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Encyclopedia > History of Northwest Territories capital cities
Northwest Territories capitals
City Years
Fort Garry 1870 - 1876
Fort Livingstone 1876 - 1877
Battleford 1877 - 1883
Regina 1883 - 1905
Ottawa 1905 - 1967
Fort Smith 1911 - 1967
Yellowknife 1967 - present

The history of Northwest Territories capitals is unique compared to any other Canadian province or territory. Northwest Territories, Canada has had seven capital cities since being purchased by Canada from the Hudson's Bay Company in 1869. The territory has changed the seat of government for numerous reasons, due to civil conflict, development of infrastructure, and revised territorial boundaries. Upper Fort Garry in the early 1870s Fort Garry also known as Upper Fort Garry was a Hudsons Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in what is now downtown Winnipeg. ... Sketch of Fort Livingstone circa 1877 Fort Livingstone, Saskatchewan was founded as an outpost in Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Battleford is a town located just across the river from North Battleford, Saskatchewan. ... Motto: Nickname: The Queen City Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Established: 1882 Area: 118. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Fort Smith is a community in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Multum In Parvo (Much In Little) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 105. ... Motto: None Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwichin, Inuktitut, Slavey Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 3rd 1,346,106 km... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC. TSX: HBC) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ...


The result of this change has created a complex history and a long road to responsible government, and has provided a challenge for the Territories government to effectively provide services for the changing landscape. A number of communities in Northwest Territories have also unsuccessfully tried to become the capital over the years. The territory has had the unique occurrence of the seat of government being outside of the territorial boundaries twice in it's history. Motto: None Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwichin, Inuktitut, Slavey Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 3rd 1,346,106 km...


The term capital refers to cities which have served as home for the Legislative Assembly of Northwest Territories, the legislative branch of Northwest Territories government. In Canada it is customary for provincial and territorial level government to have the civil service administer from the same city as the legislative branch and executive branch. The Northwest Territories, however, had an administrative capital and a legislative capital officially exist between 1911 and 1967. This is the only province or territory in Canadian history to have had such an arrangement. The Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Canada, is located in Yellowknife. ... A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public sector employee working for a government department or agency. ...

Northwest Territories 1870 boundaries
Northwest Territories 1870 boundaries

Contents

Image File history File links Canada_Provinces_Territories_1870. ... Image File history File links Canada_Provinces_Territories_1870. ...


Past Northwest Territories capital cities

Fort Garry, Manitoba (1870 - 1876)

Fort Garry in the early 1870s
Fort Garry in the early 1870s

In 1869, under the Rupert's Land Act, William McDougall went to Fort Garry, Manitoba to establish governance over the newly purchased North-Western Territory and Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company. The take-over of land was delayed until 1870 because of the Red River Rebellion. Louis Riel, leader of the Métis, negotiated a small section of land in the new territory to create the Province of Manitoba in 1870.[1] Upper Fort Garry in the early 1870s, circa 1872 / Fort Garry, Manitoba Credit: Topley / Library and Archives Canada / PA-011337 http://www. ... Upper Fort Garry in the early 1870s, circa 1872 / Fort Garry, Manitoba Credit: Topley / Library and Archives Canada / PA-011337 http://www. ... There have been several people called William McDougall For the Canadian politician, see William McDougall (politician) For the British psychologist, see William McDougall (psychologist) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Upper Fort Garry in the early 1870s Fort Garry also known as Upper Fort Garry was a Hudsons Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in what is now downtown Winnipeg. ... The North-Western Territory at its greatest extent, 1859 The North-Western Territory was a region of British North America until 1870. ... Ruperts Land Ruperts Land was a territory consisting of much of modern Canada. ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC. TSX: HBC) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Métis provisional government The Red River Rebellion of 1869 – 1870 is the term most often used to describe the actions of a provisional government established by Métis leader Louis Riel in 1869 at the Red River Settlement in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Louis Riel Louis David Riel (October 22, 1844 – November 16, 1885), was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mestizo. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English (some French services are provided, but French does not have official status at the provincial level) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total...


In 1870, Manitoba and the Northwest Territories entered the Canadian confederation. Under the Temporary Government Act, 1870, a temporary Northwest Territories council was appointed from members of the new Manitoba Legislative Assembly. The territory was also run under the Manitoba Act.[2] The "temporary government" known as the Temporary North-West Council was renewed each year until 1876, when the first capital inside the Northwest Territories was decided upon, just outside the Manitoba border. We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ...


Fort Garry would grow up to become modern day Winnipeg, Manitoba.[3] Winnipeg also serves as the seat of government for Manitoba and briefly served as a seat of government for the District of Keewatin. Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge) Area: 465. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English (some French services are provided, but French does not have official status at the provincial level) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total... The District of Keewatin was a distinct entity from Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories, although much of their territory overlapped. ...


See also: Upper Fort Garry and Lower Fort Garry Upper Fort Garry in the early 1870s Fort Garry also known as Upper Fort Garry was a Hudsons Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in what is now downtown Winnipeg. ... Lower Fort Garry, ca. ...


Fort Livingstone, Northwest Territories (1876 - 1877)

Sketch of Fort Livingstone circa 1877
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Sketch of Fort Livingstone circa 1877

In 1875, a new permanent government for the council was appointed to take effect on October 7, 1876[4]. The new permanent government was to administer the territory for the first time under the Northwest Territories Act 1875. The Temporary North-West Council was dissolved, and a new seat of government was decided upon just outside of the Manitoba border. Fort Livingstone was more of a small frontier outpost than a capital city, and the site was only chosen as a temporary measure.[5] October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Sketch of Fort Livingstone circa 1877 Fort Livingstone, Saskatchewan was founded as an outpost in Northwest Territories, Canada. ...


Fort Livingstone served as the headquarters for the newly formed North-West Mounted Police. In 1877, Lieutenant Governor David Laird ordered the outpost to be packed up. The capital was moved out to Battleford a year later to meet up with the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), which was under construction. Council sessions were held at Swan River North-West Mounted Police Barracks. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP or Mounties; French, Gendarmerie royale du Canada, GRC) is both the federal police force and the national police of Canada. ... This a list of the lieutenant-governors of the Northwest Territories. ... The Honorable David Laird was the first resident Lieutenant Governor of Northwest Territories, Canada. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ...


The nearest town to Fort Livingstone is Pelly, Saskatchewan, four kilometers to the south. The fort is sometimes referred to as Fort Pelly or Swan River. Today Fort Livingstone is a provincial historical site and contains no resident population.[6]


Battleford, Northwest Territories (1877 - 1883)

Government House in Battleford, the first permanent Northwest Territories legislature
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Government House in Battleford, the first permanent Northwest Territories legislature

The Northwest Territories council moved to Battleford in 1877 on the order of David Laird to what was supposed to be the permanent capital of the territories. After consultation with Canadian Pacific Railway officials, Edgar Dewdney made the decision to move the capital in June of 1882. Battleford is a town located just across the river from North Battleford, Saskatchewan. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Honorable David Laird was the first resident Lieutenant Governor of Northwest Territories, Canada. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ... Edgar Dewdney (1835 to August 8, 1916) was a Canadian politician originally born in Devonshire, England. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The government in Battleford saw the first elected members join the Northwest Territories council which marked the beginnings of representative democracy for the government. The city was also host to the first royal visit in western Canada, when the Marquis of Lorne and Princess Louise Caroline Alberta toured the territories in 1881. Her Royal Highness The Princess Louise, (Louise Caroline Alberta), (18 March 1848 - 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family, the sixth child and third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The first Northwest Territories legislature building, named "NWT Government House", was built in Battleford, and used until 1883. The building stood until it was destroyed in a fire in 2003. [7] 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also: Fort Battleford, Northwest Territories Fort Battleford was the sixth Northwest Mounted Police fort to be established in the Northwest Territories of Canada, and played a central role in the events of the Northwest Rebellion / Resistance of 1885. ...


Regina, Northwest Territories (1883 - 1905)

Members of the Legislative Assembly stand outside the legislature in Regina circa 1886.
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Members of the Legislative Assembly stand outside the legislature in Regina circa 1886.

Regina was confirmed as the new territorial capital on March 27, 1883, and Edgar Dewdney ordered the government moved south to meet the railway in Regina. Construction of a new legislature began. In Regina, the government continued to grow, as settlement increased rapidly. The legislature had the most sitting members in Northwest Territories history after the fifth general election in 1902. Motto: Nickname: The Queen City Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Established: 1882 Area: 118. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Edgar Dewdney (1835 to August 8, 1916) was a Canadian politician originally born in Devonshire, England. ... The Northwest Territories general election of 1902, occured on May 21, 1902 and was the fifth general election in the history of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ...


The government in Regina struggled to deliver services to the vast territory. The influx of settlers and responsibility for the Klondike, as well as constant fighting with the Federal government over limited legislative powers and minimal revenue collection hampered the effectiveness of government. The government during this period slowly released powers to the elected members. In 1897 after control of the executive council was ceded to elected members from the Lieutenant-Governors a short lived period of party politics evolved that challenged the consensus model of government that has been used since 1870. Klondike may refer to one of the following: The Klondike region in the Yukon Territory of Canada Klondike, a popular solitaire card game. ... This a list of the lieutenant-governors of the Northwest Territories. ... Consensus government is a system of government which does not elect members of political parties but rather rule based on consensus. ...


The territorial government under the leadership of Frederick Haultain would strike a new deal with the federal Government of Canada in early 1905 to bring provincial powers that led to the creation of the provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. The parts carved out were only from the heavily populated southern parts of Northwest Territories. System of government Canada is a constitutional monarchy as a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English (but legally required to provide some services in French) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Lynda M. Haverstock Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th (provinces and territories) 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19...


The remaining parts of the territory fell back to 1870's constitutional status, with a severely limited population, and fell under control of the federal government. A new council was convened in Ottawa, Ontario.[8] This article is about the capital city of Canada. ...


The remains of the Territorial Legislature Building were declared a historical site by the Saskatchewan government; parts of the building remain standing to this day. Regina continues to serve as capital for the province of Saskatchewan. Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English (but legally required to provide some services in French) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Lynda M. Haverstock Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total...


Ottawa, Ontario (1905 - 1967)

Thousands of miles from the Territories the government would be run from Sparks Street in Ottawa for 62 years.
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Thousands of miles from the Territories the government would be run from Sparks Street in Ottawa for 62 years.

In 1905, the seat of government was moved to Ottawa, Ontario, the capital of Canada. This change was made when Northwest Territories defaulted back to 1870 constitutional status after Alberta and Saskatchewan were carved from the territory. At the time of this change, there were very few towns left in the territory with any significant population. The remaining non-Inuit population was around 1,000. Inuit had no status as under Canadian law, and were not yet settled in towns or villages. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Inuit (Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, singular Inuk or Inuq / ᐃᓄᒃ) is a general term for a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic coasts of Siberia, Alaska, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Quebec, Labrador and Greenland. ...


The council during this period was primarily composed of high-level civil servants who lived in Ottawa. The first session of the new council was called to order in 1921 a full 16 years after the government was dissolved in Regina. This government contained no one resident in the territories. During this 16 year lapse in government no new bills were passed, and the territories and its population were in severe neglect.


In the period without a sitting council, the government of the Territories was still active. The civil service was sent to Fort Smith to set the town up as the new administration capital in 1911, and a budget was still being provided by the federal government. The first person to sit on the council since 1905 from Northwest Territories was John G. McNiven who was appointed in 1947.


The council eventually grew more sensitive to the needs of the territory and democracy would return to the territories in the sixth general election in 1951. After the election the council began to exist in a vagabond state and alternate sittings in Ottawa, and communities in Northwest Territories. The council held meetings in school gymnasiums, community halls and board rooms or any suitable infrastructure. The council brought the speakers chair and mace with them.[9] The Northwest Territories General election of 1951 held on September 17, 1951, was the sixth general election in the Northwest Territories, Canada, and the first since territory since the 1902 election. ... Vagabond refer to: Vagabond, an itinerant person, Vagabond, a manga by Takehiko Inoue, Vagabond, a movie by Agnès Varda, Vagabond, a Marvel Comics universe character. ... Here is a list of communities in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Assorted maces This article is about the personal weapon. ...


When the sessions were held in Ottawa, the council sat in an office building on Sparks Street.[10] The Northwest Territories government continues to hold an office in Ottawa to this day.[11] In 1964 a commission would be setup to determine a new home for the government and the future of the territory. Yellowknife would become the new capital in 1967 after three years of intense consultation and study. Sparks Street at Bank Street Sparks Street is a street in downtown Ottawa, Canada that was converted into an outdoor pedestrian street in 1966, making it the earliest such street or mall in Canada. ...


Fort Smith, Northwest Territories (1911–1967)

Fort Smith in the 1920s
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Fort Smith in the 1920s

Fort Smith became the official administration and transportation hub for the Northwest Territories in 1911 after the government sent a Department of Indian Affairs agent and a medical doctor, and opened an Royal Canadian Mounted Police station. Fort Smith is a community in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Royal Canadian Mounted Police heraldic badge. ...


Fort Smith was chosen to house the civil service due to its geographical location and state of development. The community was one of the few that had steamboat service from the railheads in Alberta and access to vast waterways in the territory. The community was the easiest for the government to access.


Fort Smith housed the civil service working in the territories officially until 1967. Fort Smith continued to host the civil service after Yellowknife was picked as capital because government infrastructure was not yet in place.[12] During this time, the legislative council was based in Ottawa, and later alternated sessions in the north with various communities.


Fort Smith was considered as a potential capital by the Carrothers Commission. The commission ultimately decided upon Yellowknife as it was closer to the centre of the Northwest Territories, and the feedback from residents in the territories preferred Yellowknife as a potential capital.[13]


Carrothers Commission

For more details on this topic, see Carrothers Commission.

The Advisory Commission on the Development of Government in the Northwest Territories, more commonly known as the Carrothers Commission marked a significant turning point in modern Northwest Territories history.


The Commission was struck by the Government of Canada in 1965 to evaluate and recommend changes to the Northwest Territories to deal with an array of outstanding issues regarding self government in the north. One of the more visible and lasting effects of the commission was to choose a new home for the territorial government. Also, for the first time the eastern Arctic would also have a voice in that government as the commission recommended allowing eastern residents to vote for members to the Legislative Assembly.[14] System of government Canada is a constitutional monarchy as a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ... The Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Canada, is located in Yellowknife. ...


In prior years the decision to change seats of government had always been made without consulting Northwest Territories residents. Edgar Dewdney who made the decision to change the capital from Battleford to Regina faced controversy because he owned property in Regina. After the territorial government moved to Ottawa, the government was often resented for being so far away. Edgar Dewdney (1835 to August 8, 1916) was a Canadian politician originally born in Devonshire, England. ...


Alfred Carrothers and his team spent two years visiting nearly every community in the territory and consulting with residents, community leaders, business people and territorial politicians. The feedback collected from two years' worth of consultation was used to decide on the location of the new capital.


The commission investigated and considered five communities for the capital. Hay River, Fort Simpson, Fort Smith, Inuvik and Yellowknife. Hay River on Great Slave Lake Hay River connection to the Arctic Ocean Hay River is a community on the south shore of Great Slave Lake, in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Fort Simpson, in the Northwest Territories, is a town on an island at the confluence of the Mackenzie and Liard Rivers, both traditionally trade routes for the Hudsons Bay Company and the native Dene people of the area. ... Fort Smith is a community in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Inuvik is a small town in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Multum In Parvo (Much In Little) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 105. ...


The Commission chose Yellowknife because of its central location, transportation links and industrial base, as well as residents' preferences. Most people in the territories believed that Fort Smith would win since it already housed the territories civil service.


After the selection of Yellowknife as the capital many residents in the eastern Arctic continued to feel unrepresented by the new government and many movements and groups were formed to remedy the situation. The result would be the 1982 Northwest Territories Division Plebiscite; the territory voted to divide itself into east and west. Soon after debate arose on the location of the new capitals. the 1982 Northwest Territories Division Plebiscite was a stand-alone territory wide plebiscite conducted on April 14, 1982. ...


Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, current capital (1967 - present)

Yellowknife today
Yellowknife today

Yellowknife became the capital on January 18, 1967[15] after the Carrothers commission completed its three-year study of the future of the north.[16] However, from 1967 to 1993, the Northwest Territories government carried on the tradition of holding legislative sessions in different Northwest Territories communities. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 520 KB)Downtown Yellowknife, Northwest Territories from pilots monument File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 520 KB)Downtown Yellowknife, Northwest Territories from pilots monument File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Multum In Parvo (Much In Little) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 105. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


Territory residents in the eastern half quickly felt unrepresented by the Yellowknife-based government. Pressure began to split the territory, and the legislature passed a motion agreeing to split the territory. A non-binding plebiscite was put to the people in 1982 and the majority of citizens concurred. The territorial government took the results to the federal government for approval to begin work to split the territory once again.


The government has matured in Yellowknife to become the most effective since the creation of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The civil service has been effectively consolidated into the city; and has regained control of its elections from the federal government. Education is now under the jurisdiction of the territorial government, and there is even talk of the territories gaining provincial status.[17]


The Northwest Territories government moved into a newly-constructed legislature building on November 17, 1993. The new legislature was the first built specifically for the Northwest Territories government since the government sat in Regina. The new legislature for the first time featured themes derived from the Inuit culture. At the time, the Inuit comprised the majority of the citizens in the territory.[18] 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Inuit (Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, singular Inuk or Inuq / ᐃᓄᒃ) is a general term for a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic coasts of Siberia, Alaska, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Quebec, Labrador and Greenland. ...


NWT Voters pick a new capital for Nunavut

For more details on this topic, see 1995 Nunavut Capital Plebiscite.

After residents of the territory voted to divide the NWT in half in 1982, a significant debate took place on which community would become the new capital. The idea of a plebiscite to choose the capital came after years of wrangling, indecision and inaction. The decision to hold a plebiscite was presented as a surprise announcement after some hastily scheduled closed-door meetings between federal and territorial officials and bureaucrats. The 1995 Nunavut Capital Plebiscite was the third territory wide plebiscite in the Northwest Territories history. ...


The plebiscite was held in the parts of the Northwest Territories that were to become the new territory of Nunavut. The plebiscite on the location of the capital was one in a series of plebiscites that also included question on a gender representation quota of the new legislature, and on dividing the territory. Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total...


The race for capital started out with three contenders, Cambridge Bay, Iqaluit and Rankin Inlet. Cambridge Bay dropped out of the race early on and campaigned for decentralized government without a capital instead. Iqaluit was the favorite from day one to win, since it contained the largest voter base. Iqaluit and Cambridge Bay Cambridge Bay (69°07′N 105°02′W MST) (named for Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge) is a hamlet located in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada. ... Governing Body Iqaluit Municipal Council Location 63°45′ N 68°33′ W Land area 52. ... Rankin Inlet (Inuktitut: Kangiqiniq ᑲᖏᕿᓂᖅ or Kangirliniq ᑲᖏᖅᖠᓂᖅ) is a town in Nunavut territory of Canada. ...


Ballots from the 1995 Nunavut Capital Plebiscite were all counted at one location so that individual polling station results could never be released and create animosity between communities vying to become capital. Iqaluit beat out Rankin Inlet in a narrow victory. The 1995 Nunavut Capital Plebiscite was the third territory wide plebiscite in the Northwest Territories history. ... Governing Body Iqaluit Municipal Council Location 63°45′ N 68°33′ W Land area 52. ... Rankin Inlet (Inuktitut: Kangiqiniq ᑲᖏᕿᓂᖅ or Kangirliniq ᑲᖏᖅᖠᓂᖅ) is a town in Nunavut territory of Canada. ...


References

  1.   Red River Rebellion negotiations lead to the creation of Manitoba
  2.   Manitoba Act 1870
  3.   Historical background on the creation of Manitoba and Northwest Territories
  4.   Northwest Territories appointments and election results page 7
  5.   Seats of Government of the Northwest Territories
  6.   Fort Livingstone historical site
  7.   NWT Government House Battleford Saskatchewan
  8.   History of Northwest Territories in confederation
  9.  Old Speakers Chair
  10.   March 1998 speech by Bernard Funston on Canada's north
  11.   Government of Northwest Territories Ottawa office
  12.   Fort Smith History
  13.   How they chose the capital
  14.   Carrothers Commission Archives Northwest Territories Archives
  15.   Canada Stats
  16.   History of Northwest Territories legislative assembly
  17.   Martin Signals provincial status
  18.   Building a legislature

See also

Commissioners of the Northwest Territories since 1905. ... This is a list of territorial elections in the Northwest Territories, Canada since 1870. ... This is a list of the premiers and Commissioners who held governing power in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... This a list of the lieutenant-governors of the Northwest Territories. ... This is a list of the Northwest Territories Legislative Assemblies dates and legislative sessions from 1870 - present. ... This is a list of territory wide Plebiscites that have occured in the Northwest Territories 1982 Northwest Territories Division Plebiscite 1992 Northwest Territories Juristictional Boundaries Plebiscite 1995 Nunavut Capital Plebiscite 1997 Nunavut Equal Representation Plebiscite See also List of Northwest Territories general elections External links Northwest Territories Plebiscite Act ...

External links

  • City of Yellowknife Homepage
  • Fort Garry, Manitoba Historical site
  • Sask 2005 facts Fort Livingstone
  • Fort Smith Community Profile
  • CBC Archives Northwest Territories has a new capital, Radio Clip January 18, 1967


Provincial and territorial capitals of Canada

Edmonton, ABVictoria, BCWinnipeg, MBFredericton, NBSt. John's, NLYellowknife, NTHalifax, NSIqaluit, NUToronto, ONCharlottetown, PEQuebec City, QCRegina, SKWhitehorse, YT Map of Canada Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country. ... The following are the capitals of Canadas provinces and territories: Provinces Edmonton, Alberta Victoria, British Columbia Winnipeg, Manitoba Fredericton, New Brunswick St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Industry Integrity Progress Established: Fort Edmonton: 1795 Town: 1892 City: 1904 Area: 683. ... The arms of Victoria. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge) Area: 465. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Fredericpolis silvae filia noblis (Fredericton noble daughter of the forest) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 131. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Avancez (go forward) Nickname: The City of Legends Established: {{{Established}}} Area: (city)446. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Multum In Parvo (Much In Little) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 105. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: City Symbol: Kingfisher Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canadas Location. ... Governing Body Iqaluit Municipal Council Location 63°45′ N 68°33′ W Land area 52. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Established: March 6, 1834 Area: East to West: 43 km North to South: 21 km629. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = CUNABULA FOEDERIS (Birthplace of Confederation) Established: Area: 44. ... Motto: « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Québec Official logo Provincial region Province Country Capitale-Nationale Québec Canada Gentilé Québécois, Québécoise Mayor Jean-Paul LAllier 1989-Dec. ... Motto: Nickname: The Queen City Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Established: 1882 Area: 118. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Our People, Our Strength Area: 416. ...


 
 

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