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Encyclopedia > Historic counties of Wales

Wales has thirteen historic counties. They serve many cultural and geographic roles and were also the basis of local government in Wales from their creation until 1974. Motto: (Welsh for Wales for ever) Anthem: Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff Official language(s) English, Welsh Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Rhodri Morgan AM Unification    - by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn 1056  Area    - Total 20,779 km² (3rd... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Since then, local government has moved away from using historic counties as the basis of administrative areas. The Local Government Act 1972 created eight non-metropolitan counties. The historic counties were abandoned as postal counties and were no longer shown on maps. The eight new counties were replaced in 1996 by the current principal areas of Wales. The eight counties were retained for Lieutenancy as preserved counties. The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... The Preserved counties of Wales are the current areas used in Wales for ceremonial purposes such as Lieutenancy. ... The postal counties of the United Kingdom, now known officially as the former postal counties, were subdivisions of the UK in routine use by the Royal Mail until 1996. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... For local government purposes, Wales is divided into 22 unitary authorities. ... The Preserved counties of Wales are the current areas used in Wales for ceremonial purposes such as Lieutenancy. ...


The area of Monmouthshire was not legally part of Wales until 1974, although it was usually paired with it. Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is both a principal area and a traditional county in south-east Wales. ... Motto: (Welsh for Wales for ever) Anthem: Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff Official language(s) English, Welsh Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Rhodri Morgan AM Unification    - by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn 1056  Area    - Total 20,779 km² (3rd... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


There is a minor dispute as to which of two sets of borders of the historic counties of Wales is true and valid: see historic counties of England for more detail. The dispute derives from an 1844 Act of Parliament that purported to abolish several enclaves. One of these, Welsh Bicknor was an enclave of Monmouthshire between Gloucestershire and Herefordshire and thus geographically in England. The exclave of Flintshire, called Maelor Saesneg (English Maelor) was left untouched however. The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Welsh Bicknor (Welsh: Llangystennin Garth Brenni) is an area of Herefordshire known as a detached parish (exclave) of the traditional county of Monmouthshire. ... Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is both a principal area and a traditional county in south-east Wales. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq... Flintshire (Welsh: ) is a principal area and county in north-east Wales. ... Categories: Stub ... The Maelor is an area of Wales, lying in the county borough of Wrexham. ...


The historic counties were used as the basis of vice counties, used for biological recording to this day. This makes it easier to make comparisons in the biodiversity of different parts of Wales over time. Watsonian vice-counties are subdivisions of Great Britain and Ireland used largely for the purposes of biological recording and other scientific data-gathering. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity or biological diversity is the diversity of life. ...

Contents

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The counties

Historic counties of Wales
  1. Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)2 4
  2. Glamorgan (Sir Forgannwg or Morgannwg)3
  3. Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin or Sir Gâr)1
  4. Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)3
  5. Cardiganshire (Sir Aberteifi or Ceredigion)1
  6. Brecknockshire (Sir Frycheiniog)2
  7. Radnorshire (Sir Faesyfed)2
  8. Montgomeryshire (Sir Drefaldwyn)2
  9. Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych)2
  10. Flintshire (Sir y Fflint)1
  11. Merionethshire (Sir Feirionnydd or Meirionnydd)1
  12. Caernarvonshire (Sir Gaernarfon)1
  13. Anglesey (Sir Fôn)1
  1. These counties originate in 1282, following King Edward I's conquest.
  2. These counties originate in 1535, with the Laws in Wales Act, 1535, converting the remaining Marcher Lordships into counties.
  3. The earldom of Pembroke and lordship of Glamorgan pre-date the Edwardian conquest.
  4. Despite being created by the same Act as the other counties, Monmouthshire became legally considered part of England until 1974. In many cases the formulation "Wales and Monmouthshire" was used.
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Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is a county in south-east Wales. ... Glamorgan or Morgannwg is a maritime traditional county of Wales, UK, and was previously a medieval kingdom or principality. ... Carmarthenshire (Welsh: ) is a county in Wales. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... Cardiganshire (Sir Aberteifi in Welsh) was a traditional county in Wales that existed between 1282 and 1974. ... Brecknockshire, also known as Breconshire or, in Welsh, as Sir Frycheiniog is an inland traditional county of Wales, bounded N. by Radnorshire, E. by Herefordshire and Monmouthshire, S. by Monmouthshire and Glamorgan, and W. by Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire. ... Radnorshire (Welsh: Sir Faesyfed) is an inland traditional county of Wales, bounded to the north by Montgomeryshire and Shropshire, to the east by Herefordshire, to the south by Brecknockshire and to the west by Cardiganshire. ... Montgomeryshire (Welsh: Sir Drefaldwyn) is an inland traditional county of Wales. ... Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych) is a county in North Wales. ... Flintshire (Welsh Sir y Fflint) is a county in northern Wales. ... Merionethshire (Meirionnydd in Welsh) is a traditional county of Wales. ... Caernarfonshire, also known as Carnarvonshire or, in Welsh, as Sir Gaernarfon, is a maritime traditional county of Wales, bounded N. by the Irish Sea, E. by Denbighshire, S. by Cardigan Bay and Merionethshire, and W. by Caernarfon Bay and the Menai Straits, which separates it from Anglesey. ... Anglesey (Welsh: , pronounced (IPA)), is an island and county at the northwestern extremity of north Wales. ... Image File history File links numbered map of the traditional counties of Wales File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Edward I (June 17, 1239 – July 7, 1307), popularly known as Longshanks because of his 6 foot 2 inch (1. ... Events January 18 - Lima, Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro April - Jacques Cartier discovers the Iroquois city of Stadacona, Canada (now Quebec) and in May, the even greater Huron city of Hochelaga June 24 - The Anabaptist state of Münster (see Münster Rebellion) is conquered and disbanded. ... The Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542 were a series of parliamentary measures by which the legal system of Wales was annexed to England and the norms of English administration introduced in order to create a single state and a single legal jurisdiction, which is frequently referred to as England... In European history, marches are border regions between centres of power. ...

Background

The historian William Rees says, in his "Historical Atlas of Wales": (published 1959) "... the boundaries of the modern shires have largely been determined by the ancient divisions of the country. The survival of these ancient local divisions within the pattern of historical change constitutes a vital element in the framework of the national life and helps to preserve its continuity." 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The British Broadcasting Corporation, in an article about the Shiring of Wales, says: "Along the border, districts which had long been associated with Wales were added to the counties of Shropshire and Herefordshire." This article is an overview article about the Crown chartered British Broadcasting Corporation formed in 1927. ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is an English county in the West Midlands region of the United Kingdom. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ...

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See also

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For local government purposes, Wales is divided into 22 unitary authorities. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The island of Ireland is divided into 32 counties (Irish language contae or condae, pronounced cun-day), the Republic of Ireland is made up of 26 of these; Northern Ireland is comprised of the remaining six. ... ABC map of counties, based approximately on reputed boundaries from first edition Ordnance Survey maps The Association of British Counties (ABC) is one of a small number of pressure groups in the United Kingdom dedicated to promoting the traditional counties of Britain. ...

External links

  • The National Gazetteer of Wales
  • The Association of British Counties
  • Family history links to historic counties of Wales
  • BBC History page about the Shiring of Wales
  • Named map of the counties of England and Wales


United Kingdom | Wales | Historic counties of Wales Flag of Wales

Counties which originate prior to 1889 Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ...


Anglesey | Brecknockshire | Caernarfonshire | Cardiganshire | Carmarthenshire | Denbighshire | Flintshire | Glamorganshire | Merionethshire | Monmouthshire | Montgomeryshire | Pembrokeshire | Radnorshire Anglesey (Welsh: , pronounced (IPA)), is an island and county at the northwestern extremity of north Wales. ... Brecknockshire, also known as Breconshire or, in Welsh, as Sir Frycheiniog is an inland traditional county of Wales, bounded N. by Radnorshire, E. by Herefordshire and Monmouthshire, S. by Monmouthshire and Glamorgan, and W. by Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire. ... Caernarfonshire, also known as Carnarvonshire or, in Welsh, as Sir Gaernarfon, is a maritime traditional county of Wales, bounded N. by the Irish Sea, E. by Denbighshire, S. by Cardigan Bay and Merionethshire, and W. by Caernarfon Bay and the Menai Straits, which separates it from Anglesey. ... Cardiganshire (Sir Aberteifi in Welsh) was a traditional county in Wales that existed between 1282 and 1974. ... Carmarthenshire (Welsh: ) is a county in Wales. ... Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych) is a county in North Wales. ... Flintshire (Welsh Sir y Fflint) is a county in northern Wales. ... Glamorgan or Morgannwg is a maritime traditional county of Wales, UK, and was previously a medieval kingdom or principality. ... Merionethshire (Meirionnydd in Welsh) is a traditional county of Wales. ... Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is a county in south-east Wales. ... Montgomeryshire (Welsh: Sir Drefaldwyn) is an inland traditional county of Wales. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... Radnorshire (Welsh: Sir Faesyfed) is an inland traditional county of Wales, bounded to the north by Montgomeryshire and Shropshire, to the east by Herefordshire, to the south by Brecknockshire and to the west by Cardiganshire. ...


 
 

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