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Encyclopedia > History of Indiana

Indiana History: Early Civilizations - Civil war

Indiana's earliest known inhabitants were Native Americans, mostly of the Miami, Delaware, and Potawatamie tribes. After Europeans began exploring North America, French explorer Robert Cavelier came to the area eventually known as Indiana in 1679, claiming it for France. Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ...

The territory of present-day Indiana passed from the French to the British as a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763. However, at the end of the American Revolution, 20 years later, in 1783, Britain gave the entire trans-Allegheny region to the United States, including Indiana. Many treaties have been negotiated and signed in Paris, including: Treaty of Paris (1229) - ended the Albigensian Crusade Treaty of Paris (1259) - between Henry III of England and Louis IX of France Treaty of Paris (1763) - ended the Seven Years War Treaty of Paris (1783) - ended the American Revolutionary War...

Native Americans resisted early settlement attempts, but Gen. Anthony Wayne's victory at Fallen Timbers (1794) effectively ended resistance to settlement. In 1800, the Indiana Terretory was established, containing the area of the current states of Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Minnesota and Michigan. Vincennes was the capital, though it was later moved to Corydon.

A constitutional convention met in 1816, and in that same year, Indiana achieved statehood. Jonathan Jennings was elected governor of the state (he declared Indiana a free state), and he eventually moved the capital, yet again, to Indianapolis, to which the executive section of government moved in 1825 and 1826.

Indiana soon became, true to its self-appointed title, the crossroads of America, as railroads crisscrossed the landscape.

During the Civil war, Indiana, a free state, sided with the Union.

"Indiana." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press., 2003. Answers.com 02 Dec. 2006. http://www.answers.com/topic/indiana



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