defined primarily by the areas climate and geography. ... // In East Asia, the Neolithic period may have begun as early as 7500 BC. The earliest evidence suggests the existence of the Pengtoushan culture in northern Hunan province from about 7500 BC to 6100 BC and of the Peiligang culture in Henan province around from about The Jeulmun pottery period...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reviews in History: Modern South Asia: History Culture, Political Economy (2395 words)
Works of synthesis on modern South Asia have not kept up with the flow of monographs, the installments of Subaltern Studies or the articles that appear in profusion in The Indian Journal of Economic and Social History or in Modern Asian Studies.
Modern South Asia introduces the reader not merely to new interpretations of topics such as the rise of British power, nationalism and partition, but to new perspectives on the subject as a whole.
A narrow elite were able to use western concepts of nation and state as the means to obtain power over the rest of the population and to perpetuate the subordination of the 'subalterns'.
History of South Asia Information - TextSheet.com (467 words)
This article is about the history of South Asia.
The territory of South Asia has been the home of many civilizations.
British traders arrived in South Asia in 1601, but the British Empire did not consolidate control of the region until the latter half of the 18th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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