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Encyclopedia > Hip hop soul

Hip hop soul is the second major subgenre of contemporary R&B. The term generally describes a style of music that blends soulful R&B singing and raw hip hop production. The genre served as the middle point between two other hip hop/R&B blends, new jack swing and neo soul, and while it was most popular during the mid-1990s with artists such as Jodeci and Aaliyah, it still finds popularity with newcomers such as Keyshia Cole and John Legend. R&B was a term previously used to describe Rhythm and blues music, during the 1940s and 1960s. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... New jack swing is a hybrid style of R&B combined with hip hop, popular from the late 80s to early/mid-90s. ... Neo soul (also known as nu soul) is a musical genre that fuses contemporary R&B, 1970s style soul, hip hop and jazz. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Jodeci was an American musical group, active from 1990 to 1996, whose repertoire included R&B, soul music, and new jack swing. ... Aaliyah Dana Haughton[1] (January 16, 1979 — August 25, 2001[2]), known professionally as Aaliyah, was an American R&B singer, dancer, model, and actress. ... Keyshia Cole (born October 15, 1981) is an American R&B singer-songwriter. ... John Legend (born John Stephens on December 28, 1978 in Springfield, Ohio) is a five-time Grammy Award winning R&B singer, songwriter, and pianist. ...

Contents

History

Musical influences

Many of the artists who released hip hop soul records had previously released new jack swing (or, for the female performers, new jill swing) recordings, including Jodeci, SWV, and TLC. The main difference between the two was that hip hop soul was rougher, and contained less of an R&B feel than new jack swing. For example, Hip hop soul used samples instead of synthesizer lines, and featured strong elements of 1990s East Coast hip hop and gangsta rap. While new jack swing stayed closer to the R&B side of the blend, hip hop soul embraced its rap music influences, and its primary figures, including Montell Jordan (the first R&B artist to sign with hip hop label Def Jam Records), Blackstreet (led by Teddy Riley, the inventor of new jack swing), Groove Theory,the "Princess of Hip Hop Soul" Aaliyah, and the "Queen of Hip Hop Soul" Mary J. Blige, adapted the nervy swagger of their rapping counterparts. Jodeci was an American musical group, active from 1990 to 1996, whose repertoire included R&B, soul music, and new jack swing. ... SWV, also known as Sisters With Voices, is an American female R&B trio from New York that formed as three school friends in 1990: Cheryl Coko Gamble-Clemons (born June 13, 1974), Tamara Taj Johnson-George (born April 1974), and Leanne Lelee Lyons (born July 17, 1973). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... A synthesizer (or synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument designed to produce electronically generated sound, using techniques such as additive, subtractive, FM, physical modelling synthesis, phase distortion, or Scanned synthesis. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Montell Jordan (born December 3, 1968 in Los Angeles, California) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, and record producer. ... Def Jam Records is an American based hip-hop record label that operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group, which is owned by Universal Music Group. ... BLACKstreet was an American R&B group founded in 1994 (see 1994 in music) by Teddy Riley, a New Jack Swing pioneer known for his work as a member of Guy. ... Teddy Riley (born Edward Theodore Riley, October 8, 1967 in Harlem, New York) is an American R&B and hip hop singer, songwriter, musician and producer who was the ring leader of the most influential groups of R&B in two separate decades - Guy in the 80s and Blackstreet in... Groove Theory on the cover of their 1995 self-titled debut album Groove Theory is an American R&B duo, best known for their 1995 hits Tell Me, Keep Tryin and Baby Luv, from their self-titled debut album. ... Aaliyah Dana Haughton[1] (January 16, 1979 — August 25, 2001[2]), known professionally as Aaliyah, was an American R&B singer, dancer, model, and actress. ... Mary Jane Blige (January 11, 1970, The Bronx, New York), is a six-time Grammy Award-winning American R&B, soul, and hip-hop soul singer, songwriter, producer, and actress who has sold more than 34 million records worldwide (according to a March 2007 interview with VIBE). ...


Hip-hop soul and the public

Hip-hop soul is also considered more "mature" than other contemporary R&B styles, and tends to be marketed for an older audience. This is in part due to the genre's attention to the darker aspects of love and urban life.


Hip-hop soul singers use adult language and themes, more than any other R&B sub-genre. This has drawn criticism from groups who feel the music, much like hip hop, trivializes, if not glorifies, violence and negative urban stereotypes. It has not helped that several hip hop soul artists have found themselves in legal troubles, including R.Kelly, TLC's Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes, and the members of Jodeci. The name Robert Kelly can refer to: Robert Kelly the poet. ... Lisa Nicole Lopes (stage name Left Eye) (May 27, 1971 – April 25, 2002) was a member of the popular R&B group TLC. In addition to hit songs like Waterfalls with TLC, Lopes also did some solo performing. ... Jodeci was an American musical group, active from 1990 to 1996, whose repertoire included R&B, soul music, and new jack swing. ...


Dawn of neo-soul

Hip-hop soul experienced a lull in popularity with the emergence of neo soul, another R&B sub-genre, in the late 90s. Deemed more progressive by fans, neo soul music became a more "positive" alternative to hip hop soul and contemporary R&B, which had a growing reputation of being overly sexual and based on negative stereotypes. Ironically, due to their relationship with hip hop, many neo soul and hip hop soul artists cross genres regularly. Artists like Groove Theory, John Legend and Anthony Hamilton can be considered both neo soul and hip hop soul. Neo soul (also known as nu soul) is a musical genre that fuses contemporary R&B, 1970s style soul, hip hop and jazz. ... Groove Theory on the cover of their 1995 self-titled debut album Groove Theory is an American R&B duo, best known for their 1995 hits Tell Me, Keep Tryin and Baby Luv, from their self-titled debut album. ... John Legend (born John Stephens on December 28, 1978 in Springfield, Ohio) is a five-time Grammy Award winning R&B singer, songwriter, and pianist. ... Anthony Hamilton Anthony Hamilton (born in Charlotte, North Carolina) is an R&B/soul singer and songwriter who rose to fame with his 2003 debut album Comin From Where Im From, which featured the singles Comin from Where Im From, Charlene, and Im a Mess. ...


New Generation Resurgence

Currently, hip hop soul is experiencing a spike in popularity due to younger acts incorporating the sound. These acts include newcomers such as Jaheim, Amerie, and Keyshia Cole. Jaheim on the cover of his 2006 album Ghetto Classics Jaheim Hoagland (also known simply as Jaheim) is an American R&B singer. ... Amerie Mi Marie Rogers (born January 12, 1980[1]), known professionally as Amerie, is a Grammy Award-nominated American R&B singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress. ... Keyshia Cole (born October 15, 1981) is an American R&B singer-songwriter. ...


List of hip hop soul artists

Contemporary R&B
Quiet storm - New jack swing - Hip hop soul - Neo soul - 2Step
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