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Encyclopedia > History of Quebec City

Contents

French Rule

Quebec City was founded on July 3, 1608 by Samuel de Champlain. Champlain named his settlement after a local Indian word meaning “the river narrows here.” Champlain's settlement was located at the foot of Cap Diamant the peninsula on which Old Quebec lies today) . The French settlement was at first sparsely inhabited and served mostly as a point of interest for fur trading and missionaries. In 1615, the first missionaries, the Recollets, arrived in the city. From 1629-1632, the city briefly passed into possession of the British. The Jesuits arrived in 1635 and the Ursulines and Augustines in 1639. In 1636, Charles Hualt de Montmagny became the settlement’s governor, who presided over expansion of the settlement and construction of its first church, Notre Dame de la Paix (Our Lady of Peace.) Surrounding the settlement were various parcels of farm land. By 1663, the year during which Quebec became the capital city of New France, the population of Quebec and its surrounding farm lands had reached 1,950 people. The British attempt to capture the city in 1690 during King William's War failed. Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... Statue symbolizing Samuel de Champlain in Ottawa. ... The fur trade was a huge part in the early economic development of North America. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... The Recollets (English: Recollects) were a French branch of the Roman Catholic order, the Franciscans (Latin: Ordo Fratrum Minorum), first established in France about 1570. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... The Ursulines are a religious order founded at Brescia, Italy by St. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Year 1636 (MDCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... Combatants England France Commanders William Phips Louis de Buade de Frontenac Strength 2,300 regulars and militia 60 natives 6 field guns 34 warships 2,000 militia Casualties 30 dead 50 wounded Unknown The Battle of Quebec was fought in October, 1690 between English and French forces. ... The first of the French and Indian Wars, King Williams War (1689–1697) , was the North American theater of the War of the Grand Alliance (1688–1697) fought principally in Europe between the armies of France under Louis XIV and those of a coalition of European powers including England. ...


British Rule

The Seven Years' War began in 1756. The British and French had co-existed in North America, but the threat of French expansion into the Ohio Valley caused the British to attempt to eradicate New France completely from the map. The French had constructed a wall around Quebec City {which exists to this day) in order to keep the British out. The British began to bombard the city on July 12, 1759, destroyed hundreds of homes. The Beauport coast was heavily fortified against British attack. Unfortunately, the British chose to land at Anse-aux-Foulons which was less defended. In the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the city was permanently lost by the French. In 1763, France formally ceded its claims to Canada, and Quebec City's French-speaking, Catholic population was under the rule of Protestant Britain. Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain and its American Colonies Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Carl D. Perkins Bridge in Portsmouth, Ohio with Ohio River and Scioto River tributary on right. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Beauport is a borough of Quebec City, on the St. ... Combatants Britain France Commanders James Wolfe † Louis-Joseph, Marquis de Montcalm † Strength 4,800 regulars 4,000 regulars 300 militia Casualties 658 dead or wounded 644 dead or wounded The Battle of the Plains of Abraham was a pivotal battle in the North American theatre of the Seven Years War... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The British did not set out, however, to persecute Quebec's native French population. The Quebec Act, passed in 1774, allowed the Quebecois to have religious freedom. The French-Canadians were therefore not unhappy enough with British rule to choose to participate in the American Revolution. Without Canadian cooperation against the British, the thirteen colonies instead attempted to invade Canada. The city was therefore once again under siege when the Battle of Quebec (1775) occurred in 1775. The initial attack was a failure due to American inexperience with the extreme cold temperatures of the city in December. Benedict Arnold refused to accept the defeat in the Battle of Quebec and a siege against the city continued until May 6, 1776, when the American army finally retreated. // The Quebec Act of 1774 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (citation 14 Geo. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... In Canadian English, a Québécois (IPA: ) is a native or resident of the province of Quebec, Canada, especially a French-speaking one. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... The term Battle of Quebec can mean: Battle of Quebec (1691) - British attack during King Williams War Battle of Quebec (1711) - British attack during Queen Annes War Battle of Quebec (1759) - British attack during Seven Years War Battle of Sainte-Foy - French attack during Seven Years War Battle... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other persons named Benedict Arnold, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The Constitutional Act of 1791 divided Canada into an "Upper," English-speaking colony, and a "Lower," French-speaking colony. Québec City was made the capital of "Lower Canada" and enjoyed more self-rule following the passage of this act. The city's industry began to grow, and by the early 1800s it was the third largest port city in North America. Lumber was the largest export of the city at this time. The business boom continued for most of the century and Quebec began welcoming thousands of immigrants. The Constitutional Act of 1791 was a British law which changed the government of the province of Quebec to accommodate the many English-speaking settlers, known as the United Empire Loyalists, who had arrived from the United States following the American Revolution. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction...


Canadian Independence

Canadian independence came peacefully with the first BNA Act in 1867. The British North America Acts 1867–1975 are a series of Acts of the British Parliament dealing with the government of Canada. ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1917, the construction of the Quebec Bridge, connecting the North and South banks of the St. Laurence River, was finished. To this day it is the longest cantilever bridge in the world, though two collapses of the center of the bridge during construction cost over 80 workers their lives. The Quebec Bridge (Pont de Québec in French) in Canada crosses the lower Saint Lawrence River to the west of Quebec City, and Lévis, Quebec. ... For the dentistry term, see Bridge (dentistry). ...


During World War II, two Allied Forces conferences were held in the city. The first, held in 1943, assembled Franklin Delano Roosevelt, president of the United States; Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada and T.V. Soong, Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs. The seconde conference was held in 1944 and Churchill and Roosevelt participated. The conferences were held at the Citadel and nearby Château Frontenac. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... East side of Château Frontenac Château Frontenac at sunset The Château Frontenac grand hotel is one of the most popular attraction in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ...


Modern-Day Quebec City

In 1984, Opération Nez rouge was founded in Quebec City. It has been imitated in many other European countries. Opération Nez rouge (literally, Operation Red Nose), founded in 1984, is an escorting service offered in Quebec and several francophone countries under several names as well as in the English speaking parts of Canada under the name Operation Red Nose during the Christmas holiday season. ...


In April 2001, Quebec City played host to the Summit of the Americas where the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) was discussed. This conference was expected to be filled with confrontations between the police and anti-globalization groups, which meant that the location of walled Quebec City was vital for security reasons. The Summit of the Americas is the name for one of a sequence of summits bringing together the countries of the Americas for discussion of a variety of issues. ... This article or section needs to be updated. ...


On January 1, 2002, surrounding towns were incorporated into the existing city. The "New Quebec city" includes 11 former municipalities: Sainte-Foy, Beauport, Charlesbourg, Sillery, Loretteville, Val-Bélair, Cap-Rouge, Saint-Émile, Vanier, and Lac-Saint-Charles, in addition to the original Quebec City. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Sainte-Foy is a city in central Quebec, Canada on the St. ... Beauport is a city in central Quebec, Canada on the St. ... Charlesbourg is a city in central Canada located north of Quebec City. ... Sillery is a former city in central Quebec, Canada. ... Loretteville is a town in central Quebec, Canada northwest of Quebec City. ... Val-Bélair is a town in central Quebec, Canada, northwest of Quebec City. ... Old Villages Church The Tracel Bridge Cap-Rouge (Meaning: Red Cape) is located in central Quebec, Canada on the Saint Lawrence River within Quebec City. ... Saint-Émile is a town in central Quebec, Canada, northwest of Quebec City. ... Vanier is a former city in central Quebec, Canada. ... Lac-Saint-Charles is a former city in central Quebec, Canada. ...


In 2005, Capitale-Nationale played host to the second most important sporting event in the world besides the Olympic Games, the World Police and Fire Games, which was a success for the city, with as many as 11,000 athletes and 14,000 persons accompanying them, making 25,000 persons in total.) The City also experienced higher than average temperatures with an average of 30 degrees celsius. Capitale-Nationale is a region of Quebec. ... The World Police and Fire Games (WPFG) are an annual athletic event open to active and retired law enforcement and fire service personnel throughout the world. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quebec City, Quebec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1156 words)
The city is served by VIA Rail (Gare du Palais), and is the eastern terminus of the railway's main Quebec City-Windsor Corridor.
Quebec City was captured by the British in 1629 and held until 1632.
In April 2001, Quebec City hosted the Summit of the Americas to discuss the Free Trade Area of the Americas; it also hosted massive anti-globalization demonstrations, provoked both by the summit and by the decision to wall off a large portion of the historic city with a four metre high chain-link fence for the duration.
Quebec City - Quebec History (994 words)
It is served by the Canadian Pacific, Canadian National, and Quebec Central Railways; and it has ferry connection with Lévis, opposite to it on the south shore of the St. Lawrence, which has here a width of nearly a mile.
During the French régime, Quebec was the centre of all movements, the headquarters of missionaries, fur-traders, explorers, and military forces in New France.
It was incorporated as a city in 1832, and it obtained its present charter in 1840.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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