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Encyclopedia > Historic Charleston
Charleston, South Carolina's Oldest City
Charleston, South Carolina's Oldest City

Charleston is an The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... American city located in Charleston County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. As of 2000, the population is 309,969. Its county seat is Charleston6. Geography According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,517 km² (1,358 mi²). 2,379 km² (919... Charleston County, State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford Official languages English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,012,012 (26th)  - Density 51.45 /km... South Carolina. The city was founded as Charlestown or Charles Towne, Carolina was originally just one Province of Carolina. a British colony in North America. It was ultimately split into two colonies, North Carolina and South Carolina, as well as including much of Georgia and Tennesee, all of which are now states in the United States of America. There are also... Carolina in Events January 21 – Highwayman Claude Duval is executed in Tyburn, Middlesex April - Pope Clement X is elected. May 2 - The Hudsons Bay Company is formed in England. May 26 - In Dover, Charles II of England and Louis XIV of France secretly sign a treaty ending hostilities between their... 1670, and moved to its present location in Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. January 6 - Joseph, son of Emperor Leopold I becomes King of the Romans January 14 - The clarinet is invented in Nuremberg, Germany May 20 - England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II July 1 - The Battle of... 1690. Up until 1800, Charleston was the fifth largest city in World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and in population after Eurasia and Africa. It is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the... North America, behind This article refers to the largest city of Pennsylvania. For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) Independence Hall Philadelphia (often referred to as Philly) is the sixth-largest city in the United States and the largest city in the state of Pennsylvania, occupying all of Philadelphia County.6 As of the... Philadelphia, State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13.3%) Population ( 2000)  - Population 18,976,457 (3rd... New York, Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. Boston is the capital and largest city in the U.S. State of Massachusetts. It is the unofficial capital of the region known as New England. It... Boston, and Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (Gift of God shall make prosper) Area: 547.63 sq. km. Population  - City (2001)  - Canadian CD Rank  - Canadian Municipal Rank  - Density 507,986 Ranked 10th Ranked 9th 927.6/km² Time zone Eastern: UTC-5 Latitude Longitude 46°48 N... Quebec City. It adopted its present name in Events February 3 - Spain recognizes United States independence. February 4 - American Revolutionary War: Great Britain formally declares that it will cease hostilities with the United States of America. May 18 - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada- First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown. June 5 - The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfi... 1783. Also known as The Holy City, Charleston brims with the culturally unique, such as the joggling board.


2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. Pascal Couchepin becomes President of the Confederation in Switzerland... As of 2003, the The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. Its mission is defined in the Constitution of the United States, which directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years (through the U.S. Census), and... Census Bureau estimated the population of the city proper as 101,024, a 4% growth over the population as of the 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, however, this distinction falls to the year 2001. The year 2000 is... 2000 census. The In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. These are referred to as Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). See also The following is a list of the 25 most populated metropolitan statistical areas in... metropolitan area of Charleston and North Charleston is a city located in South Carolina. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 79,641. Geography North Charleston is located at 32°537 North, 80°11 West (32.885379, -80.016881)1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the... North Charleston had a population of about 549,000, 76th largest in the country.


The city of Charleston is located roughly at the mid-point of State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford Official languages English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,012,012 (26th)  - Density 51.45 /km... South Carolina's A coastal image featured on a United States postal stamp. A coast is that part of an island or continent that borders an ocean, gulf, sea, or large lake. In geology and geography, the coast extends inland from the shoreline. The terms coast and coastal refer to the condition of... coastline, at the junction of the Ashley and Cooper Rivers. Charleston's name is derived from Charles Town, named after King Charles II King of England, Scotland and Ireland Charles II (29 May 1630–6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. Charles IIs father, Charles I, had been executed in... Charles II of England.


Charleston is the location of Fort Moultrie is the name of a series of forts on Sullivans Island, South Carolina, built to protect the city of Charleston, South Carolina. The first fort, built of palmetto logs, inspired the flag and motto (Palmetto State) of South Carolina. It was not yet complete and unnamed when... Fort Moultrie, which was instrumental in delivering a critical defeat to the British in the The American Revolutionary War ( 1775– 1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. The war, which eventually widened far beyond British North America, resulted in the overthrow of British rule in... American Revolutionary War, and Before the attack Map detailing the location of Fort Sumter Fort Sumter, located in Charleston, South Carolina harbor, was named after General Thomas Sumter. However, the fort is perhaps best known as the site where, according to tradition, the first shots of the United States Civil War were fired. In... Fort Sumter, the reputed site of the "first shot" of the The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession... American Civil War.

Contents

Early history of Charleston

After Charles II King of England, Scotland and Ireland Charles II (29 May 1630–6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. Charles IIs father, Charles I, had been executed in... Charles II of England was restored to the Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Official language None; English is de facto Capital London Capitals coordinates 51° 30 N, 0° 10 W Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK... English throne, he granted the chartered Carolina territory to eight of his loyal friends, known as the Lords Proprietor, in Events July 8 - Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island. July 27 - The British Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports. Prix de Rome scholarship established... 1663. It took seven years before the Lords could arrange for settlement, the first being that of Charles Town. The community was established by English settlers in 1670 across the Ashley River from the city's current location. It was soon chosen by Anthony Ashley-Cooper, one of the Lords Proprietor, to become a "great port towne," a destiny which the city fulfilled. By Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. July 8 - The first confirmed tornado in America killed a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts. August 21 - Pueblo Indians captured Santa Fe from Spanish during the Pueblo Revolt Births January... 1680, the settlement had grown, joined by others from Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Official language None; English is de facto Capital London Capitals coordinates 51° 30 N, 0° 10 W Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK... England, Barbados, or as known by the British Little England, is an Independent island nation situated on the boundary of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The island is 430 km² (166 sq. mi.), and is primarily low, with some hills in the islands interior. Its location is... Barbados, and State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7.4%) Population (2000)  - Population 7,196,750 (12th)  - Density... Virginia, and relocated to its current peninsular location. The capital of the Carolina colony, Charleston was the center for further expansion and the southernmost point of English settlement during the late Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century Decades: 1550s 1560s 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s 1640s 1650s Years: 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 Events and Trends November 5, 1605 - The Gunpowder Plot to blow up the British Parliament. September 2, 1609 - Henry Hudson... 1600s.


The settlement was often subject to attack from sea and from land. Periodic assaults from The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain and The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France, who still contested England's claims to the region, were combined with resistance from Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. This term comprises a large number of distinct tribes, states, and ethnic groups, many of them... Native Americans as well as pirate raids. Charleston's colonists erected a The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. Defensive walls were common from the ancient period into the medieval period. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls, although there were also walls, such as the Great Wall of China and the Atlantic Wall, which extended far... fortification wall around the small settlement to aid in its defense. The only building to remain from the Walled City is the Powder Magazine, where the city's supply of gun powder was stored.


A Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. July 8 - The first confirmed tornado in America killed a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts. August 21 - Pueblo Indians captured Santa Fe from Spanish during the Pueblo Revolt Births January... 1680 plan for the new settlement, the Grand Modell, laid out "the model of an exact regular town," and the future for the growing community. Land surrounding the intersection of Meeting and Broad Streets was set aside for a Civic Square. Over time it became known as the Four Corners of the Law, referring to the various arms of governmental and religious law presiding over the square and the growing city. St. Michael's Episcopal, Charleston's oldest and most noted church, was built on the southeast corner in 1752. The following year the Capitol of the colony was erected across the square. Because of its prominent position within the city and its elegant architecture, the building signaled to Charleston's citizens and visitors its importance within the British colonies. Provincial court met on the ground floor, the Commons House of Assembly and the Royal Governor's Council Chamber met on the second floor.


While the earliest settlers primarily came from England, colonial Charleston was also home to a mixture of ethnic and religious groups. In colonial times, Boston redirects here. For other uses, see Boston (disambiguation). Boston is the capital of and the largest city in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. It is the unofficial capital of the region known as New England. It is also one of the oldest and wealthiest cities in... Boston, Massachusetts and Charleston were sister cities, and people of means spent Summer is one of the four temperate seasons. It is associated with hot and often dry weather. In many countries it is the time of school and university holidays. Different definitions of the start and end days exist. In astronomy, summer begins with the summer solstice (around 21 June in... summers in Boston and In many parts of the world, winter is associated with snow. This article is about the winter season. For other uses of the term, see winter (disambiguation). Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. Astronomically, it begins with the winter solstice (around December 21 in the Northern... winters in Charleston. There was a great deal of trade with Bermuda and the Caribbean, and some people came to live in Charleston from these areas. The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... French, Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is a country or nation and former independent kingdom of northwest Europe, and one of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. Scotland has a land boundary with England in the island of Great Britain and is otherwise bounded by seas and oceans. These boundaries... Scottish, A true colour image of Ireland, captured by a NASA satellite on January 4, 2003. Scotland, the Isle of Man and Wales are visible to the east. Ireland is located west of the European landmass, which is part of the continent of Eurasia. Ireland (Éire in Irish) is the... Irish and The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germans migrated to the developing seacoast town, representing numerous Protestant denominations, as well as Catholicism and Judaism. In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the... Sephardic Jews migrated to the city in such numbers that Charleston became one of the largest Jewish communities in North America. The Jewish Coming Street Cemetery, first established in Events Neolin begins to preach. January 4 - Britain declares war on Spain & Naples July 17 - Catherine II becomes empress of Russia upon the murder of Peter III of Russia. Empress Go-Sakuramachi ascends to the throne of Japan British East India Company seizes the port city of Manila, Philippines... 1762, attests to their long-standing presence in the community. The first Anglican church, St. Philip's Episcopal, was built in 1682, although later destroyed by fire and relocated to its current location. Slaves also comprised a major portion of the population, and were active in the city's religious community. Free black Charlestonians and slaves helped establish the Old Bethel United Methodist Church in 1797, and the congregation of the Emanuel The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the AME Church, is a Christian denomination founded by Bishop Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816. The African Methodist Episcopal Church has a unique and glorious history. It is unique in that it is the first major religious denomination in the Western... A.M.E. Church stems from a religious group organized solely by African Americans, free and slave, in 1791.


By the mid-18th century Charleston had become a bustling trade center, and the wealthiest and largest city south of This article refers to the largest city of Pennsylvania. For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) Independence Hall Philadelphia (often referred to as Philly) is the sixth-largest city in the United States and the largest city in the state of Pennsylvania, occupying all of Philadelphia County.6 As of the... Philadelphia. Species Oryza barthii Oryza glaberrima Oryza latifolia Oryza longistaminata Oryza punctata Oryza rufipogon Oryza sativa References ITIS 41975 2002-09-22 This article is about the food grain, not the university or Condoleezza Rice; see also rice (disambiguation). Rice (genus Oryza) is a plant of the grass family which feeds... Rice and This article is about the color. For other meanings, see indigo (disambiguation). Indigo is the color of light between 440 to 420 nanometers in wavelength, placing it between blue and violet. Like many other colors (orange and violet are the most well-known), it gets its name from an object... indigo had been successfully cultivated by gentleman planters in the surrounding coastal lowcountry, while merchants profited from the successful shipping industry. The first American A museum is a non-profit making, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment, the tangible and intangible evidence of people and their environment. This definition is taken... museum opened to the public on January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 353 days remaining (354 in leap years). Events 1528 - Gustav I of Sweden crowned king of Sweden. 1592 - Titus Andronicus first staged at the Rose Theatre. 1709 - Little Ice Age: Two-month freezing period begins... January 12, Events January 12 - The first American museum open to the public is opened in (Charleston, South Carolina). January 17 - Captain James Cook becomes the first European explorer to cross the Antarctic Circle April 27 or May 10 - The British Parliament passes the Tea Act, designed to save the British East... 1773 in Charleston.


After the United States Declaration of Independence

As the relationship between the colonists and England deteriorated, Charleston became a focal point in the ensuing Revolution. In protest of the Tea Act of 1773, which embodied the concept of No taxation without representation was a rallying cry for advocates of American independence from Great Britain in the eighteenth century. The American colonies were obligated to pay taxes to London, yet had no representatives in Parliament, and felt therefore that they were being forced to fund a government into which... taxation without representation, Charlestonians confiscated tea and stored it in the Exchange and Custom House. Representatives from all over the colony came to the Exchange in Events January 21 - Mustafa III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid I. May 10 - Louis XVI becomes King of France. June 2 - Intolerable Acts: The Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to let British soldiers into their homes, is reenacted. July 21... 1774 to elect delegates to the In May 1775 over 50 men arrived in Philadelphia, called the Continental Congress, their purpose was to represent the interest of colonist in America. Over time they created the army that won the war and they declared America Independent. Major political leaders for all the colonies attended the meeting. The... Continental Congress, the group responsible for drafting the U.S. Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is a document in which the Thirteen Colonies declared themselves independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. It was ratified by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776; this anniversary is celebrated as Independence... Declaration of Independence; and South Carolina declared its independence from the crown on the steps of the Exchange. Soon, the church steeples of Charleston, especially St. Michael's, became targets for British war ships causing rebel forces to paint the steeples black to blend with the night sky. A siege on the city in 1776 was successfully defended by William Moultrie (pronounced Moltree), 1730—1805, American Revolutionary general, b. Charleston, S.C. He had fought against the Native Americans (1761) and served in the colonial assembly before the advent of the American Revolution. In the war his gallant defense of a small fort on Sullivans Island (later named... William Moultrie from Sullivan's Island, but by 1780 Charleston came under British control for two and a half years. After the British retreated in December 1782, the city's name was officially changed to Charleston. By 1788, Carolinians were meeting at the Capitol building for the Constitutional Ratification Convention, and while there was support for the Federal Government, division arose over the location of the new State Capital. A suspicious fire broke out in the Capitol building during the Convention, after which the delegates removed to the Exchange and decreed Columbia the new State Capital. By 1792, the Capitol had been rebuilt and became the Charleston County Courthouse. Upon its completion, the city possessed all the public buildings necessary to be transformed from a colonial capital to the center of the Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before the war. In United States history and historiography Antebellum is sometimes used instead of the term pre_Civil War, especially in the South. Antebellum applies to the period of increasing sectionalism leading to the opening shots of the American Civil War of the American... antebellum South. But the grandeur and number of buildings erected in the following century reflect the optimism, pride, and civic destiny that many Charlestonians felt for their community.


As Charleston grew, so did the community's cultural and social opportunities, especially for the elite merchants and planters. The first theater building in America was built in Charleston in 1736, but was later replaced by the 19th-century Planter's Hotel where wealthy planters stayed during Charleston's horse-racing season (now the Dock Street Theatre). Benevolent societies were formed by several different ethnic groups: the South Carolina Society, founded by French In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. Origin of the name Originally a term of derision, the origin remains uncertain. It may have derived from the personal name of Besançon Hugues, the leader of... Huguenots in 1737; the German Friendly Society, founded in 1766; and the Hibernian Society, founded by Irish immigrants in 1801. The Charleston Library Society was established in 1748 by some wealthy Charlestonians who wished to keep up with the scientific and philosophical issues of the day. This group also helped establish the College of Charleston - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ College of Charleston From Wikipedia The College of Charleston (CofC) was founded in 1770 and chartered in 1785. It is the oldest college or university in South Carolina, the 13th oldest... College of Charleston in 1770, the oldest college in South Carolina and the 13th oldest in the United States.


Charleston became more prosperous in the A sugarcane plantation at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2005 A plantation is a large tract of monoculture, as a tree plantation, a cotton plantation, a tea plantation or a tobacco plantation. A plantation is not a natural ecosystem. In Brazil, a sugar plantation was termed an engenho (engine) and a... plantation-dominated economy of the post-Revolutionary years. The invention of the The Cotton gin is a machine invented in 1793 purportedly by American Eli Whitney (granted a patent on March 14, 1794) to mechanize the production of cotton fiber. The machine quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seedpods and the sometimes sticky seeds. It uses a combination of... cotton gin in 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Events January 2 - Russia and Prussia partition Poland January 9 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first to fly in a balloon in the United States. January 21 - After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Citizen... 1793 revolutionized this crop's production, and it quickly became South Carolina's major export. Cotton plantations relied heavily on slave labor. Slaves were also the primary labor force within the city, working as domestics, artisans, market workers or laborers. Many black Charlestonians spoke Gullah is the name of both an ethnic group and its English-African creole language. People The Gullah people, who are of African slave ancestry, live in the Sea Islands and the coastal regions of nearby South Carolina, Georgia and northern Florida. In Georgia, they are commonly referred to as... Gullah, a dialect based on African American structures which combined African, Portuguese, and English words. By 1820 Charleston's population had grown to 23,000, with a black majority. When a massive slave revolt planned by Denmark Vesey (originally Telemanque) was an American slave and entrepreneur who planned what would have been a large slave rebellion had word of the plans not been leaked. Vesey was taken from West Africa to South Carolina as a youth, where he was made a slave. In 1800, he won... Denmark Vesey, a free black, was discovered in 1822, such hysteria ensued amidst white Charlestonians and Carolinians that the activities of free blacks and slaves were severely restricted. Hundreds of blacks, free and slave, and some white supporters involved in the planned uprising were held in the Old Jail. It also was the impetus for the construction of a new State Arsenal in Charleston. Recently, research published by historian Michael P. Johnson of Johns Hopkins University has cast doubt on the veracity of the accounts detailing Vesey's aborted slave revolt.


As Charleston's government, society and industry grew, commercial institutions were established to support the community's aspirations. The Bank of South Carolina, the second oldest building constructed as a bank in the nation, was established here in 1798. Branches of the First and Second Bank of the United States were also located in Charleston in 1800 and 1817. While the First Bank was converted to City Hall by 1818, the Second Bank proved to be a vital part of the community as it was the only bank in the city equipped to handle the international transactions so crucial to the export trade. By 1840, the Market Hall and Sheds, where fresh meat and produce were brought daily, became the commercial hub of the city. The slave trade also depended on the port of Charleston, where ships could be unloaded and the slaves sold at markets.


In the first half of the 19th century, South Carolinians became more devoted to the idea that state's rights were superior to the Federal government's authority. Buildings such as the Marine Hospital ignited controversy over the degree in which the Federal government should be involved in South Carolina's government, society, and commerce. During this period over 90 percent of Federal funding was generated from import duties, collected by custom houses such as the one in Charleston. In 1832 South Carolina passed an ordinance of This article or section should be merged with Nullification Crisis This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly to... nullification, a procedure in which a state could in effect repeal a Federal law, directed against the most recent tariff acts. Soon Federal soldiers were dispensed to Charleston's forts and began to collect tariffs by force. A compromise was reached by which the tariffs would be gradually reduced, but the underlying argument over state's rights would continue to escalate in the coming decades. Charleston remained one of the busiest port cities in the country, and the construction of a new, larger United States Custom House began in 1849, but its construction was interrupted by the events of the Civil War.


Prior to Summary The election of 1860 is widely considered to be a realigning election. The United States had been divided through most of the 1850s on the issue of slavery, with abolitionists arguing that slavery should end and Northerners fighting Southerners every time a new state was admitted to the... the 1860 election, the The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The Party is currently ( as of 2005) the minority party in both the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, as well as in governorships and state legislative seats. Of the two... National Democratic Convention convened in Charleston. Hibernian Hall served as the headquarters for the delegates supporting Stephen A. Douglas Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813 - June 3, 1861), American politician from Illinois, was one of the Democratic Party nominees for President in 1860 (the other being John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky). Each lost to Republican Party candidate Abraham Lincoln, also from Illinois. Douglas hailed from Brandon... Stephen A. Douglas, who it was hoped would bridge the gap between the northern and southern delegates on the issue of extending slavery to the territories. The convention disintegrated when delegates were unable to summon a two-thirds majority for any candidate. This divisiveness resulted in a split in the Democratic party, and the election of Abraham Lincoln ( February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipateer, was the 16th ( 1861– 1865) President of the United States, and the first president from the Republican Party. Lincoln staunchly opposed the expansion of slavery... Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate.


The War Between the States

Enlarge
The ruins of Mills House and nearby buildings, Charleston A shell-damaged carriage and the remains of a brick chimney in the foreground. 1865.

On December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 11 days remaining. Events 1522 - Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually re-settle on Malta and become known... December 20, 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. Events March March 6 - Abraham Lincoln speaks against slavery in New Haven, Connecticut April April 3 - The Pony Express makes its first run. May May 1 - A chondrite type meteorite fell to earth in Muskingum County, Ohio near the town of New... 1860, the State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford Official languages English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,012,012 (26th)  - Density 51.45 /km... South Carolina legislature was the first state to vote for secession from the Union. They asserted that one of the causes was the election to the presidency of a man "whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery."


On January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 356 days remaining (357 in leap years). Events 1431 - Trial of Joan of Arc began in Rouen, the seat of the English occupation government. 1760 - Afghans defeat Marathas in Battle of Barari Ghat. 1768 - Philip... January 9, 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. Events January January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by Wilhelm I January 3 - American Civil War: Delaware votes not to secede from the United States January 9 - Mississippi... 1861, Citadel cadets fired the first shots of the The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession... American Civil War when they opened fire on a Union ship entering Charleston's harbor. On April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). There are 263 days remaining. Events 467 - Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire 1606 - The Union Flag is adopted as the national flag of Great Britain. 1633 - The formal... April 12, 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. Events January January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by Wilhelm I January 3 - American Civil War: Delaware votes not to secede from the United States January 9 - Mississippi... 1861, shore batteries under the command of General Pierre G. T. Beauregard opened fire on the Union-held Before the attack Map detailing the location of Fort Sumter Fort Sumter, located in Charleston, South Carolina harbor, was named after General Thomas Sumter. However, the fort is perhaps best known as the site where, according to tradition, the first shots of the United States Civil War were fired. In... Fort Sumter in the harbor. After a 34-hour bombardment, Major Categories: Stub ... Robert Anderson surrendered the fort. Cadets from the Citadel, South Carolina's liberal arts military college, continued to aid the Confederate army by helping drill recruits, manufacture ammunition, protect arms depots, and guard Union prisoners. The city under siege took control of Fort Sumter, became the center for blockade running, and was the site of the first submarine warfare in 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863. In 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865, Union troops moved into the city, and took control of many sites, such as the United States Arsenal which the Confederate army had seized at the outbreak of the war.


After the eventual and destructive defeat of the Confederacy, Federal forces remained in Charleston during the city's reconstruction. The war had shattered the prosperity of the antebellum city. Freed slaves were faced with poverty and discrimination. Industries slowly brought the city and its inhabitants back to a renewed vitality and growth in population. As the city's commerce improved, Charlestonians also worked to restore their community institutions. In 1867 Charleston's first free secondary school for blacks was established, the Avery Institute. General Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. He served as a general in the United States Army during the American Civil War (1861–1865), achieving both recognition for this outstanding command... William T. Sherman lent his support to the conversion of the United States Arsenal into the Porter Military Academy, an educational facility for former soldiers and boys left orphaned or destitute by the war. Porter Military Academy later joined with Gaud School and is now a well-known Primary education and secondary education together are sometimes (in particular, in Canada and the United States) referred to as K-12 education. The K stands for kindergarten, the first year of primary education, and the 12 is for twelfth grade, generally the last year of secondary education. Categories: Education | Educational... K-12 In the United States a preparatory school, or prep school, is usually a private secondary school (or high school) designed to prepare a student for higher education. In the United Kingdom and some parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, a Preparatory School, or Prep. School is a private primary (elementary... prep school, [Porter-Gaud School (http://www.portergaud.edu/)]. The William Enston Home, a planned community for the city's aged and infirm, was built in 1889. An elaborate public building, the United States Post Office and Courthouse, was completed in 1896 and signaled renewed life in the heart of the city.


A 125 mile-an-hour hurricane hit Charleston August 25, 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 4 - The first successful appendectomy is performed by Dr. William W. Grant on Mary Gartside. January 20 - L.A. Thompson patents the roller coaster. January 26 - Troops loyal to the Mahdi conquer Khartoum February February 5 - King Leopold II... 1885, destroying or damaging 90 percent of the homes and causing an estimated $2 million in damages.


In 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. January 29 - Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile. March 17 - Carrollton Massacre: 20 African Americans are killed... 1886 Charleston was nearly destroyed by a major earthquake that was felt as far away as Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. Boston is the capital and largest city in the U.S. State of Massachusetts. It is the unofficial capital of the region known as New England. It... Boston and This article is about the island of Bermuda. See Bermuda sloop and Bermuda rig for the associated sailing terms. Bermuda is a self-governing island United Kingdom, situated in the Atlantic Ocean. It has become one of the worlds most important offshore financial centres. See Economy of Bermuda. Bermuda... Bermuda. It damaged 2,000 buildings and caused $6 million worth of damage, while in the whole city the buildings were only valued at approximately $24 million.


However, though there have been many fires, hurricanes, tornados, several wars, and Urban regeneration (also called urban renewal in American English) is a movement in urban planning that reached its peak in the United States from the late 1940s through the early 1970s. It has had a massive impact on the urban landscape and continues to the present day. It has also... urban renewal in the 20th century, many of Charleston's historic buildings remain intact.


Modern-day Charleston

Charlestonians today fondly refer to their city as The Holy City, and describe it as the site where the "Ashley and Cooper Rivers merge to form the Atlantic Ocean - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Atlantic Ocean From Wikipedia The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. The oceans name, derived from Greek mythology, means the Sea of... Atlantic Ocean."


America's most-published Etiquette is the code that governs the expectations of social behavior, the conventional norm. It is an unwritten code, which evolves from written rules, for the Greek equivalent of etiquette is protocol, the written formula for ceremonial. It usually reflects a theory of conduct that society or tradition has invested... etiquette expert, Marjabelle Young Stewart, has recognized the city ever since 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. It was the first year of the International Decade of the Worlds Indigenous People (1995- 2005): http://www.unesco.org/culture/indigenous/ Events January January 1 Austria, Finland and Sweden enter the European Union Fred West, accused... 1995 as the "best-mannered" city in the U.S, a claim lent credence by the fact that it has the only A Livability Court is a municipal court (or court of limited jurisdiction) focused on cases involving non-compliance with codes and standards about housing, waste, environment, noise, animal control, zoning, traffic and tourism. The first Livability Court in the United States was created in Charleston, South Carolina [1]. Categories: Stub... Livability Court in the country.

Rainbow Row
Rainbow Row

Charleston is a A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. A tourist is someone who travels at least fifty miles from home, as defined by the World Tourism... tourist Mecca, with streets lined with grand Binomial name Quercus virginiana Southern live oak is an evergreen or nearly evergreen oak tree, Quercus virginiana, native to the southeastern United States. A large number of other common names are used for this tree, including Virginia live oak, Bay live oak, Scrub live oak, Plateau oak, Plateau live oak... live oaks draped with Binomial name Tillandsia usneoides Ref: ITIS 42371 2002-08-25 Spanish Moss (Tillandsia usneoides) closely resembles its namesake Usnea, or beard moss yet is not a moss at all, but instead a flowering plant in the Family Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) that grows hanging from tree branches in full sun or... Spanish moss. Along the waterfront are many beautiful and historic pastel-colored homes. It's also a busy port, though the majority of the larger container ships are now docking at the Wando Terminal in Mount Pleasant is a town located in Charleston County, South Carolina. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 47,609. Geography Mount Pleasant is located at 32°4923 North, 79°5044 West (32.823189, -79.845477)1. According to the United States Census... Mount Pleasant. The Wando River and the Cooper River meet at the Southern point of Daniel Island. A new Cooper River bridge is under construction and set to open in 2005. When completed, the new Arthur Ravenel bridge will be the largest cable-stayed bridge in North America, External link: [1] (http://www.cooperriverbridge.org/).


Charleston annually hosts Spoleto Festival USA is an annual festival of the arts held in Charleston, South Carolina since 1977. It was founded by Gian Carlo Menotti as an American counterpart to Il Festival dei Due Mondi (the Festival of Two Worlds), a festival he also founded, which is held in Spoleto, Italy... Spoleto Festival USA External link: [2] (http://www.spoletousa.org/), as well as the Southeastern Wildlife Exposition External link: [3] (http://www.sewe.com/), the Family Circle Tennis Cup, External link [4] (http://www.familycirclecup.com/), and the Cooper River Bridge Run External link: [5] (http://www.bridgerun.com/). Nature lovers may visit the South Carolina Aquarium, the Audubon Swamp Garden, or Cypress Gardens, External link: [6] (http://www.cypressgardens.org/). History buffs can visit the Old Exchange Building, Fort Moultrie is the name of a series of forts on Sullivans Island, South Carolina, built to protect the city of Charleston, South Carolina. The first fort, built of palmetto logs, inspired the flag and motto (Palmetto State) of South Carolina. It was not yet complete and unnamed when... Fort Moultrie, Before the attack Map detailing the location of Fort Sumter Fort Sumter, located in Charleston, South Carolina harbor, was named after General Thomas Sumter. However, the fort is perhaps best known as the site where, according to tradition, the first shots of the United States Civil War were fired. In... Fort Sumter, or any of the several beautiful former Slavery is any of a number of related conditions involving control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or other clear forms of coercion. It almost always occurs for the purpose of securing the labour of the person or people concerned. A specific form, chattel slavery... slave A sugarcane plantation at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2005 A plantation is a large tract of monoculture, as a tree plantation, a cotton plantation, a tea plantation or a tobacco plantation. A plantation is not a natural ecosystem. In Brazil, a sugar plantation was termed an engenho (engine) and a... plantations such as Boone Hall Plantation, Magnolia Plantation, located 13 miles north of Charleston, South Carolina was founded in 1676 on the Ashley River and is one of the oldest plantations in the south. Incredibly, the plantation is still under the control of the original family after 15 generations. Originally a rice plantation, Magnolia became known... Magnolia Plantation, and Middleton Place.


Hurricane Hugo off the coast of South Carolina Hurricane Hugo was first detected as a group of thunderstorms near Cape Verde, Africa, on September 9, 1989. Moving westward, it was declared a tropical storm on September 11, and declared a hurricane on the 13th. When it reached the Caribbean, it... Hurricane Hugo hit Charleston in 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 7 - Akihito becomes Emperor of Japan following the death of Hirohito. The Heisei period begins January 8 - the Kegworth Air Disaster - A British Midland Boeing 737 crashes on approach to East Midlands Airport - 44 dead... 1989, damaging three-quarters of the homes in Charleston's historic district. The hurricane caused over $2.8 billion in damage.


In 2004, SPAWAR ( The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. The U.S. Navy consists of slightly fewer than 300 ships and over 4,000 operational aircraft. It has over a half million men and women on active or ready reserve duty... US Navy Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command) became the largest employer in the Charleston metropolitan area. Until 2004, the The Medical University of South Carolina opened in Charleston, South Carolina in 1824 as a small private college for the training of physicians. It has expanded into a state university with a medical center and six colleges for the education of a broad range of health professionals, biomedical scientists and... Medical University of South Carolina was the largest employer.


Charleston is served by Charleston International Airport is an airport in Charleston, South Carolina. Its IATA Airport Code is CHS. The following airlines fly to Charleston International Airport: Air Wisconsin dba United Express Atlantic Southeast Airlines dba Delta Connection Chautauqua Airlines dba US Airways Express Comair dba Delta Connection Continental Airlines Continental Express Delta... Charleston International Airport.


Geography

Location of Charleston, South Carolina

According to the The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. Its mission is defined in the Constitution of the United States, which directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years (through the U.S. Census), and... United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 295.5 Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. It is one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to: the area of a square measuring 1 kilometre on each side 1 000 000 m2 100 hectares 0.386 102 square miles... km² (114.1 This article is about the unit of measure. In England, the Square Mile is a traditional name for the City of London. A square mile (symbol sq. mile or mi²) is an imperial unit which is the area of a square whose side is one mile (or 5,280 feet... mi²). 251.2 km² (97.0 mi²) of it is land and 44.3 km² (17.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 15.00% water.


Demographics

As of the A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). It can be contrasted with sampling in which information is only obtained from a subset of a population. As such it is a method used for accumulating statistical data, and it... census Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. These sources are cited within the thousands of articles which link to this page. 1 The United States Census... 2 of 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, however, this distinction falls to the year 2001. The year 2000 is... 2000, there are 96,650 people in the city, organized into 40,791 households and 22,149 families. The Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. However it is most frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular. Population density is usually expressed in terms of items or organisms per unit area. Definitions of population density Population density, according to the definition above, depends... population density is 384.7/km² (996.5/mi²). There are 44,563 housing units at an average density of 177.4/km² (459.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 63.08% The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... White, 34.00% The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... Black or The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... African American, 1.24% The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... Asian, 0.15% The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... Native American, 0.06% The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... Pacific Islander, 0.54% from The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population are Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. According to the US Census Bureau, Hispanics form an... Hispanic or The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. These definitions have and may change between each census. The racial categories are officially described as follows:¹ [1] Racial classification in the 2000 census was based solely on self-identification and, for the... Latino of any race.


There are 40,791 households out of which 23.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% are Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many families. Precise definitions vary historically and between and within cultures, but it has been an important concept as a socially sanctioned bond between people who (usually) are in a sexual relationship. Globally, societies that sanction polygyny... married couples living together, 15.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 45.7% are non-families. 33.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.23 and the average family size is 2.92.


In the city the population is spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 17.2% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city is $35,295, and the median income for a family is $48,705. Males have a median income of $32,585 versus $26,688 for females. The per-capita income for the city is $22,414. 19.1% of the population and 13.3% of families are below the The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. People who have an income below the poverty line have no discretionary disposable income, by definition. The actual monetary value of the poverty line differs from place to... poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.3% of those under the age of 18 and 13.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.


Fiction about Charleston

The opera 1935-10-10. The cast of Porgy and Bess during the Boston try-out prior to the Broadway opening. [1] Porgy and Bess is an opera with music by George Gershwin, based on the novel Porgy by DuBose Heyward about African American life in the ficticious locale Catfish Row. Summertime... Porgy and Bess takes place in Charleston.


Clive Barker (born October 5, 1952, Liverpool, England) is a British author, director and visual artist. Barker is one of the leading authors of contemporary horror/fantasy, starting out with pure horror writing early in his career, mostly in the form of short stories (collected in Books of Blood 1... Clive Barker's novel Galilee takes place partly in Charleston


Notable Charlestonians

  • Robert F. Furchgott (born June 4, 1916 in Charleston, South Carolina) is a Nobel Prize-winning American chemist. Furchgott graduated with a degree in chemistry in 1937 from the University of North Carolina, and became doctor of biochemistry at Northwestern University in 1940. From 1956 to 1988, he was professor... Robert Furchgott (b. 1916) (chemist)
  • Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805) was an American general and statesman during the American Revolution. He became the principal leader of the South Carolina radicals in the pre-Revolutionary period. He was a delegate for South Carolina in the Continental Congress and a Brigadier General of the states forces during... Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805) (revolutionary leader)
  • James Gadsden (May 15, 1788 - December 25, 1858) was born in 1788 in Charleston, South Carolina, the grandson of American Revolutionary patriot Christopher Gadsden. After a career as a US Army officer, James was appointed a commissioner in 1823 to assist the govenment in moving the Seminoles to reservations. He... James Gadsden (1788-1858) (diplomat)
  • Categories: People stubs | United States Senators | Governors of South Carolina | Members of the South Carolina House of Representatives | U.S. Army officers | World War II veterans | 1922 births ... Fritz Hollings (b. 1922) (US Senator)
  • Benjamin Huger (1805-1877) (Confederate general)
  • Ernest Everett Just (1883 - 1941) was a U.S. biologist. He was the first recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 1915. Ernest Everett Just was born in Charleston, South Carolina on August 14, 1883 to parents Charles Frazier and Mary Matthews Just. He prepared for college at Kimball Hall Academy... Ernest Everett Just (1883-1941) (biologist)
  • Henry Laurens (1724–1792) was an American merchant and planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress, the Vice-President of South Carolina, and a diplomat. Personal life Henry was born to John and Esther Grasset... Henry Laurens (1724-1792) (revolutionary leader)
  • Robert Mills (1781 - 1855) was the first native born American to become a professional architect. In Charleston, South Carolina, he was student under Irish architect James Hoban, who later designed The White House, which became the official home of US presidents. He moved to Philadelphia in 1802, where he became... Robert Mills (1781-1855) (architect)
  • Charles Cotesworth (C.C.) Pinckney (February 5, 1746- August 16, 1825), was an American statesman born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of Charles Pinckney (and second cousin to Governor Charles Pinckney), by his second wife, the celebrated planter, Eliza Lucas. When a child he was sent to England, like... Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1746-1825) (revolutionary leader)
  • Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851) Official Department of Defense portrait, artist unknown. Joel Roberts Poinsett (March 2, 1779–December 12, 1851) was a physician, botanist and American statesman. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives, the first United States Ambassador to Mexico, a U.S... Joel Poinsett (1779-1851) (politician, diplomat, and botanist)
  • William Charles Wells (1757 — 1817) was Wells was born Charlestown, where? and was sent to school in Dumfries and later attended the University of Edinburgh. Wells returned to Charleston in 1771 become a medical apprentice under Dr. Alexander Garden, a naturalist, physician, who himself was a pupil of Charles... William Charles Wells (1757-1817) (physician)

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Historic Charleston (9000 words)
College of Charleston in 1770, the oldest college in South Carolina and the 13th oldest in the United States.
Charleston became more prosperous in the A sugarcane plantation at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2005 A plantation is a large tract of monoculture, as a tree plantation, a cotton plantation, a tea plantation or a tobacco plantation.
Charleston remained one of the busiest port cities in the country, and the construction of a new, larger United States Custom House began in 1849, but its construction was interrupted by the events of the Civil War.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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