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Encyclopedia > History of Northwest Territories
This article is part of the series:
History of Northwest Territories
Capital cities

The History of Northwest Territories has been a struggle for responsible government, provincial rights, and social development. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories. ... The vastness of Canadas Northwest Territories meant that for much of its history it was divided into several districts for ease of administration. ... The Flag of the Northwest Territories The flag of the Northwest Territories, Canada was adopted in 1969 by the Council of the Northwest Territories. ... The Legislative Building of the Northwest Territories was built in 1993 and commenced usage in 1994. ... Responsible government is a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. ...


Pre-Confederation history

Main articles: North-Western Territory and Rupertsland

The territories were purchased from the Hudson's Bay Company. The North-Western Territory at its greatest extent, 1859 The North-Western Territory was a region of British North America until 1870. ... Rupertsland is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC. TSX: HBC) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ...

History 1869 - 1876

Northwest Territories delayed entering confederation due to the Red River Rebellion. As a result the province of Manitoba was created. Both jurisdictions entered confederation in 1870. The Métis provisional government The Red River Rebellion or Red River Resistance are the names given to the events surrounding the actions of a provisional government established by Métis leader Louis Riel in 1869 at the Red River Settlement in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English (French has some legal status but is not fully co-official) Flower Crocus Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of...

The first Northwest Territories government sits in 1872 after the Temporary North-West Council is appointed.

History 1876 - 1905

The first Northwest Territories government sat inside the territories at Fort Livingstone for the first time in 1876.

The Arctic Archipelago was transfered from England to Canada in 1880. The Northwest Territories hit its peak in size. Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population...

The first territorial election took place in 1881.

Following the Klondike Gold Rush, a separate Yukon Territory is created from the western NWT in 1900. A typical gold mining operation, on Bonanza Creek The Klondike Gold Rush was a frenzy of gold rush immigration to and gold prospecting along the Klondike River near Dawson City in the Yukon Territory, Canada, after gold was discovered in the late 19th century. ... Motto: none Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Jack Cable Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Area 482,443 km² (9th)  - Land 474,391 km²  - Water 8,052 km² (1. ...

History 1905 - 1951

Alberta and Saskatchewan separated from the territories in 1905, while the District of Keewatin was given back to the territories. The government changed capitals to Ottawa from Regina. Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English Flower Western Red Lily Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 7th 651,036 km² 591... The District of Keewatin was a distinct entity from Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories, although much of their territory overlapped. ...

History 1951 - 1970

Elections returned in 1951.

The Northwest Territories government selected a new flag from a Canada wide contest in 1969.

The government would introduce the popular polar bear license plate in 1970.

History 1970 - 1999

After the centennial celebration in 19870, the territorial government once again became a fully elected body.

History 1999 - present

Nunavut was carved from the eastern half of Northwest Territories Canada. Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total...

External links

  • Historical timeline of Northwest Territories

  Results from FactBites:
MSN Encarta - Northwest Territories (1505 words)
The Northwest Territories is located in northwestern Canada and occupies nearly 13 percent of the country’s landmass.
The Northwest Territories is bounded to the south by three provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan.
The fur-trading history of the Northwest Territories began in the late 18th century with the arrival of European fur traders.
  More results at FactBites »



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