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Encyclopedia > Hippie
Contemporary hippie at the Rainbow Gathering in Russia

The hippie subculture was originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world. The word hippie derives from hipster, and was initially used to describe beatniks who had moved into San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district. These people inherited the countercultural values of the Beat Generation, created their own communities, listened to psychedelic rock, embraced the sexual revolution, and used drugs such as marijuana and LSD to explore alternative states of consciousness. Hippies was a six part British television comedy series broadcast from the 12 November-17 December 1999. ... Welcome home and We love you are common greetings at the Rainbow Gathering. ... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with a set of behaviors and beliefs, culture, which could be distinct or hidden, that differentiate them from the larger culture to which they belong. ... A youth movement is any attempt to organize individual young people into a unified identity. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Hipster (contemporary subculture). ... For other uses, see Beatnik (disambiguation). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Categories: US geography stubs | San Francisco neighborhoods ... // The counterculture of the 1960s was a social revolution between the period of 1960 and 1973[1] that began in the United States as a reaction against the conservative social norms of the 1950s, the political conservatism (and perceived social repression) of the Cold War period, and the US government... Beats redirects here. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... For the Macy Gray song, see Sexual Revolution (song). ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... LSD redirects here. ...


In January 1967, the Human Be-In in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco popularized hippie culture, leading to the legendary Summer of Love on the West Coast of the United States, and the 1969 Woodstock Festival on the East Coast. Hippies in Mexico, known as jipitecas, formed La Onda Chicana and gathered at Avándaro, while in New Zealand, nomadic housetruckers practiced alternative lifestyles and promoted sustainable energy at Nambassa. In the United Kingdom, mobile "peace convoys" of New age travellers made summer pilgrimages to free music festivals at Stonehenge. In Australia hippies gathered at Nimbin for the 1973 Aquarius Festival and the annual Cannabis Law Reform Rally or MardiGrass. In Chile, "Festival Piedra Roja" was held in 1970 (following Woodstock's success), and was the major hippie event in that country. The Human Be-In was a happening in San Franciscos Golden Gate Park, the afternoon and evening of January 14, 1967. ... Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, California, is a large urban park. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... The Summer of Love refers to the summer of 1967, when an unprecedented gathering of as many as 100,000 young people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, creating a phenomenon of cultural and political rebellion. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was an event held at Max Yasgurs 600 acre (2. ... La Onda (The Wave) refers to the Mexican counterculture of the 1960s. ... Housetrucks at the Nambassa 5 day festival 1981. ... Nambassa was a series of hippie-conceived festivals held between 1976 and 1981 on large farms around Waihi and Waikino in New Zealand. ... The New age travellers or Peace Convoy were a group of people who often espoused New age and/or hippie beliefs, and who travelled between music festivals and fairs in the United Kingdom in order to live in a community with others who hold similar beliefs. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... Nimbin is a small village in the Northern Rivers area of the Australian state of New South Wales, approximately 30 km north of Lismore, 33 km southeast of Kyogle, and 70km west of Byron Bay. ... The Aquarius Festival was a music and cultural festival organised by the Australian Union of Students and held in Nimbin, New South Wales in 1973. ...


Hippie fashions and values had a major effect on culture, influencing popular music, television, film, literature, and the arts. Since the 1960s, many aspects of hippie culture have been assimilated by mainstream society. The religious and cultural diversity espoused by the hippies has gained widespread acceptance, and Eastern philosophy and spiritual concepts have reached a wide audience. The hippie legacy can be observed in contemporary culture in myriad forms — from health food, to music festivals, to contemporary sexual mores, and even to the cyberspace revolution. [1] For the music genre, see Pop music. ... There is a general consensus among mainstream anthropologists that humans first emerged in Africa about two million years ago. ... Eastern philosophy refers very broadly to the various philosophies of Asia, including Indian philosophy, Chinese philosophy, Persian philosophy, Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy. ... Healthful eating is the act of following a balanced nutritional diet. ... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... For the Macy Gray song, see Sexual Revolution (song). ... It has been suggested that Virtual world be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Etymology

Lexicographer Jesse Sheidlower, the principal American editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, argues that the terms hipster and hippie derive from the word hip, whose origins are unknown.[2] The term hipster was coined by Harry Gibson in 1940,[3] in his stage name "Harry the Hipster". Hipster was often used in the 1940s and 1950s to describe jazz performers. The word hippie is also jazz slang from the 1940s, and one of the first recorded usages of the word hippie was in a radio show on November 13, 1945, in which Stan Kenton called Harry Gibson, "Hippie".[4][5] However, Kenton's use of the word was playing off Gibson's nickname "Harry the Hipster." Reminiscing about late 1940s Harlem in his 1964 autobiography, Malcolm X referred to the word hippy as a term that African Americans used to describe a specific type of white man who "acted more Negro than Negroes".[6] According to lexicographer Jesse Sheidlower, the principal American editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, the terms hipster and hippie derive from the word hip, whose origins remain unknown. ... Jesse Sheidlower (born August 5, 1968) is an author and editor specializing in English linguistics and lexicography. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... Hip is a slang term, an adjective meaning fashionably current, referring to someone who is conversant with or deeply involved in a particular trend or subject. ... Harry The Hipster Gibson (June 27, 1915 – May 3, 1991) was a jazz pianist, singer, and songwriter. ... For the Okkervil River album, see The Stage Names. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Stanley Newcomb Kenton (December 15, 1911 – August 25, 1979) led a highly innovative, influential, and often controversial American jazz orchestra. ... Harry The Hipster Gibson (June 27, 1915 – May 3, 1991) was a jazz pianist, singer, and songwriter. ... For other uses, see Harlem (disambiguation). ... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Whites redirects here. ... Negro is a term referring to people of Black African ancestry. ...


Although the word hippie made isolated appearances during the early 1960s, the first clearly contemporary use of the term appeared in print on September 5, 1965, in the article, "A New Haven for Beatniks", by San Francisco journalist Michael Fallon. In that article, Fallon wrote about the Blue Unicorn coffeehouse, using the term hippie to refer to the new generation of beatniks who had moved from North Beach into the Haight-Ashbury district. New York Times editor and usage writer Theodore M. Bernstein said the paper changed the spelling from hippy to hippie to avoid the ambiguous description of clothing as hippy fashions. Beatnik can refer to two different things: A member of the Beat Generation An esoteric programming language Categories: Disambiguation ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... // Journalism is the discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... Discussing the War in a Paris Café, Illustrated London News 17 September 1870 Coffee shop redirects here. ... Looking south-east Columbus Street (on the left), Stockton (on the right), and Green Street (not visible). ... Corner of Haight and Ashbury The Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco, California, USA named for the intersection of Haight and Ashbury Streets, commonly known as The Haight. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Theodore M. Bernstein, was an editor at The New York Times. ...

History

Origins

The foundation of the hippie movement finds historical precedent as far back as the counterculture of the Ancient Greeks, espoused by philosophers like Diogenes of Sinope and the Cynics also as early forms of hippie culture.[7] Hippie philosophy also credits the religious and spiritual teachings of Jesus Christ, Hillel the Elder, Buddha, St. Francis of Assisi, Henry David Thoreau, and Gandhi.[7] The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... Diogenes (Greek: Diogenes o Sinopeus) the Cynic, Greek philosopher, was born in Sinope (modern day Sinop, Turkey) about 412 BC (according to other sources 399 BC), and died in 323 BC at Corinth. ... This article is about the ancient Greek school of philosophy. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Hillel (הלל) (born Babylon traditionally c. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... Saint Francis of Assisi (born in Assisi, Italy, ca. ... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) (Devanagari: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी, Gujarati મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી), called Mahatma Gandhi, was the charismatic leader who brought the cause of Indias independence from British colonial rule to world attention. ...


The first signs of what we would call modern "proto-hippies" emerged in fin de siècle Europe. Between 1896 and 1908, a German youth movement arose as a countercultural reaction to the organized social and cultural clubs that centered around German folk music. Known as Der Wandervogel ("migratory bird"), the movement opposed the formality of traditional German clubs, instead emphasizing amateur music and singing, creative dress, and communal outings involving hiking and camping.[8] Inspired by the works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Goethe, Hermann Hesse, and Eduard Baltzer, Wandervogel attracted thousands of young Germans who rejected the rapid trend toward urbanization and yearned for the pagan, back-to-nature spiritual life of their ancestors.[9] During the first several decades of the twentieth century, Germans settled around the United States, bringing the values of the Wandervogel with them. Some opened the first health food stores, and many moved to Southern California where they could practice an alternative lifestyle in a warm climate. Over time, young Americans adopted the beliefs and practices of the new immigrants. One group, called the "Nature Boys", took to the California desert and raised organic food, espousing a back-to-nature lifestyle like the Wandervogel. Songwriter Eden Ahbez wrote a hit song called Nature Boy inspired by Robert Bootzin (Gypsy Boots), who helped popularize health-consciousness, yoga, and organic food in the United States. Fin de siècle is French for end of the century. The term turn-of-the-century is sometimes used as a synonym, but is more neutral (lacking some or most of the connotations described below), and can include the first years of a new century. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Wandervogel emblem Wandervogel is the name adopted by a popular movement of German youth groups from 1896 onward. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) (IPA: ) was a nineteenth-century German philosopher and philologist. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced [gø tə]) (August 28, 1749–March 22, 1832) was a German writer, politician, humanist, scientist, and philosopher. ... A health food store is a type of grocery store that primarily sells natural or organic foods, and often nutritional supplements. ... eden ahbez, born Alexander Aberle (April 15, 1908 – March 4, 1995), was one of the few genuinely unique characters of pre-rock American popular music. ... Nature Boy is a song by Eden Ahbez, published in 1947. ... Robert Gypsy Boots Bootzin (August 19, 1914 - August 8, 2004) was an American fitness pioneer. ... For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yog, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices designed for the purpose of cultivating a steady mind. ... Organic vegetables at a farmers market in Argentina. ...


Like Wandervogel, the hippie movement in the United States began as a youth movement. Composed mostly of white teenagers and young adults between the ages of 15 and 25 years old,[10][11] hippies inherited a tradition of cultural dissent from bohemians and beatniks of the Beat Generation in the late 1950s.[11] Beats like Allen Ginsberg crossed-over from the beat movement and became fixtures of the burgeoning hippie and anti-war movements. By 1965, hippies had become an established social group in the U.S., and the movement eventually expanded to other countries,[12][13] extending as far as the United Kingdom and Europe, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Japan, Mexico, and Brazil.[14] The hippie ethos influenced The Beatles and others in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe, and they in turn influenced their American counterparts.[15] Hippie culture spread worldwide through a fusion of rock music, folk, blues, and psychedelic rock; it also found expression in literature, the dramatic arts, fashion, and the visual arts, including film, posters advertising rock concerts, and album covers.[16] Self-described hippies had become a significant minority by 1968, representing just under 0.2% of the U.S. population[17] before declining in the mid-1970s.[12] For other uses, see Bohemian (disambiguation). ... Beatnik can refer to two different things: A member of the Beat Generation An esoteric programming language Categories: Disambiguation ... Beats redirects here. ... Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American poet. ... In sociology, a group is usually defined as a collection of humans or animals, who share certain characteristics, interact with one another, accept expectations and obligations as members of the group, and share a common identity. ... This article is about the genre. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... The 1960s featured a number of diverse trends. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ...


Along with the New Left and the American Civil Rights Movement, the hippie movement was one of three dissenting groups of the 1960s counterculture.[13] Hippies rejected established institutions, criticized middle class values, opposed nuclear weapons and the Vietnam War, embraced aspects of Eastern philosophy,[18] championed sexual liberation, were often vegetarian and eco-friendly, promoted the use of psychedelic drugs which they felt expanded one's consciousness, and created intentional communities or communes. They used alternative arts, street theatre, folk music, and psychedelic rock as a part of their lifestyle and as a way of expressing their feelings, their protests and their vision of the world and life. Hippies opposed political and social orthodoxy, choosing a gentle and nondoctrinaire ideology that favored peace, love and personal freedom,[19][20] perhaps best epitomized by The Beatles' song "All You Need is Love".[21] Hippies perceived the dominant culture as a corrupt, monolithic entity that exercised undue power over their lives, calling this culture "The Establishment", "Big Brother", or "The Man".[22][23][24] Noting that they were "seekers of meaning and value", scholars like Timothy Miller describe hippies as a new religious movement.[25] The New Left were the left-wing movements in different countries in the 1960s and 1970s that, unlike the earlier leftist focus on union activism, instead adopted a broader definition of political activism commonly called social activism. ... Martin Luther King is perhaps most famous for his I Have a Dream speech, given in front of the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom This article is about the civil rights movement following the Brown v. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly and in small numbers in 1964 on various college campuses in the United States and had spread to the United Kingdom by May of 1965 [1]. By the end of 1968, as U.S. troop casualties mounted and the... Eastern philosophy refers very broadly to the various philosophies of Asia, including Indian philosophy, Chinese philosophy, Persian philosophy, Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy. ... The sexual revolution was a substantial change in sexual morality and sexual behaviour throughout the West in the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... A selection of produce typical of a vegetarian diet. ... Environmentally friendly, also referred to as nature friendly, is a term used to refer to goods and services considered to inflict minimal harm on the environment. ... A fractal pattern similar to the spiral patterns that may be seen as the result of some psychedelic drug experiences. ... An intentional community is a planned residential community designed to promote a much higher degree of social interaction than other communities. ... A troupe of street theatre performers by the beach in Vancouver, Canada. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... This article is about the Beatles song. ... For other uses, see Establishment. ... Big Brother as portrayed in the 1954 BBC Television adaptation of Nineteen Eighty-Four. ... This page is about the phrase; for other uses of the phrase, see The Man (disambiguation). ... Timothy Miller is a historian of religion whose special interest is new and alternative religions and the history of communitarianism. ... A new religious movement or NRM is a term used to refer to a religious faith, or an ethical, spiritual or philosophical movement of recent origin that isnt part of an established denomination, church, or religious body. ...

Early hippies (1960–1966)

Escapin' through the lily fields
I came across an empty space
It trembled and exploded
Left a bus stop in its place
The bus came by and I got on
That's when it all began
There was cowboy Neal
At the wheel
Of a bus to never-ever land

- Grateful Dead, lyrics from "That's It for the Other One"[26]

During the early 1960s novelist Ken Kesey and The Merry Pranksters lived communally in California. Members included Beat Generation hero Neal Cassady, Ken Babbs, Carolyn Adams (aka Mountain Girl), Wavy Gravy, Paul Krassner, Stewart Brand, Del Close, Paul Foster, George Walker, Sandy Lehmann-Haupt and others. Their early escapades were documented in Tom Wolfe's book The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. With Cassady at the wheel of a school bus named Further, the Merry Pranksters traveled across the United States to celebrate the publication of Kesey's novel Sometimes a Great Notion and to visit the 1964 World's Fair in New York City. The Merry Pranksters were known for using marijuana, amphetamines, and LSD, and during their journey they "turned on" many people to these drugs. The Merry Pranksters filmed and audiotaped their bus trips, creating an immersive multimedia experience that would later be presented to the public in the form of festivals and concerts. Grateful Dead wrote a song about the Merry Pranksters' bus trips called "That's It For The Other One".[26] This article is about the band. ... Kenneth Elton Kesey (September 17, 1935 – November 10, 2001) was an American author, best known for his novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, and as a counter-cultural figure who, some consider, was a link between the beat generation of the 1950s and the hippies of the 1960s. ... The Merry Pranksters are a group of people who originally formed around American author Ken Kesey in the early 1960s and sometimes lived communally at his homes in California and Oregon. ... Cowboy Neal redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Carolyn Adams, later known as Mountain Girl, was a Merry Prankster and the wife of Jerry Garcia. ... Wavy Gravy (born Hugh Romney on May 15, 1936) is a life-long activist for peace and personal empowerment, best known for his hippie appearance, personality, and beliefs. ... Paul Krassner (April 9, 1932) was the founder, editor and a frequent contributor to the freethought magazine The Realist, first published in 1958. ... Stewart Brand speaking September 5, 2004 Stewart Brand (born December 14, 1938 in Rockford, Illinois) is an author, editor, and creator of The Whole Earth Catalog and CoEvolution Quarterly. ... Del Close (March 9, 1934 – March 4, 1999), along with Keith Johnstone and Viola Spolin, is considered one of the premier influences on modern improvisational theater. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Several prominent individuals have been named George Walker: Colonel The Reverend George Walker (1645-1690) was an English commander in Ireland. ... For the early 20th century American novelist, see Thomas Wolfe. ... The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test is a literary journalism novel written by Tom Wolfe early in his career in 1968. ... Sometimes a Great Notion is a 1964 novel by Ken Kesey. ... Worlds Fair is any of various large expositions held since the mid-19th century. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... Amphetamine is a synthetic drug originally developed (and still used) as an appetite suppressant. ... Lysergic acid diethylamide, commonly called LSD, LSD-25, or acid. ... An assortment of psychoactive drugs A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness and behavior. ... This article is about the band. ...


During this period Cambridge, Massachusetts, Greenwich Village in New York City, and Berkeley, California, anchored the American folk music circuit. Berkeley's two coffee houses, the Cabale Creamery and the Jabberwock, sponsored performances by folk music artists in a beat setting.[27] In April 1963, Chandler A. Laughlin III, co-founder of the Cabale Creamery,[28] established a kind of tribal, family identity among approximately fifty people who attended a traditional, all-night Native American peyote ceremony in a rural setting. This ceremony combined a psychedelic experience with traditional Native American spiritual values; these people went on to sponsor a unique genre of musical expression and performance at the Red Dog Saloon in the isolated, old-time mining town of Virginia City, Nevada.[29] Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ... The Washington Square Arch Greenwich Village (IPA pronunciation: ), also called simply the Village, is a largely residential area on the west side of downtown (southern) Manhattan in New York City named after Greenwich, London. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... Binomial name (Lem. ... A psychedelic experience, or trip, is characterized by the perception of aspects of ones mind previously unknown, or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ordinary fetters. ... View of Virginia City, Nevada, from a nearby hillside, 1867-68 Virginia City is a city located in Storey County, Nevada. ...


In the summer of 1965, Laughlin recruited much of the original talent that led to a unique amalgam of traditional folk music and the developing psychedelic rock scene.[29] He and his cohorts created what became known as "The Red Dog Experience", featuring previously unknown musical acts — Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother and the Holding Company, Quicksilver Messenger Service, The Charlatans, and others — who played in the completely refurbished, intimate setting of Virginia City's Red Dog Saloon. There was no clear delineation between "performers" and "audience" in "The Red Dog Experience", during which music, psychedelic experimentation, a unique sense of personal style and Bill Ham's first primitive light shows combined to create a new sense of community.[30] Laughlin and George Hunter of the Charlatans were true "proto-hippies", with their long hair, boots and outrageous clothing of nineteenth-century American (and Native American) heritage.[29] LSD manufacturer Owsley Stanley lived in Berkeley during 1965 and provided much of the LSD that became a seminal part of the "Red Dog Experience", the early evolution of psychedelic rock and budding hippie culture. At the Red Dog Saloon, The Charlatans were the first psychedelic rock band to play live (albeit unintentionally) loaded on LSD.[31] This article is about the band. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement. ... Big Brother and the Holding Company is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the psychedelic music scene that also produced the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane. ... This article is about the band. ... The Charlatans were an influential psychedelic rock band that played a pivotal role in the development of the San Francisco music scene in the 1960s. ... This article is about the LSD chemist and Grateful Dead soundman. ...


When they returned to San Francisco, Red Dog participants Luria Castell, Ellen Harman and Alton Kelley created a collective called "The Family Dog."[29] Modeled on their Red Dog experiences, on October 16, 1965, the Family Dog hosted "A Tribute to Dr. Strange" at Longshoreman's Hall.[32] Attended by approximately 1,000 of the Bay Area's original "hippies", this was San Francisco's first psychedelic rock performance, costumed dance and light show, featuring Jefferson Airplane, The Great Society and The Marbles. Two other events followed before year's end, one at California Hall and one at the Matrix.[29] After the first three Family Dog events, a much larger psychedelic event occurred at San Francisco's Longshoreman's Hall. Called "The Trips Festival", it took place on January 21–January 23, 1966, and was organized by Stewart Brand, Ken Kesey, Owsley Stanley and others. Ten thousand people attended this sold-out event, with a thousand more turned away each night.[33] On Saturday January 22, the Grateful Dead and Big Brother and the Holding Company came on stage, and 6,000 people arrived to imbibe punch spiked with LSD and to witness one of the first fully developed light shows of the era.[34] Doctor Strange is a sorcerer, featured in Marvel Comics. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement. ... For the political action of President Johnson, see Great Society // The Great Society was a 1960s San Francisco rock band in the burgeoning Haight Ashbury folk-psychedelic style pervasive during the time of its existence, 1965 to 1966. ... Stewart Brand speaking September 5, 2004 Stewart Brand (born December 14, 1938 in Rockford, Illinois) is an author, editor, and creator of The Whole Earth Catalog and CoEvolution Quarterly. ... Kenneth Elton Kesey (September 17, 1935 – November 10, 2001) was an American author, best known for his novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, and as a counter-cultural figure who, some consider, was a link between the beat generation of the 1950s and the hippies of the 1960s. ... This article is about the LSD chemist and Grateful Dead soundman. ... This article is about the band. ... Big Brother and the Holding Company is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the psychedelic music scene that also produced the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane. ...

It is nothing new. We have a private revolution going on. A revolution of individuality and diversity that can only be private. Upon becoming a group movement, such a revolution ends up with imitators rather than participants...It is essentially a striving for realization of one's relationship to life and other people...
Bob Stubbs, "Unicorn Philosophy"[35]

By February 1966, the Family Dog became Family Dog Productions under organizer Chet Helms, promoting happenings at the Avalon Ballroom and the Fillmore Auditorium in initial cooperation with Bill Graham. The Avalon Ballroom, the Fillmore Auditorium and other venues provided settings where participants could partake of the full psychedelic music experience. Bill Ham, who had pioneered the original Red Dog light shows, perfected his art of liquid light projection, which combined light shows and film projection and became synonymous with the San Francisco ballroom experience.[29][36] The sense of style and costume that began at the Red Dog Saloon flourished when San Francisco's Fox Theater went out of business and hippies bought up its costume stock, reveling in the freedom to dress up for weekly musical performances at their favorite ballrooms. As San Francisco Chronicle music columnist Ralph J. Gleason put it, "They danced all night long, orgiastic, spontaneous and completely free form."[29] Chet Helms, or Chester Leo Helms, (August 2, 1942 to ~June 25, 2005), born in Santa Maria, California, was the eldest of three sons born to Chester and Novella Helms. ... The Avalon Ballroom is a legendary music venue in the Polk Gulch neighborhood of San Francisco that operated briefly from 1966 until 1968, and again from 2003 to the present. ... The Fillmore (also known as the Fillmore Auditorium or, for several years, The Elite Club), is a historic music venue in San Francisco, California made famous by Bill Graham (1931–1991). ... William C. (Bill) Graham, PC, QC, LL.D, D.U., B.A.(Hon. ... Ralph J. Gleason (1917-1975) was an influential American jazz and pop music critic. ...


Some of the earliest San Francisco hippies were former students at San Francisco State College[37] who became intrigued by the developing psychedelic hippie music scene.[29] These students joined the bands they loved, living communally in the large, inexpensive Victorian apartments in the Haight-Ashbury.[38] Young Americans around the country began moving to San Francisco, and by June 1966, around 15,000 hippies had moved into the Haight.[39] The Charlatans, Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother and the Holding Company, and the Grateful Dead all moved to San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury neighborhood during this period. Activity centered around the Diggers, a guerrilla street theatre group that combined spontaneous street theatre, anarchistic action, and art happenings in their agenda to create a "free city". By late 1966, the Diggers opened free stores which simply gave away their stock, provided free food, distributed free drugs, gave away money, organized free music concerts, and performed works of political art.[40] San Francisco State University (commonly referred to as San Francisco State, SF State, State and SFSU) is a public university located in the southwestern San Francisco, California, bordering Lake Merced and Lowell High School, near Fort Funston and Daly City, near the San Mateo County line. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... Categories: US geography stubs | San Francisco neighborhoods ... The Charlatans were an influential psychedelic rock band that played a pivotal role in the development of the San Francisco music scene in the 1960s. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement. ... Big Brother and the Holding Company is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the psychedelic music scene that also produced the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane. ... This article is about the band. ... Categories: US geography stubs | San Francisco neighborhoods ... The Diggers was a radical community-action and guerrilla-theater group from 1966-68, based in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... A happening is a performance, event or situation meant to be considered as art. ...


On October 6, 1966, the state of California declared LSD a controlled substance, which made the drug illegal.[41] In response to the criminalization of psychedelics, San Francisco hippies staged a gathering in the Golden Gate Park panhandle, called the Love Pageant Rally,[41] attracting an estimated 700–800 people.[42] As explained by Allan Cohen, co-founder of the San Francisco Oracle, the purpose of the rally was twofold: to draw attention to the fact that LSD had just been made illegal — and to demonstrate that people who used LSD were not criminals, nor were they mentally ill. The Grateful Dead played, and some sources claim that LSD was consumed at the rally. According to Cohen, those who took LSD "were not guilty of using illegal substances...We were celebrating transcendental consciousness, the beauty of the universe, the beauty of being."[43] The Panhandle from Clayton Street The Panhandle is a park in San Francisco, California that forms a panhandle with Golden Gate Park. ... The Love Pageant Rally took place in the panhandle of Golden Gate Park, a narrower section that projects into San Franciscos Haight-Ashbury district. ... The Oracle of the City of San Francisco, also known as the San Francisco Oracle, was an underground newspaper published in the late 1960s. ...

Summer of Love (1967)

Homemade tie-dyed T-shirts added a psychedelic flavor to hippie dress

On January 14, 1967, the outdoor Human Be-In organized by Michael Bowen[44] helped to popularize hippie culture across the United States, with 20,000 hippies gathering in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park. On March 26, Lou Reed, Edie Sedgwick and 10,000 hippies came together in Manhattan for the Central Park Be-In on Easter Sunday.[45] The Monterey Pop Festival from June 16 to June 18 introduced the rock music of the counterculture to a wide audience and marked the start of the "Summer of Love."[46] Scott McKenzie's rendition of John Phillips' song, "San Francisco", became a hit in the United States and Europe. The lyrics, "If you're going to San Francisco, be sure to wear some flowers in your hair", inspired thousands of young people from all over the world to travel to San Francisco, sometimes wearing flowers in their hair and distributing flowers to passersby, earning them the name, "Flower Children." Bands like the Grateful Dead, Big Brother and the Holding Company (with Janis Joplin), and Jefferson Airplane lived in the Haight. Categories: Stub ... T-Shirt A T-shirt (or tee shirt) is a shirt with short or long sleeves, a round neck, put on over the head, without pockets. ... The Human Be-In was a happening in San Franciscos Golden Gate Park, the afternoon and evening of January 14, 1967. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, California, is a large urban park. ... Lou Reed (born March 2, 1942) is an influential American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... Edith Minturn Edie Sedgwick (April 20, 1943 – November 16, 1971)[1] was an American actress, socialite, and heiress who starred in several of Andy Warhols short films in the 1960s. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... Subsequent to San Franciscos Human Be-In, and a prelude to the Summer of Love, thousands gathered in Central Parks Sheep Meadow on Easter Sunday, March 26, 1967. ... Easter (also called Pascha) is generally accounted the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed March or April each year to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead (after his death by crucifixion; see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year, almost two... Poster promoting the festival The Monterey International Pop Music Festival took place from June 16 to June 18, 1967. ... The Summer of Love refers to the summer of 1967, when an unprecedented gathering of as many as 100,000 young people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, creating a phenomenon of cultural and political rebellion. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... John Phillips in the sixties. ... San Francisco (Be Sure To Wear Flowers In Your Hair) is a song, written by John Phillips of The Mamas & The Papas, and sung by Scott McKenzie. ... Flower child originated as a synonym for hippie, for their custom of wearing flowers to symbolize peace and love. ... This article is about the band. ... Big Brother and the Holding Company is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the psychedelic music scene that also produced the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane. ... Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943–October 4, 1970) was an American singer, songwriter, and music arranger, from Port Arthur, Texas. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement. ...


In June 1967, Herb Caen was approached by "a distinguished magazine"[47] to write about why hippies were attracted to San Francisco. He declined the assignment but interviewed hippies in the Haight for his own newspaper column in the San Francisco Chronicle. Caen determined that, "Except in their music, they couldn't care less about the approval of the straight world."[47] Caen himself felt that the city of San Francisco was so straight that it provided a visible contrast with hippie culture.[47] On July 7, Time magazine featured a cover story entitled, "The Hippies: The Philosophy of a Subculture." The article described the guidelines of the hippie code: "Do your own thing, wherever you have to do it and whenever you want. Drop out. Leave society as you have known it. Leave it utterly. Blow the mind of every straight person you can reach. Turn them on, if not to drugs, then to beauty, love, honesty, fun."[48] It is estimated that around 100,000 people traveled to San Francisco in the summer of 1967. The media was right behind them, casting a spotlight on the Haight-Ashbury district and popularizing the "hippie" label. With this increased attention, hippies found support for their ideals of love and peace but were also criticized for their anti-work, pro-drug, and permissive ethos. Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... TIME redirects here. ...


By the end of the summer, the Haight-Ashbury scene had deteriorated. The incessant media coverage led the Diggers to declare the "death" of the hippie with a parade.[49][50] According to the late poet Susan 'Stormi' Chambless, the hippies buried an effigy of a hippie in the Panhandle to demonstrate the end of his/her reign. Haight-Ashbury could not accommodate the influx of crowds (mostly naive youngsters) with no place to live. Many took to living on the street, panhandling and drug-dealing. There were problems with malnourishment, disease, and drug addiction. Crime and violence skyrocketed. By the end of 1967, many of the hippies and musicians who initiated the Summer of Love had moved on. Misgivings about the hippie culture, particularly with regard to drug abuse and lenient morality, fueled the moral panics of the late 1960s.[51] The Panhandle from Clayton Street The Panhandle is a park in San Francisco, California that forms a panhandle with Golden Gate Park. ... Comparison of the perceived harm for various psychoactive drugs from a poll among medical psychiatrists specialized in addiction treatment[1] This article is an overview of the nontherapeutic use of alcohol and drugs of abuse. ... Moral panic is a sociological term, coined by Stanley Cohen, meaning a reaction by a group of people based on the false or exaggerated perception that some cultural behavior or group, frequently a minority group or a subculture, is dangerously deviant and poses a menace to society. ...

Revolution (1967–1970)

By 1968, hippie-influenced fashions were beginning to take off in the mainstream, especially for youths and younger adults of the populous "Baby Boomer" generation, many of whom may have aspired to emulate the hardcore movements now living in tribalistic communes, but had no overt connections to them. This was noticed not only in terms of clothes and also longer hair for men, but also in music, film, art, and literature, and not just in the US, but around the world. Eugene McCarthy's brief presidential campaign successfully persuaded a significant minority of young adults to "get clean for Gene" by shaving their beards or wearing lower miniskirts; however the "Clean Genes" had little impact on the popular image in the media spotlight, of the hirsute hippy adorned in beads, feathers, flowers and bells. For the video game, see Baby Boomer (video game). ... Not to be confused with the anti-Communist senator Joseph Raymond McCarthy. ...


The Yippies, who were seen as an offshoot of the hippie movements parodying as a political party, came to national attention during their celebration of the 1968 spring equinox, when some 3,000 of them took over Grand Central Station in New York — eventually resulting in 61 arrests. The Yippies, especially their leaders Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, became notorious for their theatrics, such as trying to levitate the Pentagon at the October 1967 war protest, and such slogans as "Rise up and abandon the creeping meatball!" Their stated intention to protest the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago in August, including nominating their own candidate, "Lyndon Pigasus Pig" (an actual pig), was also widely publicized in the media at this time.[52] The clock in the Main Concourse © 2004 Metropolitan Transportation Authority Grand Central Terminal (often still called Grand Central Station, although technically that is the name of the nearby post office) is a train station at 15 Vanderbilt Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York, a borough of New York City, located... Abbott Howard Abbie Hoffman (November 30, 1936 – April 12, 1989) was a social and political activist in the United States who co-founded the Youth International Party (Yippies). Later he became a fugitive from the law, who lived under an alias following a conviction for dealing cocaine. ... Jerry Rubin (July 14, 1938 – November 28, 1994) was a high-profile American social activist during the 1960s and 1970s. ... The 1968 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held at International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois, from August 26 to August 29, 1968, for the purposes of choosing the Democratic nominee for the 1968 U.S. presidential election. ... Pigasus was a pig which the Yippies, led by Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, ran as their satiric candidate for President of the United States during the massive protests at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. ...

Hippies relaxing at the 1969 Woodstock Festival

In April 1969, the building of People's Park in Berkeley, California received international attention. The University of California, Berkeley had demolished all the buildings on a 2.8-acre (11,000 m2) parcel near campus, intending to use the land to build playing fields and a parking lot. After a long delay, during which the site became a dangerous eyesore, thousands of ordinary Berkeley citizens, merchants, students, and hippies took matters into their own hands, planting trees, shrubs, flowers and grass to convert the land into a park. A major confrontation ensued on May 15, 1969, when Governor Ronald Reagan ordered the park destroyed, which led to a two-week occupation of the city of Berkeley by the United States National Guard.[53] Flower power came into its own during this occupation as hippies engaged in acts of civil disobedience to plant flowers in empty lots all over Berkeley under the slogan "Let A Thousand Parks Bloom". Peoples Park, Berkeley Peoples Park in Berkeley, California, USA is a park off of Telegraph Avenue, bound by Haste and Bowditch Streets and Dwight Way, near the University of California (UC) that was created as part of the citys radical activism in the 1960s. ... Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Reagan redirects here. ... The United States National Guard is a reserve forces component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ... A bus covered with Hippie slogans and flowers Flower power was a slogan used by hippies in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a symbol of the non-violence ideology. ... For other uses, see Civil disobedience (disambiguation). ...


In August 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair took place in Bethel, New York, which for many, exemplified the best of hippie counterculture. Over 500,000 people arrived[54] to hear the most notable musicians and bands of the era, among them Richie Havens, Joan Baez, Janis Joplin, The Grateful Dead, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, Carlos Santana, The Who, Jefferson Airplane, and Jimi Hendrix. Wavy Gravy's Hog Farm provided security and attended to practical needs, and the hippie ideals of love and human fellowship seemed to have gained real-world expression. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was an event held at Max Yasgurs 600 acre (2. ... Bethel is a town in Sullivan County, New York, USA. The population was 4,362 at the 2000 census but Bethel experienced tremendous growth between 2001 and 2007. ... Richie Havens (born January 21, 1941 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American folk singer and guitarist. ... Joan Chandos Baez (born January 9, 1941) is an American folk singer and songwriter known for her highly individual vocal style. ... Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943–October 4, 1970) was an American singer, songwriter, and music arranger, from Port Arthur, Texas. ... Jerry Garcia later in life The Grateful Dead was an American rock band, which was formed in 1965 in San Francisco from the remnants of another band, Mother McCrees Uptown Jug Champions. ... Creedence Clearwater Revival (CCR) was an American roots rock band who gained popularity in the late 1960s and early 70s with a string of successful songs from multiple albums released in 1968, 1969 and 1970. ... Crosby, Stills, & Nash (sometimes known as Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young) is a pioneering folk rock/rock supergroup that formed out of the remnants of three 1960s bands the Buffalo Springfield, the Byrds, and the Hollies. ... For the Costa Rican soccer player, see Carlos Santana (footballer); for the Mexican academic, see Carlos Santana Morales. ... The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Wavy Gravy (born Hugh Romney on May 15, 1936) is a life-long activist for peace and personal empowerment, best known for his hippie appearance, personality, and beliefs. ...


In December 1969, a similar event took place in Altamont, California, about 30 miles (45 km) east of San Francisco. Initially billed as "Woodstock West", its official name was The Altamont Free Concert. About 300,000 people gathered to hear The Rolling Stones; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young; Jefferson Airplane and other bands. The Hells Angels provided security that proved far less benevolent than the security provided at the Woodstock event: 18-year-old Meredith Hunter was stabbed and killed during The Rolling Stones' performance.[55] This article concerns the music festival. ... DVD cover of Gimme Shelter, the documentary film of the Altamont Music Festival The Altamont Free Concert was a famous rock music festival held on December 6, 1969. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Crosby, Stills, & Nash (sometimes known as Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young) is a pioneering folk rock/rock supergroup that formed out of the remnants of three 1960s bands the Buffalo Springfield, the Byrds, and the Hollies. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement. ... Meredith Hunter Meredith Hunter (October 24, 1951 – December 6, 1969) was a spectator at the infamous Altamont Free Concert. ...

Aftershocks (1970–present)

At the Rainbow World Gathering 2004 in Costa Rica

By the 1970s, the 1960s zeitgeist that had spawned hippie culture seemed to be on the wane.[56][57] The events at Altamont Free Concert[58] shocked many Americans,[59] including those who had strongly identified with hippie culture. Another shock came in the form of the Sharon Tate and Leno and Rosemary LaBianca murders committed in August 1969 by Charles Manson and his "family" of followers. Nevertheless, the turbulent political atmosphere that featured the bombing of Cambodia and shootings by National Guardsmen at Jackson State University and Kent State University still brought people together. These shootings inspired the May 1970 song by Quicksilver Messenger Service "What About Me?", where they sang, "You keep adding to my numbers as you shoot my people down", as well as Neil Young's "Ohio", recorded by Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young. This article is about the German word. ... For other uses, see Altamont. ... Sharon Marie Tate (January 24, 1943 – August 9, 1969) was a Golden Globe-nominated American actress. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Charles Milles Manson (b. ... The United States National Guard is a significant component of the United States armed forces military reserve. ... Jackson State University, often abridged as Jackson State or by its initials JSU is a historically black university located in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 1877. ... For the events of May 4, 1970, see Kent State shootings Kent State University (also known as Kent, Kent State or KSU) is one of America’s largest university systems, the third largest university in Ohio after Ohio State University (57,748) and the University of Cincinnati (35,364), and... This article is about the band. ... This article is about the musician. ... Ohio is a protest song performed by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, and written by Neil Young in reaction to the Kent State shootings of May 4, 1970. ... Crosby, Stills & Nash, also Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young when including occasional fourth member Neil Young, are a folk rock/rock supergroup. ...


Much of hippie style had been integrated into mainstream American society by the early 1970s.[60][61][62] Large rock concerts that originated with the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival and the 1968 Isle of Wight Festival became the norm. In the mid-1970s, with the end of the draft and the Vietnam War, a renewal of patriotic sentiment associated with the approach of the United States Bicentennial and the emergence of punk in London and New York, the mainstream media lost interest in the hippie counterculture. Acid rock gave way to heavy metal, disco, and punk rock. Look up mainstream in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Poster promoting the festival The Monterey International Pop Music Festival took place from June 16 to June 18, 1967. ... The Isle of Wight Festival is a music festival which takes place annually on the Isle of Wight, England. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Defence of the fatherland is a commonplace of patriotism: The statue in the courtyard of École polytechnique, Paris, commemorating the students involvement in defending France against the 1814 invasion of the Coalition. ... The United States Bicentennial was celebrated on Sunday, July 4, 1976, the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. ... Look up punk in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the music genre. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ...


Starting in the late 1960s, hippies began to come under attack by working class skinheads. [63][64][65] Hippies were also vilified and sometimes attacked by punks, revivalist mods, greasers, football casuals, Teddy boys and members of other youth subcultures of the 1970s and 1980s. Hippie ideals had a marked influence on anarcho-punk and some post-punk youth subcultures, especially during the second summer of love. Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in the United Kingdom in the late 1960s, and then spread to other parts of the world. ... The punk subculture is a subculture that is based around punk rock. ... The mod revival was a music genre and subculture that started in the United Kingdom in 1978 and later spread to other countries (to a lesser degree). ... For other uses of the term, see Greaser This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // The Teddy boy youth culture first emerged in Britain (starting in London, and rapidly spreading across the country) during the early 1950s, and soon after became strongly associated with American rock and roll music of the period. ... The anarchy symbol commonly used by anarcho-punks Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... The Second Summer of Love is a name given to the period in 1988 in Britain, during the rise of Acid House music and the euphoric explosion of unlicensed Ecstasy-fuelled rave parties[1]. The term generally refers to both the summers of 1988/9[2] [3] when electronic dance...


While many hippies made a long-term commitment to the lifestyle, some younger people argue that hippies "sold out" during the 1980s and became part of the materialist, consumer culture.[66][67] Although not as visible as it once was, hippie culture has never died out completely: hippies and neo-hippies can still be found on college campuses, on communes, and at gatherings and festivals. Many embrace the hippie values of peace, love, and community, and hippies may still be found in bohemian enclaves around the world.[14] For other uses, see Bohemian (disambiguation). ...

Ethos and characteristics

Hippies sought to free themselves from societal restrictions, choose their own way, and find new meaning in life. One expression of hippie independence from societal norms was found in their standard of dress and grooming, which made hippies instantly recognizable to one another, and served as a visual symbol of their respect for individual rights. Through their appearance, hippies declared their willingness to question authority, and distanced themselves from the "straight" and "square" (i.e., conformist) segments of society.[68] the quality or state of extending in one direction without turns, bends or curves; or being without influence or interruption the personal character of displaying honesty or fairness Straight, a poker hand containing five cards in sequential order a heterosexual person a type of punch used in boxing, also commonly... The term square, in referring to a person, originally meant someone who was honest, traditional, and loyal. ...


At the same time, many thoughtful hippies distanced themselves from the very idea that the way a person dresses could be a reliable signal of who he was, especially after outright criminals, like Charles Manson, began to adopt hippie personas, and also after plainclothes policemen started to "dress like hippies" in order to harass legitimate members of the counter-culture. Frank Zappa admonished his audience that "we all wear a uniform": the San Francisco clown/hippie Wavy Gravy said in 1987 that he could still see fellow-feeling in the eyes of Market Street businessman who'd dressed conventionally to survive. Charles Milles Manson (b. ... Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... Wavy Gravy (born Hugh Romney on May 15, 1936) is a life-long activist for peace and personal empowerment, best known for his hippie appearance, personality, and beliefs. ... An F Market streetcar turns around at the foot of Market Street, in front of the Ferry Building. ...

A 1967 VW Kombi bus decorated with hand-painting

As in the beat movement preceding them, and the punk movement that followed soon after, hippie symbols and iconography were purposely borrowed from either "low" or "primitive" cultures, with hippie fashion reflecting a disorderly, often vagrant style.[69] As with other adolescent, white middle-class movements, deviant behavior of the hippies involved challenging the prevailing gender differences of their time: both men and women in the hippie movement wore jeans and maintained long hair,[70] and both genders wore sandals or went barefoot.[39] Men often wore beards,[71] while women wore little or no makeup, with many going braless.[39] Hippies often chose brightly colored clothing and wore unusual styles, such as bell-bottom pants, vests, tie-dyed garments, dashikis, peasant blouses, and long, full skirts; non-Western inspired clothing with Native American, Asian, Indian, African and Latin American motifs were also popular. Much of hippie clothing was self-made in defiance of corporate culture, and hippies often purchased their clothes from flea markets and second-hand shops.[72] Favored accessories for both men and women included Native American jewelry, head scarves, headbands and long beaded necklaces.[39] Hippie homes, vehicles and other possessions were often decorated with psychedelic art. The Volkswagen Type 2 (aka Transporter) was the second automotive line introduced by German automaker Volkswagen. ... Look up punk in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... John Everett Millais The Blind Girl: vagrant musicians See also vagrancy (biology) for an alternative use of the term. ... Deviant redirects here. ... This article is about gender differences in humans. ... Walking barefoot Going barefoot means not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ... The history of the bra is inextricably intertwined with the social history of the status of women. ... (See also List of types of clothing) Introduction Humans often wear articles of clothing (also known as dress, garments or attire) on the body (for the alternative, see nudity). ... Bell bottoms are trousers that become more wide from the knees downwards. ... Categories: Stub ... The Dashiki is a colorful mens garment widely worn in West Africa. ... A sex toy is a term for any object or device that is primarily used in facilitating human sexual pleasure. ... Santanas Abraxas (album) cover by Mati Klarwein Psychedelic art is art inspired by the psychedelic experience induced by drugs such as LSD, Mescaline, and Psilocybin. ...

Travel

Travel, domestic and international, was a prominent feature of hippie culture, becoming (in this communal process) an extension of friendship. School busses similar to Ken Kesey's Further, or the iconic VW bus, were popular because groups of friends could travel on the cheap. The VW Bus became known as a counterculture and hippie symbol, and many buses were repainted with graphics and/or custom paint jobs — these were predecessors to the modern-day art car. A peace symbol often replaced the Volkswagen logo. Many hippies favored hitchhiking as a primary mode of transport because it was economical, environmentally friendly, and a way to meet new people. Type 2, T1 Mini-Bus The Volkswagen Type 2 was the second automotive line introduced by German automobile manufacturer Volkswagen. ... An art car is a vehicle that has its appearance modified as an act of personal artistic expression. ... Environmentally friendly, also referred to as nature friendly, is a term used to refer to goods and services considered to inflict minimal harm on the environment. ...

Hand-crafted Hippie Truck, 1968

Hippies tended to travel light and could pick up and go wherever the action was at any time; whether at a "love-in" on Mount Tamalpais near San Francisco, a demonstration against the Vietnam War in Berkeley, one of Ken Kesey's "Acid Tests", or if the "vibe" wasn't right and a change of scene was desired, hippies were mobile at a moment's notice. Pre-planning was eschewed as hippies were happy to put a few clothes in a backpack, stick out their thumbs and hitchhike anywhere. Hippies seldom worried whether they had money, hotel reservations or any of the other standard accoutrements of travel. Hippie households welcomed overnight guests on an impromptu basis, and the reciprocal nature of the lifestyle permitted freedom of movement. People generally cooperated to meet each other's needs in ways that became less common after the early 1970s."[22] This way of life is still seen among the Rainbow Family groups, new age travellers and New Zealand's housetruckers.[73] A derivative of this free-flow style of travel were hippie trucks and buses, hand-crafted mobile houses built on truck or bus chassis to facilitate a nomadic lifestyle as documented in the 1974 book Roll Your Own[74] (see also Housetrucker). Some of these mobile gypsy houses were quite elaborate with beds, toilets, showers and cooking facilities. Mount Tamalpais (IPA: ; MWCD , known locally as Mount Tam) is a peak in Marin County, California, USA, often considered symbolic of Marin County. ... Kenneth Elton Kesey (September 17, 1935 – November 10, 2001) was an American author, best known for his novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, and as a counter-cultural figure who, some consider, was a link between the beat generation of the 1950s and the hippies of the 1960s. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Rainbow Gathering. ... The New age travellers or Peace Convoy were a group of people who often espoused New age and/or hippie beliefs, and who travelled between music festivals and fairs in the United Kingdom in order to live in a community with others who hold similar beliefs. ... Housetrucks at the Nambassa 5 day festival 1981. ... Housetrucks at the Nambassa 5 day festival 1981. ...


On the West Coast, a unique lifestyle developed around the Renaissance Faires that Phyllis and Ron Patterson first organized in 1963. A Renaissance Fair or Renaissance Festival is an outdoor weekend gathering ostensibly focused on recreating life as it was during the Renaissance. ...

Hippie Truck interior

During the summer and fall months, entire families traveled together in their trucks and buses, parked at Renaissance Pleasure Faire sites in Southern and Northern California, worked their crafts during the week, and donned Elizabethan costume for weekend performances and to attend booths where handmade goods were sold to the public.


The sheer number of young people living at the time made for unprecedented travel opportunities to special happenings. The peak experience of this type was the Woodstock Festival near Bethel, New York, from August 15 to 19, 1969, which drew over 500,000 people. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was an event held at Max Yasgurs 600 acre (2. ... Bethel is a town in Sullivan County, New York, USA. The population was 4,362 at the 2000 census but Bethel experienced tremendous growth between 2001 and 2007. ...


One travel experience, undertaken by hundreds of thousands of hippies between 1969–1971, was the Hippie trail overland route to India. Carrying little or no luggage, and with small amounts of cash, almost all followed the same route, hitch-hiking across Europe to Athens and on to Istanbul, then by train through central Turkey via Erzurum, continuing by bus into Iran, via Tabriz and Tehran to Mashad, across the Afghan border into Herat, through southern Afghanistan via Kandahar to Kabul, over the Khyber Pass into Pakistan, via Rawalpindi and Lahore to the Indian frontier. Once in India, hippies went to many different destinations but gathered in large numbers on the beaches of Goa,[75] or crossed the border into Nepal to spend months in Kathmandu. In Kathmandu, most of the hippies hung out in tranquil surrounding of a place called Freak Street[76] (Nepal Bhasa: Jhoo Chhen) which still exists near Kathmandu Durbar Square. For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Kathmandu (disambiguation). ... Newari redirects here. ...

Politics

The peace symbol was developed in the UK as a logo for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, and was embraced by U.S. anti-war protestors in the 1960s.]] Hippies were often pacifists and participated in non-violent political demonstrations, such as civil rights marches, the marches on Washington D.C., and anti–Vietnam War demonstrations, including draft card burnings and the 1968 Democratic National Convention protests.[77] The degree of political involvement varied widely among hippies, from those who were active in peace demonstrations to the more anti-authority street theater and demonstrations of the Yippies, the most politically active hippie sub-group.[78] Bobby Seale discussed the differences between Yippies and hippies with Jerry Rubin who told him that Yippies were the political wing of the hippie movement, as hippies have not "necessarily become political yet". Regarding the political activity of hippies, Rubin said, "They mostly prefer to be stoned, but most of them want peace, and they want an end to this stuff."[79] CND redirects here. ... Pacifist redirects here. ... Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. ... Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... Opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly and in small numbers in 1964 on various college campuses in the United States and had spread to the United Kingdom by May of 1965 [1]. By the end of 1968, as U.S. troop casualties mounted and the... Conscription in the United States has been employed several times, usually during war but also during the nominal peace of the Cold War. ... Yippie flag, ca. ... Robert George (Bobby) Seale (born October 22, 1936 in Dallas, Texas), is an American civil rights activist, who along with Dr. Huey P. Newton, co-founded the Black Panther Party For Self Defense in 1966. ... Jerry Rubin (July 14, 1938 – November 28, 1994) was a high-profile American social activist during the 1960s and 1970s. ...


In addition to non-violent political demonstrations, hippie opposition to the Vietnam War included organizing political action groups to oppose the war, refusal to serve in the military and conducting "teach-ins" on college campuses that covered Vietnamese history and the larger political context of the war.[80] Teach-In were a group who won the Eurovision Song Contest 1975, representing the Netherlands. ...


Scott McKenzie's 1967 rendition of John Phillips' song "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)", which helped inspire the hippie Summer of Love, became a homecoming song for all Vietnam veterans arriving in San Francisco from 1967 on. McKenzie has dedicated every American performance of "San Francisco" to Vietnam veterans, and he sang at the 2002 20th anniversary of the dedication of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. "San Francisco" became a freedom song worldwide, especially in Eastern European nations that suffered under Soviet-imposed communism.[81] San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair) is a song, written by John Phillips of The Mamas & The Papas, and sung by Scott McKenzie. ... The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national war memorial located in Washington, D.C., that honors members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War and who died in service or are still unaccounted for. ... Eastern Europe is a concept that lacks one precise definition. ... CCCP redirects here. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ...


Hippie political expression often took the form of "dropping out" of society to implement the changes they sought. Politically motivated movements aided by hippies include the back to the land movement of the 1960s, cooperative business enterprises, alternative energy, the free press movement, and organic farming.[61][82] Today, the phrase back to the land movement usually refers to a North American social phenomenon of the 1960s and 1970s (which is discussed further, below in this article). ... Co-op redirects here. ... Alternative energy is energy derived from sources that do not harm the environment or deplete the Earths natural resources. ... Freedom of the Press (or Press Freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... Organic farming is a form of agriculture which excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, plant growth regulators, livestock feed additives, and genetically modified organisms. ...


The political ideals of the hippies influenced other movements, such as anarcho-punk, rave culture, green politics, stoner culture and the new age movement. Penny Rimbaud of the English anarcho-punk band Crass said in interviews, and in an essay called The Last Of The Hippies, that Crass was formed in memory of his friend, Wally Hope.[83] Rimbaud also said that Crass were heavily involved with the hippie movement throughout the 1960s and Seventies, with Dial House being established in 1967. Many punks were often critical of Crass for their involvement in the hippie movement. Like Crass, Jello Biafra was influenced by the hippie movement and cited the yippies as a key influence on his political activism and thinking, though he did write songs critical of hippies. The anarchy symbol commonly used by anarcho-punks Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas. ... A rave party, more often just called a rave, also called free parties, is typically defined as an all-night dance event where DJs and/or other performers play electronic dance music and rave music. ... Green politics or Green ideologies is a political ideology which places a high importance on ecological and environmentalist goals, and on achieving these goals through broad-based, grassroots, participatory democracy and a consensus decision-making. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Penny Rimbaud circa 1977 Jeremy John Ratter (born 8 June 1943, Northwood, Middlesex, England), better known under his pseudonym of Penny Rimbaud, is a drummer, writer, poet, former member of performance art group EXIT and co-founder of the anarchist punk band Crass with Steve Ignorant in 1977. ... For information about the anarchist writer, see Chris Crass Crass was an English anarchist punk rock band, formed in 1977[1][2] and based around Dial House, an open house community near Epping, Essex. ... Wally Hope (1947 - 1975) was the name by which the Windsor Free Festival organiser, Phil Russell, was known. ... Dial House is a sixteenth-century farm cottage nestling deep in the countryside in Essex, England, fringing Epping Forest. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... For information about the anarchist writer, see Chris Crass Crass was an English anarchist punk rock band, formed in 1977[1][2] and based around Dial House, an open house community near Epping, Essex. ... Eric Reed Boucher (born June 17, 1958) is more widely known by the stage name Jello Biafra. ...

Drugs

Tahquitz Canyon, Palm Springs, California, 1969, sharing a joint

Following in the well-worn footsteps of the Beats, the hippies also used cannabis (marijuana), considering it pleasurable and benign. They enlarged their spiritual pharmacopeia to include hallucinogens such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. On the East Coast of the United States, Harvard University professors Timothy Leary, Ralph Metzner and Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) advocated psychotropic drugs for psychotherapy, self-exploration, religious and spiritual use. Regarding LSD, Leary said, "Expand your consciousness and find ecstasy and revelation within."[84] Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual usage as a trance inducing drug and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... The general group of pharmacological agents commonly known as hallucinogens can be divided into three broad categories: psychedelics, dissociatives, and deliriants. ... Psilocybin (also known as psilocybine) is a psychedelic alkaloid of the tryptamine family, found in psilocybin mushrooms. ... Not to be confused with mesclun. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Harvard redirects here. ... For the American baseball player, see Tim Leary (baseball player). ... Dr. Ralph Metzner Ph. ... Richard Alpert redirects here. ... Psychotherapy is an interpersonal, relational intervention used by trained psychotherapists to aid clients in problems of living. ... Many religions have beliefs about drug use; these vary greatly, with some traditions placing the ritual use of entheogens at the center of religious activity, while others prohibit drug use altogether. ... This entry covers entheogens as psychoactive substances used in a religious or shamanic context. ...

According to the hippies, LSD was the glue that held the Haight together. It was the hippie sacrament, a mind detergent capable of washing away years of social programming, a re-imprinting device, a consciousness-expander, a tool that would push us up the evolutionary ladder.

On the West Coast of the United States, Ken Kesey was an important figure in promoting the recreational use of psychotropic drugs, especially LSD, also known as "acid." By holding what he called "Acid Tests", and touring the country with his band of Merry Pranksters, Kesey became a magnet for media attention that drew many young people to the fledgling movement. The Grateful Dead (originally billed as "The Warlocks") played some of their first shows at the Acid Tests, often as high on LSD as their audiences. Kesey and the Pranksters had a "vision of turning on the world."[84] Harder drugs, such as amphetamines and heroin were also used in hippie settings; however, these drugs were often disdained, even among those who used them, because they were recognized as harmful and addictive.[68] Jay Stevens is a novelist, historian, and journalist with a special interest in states of consciousness. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Kenneth Elton Kesey (September 17, 1935 – November 10, 2001) was an American author, best known for his novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, and as a counter-cultural figure who, some consider, was a link between the beat generation of the 1950s and the hippies of the 1960s. ... The Merry Pranksters are a group of people who originally formed around American author Ken Kesey in the early 1960s and sometimes lived communally at his homes in California and Oregon. ... This article is about the band. ... Amphetamine is a synthetic drug originally developed (and still used) as an appetite suppressant. ...

Legacy

Newcomers to the Internet are often startled to discover themselves not so much in some soulless colony of technocrats as in a kind of cultural Brigadoon - a flowering remnant of the '60's, when hippie communalism and libertarian politics formed the roots of the modern cyberrevolution...
Stewart Brand, "We Owe It All To The Hippies".[86]

The legacy of the hippie movement continues to permeate Western society.[87] In general, unmarried couples of all ages feel free to travel and live together without societal disapproval.[61][88] Frankness regarding sexual matters has become more common, and the rights of homosexual, bisexual and transsexual people, as well as people who choose not to categorize themselves at all, have expanded.[89] Religious and cultural diversity has gained greater acceptance.[90] Co-operative business enterprises and creative community living arrangements are more accepted than before.[91] Some of the little hippie health food stores of the 1960s and 1970s are now large-scale, profitable businesses, due to greater interest in natural foods, herbal remedies, vitamins and other nutritional supplements.[92] Author Stewart Brand argues that the development and popularization of the Internet finds one of its primary roots in the anti-authoritarian ethos promoted by hippie culture.[86] In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... Healthful eating is the act of following a balanced nutritional diet. ... Stewart Brand speaking September 5, 2004 Stewart Brand (born December 14, 1938 in Rockford, Illinois) is an author, editor, and creator of The Whole Earth Catalog and CoEvolution Quarterly. ...


Distinct appearance and clothing was one of the immediate legacies of hippies worldwide..[72][93] During the 1960s and 1970s, mustaches, beards and long hair became more commonplace and colorful, while multi-ethnic clothing dominated the fashion world. Since that time, a wide range of personal appearance options and clothing styles, including nudity, have become more widely acceptable, all of which was uncommon before the hippie era.[72][93] Hippies also inspired the decline in popularity of the necktie and other business clothing, which had been unavoidable for men during the 1950s and early 1960s. For the grappling position, see double collar tie. ...

A hippie in Stockholm, Sweden in August 1971.

Astrology, including everything from serious study to whimsical amusement regarding personal traits, was integral to hippie culture.[94] For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ...

Culture

The hippie legacy in literature includes the lasting popularity of books reflecting the hippie experience, such as The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test.[95] In music, the folk rock and psychedelic rock popular among hippies evolved into genres such as acid rock, world beat and heavy metal music. Psychedelic trance (also known as psytrance) is a type of electronic music music influenced by 1960s psychedelic rock. The tradition of hippie music festivals began in the United States in 1965 with Ken Kesey's Acid Tests, where the Grateful Dead played tripping on LSD and initiated psychedelic jamming. For the next several decades, many hippies and neo-hippies became part of the Deadhead community, attending music and art festivals held around the country. The Grateful Dead toured continuously, with few interruptions between 1965 and 1995. Phish and their fans (called Phish Heads) operated in the same manner, with the band touring continuously between 1983 and 2004. Many contemporary bands performing at hippie festivals and their derivatives are called jam bands, since they play songs that contain long instrumentals similar to the original hippie bands of the 1960s. The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test is a literary journalism novel written by Tom Wolfe early in his career in 1968. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Acid rock is a form of psychedelic music and was the first form of it to achieve popular acclaim. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... Psychedelic trance or psytrance is a form of electronic music that evolved from Goa trance in the early 1990s when it first began hitting the mainstream. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... This article is about the band. ... Lysergic acid diethylamide, commonly called LSD, LSD-25, or acid. ... A black-and-white photo of the above symbol was featured inside the album jacket of the self-titled Grateful Dead album along with the address below. ... This article is about the band. ... This article is about the band. ... The term jam band is commonly used to describe psychedelic rock-influenced bands whose concerts largely consist of bands reinterpreting their songs as springboards into extended improvisational pieces of music. ...


With the demise of Grateful Dead and Phish, nomadic touring hippies attend a growing series of summer festivals, the largest of which is called the Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival, which premiered in 2002. The Oregon Country Fair is a three-day festival featuring hand-made crafts, educational displays and costumed entertainment. The annual Starwood Festival, founded in 1981, is a six-day event indicative of the spiritual quest of hippies through an exploration of non-mainstream religions and world-views, and has offered performances and classes by a variety of hippy and counter-culture icons. The Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival is a four-day annual music festival, created and produced by Superfly Productions and AC Entertainment, first held in 2002. ... The Oregon Country Fair is a three-day fair that takes place yearly beginning on the Friday of the second weekend in July in Veneta, Oregon, approximately 15 miles west of Eugene, with an attendance of approximately 45,000 over the three day period, with attendance peaking on Saturday at... Logo from 1999 Starwood is a festival presented by the Association for Consciousness Exploration (ACE), along with many volunteers during a week in the month of July. ...


The Burning Man festival began in 1986 at a San Francisco beach party and is now held in the Black Rock Desert northeast of Reno, Nevada. Although few participants would accept the hippie label, Burning Man is a contemporary expression of alternative community in the same spirit as early hippie events. The gathering becomes a temporary city (36,500 occupants in 2005), with elaborate encampments, displays, and many art cars. Other events that enjoy a large attendance include the Rainbow Family Gatherings, Community Peace Festivals and the Woodstock Festivals. The event is named after its Saturday night ritual, the burning of a wooden effigy. ... The Black Rock Desert is a dry lake bed in northwestern Nevada in the United States. ... Reno redirects here. ... An art car is a vehicle that has its appearance modified as an act of personal artistic expression. ... A Rainbow brother waiting in line to fill his water containers at the 2002 Family Gathering in Michigan The Rainbow Family of Living Light is an international loose affiliation of individuals who have a common goal of trying to achieve peace and love on Earth. ... The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was an event held at Max Yasgurs 600 acre (2. ...

Hippies at the Nambassa 1981 Festival in New Zealand

In the UK, there are many new age travellers who are known as hippies to outsiders, but prefer to call themselves the Peace Convoy. They started the Stonehenge Free Festival in 1974, but English Heritage later banned the festival, resulting in the Battle of the Beanfield in 1985. With Stonehenge banned as a festival site, new age travellers gather at the annual Glastonbury Festival. Nambassa was a series of hippie-conceived festivals held between 1976 and 1981 on large farms around Waihi and Waikino in New Zealand. ... The New age travellers or Peace Convoy were a group of people who often espoused New age and/or hippie beliefs, and who travelled between music festivals and fairs in the United Kingdom in order to live in a community with others who hold similar beliefs. ... The New age travellers or Peace Convoy were a group of people who often espoused New age and / or hippie beliefs, and who travelled between music festivals and fairs in order to live in a community with others who hold similar beliefs. ... Dancing inside the stones, 1984 free festival. ... The standard of English Heritage English Heritage is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government (Department for Culture, Media and Sport) with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... The Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts, commonly abbreviated to Glastonbury or Glasto, is the largest[1] greenfield music and performing arts festival in the world. ...


In New Zealand between 1976 and 1981 tens of thousands of hippies gathered from around the world on large farms around Waihi and Waikino for music and alternatives festivals. Named Nambassa, the festivals focused on peace, love, and a balanced lifestyle. The events featured practical workshops and displays advocating alternative lifestyles, self sufficiency, clean and sustainable energy and sustainable living. [96] Waihi is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Waikino is a small town situated in the North Island of New Zealand nestled in the Southern end of a beautiful gorge alongside the Ohinemuri River, between Waihi and the Karangahake Gorge. ... Nambassa was a series of hippie-conceived festivals held between 1976 and 1981 on large farms around Waihi and Waikino in New Zealand. ... A workshop is a room or smaller building which contains tools and/or machinery for making or repairing things. ... The following is a partial list of lifestyles that can be found in the 21st century. ... Self-sufficiency refers to the state of not requiring any outside aid, support, or (in hardline cases) interaction, for survival; it is therefore a type of extreme personal or collective (group-based) autonomy. ... This article is about a concept related to renewable energy, of which sustainable energy is a superset. ... Sustainable living refers to an individual or societys lifestyle that can be sustained with limited exhaustion of natural resources. ...


In the UK and Europe, the years 1987 to 1989 were marked by a large-scale revival of many characteristics of the hippie movement. This later movement, composed mostly of people aged 18 to 25, adopted much of the original hippie philosophy of love, peace and freedom. The summer of 1988 became known as the Second Summer of Love. Although the music favored by this movement was modern electronic music, especially house music and acid house, one could often hear songs from the original hippie era in the chill out rooms at raves. In the UK, many of the well-known figures of this movement first lived communally in Stroud Green, an area of north London located in Finsbury Park. The Second Summer of Love is a name given to the period in 1988 in Britain, during the rise of Acid House music and the euphoric explosion of unlicensed Ecstasy-fuelled rave parties[1]. The term generally refers to both the summers of 1988/9[2] [3] when electronic dance... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ... , Stroud Green is a suburb (and administrative ward) of Greater London located in Haringey. ...


Popular films depicting the hippie ethos and lifestyle include Woodstock, Easy Rider, Hair, The Doors, Across the Universe and Crumb. Woodstock (subtitled 3 Days of Peace & Music) is a 1970 documentary on the Woodstock Festival in 1969. ... Wyatt, Mary (Toni Basil), Billy and Karen (Karen Black) wandering the streets of a parade filled New Orleans. ... Hair is a 1979 film based on the 1968 Broadway musical of the same name about a Vietnam war draftee who meets and befriends a tribe of long-haired hippies on his way to the army induction center. ... The Doors is a 1991 film about Jim Morrison and The Doors. ... Across The Universe is a 2007 Academy Award-nominated musical film produced by Revolution Studios and distributed by Columbia Pictures. ... Crumb is a 1994 documentary film about the noted underground comic artist R. Crumb and his family. ...


In 2002, photojournalist John Bassett McCleary published a 650-page, 6,000-entry unabridged slang dictionary devoted to the language of the hippies titled The Hippie Dictionary: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the 1960s and 1970s. The book was revised and expanded to 700 pages in 2004.[97] McCleary believes that the hippie counterculture added a significant number of words to the English language by borrowing from the lexicon of the Beat Generation, through the hippies' shortening of beatnik words and then popularizing their usage.[98] This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Beats redirects here. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://members.aye.net/~hippie/hippie/special_.htm
  2. ^ Sheidlower, Jesse (2004-12-08), Crying Wolof, Slate Magazine, http://www.slate.com/id/2110811/, retrieved 2007-05-07 .
  3. ^ Harry "The Hipster" Gibson (1986), Everybody's Crazy But Me646456456654151, The Hipster Story, Progressive Records, http://www.hyzercreek.com/harryautobio.htm .
  4. ^ The Mavens' Word of the Day: Hippie, Random House, 1998-05-21, http://www.harmonybooks.com/wotd/index.pperl?date=19980521, retrieved 2006-10-09 .
  5. ^ NBC studios live radio program, the Jubilee show at Billy Berg's jazz club in Hollywood, CA, and recorded through the transcription service of the Armed Forces Radio Corps (AFRC), and available on the CD "Stan Kenton And Friends", 2006.
  6. ^ Booth 2004, p. 212. "A few of the white men around Harlem, younger ones whom we called 'hippies', acted more Negro than Negroes. This particular one talked more 'hip' talk than we did."
  7. ^ a b "The Hippies", Time, 1968-07-07, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,899555-1,00.html, retrieved 2007-08-24 .
  8. ^ Randall, Annie Janeiro (2005), "The Power to Influence Minds", Music, Power, and Politics, Routledge, pp. 66–67, ISBN 0415943647 .
  9. ^ Kennedy, Gordon; Ryan, Kody (2003), Hippie Roots & The Perennial Subculture, http://www.hippy.com/php/article-243.html, retrieved 2007-08-31 . See also: Kennedy 1998.
  10. ^ Zablocki, Benjamin. "Hippies." World Book Online Reference Center. 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-12. "Hippies were members of a youth movement...from white middle-class families and ranged in age from 15 to 25 years old."
  11. ^ a b Dudley 2000, pp. 193–194.
  12. ^ a b Hirsch 1993, p. 419. Hirsch describes hippies as: "Members of a cultural protest that began in the U.S. in the 1960s and affected Europe before fading in the 1970s...fundamentally a cultural rather than a political protest."
  13. ^ a b Pendergast & Pendergast 2005. Pendergast writes: "The Hippies made up the...nonpolitical subgroup of a larger group known as the counterculture...the counterculture included several distinct groups...One group, called the New Left...Another broad group called...the Civil Rights Movement...did not become a recognizable social group until after 1965...according to John C. McWilliams, author of The 1960s Cultural Revolution."
  14. ^ a b Stone 1994, Hippy Havens.
  15. ^ August 28 - Bob Dylan turns The Beatles on to cannabis for the first time. See also: Brown, Peter; Gaines, Steven (2002), The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of the Beatles, NAL Trade, ISBN 0451207351 ;Moller, Karen (2006-09-25), Tony Blair: Child Of The Hippie Generation, Swans, http://www.swans.com/library/art12/moller04.html, retrieved 2007-07-29 .
  16. ^ Light My Fire: Rock Posters from the Summer of Love, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 2006, http://www.mfa.org/exhibitions/sub.asp?key=15&subkey=2147, retrieved 2007-08-25 .
  17. ^ Booth 2004, p. 214.
  18. ^ Oldmeadow 2004, pp. 260, 264.
  19. ^ Stolley 1998, pp. 137.
  20. ^ Yippie Abbie Hoffman envisioned a different society: "...where people share things, and we don't need money; where you have the machines for the people. A free society, that's really what it amounts to... a free society built on life; but life is not some Time Magazine, hippie version of fagdom... we will attempt to build that society..." See: Swatez, Gerald. Miller, Kaye. (1970). Conventions: The Land Around Us Anagram Pictures. University of Illinois at Chicago Circle. Social Sciences Research Film Unit. qtd at ~16:48. The speaker is not explicitly identified, but it is thought to be Abbie Hoffman.
  21. ^ Wiener, Jon (1991), Come Together: John Lennon in His Time, University of Illinois Press, p. 40, ISBN 0252061314 : "Seven hundred million people heard it in a worldwide TV satellite broadcast. It became the anthem of flower power that summer...The song expressed the highest value of the counterculture...For the hippies, however, it represented a call for liberation from Protestant culture, with its repressive sexual taboos and its insistence on emotional restraint...The song presented the flower power critique of movement politics: there was nothing you could do that couldn't be done by others; thus you didn't need to do anything...John was arguing not only against bourgeois self-denial and future-mindedness but also against the activists' sense of urgency and their strong personal commitments to fighting injustice and oppression..."
  22. ^ a b Yablonsky 1968, pp. 106–107.
  23. ^ Theme appears in contemporaneous interviews throughout Yablonsky (1968).
  24. ^ McCleary 2004, pp. 50, 166, 323.
  25. ^ Dudley 2000, pp. 203–206. Timothy Miller notes that the counterculture was a "movement of seekers of meaning and value...the historic quest of any religion." Miller quotes Harvey Cox, William C. Shepard, Jefferson Poland, and Ralph J. Gleason in support of the view of the hippie movement as a new religion. See also Wes Nisker's The Big Bang, The Buddha, and the Baby Boom: "At its core, however, hippie was a spiritual phenomenon, a big, unfocused, revival meeting." Nisker cites the San Francisco Oracle, which described the Human Be-In as a "spiritual revolution".
  26. ^ a b Dodd, David (1998-06-22), The Annotated Grateful Dead Lyrics: "That's It For The Other One", University of California, Santa Cruz, http://arts.ucsc.edu/gdead/agdl/other1.html, retrieved 2008-05-09 .
  27. ^ Arnold, Corry; Hannan, Ross (2007-05-09), The History of The Jabberwock, http://www.chickenonaunicycle.com/Jabberwock%20History.htm, retrieved 2007-08-31 .
  28. ^ Hannan, Ross; Arnold, Corry (2007-10-07), Berkeley Art, http://www.chickenonaunicycle.com/Berkeley%20Art.htm, retrieved 2007-10-07 .
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h Works, Mary (Director) (2005), Rockin' At the Red Dog: The Dawn of Psychedelic Rock, Monterey Video .
  30. ^ Bill Ham Lights, 2001, http://www.billhamlights.com .
  31. ^ Lau, Andrew (2005-12-01), The Red Dog Saloon And The Amazing Charlatans, Perfect Sound Forever, http://www.furious.com/perfect/reddogsaloon.html, retrieved 2007-09-01 .
  32. ^ Grunenberg & Harris 2005, p. 325.
  33. ^ Tamony 1981, p. 98.
  34. ^ Dodgson, Rick (2001), Prankster History Project, pranksterweb.org, http://www.pranksterweb.org/trips.htm, retrieved 2007-10-19 .
  35. ^ Perry 2005, p. 18.
  36. ^ Grunenberg & Harris 2005, p. 156.
  37. ^ The college was later renamed San Francisco State University.
  38. ^ Perry 2005, pp. 5–7. Perry writes that SFSC students rented cheap, Edwardian-Victorians in the Haight.
  39. ^ a b c d Tompkins 2001b
  40. ^ Lytle 2006, p. 213, 215.
  41. ^ a b Farber, David; Bailey, Beth L. (2001), The Columbia Guide to America in the 1960s, Columbia University Press, p. 145, ISBN 0231113730 .
  42. ^ Charters, Ann (2003), The Portable Sixties Reader, Penguin Classics, p. 298, ISBN 0142001945 .
  43. ^ Lee & Shlain 1992, p. 149.
  44. ^ "Chronology of San Francisco Rock 1965-1969
  45. ^ DeCurtis, Anthony. (July 12, 2007). "New York". Rolling Stone. Issue 1030/1031; For additional sources, see McNeill, Don, "Central Park Rite is Medieval Pageant", The Village Voice, 30 March. 1967: pg 1, 20; Weintraub, Bernard, "Easter: A Day of Worship, a "Be-In" or just Parading in the Sun", The New York Times, 27 March. 1967: pg 1, 24.
  46. ^ Dudley 2000, pp. 254.
  47. ^ a b c SFGate.com. Archive. Herb Caen, June 25, 1967. Small thoughts at large. Retrieved on June 4, 2009.
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References

Further reading and resources

External links

Jesse Sheidlower (born August 5, 1968) is an author and editor specializing in English linguistics and lexicography. ... Categories: Magazines stubs | Microsoft subsidiaries | Websites | The Washington Post ... Harry The Hipster Gibson (June 27, 1915 – May 3, 1991) was a jazz pianist, singer, and songwriter. ... TIME redirects here. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Benjamin Zablocki (b. ... Peter Brown is an American businessman, born and educated in England. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (Doù venons-nous? Que faisons-nous? Où allons-nous?) (1897). ... The Youth International Party (whose adherents were known as Yippies, a variant on Hippies) was a highly theatrical political party established in the United States in 1967. ... Abbott Howard Abbie Hoffman (November 30, 1936 – April 12, 1989) was a social and political activist in the United States who co-founded the Youth International Party (Yippies). Later he became a fugitive from the law, who lived under an alias following a conviction for dealing cocaine. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... ISBN redirects here. ... A bus covered with Hippie slogans and flowers Flower power was a slogan used by hippies in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a symbol of the non-violence ideology. ... Timothy Miller is a historian of religion whose special interest is new and alternative religions and the history of communitarianism. ... Harvey Gallagher Cox, Jr. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Ralph J. Gleason (1917-1975) was an influential American jazz and pop music critic. ... “UCSC” redirects here. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Ann Charters was a close friend of Jack Kerouac. ... ISBN redirects here. ... ISBN redirects here. ... 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Penny Rimbaud circa 1977 Jeremy John Ratter (born 8 June 1943, Northwood, Middlesex, England), better known under his pseudonym of Penny Rimbaud, is a drummer, writer, poet, former member of performance art group EXIT and co-founder of the anarchist punk band Crass with Steve Ignorant in 1977. ... Stewart Brand speaking September 5, 2004 Stewart Brand (born December 14, 1938 in Rockford, Illinois) is an author, editor, and creator of The Whole Earth Catalog and CoEvolution Quarterly. ... TIME redirects here. ... For other uses, see Times. ... ISBN redirects here. ... This article is about the body feature. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... The Daily Texan is the student newspaper of The University of Texas at Austin. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... Martin Booth (September 7, 1944, Lancashire - February 12, 2004, Devon) was a British writer and poet. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Vincent Bugliosi (born August 18, 1934 in Hibbing, Minnesota) is an American attorney and author, best known for prosecuting Charles Manson and other defendants accused of the Tate-LaBianca murders. ... Curt Gentry is an American writer, best known for Helter Skelter, which followed the Charles Manson killings. ... ISBN redirects here. ... One of several front covers The Rebel Sell: Why the culture cant be jammed (U.S. release: Nation of Rebels: Why Counterculture Became Consumer Culture) is a popular non-fiction book written by Canadian authors Joseph Heath and Andrew Potter in 2004. ... ISBN redirects here. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Eric Donald Hirsch, Jr. ... ISBN redirects here. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Stephen A. Kent, Ph. ... Syracuse University (SU) is a private research university located in Syracuse, New York. ... ISBN redirects here. ... 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Peter Tamony (October 9, 1902 - July 24, 1985) was an Irish American etymologist. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Thomson Gale is a part of the Thomson Learning division of the Thomson Corporation, and is based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, in the western suburbs of Detroit. ... Thomson Gale is a part of the Thomson Learning division of the Thomson Corporation, and is based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, in the western suburbs of Detroit. ... ISBN redirects here. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Robert Altman 2006 Photo by Jeremy Sutton Robert Mark Altman (born October 20, 1944) is an American photographer. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ... Ann Charters was a close friend of Jack Kerouac. ... 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For information on the erotic actress Belladonna see: Belladonna. ... Species Mandragora autumnalis Mandragora officinarum Mandragora turcomanica Mandragora caulescens Mandrake is the common name for members of the plant genus Mandragora belonging to the nightshades family (Solanaceae). ... An opioid is a chemical substance that has a morphine-like action in the body. ... For the band, see Codeine (band). ... Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. ... This article is about the drug. ... This article is about the drug. ... Not to be confused with oxytocin. ... Sustained-Release 15mg Dexedrine Spansules. ... Amphetamine is a prescription CNS stimulant commonly used to treat attention-deficit disorder (ADD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children. ... Arecoline is an alkaloid-type natural product found in betel nuts from the betel palm (Areca catechu). ... Species (Betel nut palm) and about 50 more Areca is a genus of about 50 species of single-stemmed palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from Malaysia to the Solomon Islands. ... Betel pepper (Piper betle) vines Shopkeeper making Paan in an Indian store Paan, pan (in many Indic languages, हिन्दी : पान ), or beeda (in Tamil) is a type of Indian snack, which consists of fillings wrapped in a triangular package using leaves of the Betel pepper (Piper betle) and held together with a... For other uses, see Caffeine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... Cathinone (β-ketoamphetamine) is a monoamine alkaloid found in the shrub Catha edulis (Khat). ... Binomial name (Vahl) Forssk. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Coca (disambiguation). ... 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Santa Cruz 4/20 celebration at Porter Meadow on UCSC campus in 2007 4:20 or 4/20 (pronounced four-twenty) is a term used in North America as a discreet way to refer to the consumption of cannabis and, by extension, a way to identify oneself with the drug... A stoner film (or stoner movie) is colloquial term referring to a subgenre of movies depicting the use and/or the users of marijuana. ... Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual usage as a trance inducing drug and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. ... A catalog page offering Cannabis sativa extract. ... A very young cannabis seedling. ... Cannabis smoking is the process of inhaling the smoke created by burning cannabis, mostly either the flowering buds of, or hashish, a preparation of, the cannabis plant. ... For psychedelics, see psychedelic drug. ... Santanas Abraxas (album) cover by Mati Klarwein Psychedelic art is art inspired by the psychedelic experience induced by drugs such as LSD, Mescaline, and Psilocybin. ... A fractal pattern similar to the spiral patterns that may be seen as the result of some psychedelic drug experiences. ... A psychedelic experience, or trip, is characterized by the perception of aspects of ones mind previously unknown, or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ordinary fetters. ... Psychedelic literature encompasses a few different areas: The science of psychedelic drugs DMT: The Spirit Molecule by Rick Strassman LSD Psychotherapy by Stanislav Grof Subjective effects of psychedelic drugs The Doors of Perception and Heaven and Hell by Aldous Huxley Direct inspiration of the psychedelic experience The Psychedelic Experience: A... Psychedelia in music (or also psychedelic music, less formally) is a term that refers to a broad set of popular music styles, genres and scenes, that may include psychedelic rock, psychedelic folk, psychedelic pop, psychedelic soul, psychedelic ambient, psychedelic trance, psychedelic techno, and others. ... // The counterculture of the 1960s was a social revolution between the period of 1960 and 1973[1] that began in the United States as a reaction against the conservative social norms of the 1950s, the political conservatism (and perceived social repression) of the Cold War period, and the US government... Club drugs are a loosely defined category of recreational drugs which are popular at dance clubs, parties, and rock concerts. ... Dance Party was a 1965 album released by American Motown and soul girl group Martha and the Vandellas on the Gordy (Motown) label. ... Drug tourism is considered to be when one travels in order to procure narcotics. ... 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The concept of responsible drug use is that a person can use recreational drugs with reduced or eliminated risk of negatively affecting other parts of ones life or other peoples lives. ... Panamanian motor vessel Gatun during the largest cocaine bust in United States Coast Guard history (20 tons), off the coast of Panama. ... The term drug overdose (or simply overdose) describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced. ... Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs Opened for signature March 30, 1961 at New York Entered into force December 13, 1964[1] Conditions for entry into force 40 ratifications Parties 180[2] The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is the international treaty against illicit drug manufacture and trafficking that forms the... Convention on Psychotropic Substances Opened for signature February 21, 1971 in Vienna Entered into force August 16, 1976 Conditions for entry into force 40 ratifications Parties 175 The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is a United Nations treaty designed to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamines, barbiturates, and psychedelics. ... United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Opened for signature December 20, 1988[1] at Vienna Entered into force November 11, 1990[2] Conditions for entry into force 20 ratifications Parties 170[3] The 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and... For a more general overview of methods to tackle drug addiction, see Drug policy. ... Decriminalization is the reduction or abolition of criminal penalties in relation to certain acts. ... Relative harm assessment of various drugs from the scientific Journal The Lancet Drug policy reform is a term used to describe proposed changes to the way most governments respond to the socio-cultural reality of psychoactive substance use. ... Harm reduction is a philosophy of public health, intended to be a progressive alternative to the prohibition of certain potentially dangerous lifestyle choices. ... Demand reduction is a term used by drug control authorities to refer to educational and other efforts aimed at stopping people from seeking drugs, as opposed to cutting off their supply. ... Drug possession is the crime of having one or more illegal drugs in ones possession, either for personal use, distribution, sale or otherwise. ... For the episode of the American television series The Office, see Drug Testing. A drug test is commonly a technical examination of urine, semen, blood, sweat, or oral fluid samples to determine the presence or absence of specified drugs or their metabolized traces. ... Hard and soft drugs are loose categories of psychoactive drugs. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For the Barenaked Ladies song War on Drugs, see Everything to Everyone. ... This is a list of the legality of cannabis by country. ... Anti war protest in Melbourne, Australia, 2003 Anti_war is a name that is widely adopted by any social movement or person that seeks to end or oppose a future or current war. ... This article is about parties opposing to the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the Iraq War from outside Iraq. ... It has been suggested that Post-September 11 anti-war movement be merged into this article or section. ... Criticism of the War on Terrorism addresses the issues, morals, ethics, efficiency, economics, and other questions surrounding the War on Terrorism. ...  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is a coalition of non-governmental organizations whose goal is to abolish the production and use of anti-personnel mines. ... Opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly and in small numbers in 1964 on various college campuses in the United States and had spread to the United Kingdom by May of 1965 [1]. By the end of 1968, as U.S. troop casualties mounted and the... U.S. and USSR/Russian nuclear weapons stockpiles, 1945-2006 Nuclear disarmament is the proposed dismantling of nuclear weapons, particularly those of the United States and the Soviet Union (later Russia) targeted on each other. ... Despite lack of reporting on this, some military personnel and civilians staunchly opposed fighting the Nazis and Fascists during World War II. One key objector who would later write a novel on this was the author of Catch-22 who did not want to lose his life even if it... The First World War was mainly opposed by left-wing groups, there was also opposition by Christain groups baised on pacifism The trade union and socialist movements had declared before the war their determined opposition to a war which they said could only mean workers killing each other in the... Opposition to the Second Boer War began slowly but grew due in part to organisations like the Stop the War Committee. ... Link titleAnti-war Popular opposition to the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865, was widespread. ... Opposition to the War of 1812 was widespread in the United States, especially in New England. ... In order to facilitate organized opposition to war, anti-war activists have often founded anti-war organizations. ... John T. Neufeld was a WWI conscientious objector sentenced to 15 years hard labour in the military prison at Leavenworth. ... Their actions were criminal offences and once they had left the country draft dodgers could not return or they would be arrested. ... An Australian anti-conscription poster from World War One A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, often linked to the goal of... Peace churches are Christian churches, groups or communities advocating pacifism. ... First peace camps Peace camps are known from the 1920s. ... Anti-imperialism, strictly speaking, is a term that may be applied to or movement opposed to some form of imperialism. ... Theory and practice Issues History Culture By region Lists Related Anarchism Portal Politics Portal ·        Antimilitarism is a doctrine commonly found in the anarchist and, more globally, in the socialist movement, which may be both characterized as internationalist movements. ... Appeasement is a policy of accepting the imposed conditions of an aggressor in lieu of armed resistance, usually at the sacrifice of principles. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence), whether held as a moral philosophy or only employed as an action strategy, rejects the use of physical violence in efforts to attain social, economic or political change. ... Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes. ... Pacifist redirects here. ... Mohandas Karamchand “Mahatma” Gandhi, who developed Satyagraha Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance developed by Mohandas K. Gandhi. ... In the context of revolutionary struggle, vanguardism is a strategy whereby an organization (usually a vanguard party) attempts to place itself at the center of the movement, and steer it in a direction consistent with its ideology. ... The anarchy symbol commonly used by anarcho-punks Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas. ... An anti-war book is a book that is perceived as having an anti-war theme. ... An anti-war film is a movie that is perceived as having an anti-war theme. ... An anti-war song is a musical composition perceived (by the public or critics) as having an anti-war theme on its lyrics. ... According to lexicographer Jesse Sheidlower, the principal American editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, the terms hipster and hippie derive from the word hip, whose origins remain unknown. ... Beats redirects here. ... Beatnik can refer to two different things: A member of the Beat Generation An esoteric programming language Categories: Disambiguation ... // The counterculture of the 1960s was a social revolution between the period of 1960 and 1973[1] that began in the United States as a reaction against the conservative social norms of the 1950s, the political conservatism (and perceived social repression) of the Cold War period, and the US government... The Human Be-In was a happening in San Franciscos Golden Gate Park, the afternoon and evening of January 14, 1967. ... The San Francisco Sound refers to rock music performed live and recorded by San Francisco-based rock groups of the mid 1960s to early 1970s. ... Categories: US geography stubs | San Francisco neighborhoods ... Drop City was an artists community that formed in southern Colorado in 1965. ... The Summer of Love refers to the summer of 1967, when an unprecedented gathering of as many as 100,000 young people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, creating a phenomenon of cultural and political rebellion. ... Poster promoting the festival The Monterey International Pop Music Festival took place from June 16 to June 18, 1967. ... The Farm is a spiritual intentional community in Summertown, Tennessee, based on principles of nonviolence and respect for the Earth. ... The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was an event held at Max Yasgurs 600 acre (2. ... Nambassa was a series of hippie-conceived festivals held between 1976 and 1981 on large farms around Waihi and Waikino in New Zealand. ... The Merry Pranksters are a group of people who originally formed around American author Ken Kesey in the early 1960s and sometimes lived communally at his homes in California and Oregon. ... The Diggers was a radical community-action and guerrilla-theater group from 1966-68, based in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco. ... Yippie flag, ca. ... The Brotherhood of Eternal Love operated a drugs distribution network throughout the United States, most notably in California where the organisation received large shipments of hashish from Pakistan and Afghanistan, helped by Welshman Howard Marks (now a cult figure in the world of drugs). ... For the first century movement surrounding Jesus of Nazareth, see Early Christianity The Jesus movement was the major Christian element within the hippie counterculture, or, conversely, the major hippie element within the Christian Church. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Rainbow Gathering. ... A black-and-white photo of the above symbol was featured inside the album jacket of the self-titled Grateful Dead album along with the address below. ... The New age travellers or Peace Convoy were a group of people who often espoused New age and/or hippie beliefs, and who travelled between music festivals and fairs in the United Kingdom in order to live in a community with others who hold similar beliefs. ... The Radical Faerie community developed in America among Gay men during the 1970s sexual revolution. ... The term free love has been used since at least the nineteenth century to describe a social movement that rejects marriage, which is seen as a form of social bondage, especially for women. ... Anti-authoritarianism is the belief that communities should have the right to govern themselves and not be ruled by an outside force. ... Simple living (or voluntary simplicity) is a lifestyle individuals choose to minimize the more-is-better pursuit of wealth and consumption. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... Pacifist redirects here. ... In many parts of the world, communalism is a modern term that describes a broad range of social movements and social theories which are in some way centered upon the community. ... For the Roy Harper album Counter Culture, see Counter Culture. ... For other uses, see Bohemian (disambiguation). ... Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out (Original Movie Soundtrack) Turn on, tune in, drop out is a counterculture phrase coined by Timothy Leary in the 1960s. ... Psychedelia is a term describing a category of music, visual art, fashion, and culture that is associated originally with the high 1960s, hippies, and the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, California. ... A bus covered with Hippie slogans and flowers Flower power was a slogan used by hippies in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a symbol of the non-violence ideology. ... A happening is a performance, event or situation meant to be considered as art. ... Bell bottoms are trousers that become more wide from the knees downwards. ... A man with long hair. ... Categories: Stub ... An intentional community is a planned residential community designed to promote a much higher degree of social interaction than other communities. ... Free festivals are music, arts or cultural festivals for which no admission is charged. ... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Psychedelic folk or Psych folk is a music genre that originated in the 1960s through the blending of folk music and psychedelic rock or pop. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... The term jam band is commonly used to describe psychedelic rock-influenced bands whose concerts largely consist of bands reinterpreting their songs as springboards into extended improvisational pieces of music. ... Psychedelic trance or psytrance is a form of electronic music that evolved from Goa trance in the early 1990s when it first began hitting the mainstream. ... Psychedelia in music (or also psychedelic music, less formally) is a term that refers to a broad set of popular music styles, genres and scenes, that may include psychedelic rock, psychedelic folk, psychedelic pop, psychedelic soul, psychedelic ambient, psychedelic trance, psychedelic techno, and others. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... New Age music is peaceful music of various styles that is intended to create relaxation and positive feelings. ... For space rocks, see asteroid. ... In biology, a subculture in a population of a microorganism is when one microbe colony in such a population is transferred onto blank growth medium and allowed to freely reproduce. ... The phrase underground press, especially underground newspapers (or simply underground papers) is, these days, most often used in reference to the alternative print media, independently published and distributed, associated with the countercultural movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... The freak scene was a term used by a slightly post-hippie and pre-punk style of bohemian subculture. ... The global peace movement refers to a sense of common purpose among organizations that seek to end wars and minimize inter-human violence, usually through pacifism, non-violent resistance, diplomacy, boycott, moral purchasing and demonstrating. ... Historically, the civil rights movement was a concentrated period of time around the world of approximately twenty years (1960-1980) in which there was much worldwide civil unrest and popular rebellion. ... The protests of 1968 consisted of a worldwide series of protests, largely led by students and workers. ... The New Left were the left-wing movements in different countries in the 1960s and 1970s that, unlike the earlier leftist focus on union activism, instead adopted a broader definition of political activism commonly called social activism. ... The UK underground was a countercultural movement in the United Kingdom linked to the underground culture in the United States and associated with the hippy phenomenon. ... The term new social movements (NSM) refers to a plethora of social movements that have come up in various western societies roughly since the mid-1960s (i. ... Post materialism is an economic philosophy focussing on quality of life and enviornmental sustainability over income and material possessions. ... The Second Summer of Love is a name given to the period in 1988 in Britain, during the rise of Acid House music and the euphoric explosion of unlicensed Ecstasy-fuelled rave parties[1]. The term generally refers to both the summers of 1988/9[2] [3] when electronic dance...

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The Way of the Hippie (1143 words)
The way of the hippie is antithetical to all repressive hierarchical power structures since these are adverse to the hippie goals of peace, love and freedom.
It is also the reason why the hippies were unable to unite and overthrow the system since they refused to build their own power base.
Hippies reject the 9 to 5 lifestyle and therefore are objects of ridicule by those whose lives run by the clock.
Hippie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5938 words)
Hippie, occasionally spelled hippy, is a term commonly used to refer to some of the disaffected youth of the 1960s and early 1970s.
The roots of the hippie movement are variously dated to the back-to-nature movement that surfaced in Europe during the nineteenth century, to the naturalist movements of late eighteenth-century Europe, or even to the early Essenes, who date from the 2nd century BC to the 1st century AD.
Although hippies were sometimes accused of verbally attacking soldiers returning home from duty in Vietnam, or participating in the torching of ROTC buildings on college campuses, with the exception of a small radical fringe element hippies did not verbally assault military personel and did not condone acts of political violence.
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