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Encyclopedia > History of Rutgers University

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (also known as Rutgers University) is an institution of higher learning with campuses across the State of New Jersey its main flagship campus in New Brunswick and Piscataway, and two other campuses in the cities of Newark and Camden, New Jersey. A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States, although four states use the official title commonwealth. The separate state governments and the federal government share sovereignty, in that an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Nickname: Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Established December 30, 1730 Incorporated September 1, 1784 Government  - Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)  - Mayor James Cahill Area  - City  5. ... Piscataway Township is a township located in Middlesex County, New Jersey. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ...


The eighth of nine colleges established during the American colonial period, Rutgers was chartered as Queen's College on 10 November 1766. It was renamed Rutgers College in 1825 after Colonel Henry Rutgers (1745-1830) and American Revolutionary War hero and philanthropist and early benefactor of the school. With the development of graduated education, Rutgers College was renamed Rutgers University in 1924. Originally established as a private institution affiliated with the Dutch Reformed Church, it is now a secular institution and became New Jersey's leading state university of New Jersey under legislation passed in 1945 and 1956. At present, Rutgers is unique as the only university in the United States that is a colonial chartered college (1766), a land-grant institution (1864), and a state university (1945/1956).[1] The colonial colleges are nine institutions of higher education chartered in the American Colonies before the American Revolution (1775–1783). ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Henry Rutgers (October 7, 1745 - February 17, 1830) was a United States Revolutionary War hero from New York. ... This article is about military actions only. ... Philanthropy is the act of donating money, goods, time, or effort to support a charitable cause, usually over an extended period of time and in regard to a defined objective. ... The Dutch Reformed village church of St. ... A state university system in the United States is a group of universities supported by an individual state or a similar entity such as the District of Columbia. ... The colonial colleges are nine institutions of higher education chartered in the American Colonies before the American Revolution (1775–1783). ... Land-grant universities (also called land-grant colleges or land grant institutions) are American institutions which have been designated by a Congress to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890. ...

Contents

History

Early history and conception

Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh and Theodorus Frelinghuysen's son John lived in this building, known as the "Old Dutch Parsonage," in Somerville, New Jersey.

Shortly after the creation of the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) in 1746, ministers of the Dutch Reformed Church sought to establish autonomy in ecclesiastical affairs. At that time, those who wanted to become ministers within the church had to travel to the Netherlands to be trained and ordained, and many of the affairs of churches in the American colonies were managed from Europe. Thus, the ministers sought to create a governing body known as a classis to give local autonomy to the church in the colonies, and offer opportunities for the education of ministers.[2][3] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 860 KB) Summary The Old Dutch Parsonage in Somerville, New Jersey, as photographed by User:Rickyrab. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 860 KB) Summary The Old Dutch Parsonage in Somerville, New Jersey, as photographed by User:Rickyrab. ... Rev. ... 9/11 Memorial and Court House, Somerville The Old Dutch Parsonage, home of Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh and John Frelinghuysen Somerville is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... Ordination is the process in which clergy become authorized by their religious denomination and/or seminary to perform religious rituals and ceremonies. ... This article is about the colonial history of the United States. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Throughout the 1750s, Dutch ministers joined the effort to create a classis in the colonies, including Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen who traveled on horseback in winter of 1755 to several congregations throughout the northeast to rally ministers and congregations to the cause. Soon after, Frelinghuysen traveled to the Netherlands to appeal to the General Synod, the Dutch Reformed Church's governing council, for the creation of the classis. In 1761, the effort having failed, Frelinghuysen set sail for the colonies, but as his vessel approached New York City he mysteriously perished at sea.[4][3] Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen (1691-c1747) cenotaph in Elm Ridge Cemetery Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen (1691 – c. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


After Frelinghuysen's death, Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh (later Rutgers' first president) established himself as spokesperson for the cause, and a strong supporter of establishing a college in New Jersey. Hardenbergh travelled to Europe, renewing Frelinghuysen's efforts to gain the Synod's approval, but was also rejected. Much to the Synod's chagrin, however, Hardenburgh returned to the colonies with money for the establishment of a college.[5][3] Rev. ... College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the colonial history of the United States. ...


Queen's College

The school now called Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, was chartered on November 10, 1766 as "the trustees of Queen's College, in New-Jersey" in honor of King George III's Queen-consort, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818).[3] The charter was signed and the young college was supported by William Franklin (1730–1813), the last Royal Governor of New Jersey and illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. The original charter specified the establishment both of the college, and of an institution called the Queen's College Grammar School, intended to be a preparatory school affiliated and governed by the college.[3] This institution, today the Rutgers Preparatory School, was a part of the college community until 1957.[3][6]Rutgers is one of the best universities in the world. is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... George III redirects here. ... Queen Charlotte, (née Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was the queen consort of George III of the United Kingdom (1738–1820). ... William Franklin (1731-1813) William Franklin (1731 – November 16, 1813) was the last Colonial Governor of New Jersey. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a private secondary school designed to prepare a student for higher education. ... Rutgers Preparatory School (also known as Rutgers Prep or RPS) is a private, co-educational day school located in the Somerset section of Franklin Township, New Jersey. ...

Early nineteenth century drawing of Old Queen's

The original purpose of Queen's College was to "educate the youth in language, liberal, the divinity, and useful arts and sciences" and for the training of future ministers for the Dutch Reformed Church—though the university is now non-sectarian and makes no religious demands on its students.[7][3][6] In May 1771, the Board of Trustees voted 10 to 7 to establish the college at New Brunswick, selecting it over Hackensack, New Jersey.[6] It admitted its first students in 1771—a single sophomore and a handful of first-year students taught by a lone instructor—and granted its first degree in 1774, to Matthew Leydt.[3][6] Old Drawing of Old Queens, Rutgers University File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Old Drawing of Old Queens, Rutgers University File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Joe Mallone is a douchebag For other places with this name, see Hackensack. ... Matthew Leydt was the first graduate of Rutgers University, then Queens College. ...


Despite the religious nature of the college, it first held classes at a tavern called the Sign of the Red Lion, located on the corner of Albany and Neilson streets on what is today the grounds of the Johnson & Johnson corporate headquarters in New Brunswick.[8] When the Revolutionary War broke out and taverns were suspected by the British as being hotbeds of rebel activity, the college abandoned the tavern and held classes in private houses, in and near New Brunswick.[3][6] Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) is a global American pharmaceutical, medical devices and consumer packaged goods manufacturer founded in 1886. ...


In its early years, Queen's College was plagued by a lack of funds.[3][6] In 1793, with the fledgling college falling on hard times, the board of trustees voted on a resolution to merge with the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University). The measure failed by one vote. The problem did not go away, and in 1795, lacking both funds and tutors, the trustees consider moving the college to New York. Instead, they decide to close, only to reopen in 1808 after the Trustees raised $12,000.[3][6] Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ...


The next year, the College got a building of its own, affectionately called "Old Queens" (still standing), designed by the noted architect John McComb (who also designed City Hall in Manhattan), which is regarded today by architectural experts as one of the nation's finest examples of Federal architecture.[9] The college's third president, the Rev. Ira Condict, laid the cornerstone on April 27, 1809. However, financial woes delayed completion of the building for 14 years. Winter at Old Queens, the oldest building at Rutgers, built between 1809-1825. ... John McComb, Jr. ... Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. ... Rev. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The New Brunswick Theological Seminary, founded in 1784, relocated from Brooklyn, New York, to New Brunswick in 1810, and shared facilities with Queen's College (and the Queen's College Grammar School, as both were then under the oversight of the Reformed Church in America.[3][6] During those formative years, all three institutions were fit into the Old Queens Building, then the only structure on campus. During its early years, the college developed as a classic liberal arts institution, and this development (coupled with both institutions' growing larger and resulting in overcrowding at the site), caused Rutgers College and the New Brunswick Theological Seminary to sever this arrangement. In 1856, the Seminary relocated to a seven-acre (28,000 m²) tract less than one-half mile (800m) away.[3][6] Both institutions maintain a close-knit relationship to this day, and the Seminary's Gardner Sage Library participates in the Rutgers University Library system.[10] New Brunswick Theological Seminary is a professional and graduate school founded in 1784, in New York City, to educate ministers for the congregations of the Reformed Church in America. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... Rutgers Preparatory School (also known as Rutgers Prep or RPS) is a private, co-educational day school located in the Somerset section of Franklin Township, New Jersey. ... The Reformed Church in America (RCA) is a mainline Reformed Protestant denomination that was formerly known as the Dutch Reformed Church. ... Winter at Old Queens, the oldest building at Rutgers, built between 1809-1825. ...

Col. Henry Rutgers (1745–1830)

File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Under the Rutgers name

A nationwide economic depression, combined with impending war, forced Queen's College to close down a second time, in 1812.[3][6] In 1825, Queen's College was reopened, and its name was changed to "Rutgers College" in honor of American Revolutionary War hero Colonel Henry Rutgers (1745–1830). According to the Board of Trustees, Colonel Rutgers was honored because he epitomized Christian values, although it should be noted the Colonel was a wealthy bachelor known for his philanthropy. A year after the school renamed itself, it received 2 donations from its namesake.[3][6] Rutgers, a descendant of an old Dutch family that had settled in New Amsterdam (now New York City), gave the fledgling college a $200 bell that hangs from the cupola of the Old Queen's building; then later in 1826 he donated the interest on a $5,000 bond. This second donation finally gave the college the sound financial footing it had sorely needed. The college's early troubles inspired numerous student songs, including an adaptation of the drinking song Down Among the Dead Men, with the lyrics "Here's a toast to old Rutgers, loyal men/May she ne'er go down but to rise again."[3][6] This article is about the U.S.–U.K. war. ... This article is about military actions only. ... Henry Rutgers (October 7, 1745 - February 17, 1830) was a United States Revolutionary War hero from New York. ... This article is about the settlement in present-day New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Rutgers College became the land-grant college of New Jersey in 1864 under the Morrill Act of 1862, resulting in the establishment of the Rutgers Scientific School, featuring departments of agriculture, engineering, and chemistry.[3][6] Further expansion in the sciences came with the founding of the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station in 1880 and the division of the Rutgers Scientific School into the College of Engineering (now the School of Engineering) in 1914 and the College of Agriculture (now Cook College) in 1921.[3][6] The precursors to several other Rutgers divisions were also established during this period: the College of Pharmacy (now the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy) in 1892, the New Jersey College for Women (now Douglass College) in 1918, and the School of Education in 1924.[3][6] Later, University College, founded to serve part-time, commuting students and Livingston College, emphasizing the urban experience, were created.[3][6] Morrill Act redirects here. ... Engineering is the discipline of acquiring and applying knowledge of design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... Cook College was founded as the College of Agriculture at Rutgers University. ... Douglass College is the Womens College of Rutgers University. ...


The first Summer Session began in 1913 with one six-week session. That summer program offered 47 courses and had an enrollment of 314 students. Currently, Summer Session offers over 1,000 courses to more than 15,000 students on the Camden, Newark, and New Brunswick/Piscataway campuses, off-campus, and abroad.[3][6] The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... Nickname: Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Established December 30, 1730 Incorporated September 1, 1784 Government  - Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)  - Mayor James Cahill Area  - City  5. ... Piscataway Township is a township located in Middlesex County, New Jersey. ...


Rutgers College was renamed Rutgers University in 1924.[6]


New Jersey's leading public university

Rutgers was designated the State University of New Jersey by acts of the New Jersey Legislature in 1945 and 1956.[11] Before the 1956 law went into effect, the Board of Trustees voted to divest itself of the Rutgers Preparatory School, which became fully independent in 1957 and relocated to a campus on the Wells Estate (purchased from the Colgate-Palmolive Company) in nearby Somerset, New Jersey. Under the 1956 law, Rutgers was to be governed both by its Board of Trustees, chiefly an advisory body, charged also with maintaining the assets of the college and its continuity from the 1766 charter, as well as a Board of Governors consisting of eleven members: five members selected by the Board of Trustees, and six appointed by the Governor of New Jersey.[11] The New Jersey Legislature convene at the State House building in Trenton. ... Rutgers Preparatory School (also known as Rutgers Prep or RPS) is a private, co-educational day school located in the Somerset section of Franklin Township, New Jersey. ... Colgate redirects here. ... Somerset is a census-designated place located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ...


Since the 1950s, Rutgers has continued to expand, especially in the area of graduate education. The Graduate School-New Brunswick, and professional schools have been established in such areas as business, management, public policy, social work, applied and professional psychology, the fine arts, and communication, information and library studies.[12] (A number of these schools offer undergraduate programs as well.) In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... For other uses, see Management (disambiguation). ... Public policy is a course of action or inaction chosen by public authorities to address a problem. ... Social Workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. ... Psychological science redirects here. ... Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ... For the Bobby Womack album, see Communication (1972 album). ... The ASCII codes for the word Wikipedia represented in binary, the numeral system most commonly used for encoding computer information. ... Library science is an interdisciplinary science incorporating the humanities, law and applied science to study topics related to libraries, the collection, organization, preservation and dissemination of information resources, and the political economy of information. ...


In both 1947 and 1966, the College Avenue Gymnasium—built on the site of the first intercollegiate football (or American soccer) game—hosted New Jersey's Constitutional Conventions.[3][6]


A nationwide trend, caused mostly out of the civil rights and women's rights movements, caused many male-only colleges to alter their admissions policies to accept women and thus become coeducational. Rutgers, along with many of the older American institutions (including Princeton and Yale) became co-educational in the 1960s and 1970s. On September 10, 1970, after several years of debate and planning, the Board of Governors voted to admit women into the previously all-male Rutgers College.[3][6] Today, Douglass College (originally the New Jersey College for Women) remains all-female, while the rest of the University is coeducational. Coeducation is the integrated education of men and women. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... Yale redirects here. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Formerly Queens College The school now called Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, was chartered on November 10, 1766 as Queens College, in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818), Queen consort of George III of the United Kingdom. ... Coeducation is the integrated education of males and females at the same school facilities. ...


In 2002, former Governor James E. McGreevey appointed a committee chaired by P. Roy Vagelos to explore the possibility of merging Rutgers University with the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). While this committee's report advocated such a merger, citing benefits such as increased power in applying for and receiving funds from medical, scientific and techological grant programs and corporate investment, this plan was unpopular with alumni, students, and faculty at these institutions and was misunderstood by the residents of New Jersey who were to vote on the proposal. Under mounting political pressure, Governor McGreevey withdrew plans for the merger. As of 2006, Governor Jon Corzine has expressed interest in renewing the plan. Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Jim McGreevey James Edward Jim McGreevey (born August 6, 1957) is a United States Democratic politician. ... Roy Vagelos Pindaros Roy Vagelos born 1929 in Westfield, New Jersey as president and chief executive officer (1985) and chairman (1986) of Merck, he was widely admired for attracting top research scientists who developed many major new drugs. ... New Jersey Institute of Technology is a public research university in Newark, New Jersey. ... The University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, an umbrella designation used to refer to one of eight New Jersey state institutions of higher education in medicine. ... Jon Stevens Corzine (born January 1, 1947) is the Governor of New Jersey. ...


See also

The colonial colleges are nine institutions of higher education chartered in the American Colonies before the American Revolution (1775–1783). ... A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z The alphabetical listing is based on Christina DeMellos pages at http://www. ... This is an enumeration of notable people affiliated with Rutgers University, including graduates of the undergraduate and graduate and professional programs, former students, and former professors. ... The written history of New Jersey began with the exploration of the Jersey Coast by Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524, though the region had been settled for millennia by Native Americans. ... Public Ivy is a term first used by American author Richard Moll to mean a public institution that provide[s] an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price. ... “Rutgers” redirects here. ...

Background resources and references

Citations

  1. ^ Note: Rutgers is the only one of the original nine colonial colleges to satisfy all three categories. Seven of the colonial colleges remained private institutions. Of the two that became state institutions, Rutgers and College of William and Mary, only Rutgers was named a land-grant college.
  2. ^ And then there was Rutgers... in The Daily Targum 8 November 2002, accessed 12 August 2006.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w A Historical Sketch of Rutgers University by Thomas J. Frusciano, University Archivist. Rutgers University Libraries. Retrieved on 2006-08-12.
  4. ^ And then there was Rutgers... in The Daily Targum 8 November 2002, accessed 12 August 2006.
  5. ^ And then there was Rutgers... in The Daily Targum 8 November 2002, accessed 12 August 2006.
  6. ^ Cite error 8; No text given.
  7. ^ A Charter for Queen's College in New Jersey (1770) in Special Collections and University Archives, Archibald S. Alexander Library, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
  8. ^ Rutgers College and the American Revolution, accessed July 12, 2006
  9. ^ Paths to Historic Rutgers: A Self-Guided Tour. Rutgers University. Retrieved on 2006-08-09.
  10. ^ Gardner Sage Library accessed 10 September 2006.
  11. ^ a b N.J.S.A. 18A:65-1 et seq. (Public Law 1956, chapter 61) repealing and succeeding P.L. 1945, c.49, p.115. accessed 8 August 2006.
  12. ^ Graduate Schools, Rutgers University, Retrieved on 6 August 2006]]

The colonial colleges are nine institutions of higher education chartered in the American Colonies before the American Revolution (1775–1783). ... The College of William and Mary (also known as William & Mary, W&M or The College) is a small, selective, coeducational public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Books and printed materials

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