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Encyclopedia > Historical regions of Pakistan
Historical Pakistan
Flag of Historical Pakistan Emblem of Pakistan

This article is part of the series:
Historical regions of Pakistan Image File history File links Flag_of_Pakistan. ... National Emblem of Pakistan (large) This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ...

Capital
Karachi, Islamabad
Area
947,940 km²
Official language(s) Bengali, Urdu
Established 14th August 1947
Abolished Not applicable
Historic regions of Pakistan
Original Provinces


One-Unit Provinces Karachi (كراچى) is the largest city in Pakistan and the capital of the province of Sindh. ... Islamabad (اسلام آباد, abode of Islam), population 955,629, is the capital city of Pakistan, located in the Potwar Plateau, north-west of the country. ... Bengali or Bangla (বাংলা ) is an Indo-Aryan language of South Asia that evolved as a successor to the Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit languages. ... Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family which developed under Persian, Turkish, and Arabic influence in the South Asia during the time of the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with East Pakistan. ... The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. ...



It has been suggested that East Bengal (province) be merged into this article or section. ... Independent (as part of Pakistan) from British Empire - August 14, 1947 Separated from East Pakistan as Pakistan - March 26, 1971 Capital Karachi Language Urdu, English West Pakistan consisted of the western part of Pakistan from 1947 until 1971, when East Pakistan became Bangladesh and West Pakistan became the present-day...

Former States
Other regions
Government of Pakistan


The historical regions of Pakistan are former states, provinces and territories which mainly existed between 1947 and 1975 when the current provinces and territories were finally established. The historic regions have no administrative function today but some remain as historical and cultural legacies. In some cases, the current provinces and territories correspond to the historic regions - for example the province of Punjab includes almost all the territory of the former province of West Punjab. Amb was a small princely state in what is today the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. ... The State of Bahawalpur was a princely state of the Punjab in Pakistan, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. ... The city of Kalat is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. ... Chitral, or Chitrāl, is the name of a town (35° 53 N; 71° 48 E), valley, river, district, and former princely state in the Malakand Division of the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Khairpur (khÄ«r´poor) is a city in the Sindh province in southeast Pakistan. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... Official seal of the LAPD SWAT. SWAT (an acronym for Special Weapons And Tactics; originally Special Weapons Assault Team) is a specialized paramilitary police unit in major United States city police departments, which is trained to perform dangerous operations. ... The Gilgit Agency was an occupied province of the Maharaja of Kashmir before November 1, 1947. ... Trans-Karakoram Tract is occupied by China now, having been part of Pakistan-occupied Jammu & Kashmir until 1963, when Pakistan had handed over it to China according to the border agreement. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... This article details the eastern Pakistani province of Punjab. ... The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. ...

Contents


Post Independence

The origins of most of the historic regions lay in the administrative setup inherited from British India. From 1947 to 1971, Pakistan comprised two wings which were 1000 miles apart separated by India. The eastern wing comprised the single province of East Bengal which included the Sylhet district from the former Indian province of Assam. The politically dominant western wing was formed three Governor's provinces (North-West Frontier Province, West Punjab and Sind), one Chief Commissioner's Province (Baluchistan), several princely states and parts of Kashmir. In 1948, the area around Karachi was separated from Sind province to form the Federal Capital Territory. In 1950 the North-West Frontier Province was enlarged to include the states of Amb and Nagar Phulra in 1950 and the name of West Punjab province was changed to Punjab. The Baluchistan States Union was formed in 1952 by the four princely states of southwest Pakistan. Thus, between 1947 and 1955, Pakistan comprised five provinces and one territory: British India (otherwise known as The British Raj) was a historical period during which most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, were under the colonial authority of the British Empire (Undivided India). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Shah Jalal Mazar (Tomb) Sylhet is a city in Bangladesh. ... Provinces of India or more correctly, the Provinces of British India were formed in 1858 when the British Crown took direct control of India. ... Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. ... A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Karachi (كراچى) is the largest city in Pakistan and the capital of the province of Sindh. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... Amb was a small princely state in what is today the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. ...

There were also several princely states, one union of states and parts of Kashmir: It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with East Pakistan. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. ... A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ...

Amb was a small princely state in what is today the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. ... The State of Bahawalpur was a princely state of the Punjab in Pakistan, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. ... The city of Kalat is located roughly in the center of Balochistan, Pakistan, south and slightly west of the provincial capital Quetta. ... Chitral, or Chitrāl, is the name of a town (35° 53 N; 71° 48 E), valley, river, district, and former princely state in the Malakand Division of the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan. ... In computer software, dir has several meanings: Dir is a district of NWFP It is short for directory It is a command in the DOS operating system; see dir (DOS Command) It is also a command in the OpenVMS operating system; see directory (OpenVMS command) In SCUBA diving, DIR commonly... The Gilgit Agency was an occupied province of the Maharaja of Kashmir before November 1, 1947. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Khairpur (khīr´poor) is a city in the Sindh province in southeast Pakistan. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... Official seal of the LAPD SWAT. SWAT (an acronym for Special Weapons And Tactics; originally Special Weapons Assault Team) is a specialized paramilitary police unit in major United States city police departments, which is trained to perform dangerous operations. ...

Two Provinces System

Simmering tensions between the eastern and western wings of Pakistan led to the One Unit policy announced by Prime Minister Chaudhry Muhammad Ali. The states and provinces of the western wing were merged in 1955, to become divisions of the new province of West Pakistan with the provincial capital at Lahore. At the same time, East Bengal became the new province of East Pakistan with the provincial capital at Dhaka. West Pakistan annexed the fromer Omani enclave of Gwadar in 1958 as part of Kalat division. In 1960 the federal government was moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi (provisional capital until Islamabad was completed), whilst the federal legislature moved to Dhaka. The Federal Capital Territory was merged with West Pakistan in 1961 to form the new division of Karachi. In 1963 the Trans-Karakoram Tract was transferred by treaty from Gilgit Agency to China under the proviso that the settlement was subject to the final solution of the Kashmir dispute. Thus from 1955 to 1970, Pakistan comprised two provinces: The Prime Minister of Pakistan (Wazir-e- Azam in Urdu)is the Head of Government of Pakistan. ... Chaudhry Muhammad Ali Chaudhry Muhammad Ali (July 15, 1905 _ December 2, 1980) was a Pakistani statesman who served as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1955 to 1956. ... Independent (as part of Pakistan) from British Empire - August 14, 1947 Separated from East Pakistan as Pakistan - March 26, 1971 Capital Karachi Language Urdu, English West Pakistan consisted of the western part of Pakistan from 1947 until 1971, when East Pakistan became Bangladesh and West Pakistan became the present-day... South section of the Hazuri Bagh, looking south towards the Roshnai Gate The Minar-e-Pakistan, south-side view Lahore (لاھور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ... Gwadar is a coastal town in Balochistan, a province of Pakistan, 650 km from Karachi. ... Rawalpindi (Urdu: راولپنڈی) is a city in the Potwar Plateau near Islamabad, the current capital of Pakistan. ... Trans-Karakoram Tract is occupied by China now, having been part of Pakistan-occupied Jammu & Kashmir until 1963, when Pakistan had handed over it to China according to the border agreement. ...

It has been suggested that East Bengal (province) be merged into this article or section. ... Independent (as part of Pakistan) from British Empire - August 14, 1947 Separated from East Pakistan as Pakistan - March 26, 1971 Capital Karachi Language Urdu, English West Pakistan consisted of the western part of Pakistan from 1947 until 1971, when East Pakistan became Bangladesh and West Pakistan became the present-day...

New Provinces

The One Unit policy was regarded as a rational administrative reform to reduce expenditure and eliminate provincial prejudices. However the military coup of 1958 signalled troubled times for the two-province system as the office of Chief Minister of West Pakistan was abolished by President Ayub Khan to be replaced by Governor's rule. Eventually, in 1970, the province of West Pakistan was dissolved by President Yahya Khan and four new provinces were created along with some changes in Pakistani Kashmir. These provinces combined most of the former provinces and states as follows: Muhammad Ayub Khan (May 14, 1907 – April 19, 1974) was a Field Marshal during the mid-1960s, and the political leader of Pakistan from 1958 to 1969. ... Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan (February 4, 1917 – August 10, 1980) was the President of Pakistan from 1969 to 1971, following the resignation of Ayub Khan. ...

The province of Balochistan (or Baluchistan) in Pakistan contains most of historical Balochistan and is named after the Baloch. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... This article details the eastern Pakistani province of Punjab. ... Sindh (Sind) سندھ is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis and various other groups. ... Islamabad Capital Territory is a small region and also the capital of Pakistan. ... The Northern Areas is the northernmost region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir. ...

Changes after 1970

The province of East Pakistan became independent in December 1971 as the new country of Bangladesh. The states of Hunza and Nagar State were abolished and their territories merged into the Northern Areas in 1974. The Federally Administered Tribal Areas were formed from parts of the North West Frontier Province districts of Peshawar and Dera Ismail Khan in 1975. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are areas of Pakistan outside any of the four provinces, comprising a region of some 27,220 km² (10,507 mi²). Neighbouring regions are: Afghanistan to the west with the border marked by the Durand Line, North-West Frontier to the north, Punjab to the... Peshāwar (translates to City on the Frontier from Persian; known as Pai-khawar in Pashto; in ancient times known as Purushapura in Sanskrit) is a city in Pakistans North-West Frontier Province (pop. ... Bold textItalic textlink title ...


The status of the Islamabad area was changed to a capital territory in 1981. The names of two provinces were slightly modified in 1990 - Baluchistan became Balochistan and Sind became Sindh.


See also

Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... The purpose of this page is to introduce the key players and issues that influence politics in Pakistan. ... The History of Pakistan for times preceding 1947 overlaps with that of the history of Afghanistan, Iran, and India. ...

External Links


 
 

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