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Encyclopedia > History of Education in China

The Chinese education was accompanied with the birth of Chinese civilization. The nobles often set up the educational establishments for their offspring. The Shang Hsiang was a legendary school to teach the youth nobles. It may be the origin of education in China. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... This article is about the Chinese civilization. ... Shang Hsiang or Shang Xiang (上庠, shàng hsiáng or shàng xiáng), was a school founded in Youyu (有虞) period in China. ...

Contents

Zhou Dynasty

The government founded five national schools to educate Six Arts. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Six Arts refer to the six practices in ancient Chinese culture. ...


Hundred Schools of Thought

At that times,numerous differents schools enrolled the students.The most famous one was the Confucianism and its leader Confucius was seen as the founder of education for the masses.One of his saying was Provide education for all people without discrimination (chinese:有教无类).Another was Teach according to the student's ability (chinese:因材施教). The Hundred Schools of Thought (諸子百家 Pinyin: zhÅ« zǐ bÇŽi jiā) was an era of great cultural and intellectual expansion in China that lasted from 770 BCE to 222 BCE. Coinciding with the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods, and also known as the Golden Age of Chinese thought... Confucian temple in Jiading district, Shanghai. ... Confucius (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kung-fu-tzu, lit. ...


The different schools were often organized into political entities to gain social influence.


The Setback of Education

Qin Shi Huang favored Legalism (Chinese philosophy),and regarded others useless,so he carried out Burning of books and burying of scholars.It was one major setback for chinese education. Qin Shi Huang (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Shih-huang) (November / December 260 BC – September 10, 210 BC), personal name Ying Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC (officially still the Zhou Dynasty), and then the first emperor of a unified... In Chinese history, Legalism (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fa-chia; literally School of law) was one of the four main philosophic schools in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period (Near the end of the Zhou dynasty from about the sixth century B.C. to about the... Burning of the books and burial of the scholars (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: Fénshū Kēngrú) is a phrase that refers to a policy and a sequence of events in the Qin Dynasty of China, between the period of 213 BC and 206 BC. // According to the Records...


Confucianism as the education doctrine

Emperor Wu of Han favored Confucianism and made it as the national educational doctrine.The Taixue was setup to turn out Civil servant for the empire.Imperial examination began at 605,and the educational system for Chinese Empire was finalled modeled until the abolishment in 1905,and replaced by modern Western Education. Emperor Wu of Han (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), (156 BC[1]–March 29, 87 BC), personal name Liu Che (劉徹), was the seventh emperor of the Han Dynasty in China, ruling from 141 BC to 87 BC. Emperor Wu is best remembered for the vast territorial expansion that occurred under... Confucian temple in Jiading district, Shanghai. ... Taixue (chinese太学) which literaly means Greatest Study or Learning is the highest rank of educational etanlishment In Ancient China between Han Dynasty and Sui Dynasty. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Imperial examinations (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) in Imperial China determined who among the population would be permitted to enter the states bureaucracy. ... Events Aj Ne Ohl Mat becomes ruler of Palenque As a result of quarrel between Numan III, the Lakhmid ruler, and the Persian Chosroes the Persian border with Arabia is no long guarded. ... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ...


Meanwhile art school Pear Garden appeared in early 8th centuary,and 1178 national military school Wu Xue(zh:武学) was set up. The Pear Garden (梨园), the first known opera troupe in China. ... Events June 18 - Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed The Sung Document written detailing the discovery of Mu-Lan-Pi (suggested by some to be California) by Muslim sailors The Chronicle of Gervase of Canterbury written The Leaning Tower of Pisa begins to...


Properities of local schools

Imperial examination required the competitors to pass their local cutting score before the final examination in capitol.So the private school(私塾) prevailed.White Deer Grotto Academy and Donglin Academy were their models. The Imperial examinations (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) in Imperial China determined who among the population would be permitted to enter the states bureaucracy. ... The White Deer Grotto Academy (白鹿洞书院 Báilùdòng ShÅ«yuàn, sometimes translated as White Deer Cave Academy or White Deer Hollow Academy) was located at the foot of Wulou Peak in Lushan, now in Jiujiang, Jiangxi province. ... The Donglin Academy (东林书院 Dōnglín ShÅ«yuàn), also known as the Guishan Academy (龟山书院 GuÄ«shān ShÅ«yuàn), was originally built in A.D. 1111 during the Northern Song dynasty at present-day Wuxi in China. ...


The invention of Paper and Movable type greatly boosted the educational industry. Paper is a commodity of thin material produced by the amalgamation of fibers, typically vegetable fibers composed of cellulose, which are subsequently held together by hydrogen bonding. ... Movable type. ...


The introduction of modern education

Followed the defeat of chinese empire in Opium War,the modern western education was eagerly needed in the domain of Foreign Language,national defence,industies.The Capital Foreign Language House (chinesezh:京师同文馆) was set up in 1862.Countless oversea students were sent by the government or by their families to Europe,USA,and Japan.In the late 19th, several modern universities were founded,like Peking University and Jiaotong University. There were two Opium Wars between Britain and China. ... A foreign language is a language not spoken by the indigenous people of a certain place: for example, English is a foreign language in Japan. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Peking University (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng Dàxué), colloquially known in Chinese as Beida (北大, BÄ›idà), was established in 1898, and is one of the oldest universities in China. ... Jiaotong University is the name of several universities: Northern Jiaotong University, in Beijing Shanghai Jiaotong University, in Shanghai Southwest Jiaotong University, in Chengdu Xian Jiaotong University, in Xian National Chiao Tung University in Hsinchu ...


See also

Education in the People's Republic of China This article is about education in mainland China. ...


 
 

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