FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > History of Chatham Islands numismatics
Jump to: navigation, search

History of Chatham Islands Numismatics


by Aidan John Work,Wellington,New Zealand.


Dedicated to the memory of the late W.H.(Bill) Lampard,F.R.N.S.N.Z. (b. 1930 - d. 2004.),a former President of the Royal Numismatic Socity of New Zealand,and one of New Zealand's greatest numismatists.


Although the notes and the coins from the Chatham Islands are entirely a private issue (like the 'Black Sheep' notes that were issued in 1969 in Wales,they are worthy of study.


As the Chatham Islands were the first place in the world to see in the 21st Century,a private organisation,the Chatham Islands Note Corporation (C.I.N.C.) was set up in 1999 to issue a private set of notes for circulation in the Chatham Islands along with New Zealand currency.


The C.I.N.C. had to seek permission from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (R.B.N.Z.) before the issue could go ahead.Surprisingly,the R.B.N.Z. gave permission to the C.I.N.C.,provided that the notes were not legal tender,but negotiable tender,which meant that a trader did not have to accept the Chatham Islands notes as a form of payment. Most of the traders on the Chatham Islands accepted the notes.


The C.I.N.C.,which was based in Christchurch,appointed Mr Leon Morel, F.R.N.S.N.Z. of Melbourne,Victoria,Australia as the agent to market the Chatham Islands notes to the numismatic trade.The C.I.N.C. later shifted their base of operations to Waitangi,Chatham Islands.


The Chatham Islands dollar (Ch.I.$) was fixed at the same rate as the N.Z. dollar.


The Series I notes were printed in late 1999 in time for release on the 1st of January 2000.They are printed on Tyvek (a plastic-type material that is used in the construction industry).They were printed by Timely Marketing & Promotions Limited,Christchurch & Dunedin,New Zealand.There were same-numbered sets produced that came in cardboard folders.These bear a totally different hologram to the currency issue.The hologram is a very good security device,as it prevents forgery.The designs of the notes have a very strong influence from American currency.They are dual-denominated - in Cents as well as in Dollars.There are 3 printings of this series,but those of the 3rd printing are the only ones that have been seen by the author.


The Series II notes were printed some time during the year 2000 for release in 2001.They are printed on a cotton-fibre paper by Chan Wanich Security Printing Company Limited,Thailand.The front of these notes is very similar to the Series I notes,apart from the dates and a few other details.Again,these notes are dual-denominated in Cents & Dollars.There are also 3 printings of this series,&,again,those of the 3rd printing are the only ones that have been seen by the author. There were also some same-serial numbered sets produced,but these were NOT issued in cardboard folders.These have the same hologram as the currency issue.


In 2001,the C.I.N.C. made the decision to put a $5 coin into circulation at the same time as the Series II notes.A 5,000 piece issue was planned.When the R.B.N.Z. heard of the C.I.N.C.'s plan to issue a coin,the R.B.N.Z. took swift action to ban the issue (despite the fact that there is no $5 coin in circulation in New Zealand!).The C.I.N.C.'s website on the Internet was also closed down at the same time.An estimated 200 pieces ended up in the numismatic trade.There are 2 possible scenarios as to why only around 200 of the Chatham Islands $5 coins are known to exist:


It is possible that the 5,000 pieces were struck ready to be issued and the coins were confiscated upon the instruction of the R.B.N.Z.As a result,around 200 coins 'fell to the floor',as it has been so quaintly said,and ended up in the numismatic trade.


It is also possible that the 200 known pieces had been struck & issued to the numismatic trade (or to Leon Morel) prior to the R.B.N.Z. banning the coins.


In the series I notes,the series consisted of the following denominations - $2 (200c.),$3 (300c.),$10 (1,000c.) and $15 (1,500c.).


In the Series II notes,the series consisted of the following denominations - $3 (300c.),$5 (500c.),$8 (800c.),$10 (1,000c.) and $15 (1,500c.).The $8 is a very unusual denomination.The Chatham Islands in the only place in the entire British Commonwealth that has put an $8 note into circulation as currency.


To assist collectors and dealers a catalogue numbering system has been provided.Until a better system can be compiled,I have assigned temporary 'Work' numbers (indicated by the letter 'W') to the items. If you have any further information,especially any varieties,please feel free to email the author at royalist0007@yahoo.co.uk .


Chatham Islands Notes Series I. 1999 A.


(Issued as negitiable tender for the year 2000).Tyvek.


The date '2000' is in the 4 corners.The notes have the map of the Chatham Islands at left of the underprint & Chatham Islands Taiko at right.Green frame on the backs of the notes.Printer's name at the bottom on the backs of the notes.The hologram of the currency issue notes depicts a representation of a globe showing the Asia - Pacific region with '1st' superimposed,an inner circle with the words 'WORLD FIRST' & 'AUTHENTIC',which can be seen depending on the direction in which a note is tilted,and an outer circle,which has a rainbow pattern going around like a flywheel.The notes of the same-serial numbered folder issue has '1st' printed in white on top of the hologram,which has an interlocking pattern consisting of the date '2000'.


W1a. Two Dollars (200 Cents).


Front; Purple & grey-blue underprint.


Back; Crayfish,the sea and Chatham Islands Black Robin.


Theme; The Sea.


W1b. Same-serial numbered folder issue.


As above currency issue.


W2a. Three Dollars (300 Cents).


Front; As above,but purple & red-pink underprint.


Back; First motor vehicle,the community and Chatham Islands Black Robin.


Theme; The Community.


W2b. Same-serial numbered folder issue.


As above currency issue.


W3a. Ten Dollars (1,000 Cents).


Front; As above,but green & yellow-brown underprint.


Back; The history and Chatham Islands Black Robin.


Theme; The History.


W3b. Same-serial numbered folder issue.


As above currency issue.


W4a. Fifteen Dollars (1,500 Cents).


Front; As above,but green & brown underprint.


Back; Nikau palm,Chathams' horse power and Chatham Islands Black Robin.


Theme; The Land.


W4b. Same-serial numbered folder issue.


As above currency issue.


Chatham Islands Notes Series II. 2001 B.


(issued as negotiable tender for the years 2001 and 2002).


Cotton fibre paper.The date '2001' in 3 corners.The notes have an albatross replacing the map of the Chatham Islands at left of the underprint.Chatham Islands Taiko at right.Olive-green-black frames on the backs of the notes.The currency notes & the ones in the same-numbered sets have computer style numbering in the serial numbers, whereas,the replacement notes have block numbers in the serial numbers.The hologram of the notes depicts a compass with a wavy pattern in the outer silver area.The map of the Chatham Islands & 'CINC' is seen when a note is tilted in one direction and a crayfish (actually a rock lobster) can be seen when the note is tilted in the other direction.


Printer's name at the bottom on the backs of the notes.


W5a. Three Dollars (300 Cents).


Front; Pink & yellow underprint.


Back; Horse racing,Chatham Islands Jockey Club (1873),Woytek's Fool.


Theme; Horse Racing.


W5b. Same-serial numbered issue.


As above currency issue.


W5p. As above currency issue,but has the serial number 'A000000'. (Printer's Specimen).


W5r. As above currency issue,but the serial number has a star at the end of it. (Replacement note).


W6a. Five Dollars (500 Cents).


Front; As above,but green & yellow underprint.


Back; Morioris,Woytek's Generations.


Theme; The Ancestors.


W6b. Same-serial numbered issue.


As above currency issue.


W6p. As above currency issue,but has the serial number 'A000000'. (Printer's Specimen).


W6r. As above currency issue,but the serial number has a star at the end of it. (Replacement note).


W7a. Eight Dollars (800 Cents).


Front; As above,but lilac and blue underprint.


Back; A new dawn with the Spring symphony & guardians of Mt Hakepa, Pitt Island.Map of the Chatham Islands.


Theme; Center - The Message.


W7b. Same-serial numbered issue.


As above currency issue.


W7p. As above currency issue,but has the serial number 'A000000'. (Printer's Specimen).


W7r. As above,but the serial number has a star at the end of it. (Replacement note).


W8a. Ten Dollars (1,000 Cents).


Front; As above,but lilac-blue & green-yellow underprint.


Back; Abe Jacobs World Champion Wrestler,Woytek's Warrior.


Theme; Wrestler.


W8b. Same-serial numbered issue.


As above currency issue.


W8p. As above currency issue,but has the serial number 'A000000'. (Printer's Specimen).


W8r. As above currency issue,but the serial number has a star at the end of it. (Replacement note).


W9a. Fifteen Dollars (1,500 Cents).


Front; As above,but blue,pink and yellow underprint.


Back; Short Sunderland,Woytek's Astronomer.


Theme; Flying Boat.


W9b. Same-serial numbered issue.


As above currency issue.


W9p. As above currency issue,but has the serial number 'A000000'. (Printer's Specimen).


W9r. As bove currency issue,but the serial number has a star at the end of it. (Replacement note).


Collector Series;


WCSI. Series I Same-serial numbered folder issue (W1b - W4b).


WCSII. Series II Same-serial numbered issue (W5b - W9b).


Uncut Sheets;


These were only issued for Series II (W5 - W9).These have a 4 digit serial number range from S0001 to S1000.


WUSI. 4x$3.


WUSII. 3x$5.


WUSIII. 3x$8.


WUSIV. 2x$10.


WUSV. 2x$15.


Signature Chart;


Director of the Corporation / Secretary of the Treasury.


Series I. Clint MacInnes. John Day.


Series II. Indecipherable. J. Day.


I have not listed error notes,even though these do exist,hor have I listed Postal Notes & Postal Orders that were issued in the Chatham Islands,as these are outside the scope of this catalogue.


WCI. Brass $5 Coin 1-1/4 inches (30 mm) in diameter.


Obverse; A crude head & shoulders portrait of Tommy Solomon (born 1884,died 1933.Popularly believed to have been the last full-blooded Moriori) splitting the date '2001'.The inscription,'FIVE NEW MILLENNIUM DOLLARS' is below the portrait.


Reverse; Map of the Chatham Islands with '$5' below.It is inscribed, 'CHATHAM ISLANDS NEW ZEALAND TERRITORIES SOUTH PACIFIC'.


WCII. Silver $50 Coin 1.5 inches (38mm) in diameter.


Obverse; A crude portrait of King George III (ruled 1760-1820) based on Benedetto Pistrucci's portrait as used on the British 1/2 Crown of 1817-20,the 5/- (1 Crown) of 1818-20,1/2 Sovereign of 1817-20,the Sovereign of 1818 & 1820,the 2 Pounds & 5 Pounds pattern coins of 1820.The monogram 'G III' is split at the forehead level.The inscription,'CHATHAM ISLANDS' is above the King's portrait.The dates '1760-1820' are inscribe below the chin.The date '2001' appears below the truncation.The inscription,'FIFTY DOLLAR MILLENNIUM SILVER PIECE' goes from behind the King's portrait around to the front at eye level.


Reverse; The design is a compass pointing North,a ship,an an 18th Century Royal Navy officer's hat with the number '50' superimposed on the hat.The outer insriptions are 'LIEUT BROUGHTON.BRIG CHATHAM 1791'.The inner insription is 'DISCOVERY OF THE CHATHAM ISLANDS 44 DEG S LAT 176 DEG 20 MIN W LONG'.The inscription 'FIFTY DOLLAR PIECE' appears below the '50'.


The $50 coin is a dual commemorative: The Millennium and the 210th Anniversary of the British discovery of the Chatham Islands.


Both the $5 & the $50 coins have milled edges.


Profile of the author;


Aidan Work was born in Wanganui,New Zealand on the 23rd of November 1976.He has been an active numismatist since 1986.He specializes in collecting the coins,traders' tokens,banknotes,postal orders and postal notes from across the British Commonwealth.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chatham Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1499 words)
Chatham Island is the largest, Pitt Island is the second largest, and South East Island is the small island to the right of Pitt.
The main island of the chain is dotted with numerous lakes and lagoons, notably the large Te Whanga Lagoon.
The grass landing-field at Hapupu, at the northern end of the Island, proved a limiting factor, as few aircraft apart from the Bristol Freighter had both the range to fly to the islands and the ruggedness to land on the grass airstrip.
User talk:Moriori - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (10683 words)
User:Expatkiwi P.S., The flag of the Chatham Islands is also unofficial, yet it is displayed on a lot more websites and publications.
Your contribution to the discussion about History of Chatham Islands numismatics would be useful.
And for your information, the Chatham Islands flag had been removed from the List of Flags 'C' section after I posted it there (someone had termed it 'rubbish').
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m