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Encyclopedia > Hip Hop Culture

Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. The four main aspects, or "elements", of hip hop culture are MCing (rapping), DJing, urban inspired art/tagging (graffiti), and b-boying (or breakdancing). The most known "extended" elements are beatboxing, hip hop fashion, hip hop slang. In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with a set of behaviors and beliefs, culture, which could be distinct or hidden, that differentiate them from the larger culture to which they belong. ... DJ Kool Herc was the originator of break-beat DJing, where the breaks of funk songs—being the most danceable part, often featuring percussion—were isolated and repeated for the purpose of all-night dance parties (AMG [1]). Later DJs such as Grandmaster Flash refined and developed the use of... DJ Grandmaster Flash was one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Afrika Bambaataa (born April 10, 1960) is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who in the late 1970s, was instrumental in the early development of hip hop. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... MasterCard logo Manchaster Town Hall MC can mean: Mini Cooper: Macao: FIPS PUB 10-4 territory code Machine, (also m/c) Manchester, England (also m/c) Mariah Carey, American songstress Marginal cost Marin Catholic Master cylinder Master of Ceremonies Rapper (also emcee), or a prefix for the names of rappers... Rap redirects here. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... A breakdancer performing a one-handed freeze (also known as a pike) in the streets of Paris. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Faada Freddy of the Senegalese rap crew Daara J in Germany, 2005. ... For other uses, see Slang (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Cultural pillars

DJing

Main article: Disc jockey

While hip hop did not invent DJing, it has extended its boundaries and techniques. The first hip hop DJ was Kool DJ Herc, who created hip hop through the isolation of "breaks" (the parts of albums that focused solely on the beat). In addition to developing Herc's techniques, DJs Grandmaster Flash, Grand Wizard Theodore, and Grandmaster Caz made further innovations with the introduction of scratching. For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... DJ Kool Herc was the originator of break-beat DJing, where the breaks of funk songs—being the most danceable part, often featuring percussion—were isolated and repeated for the purpose of all-night dance parties (AMG [1]). Later DJs such as Grandmaster Flash refined and developed the use of... Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Grand Wizard Theodore (left). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique used to produce sounds for some types of music. ...

DJ Hypnotize and Baby Cee, two Disc jockeys
DJ Hypnotize and Baby Cee, two Disc jockeys

Traditionally, a DJ will use two turntables simultaneously. These are connected to a DJ mixer, an amplifier, speakers, and various other pieces of electronic music equipment. The DJ will then perform various tricks between the two albums currently in rotation using the above listed methods. The result is a unique sound created by the seemingly combined sound of two separate songs into one song. A DJ should not be confused with a producer of a music track (though there is considerable overlap between the two roles). For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Tonearm redirects here. ... A DJ mixer is a type of audio mixing console used by disc jockeys. ... For the British rock band of the same name, see Amplifier (band). ... An inexpensive low fidelity 3. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... This article is about audible acoustic waves. ... This page is about musical songs. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ...


In the early years of hip hop, the DJs were the stars, but their limelight has been taken by MCs since 1978, thanks largely to Melle Mel of Grandmaster Flash's crew, the Furious Five. However, a number of DJs have gained stardom nonetheless in recent years. Famous DJs include Grandmaster Flash, Mr. Magic, DJ Jazzy Jeff, DJ Scratch from EPMD, DJ Premier from Gang Starr, DJ Scott La Rock from Boogie Down Productions, DJ Pete Rock of Pete Rock & CL Smooth, DJ Muggs from Cypress Hill, Jam Master Jay from Run-DMC, Eric B., Funkmaster Flex, Tony Touch, DJ Clue, DJ Q-Bert. The underground movement of turntablism has also emerged to focus on the skills of the DJ. Melle Mel (born Melvin Glover on May 15, 1962 in Bronx, New York ) is a hip-hop musician, one of the pioneers of old school hip hop as a lyricist & as lead rapper of Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five. ... Album cover of The Official Adventures of Grandmaster Flash DJ Grandmaster Flash (born Joseph Saddler on January 1, 1958 in Barbados) is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... This article is about the Rap and Hip-Hop pioneer. ... DJ Jazzy Jeff (born Jeffrey A. Townes on January 22, 1965 in Philadelphia) is an American hip hop and R&B record producer and turntablist. ... DJ Scratch (born George Spivey) was introduced to EPMD by Jam Master Jay at the Runs House Tour after DJ K LA Boss left Erick Sermon and PMD. Impressed by his skills, the two designated DJ Scratch as their official D.J. by their second album Unfinished Business in... EPMD is an American rap group from Brentwood, New York, active from 1987 to 1999; one of the prominent acts in East coast hip hop. ... This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... Gang Starr is an influential hip hop group that consists of Guru and DJ Premier from Brooklyn, New York. ... Scott Sterling (March 2, 1962–August 27, 1987), better known by his stage name Scott La Rock, was the original DJ for the hip hop group Boogie Down Productions. ... Boogie Down Productions (1989) Boogie Down Productions was originally composed of KRS One, D Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock. ... Pete Rock (born Peter Phillips, June 21, 1970[1] in Bronx, New York) is an American hip hop DJ, producer and rapper. ... Pete Rock & CL Smooth is a rap group from the 1990s. ... Lawrence Muggerud (born January 28, 1968 in Queens, New York), and better known as DJ Muggs (or simply Muggs), is Cypress Hills DJ and producer. ... Cypress Hill is a mostly-Latin American hip hop group from South Gate, California, who are quite possibly most known for their song Insane in the Brain. Their consistent advocacy around the legalization of cannabis consumption has contributed to their popularity. ... Jason Mizell (January 21, 1965 – October 30, 2002), known as Jam Master Jay, was the founder and DJ of Run-DMC, a highly influential hip-hop group, based in the Queens borough of New York City. ... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... Eric B. & Rakim was an East Coast rap group that popularized the James Brown-sampled funky hip hop of the late 1980s. ... Aston George Taylor Jr. ... Tony Touch, also known as Tony Toca, is an American hip hop DJ MC, B-boy, and producer from New York City, who is of Puerto Rican descent. ... // Ernesto Shaw (born January 8, 1975 in Jamaica, Queens, New York City, New York, USA), better known as DJ Clue?, is a Mixtape DJ known for his involvement in the Mixtape circuit and for being one of the first DJs not to mix songs in his mixtapes. ... Q-bert (born 1969) is the performing name of Richard Quitevis, a Filipino-American DJ and music-writer. ... DJ Mixer. ...


Rapping

Main article: rapping

Rapping, also known as Emceeing, MCing, Rhyme spitting, Spitting, or just Rhyming, is the rhythmic delivery of rhymes, one of the central elements of hip hop music and culture. Although the word rap has sometimes Rap redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rhythm (disambiguation). ... A rhyme is a repetition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words and is most often used in poetry. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ...

Rapper Busta Rhymes performs in Las Vegas for a BET party.
Rapper Busta Rhymes performs in Las Vegas for a BET party.

been claimed to be a backronym of the phrase "Rhythmic American Poetry", "Rhythm and Poetry", "Rhythmically Applied Poetry", or "Rhythmically Associated Poetry", use of the word to describe quick and slangy speech or repartee long predates the musical form.[1] Rapping can be delivered over a beat or without accompaniment. Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ... Bet may refer to: Look up bet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A backronym (or bacronym) is a phrase that is constructed after the fact from a previously existing abbreviation, the abbreviation being an initialism or an acronym. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Graffiti

Main article: Graffiti
An aerosol paint can, common tool for modern graffiti
An aerosol paint can, common tool for modern graffiti

In America around the late 1960s, graffiti was used as a form of expression by political activists, and also by gangs such as the Savage Skulls, La Familia, and Savage Nomads to mark territory. Towards the end of the 1960s, the signatures—tags—of Philadelphia graffiti writers Top Cat,[2] Cool Earl and Cornbread started to appear.[3] Around 1970-71, the centre of graffiti innovation moved to New York City where writers following in the wake of TAKI 183 and Tracy 168 would add their street number to their nickname, "bomb" a train with their work, and let the subway take it—and their fame, if it was impressive, or simply pervasive, enough—"all city". Bubble lettering held sway initially among writers from the Bronx, though the elaborate Brooklyn style Tracy 168 dubbed "wildstyle" would come to define the art.[2][4] The early trendsetters were joined in the 70s by artists like Dondi, Futura 2000, Daze, Blade, Lee, Zephyr, Rammellzee, Crash, Kel, NOC 167 and Lady Pink.[2] For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Aerosol paint can. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as involvement in action to bring about change, be it social, political, environmental, or other change. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... New York Citys TAKI 183 One of the originators of New York graffiti was TAKI 183 – a foot messenger who would tag his nickname around New York streets that he daily frequented en route in the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... TRACY 168 (b. ... Bronx redirects here. ... This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ... For other uses, see Wildstyle (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Andrew Zephyr Witten is a graffiti artist, lecturer and author from New York City. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... John Crash Matos Crash (b. ... Lady Pink - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


The relationship between graffiti and hip hop culture arises both from early graffiti artists practicing other aspects of hip hop, and its being practiced in areas where other elements of hip hop were evolving as art forms. Graffiti is recognized as a visual expression of rap music, just as breakdancing is viewed as a physical expression. The book Subway Art (New York: Henry Holt & Co, 1984) and the TV program Style Wars (first shown on the PBS channel in 1984) were among the first ways the mainstream public were introduced to hip hop graffiti. A boy hitting (holding) a pike Breakdance (media coined phrase), also known as breaking, b-girling or b-boying, is a street dance style that evolved as part of the hip hop movement that originated among African American youths in the South Bronx of New York City during the early... Style Wars is an early documentary on hip hop culture, made by Tony Silver and Henry Chalfant, made in New York City in the early 1980s. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ...


BBoying

Main article: Breaking
Breakdance, an early form of hip hop dance, often involve battles, showing off skills without any physical contact with the adversaries.
Breakdance, an early form of hip hop dance, often involve battles, showing off skills without any physical contact with the adversaries.

B-boying, also known as breaking or B-girling (for women) by its practitioners and followers, is a dynamic style of dance. Breaking began to take form in the South Bronx alongside the other elements of hip hop. The "B" in B-boy stands for break, as in break-boy (or girl).The term "B-boy" originated from the dancers at DJ Kool Herc's parties, who saved their best dance moves for the break section of the song, getting in front of the audience to dance in a distinctive, frenetic style. According to the documentary film The Freshest Kids, a history of the b-boy; DJ Kool Herc describes the b in b-boy as short for breaking which at the time was slang for "going off" also one of the original names for the dance. However, early on the dance was known as the "boiong" (the sound a spring makes). Breaking was briefly documented for release to a world wide audience for the first time in Style Wars, and was later given a little more focus in the fictional film Beat Street. The Zulu Kings are believed to be earliest B-Boy "crew." This USPS stamp depicts an 80s breakdancer and a boombox. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2544 × 1696 pixel, file size: 899 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Breakdance Hip hop dance Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2544 × 1696 pixel, file size: 899 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Breakdance Hip hop dance Metadata This... A boy hitting (holding) a pike Breakdance (media coined phrase), also known as breaking, b-girling or b-boying, is a street dance style that evolved as part of the hip hop movement that originated among African American youths in the South Bronx of New York City during the early... Hip hop dance refers to dance styles, mainly street dance styles, primarily danced to hip hop music, or that have evolved as a part of the hip hop culture. ... A girl hip hop dancing, a very broad and common category of street dance. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... For other uses, see Break. ... Beat Street is a 1984 mainstream hip hop dramatic feature film, and the second following Breakin. It is set in New York City during the popularity rise of hip hop culture in the early 1980s. ...


BBoying is one of the major elements of hip hop culture, commonly associated with, but distinct from, "popping", "locking", "hitting", "ticking", "boogaloo", and other funk styles that evolved independently during the late 1960s in California. It was common during the 1980s to see a group of people with a radio on a playground, basketball court, or sidewalk performing a bboy show for a large audience. Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to play freely. ... This article is about the sport. ...


"Hip hop" as a form of dance is becoming more popular. Hip hop dance comes from BBoying, but does not consist wholly of breaking moves. Unlike most other forms of dance, which are often at least moderately structured, hip hop dance has few (if any) limitations on positions or steps.

Street B-boying in San Francisco, CA
Street B-boying in San Francisco, CA

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the city in California. ...

Beatboxing

Main article: Beatboxing

Beatboxing, popularized by Doug E. Fresh, considered by many to be the "fifth element" of hip hop, is the vocal percussion of hip hop culture. It is primarily concerned with the art of creating beats, rhythms, and melodies using the human mouth. The term beatboxing is derived from the mimicry of the first generation of drum machines, then known as beatboxes. As it is a way of creating hip-hop music, it can be categorized under the production element of hip-hop, though it does sometimes include a type of rapping intersected with the human-created beat. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Doug E. Fresh is the stage name of Douglas E. Davis (born September 17, 1966), an American rapper, record producer, and beatboxer—hes also known as The Human Beatbox. ... Vocal percussion is the art of creating sounds with ones mouth that approximate, imitate, or otherwise serve the same purpose as a percussion instrument, whether in a group of singers, an instrumental ensemble, or solo. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine Drum machines are sequencers with a synthesizer, sampler, and/or a sample playback (rompler) component that is tailored to imitate the sounds of drums and other percussion instruments. ...


The art form enjoyed a strong presence in the '80s with artists like the Darren "Buffy, the Human Beat Box" Robinson of the Fat Boys and Biz Markie showing their beatboxing skills. Beatboxing declined in popularity along with break dancing in the late '80s, and almost slipped even deeper than the underground. Beatboxing has been enjoying a resurgence since the late '90s, marked by the release of "Make the Music 2000." by Rahzel of The Roots (known for even singing while beatboxing). The Fat Boys were a hip hop trio of rappers from Brooklyn who emerged in the early 1980s. ... Biz Markie (born Marcel Hall April 8, 1964 in Harlem, New York) is a rapper and DJ, best known for humorous singles such as Just a Friend. He has been labeled The Clown Prince of Hip-Hop. ... Rahzel (full name Rahzel M. Brown) is probably best known in the semi-mainstream world as a member of the Roots, Rahzel is an MC that specializes in the fifth element of hip-hop culture -- beatboxing (which comes after graffiti spraying, DJing, MCing, and breakdancing). ... The Roots, a. ...


As it grew and developed into a multi-billion dollar industry, the scope of hip hop culture grew beyond the boundaries of its traditional four elements.[citation needed] KRS-ONE, a rapper from the golden age of hip hop, names nine elements of hip hop culture: the traditional four and beatboxing, plus hip hop fashion, hip hop slang, street knowledge, and street entrepreneurship. He also suggests that hip hop is a cultural movement and that the word itself had to reflect this.[citation needed] He spells it Hiphop (one word, capital "h") and this is reflected in his Temple of Hiphop. KRS-One (born Lawrence Krisna Parker on August 20, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York. ... Faada Freddy of the Senegalese rap crew Daara J in Germany, 2005. ... The Temple of Hiphop is an organization founded by KRS One. ...


Social impact

Effects

People live in an age where the media, particularly from the United States, greatly impacts and influences people's thoughts around the world. People's ideas are heavily inspired by movies, books, articles, but one form of mass communication that deeply influences people around the world in particular is hip hop music. One person that helps describe the phenomenon of how hip hop spread rapidly around the world and diffusion of Global Culture is Orlando Patterson, a sociology professor at Harvard University. Professor Patterson argues that mass communication is controlled by the wealthy, government, and businesses in Third World nations and countries around the world. [5] As a result, Professor Patterson believes that mass communication created a global cultural hip hop scene. As a result, the youth absorb and are influenced by the American hip hop scene and start their own form of hip hop. Professor Patterson believes that revitalization of hip hop music will occur around the world as traditional values are mixed with American hip hop musical forms.[5] As a result, a global exchange process occurs that brings youth around the world to listen to a common musical form known as hip hop. Mass communication is the term used to describe the academic study of various means by which individuals and entities relay information to large segments of the population all at once through mass media. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Orlando Patterson is a preeminent Jamaican sociologist at Harvard University who is recognized for his many scholarly contributions to his study on ethnicity primarily of those people of African descent and is one of the most cited modern writers in his field. ... Harvard redirects here. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


Language

Hip hop has a creative and distinctive slang. Due to hip hop's extraordinary commercial success in the late nineties and early 21st century, many of these words have been assimilated into many different dialects across America and the world and even to non-hip hop fans (the word dis for example is remarkably prolific). There are also words like homie which predate hip hop but are often associated with it. For other uses, see Slang (disambiguation). ... Look up dis,dis- in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the In Living Color character, see Homey the Clown. ...


Sometimes, terms like what the dilly, yo are popularized by a single song (in this case, "Put Your Hands Where My Eyes Could See" by Busta Rhymes) and are only used briefly. Of special importance is the rule-based slang of Snoop Dogg and E-40, who add -izz to the middle of words so that shit becomes shizznit (the addition of the n occurs occasionally as well). This practice, with origins in Frankie Smith's nonsensical language from his 1980 single "Double Dutch Bus", has spread to even non-hip hop fans, who may be unaware of its derivation. As a genre of music popular all over the world, World hip hop, in which African-American English is not the dialect used, is as prevalent as ever. Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... For other uses, see E40. ... Shizzle is a slang, African American English suffix used for pop-culture hip hop slang. ... Frankie Smith is a funk musician and R&B/soul song writer. ... Hip hop music was primarily limited to its country of origin, the United States, until the 1980s, at which point it reached into other countries and continents until its presence was worldwide. ...


Censorship

A graffiti artist uses his artwork to make a satirical social statement on censorship: "Don't blame yourself... blame hip-hop."
A graffiti artist uses his artwork to make a satirical social statement on censorship: "Don't blame yourself... blame hip-hop."

Hip hop has probably encountered more problems with censorship than any other form of popular music in recent years, due to the frequency of expletives used in lyrics.[citation needed] It also receives flak for being anti-establishment, and many of its songs depict wars and coup d'états that in the end overthrow the government. For example, Public Enemy's "Gotta Give the Peeps What They Need" was edited without their permission, removing the words "free Mumia".[6] For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Censor. ... Not to be confused with antidisestablishmentarianism. ... Coup redirects here. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... Mumia Abu-Jamal (IPA: ); (born Wesley Cook on April 24, 1954) is a former Black Panther Party activist, cab driver, author, and journalist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, convicted for the murder of police officer Daniel Faulkner in 1981. ...


After the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, Oakland, California group The Coup was under fire for the cover art on their Party Music, which featured the group's two members holding a detonator as the Twin Towers exploded behind them. Ironically, this art was created months before the actual event. The group, having politically radical and Marxist lyrical content, said the cover meant to symbolize the destruction of capitalism. Their record label pulled the album until a new cover could be designed. For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Oakland redirects here. ... The Coup is a hip-hop group based in Oakland, California. ... Party Music is the fourth studio album by The Coup, an alternative hip hop group based in Oakland, California. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ...


The use of profanity as well as graphic depictions of violence and sex creates challenges in the broadcast of such material both on television stations such as MTV, in music video form, and on radio. As a result, many hip hop recordings are broadcast in censored form, with offending language "bleeped" or blanked out of the soundtrack (though usually leaving the backing music intact), or even replaced with "clean" lyrics. The result – which sometimes renders the remaining lyrics unintelligible or contradictory to the original recording – has become almost as widely identified with the genre as any other aspect of the music, and has been parodied in films such as Austin Powers in Goldmember, in which a character – performing in a parody of a hip hop music video – performs an entire verse that is blanked out. In 1995 Roger Ebert wrote:[7] In cartoons, profanity is often depicted by substituting symbols for words, as a form of non-specific censorship. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Austin Powers in Goldmember is the third film of the Austin Powers series starring Mike Myers in the title role. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ...

Rap has a bad reputation in white circles, where many people believe it consists of obscene and violent anti-white and anti-female guttural. Some of it does. Most does not. Most white listeners don't care; they hear black voices in a litany of discontent, and tune out. Yet rap plays the same role today as Bob Dylan did in 1960, giving voice to the hopes and angers of a generation, and a lot of rap is powerful writing."

In a way to circumvent broadcasting regulations BET has created a late-night segment called "Uncut" to air uncensored videos. Not only has this translated into greater sales for mainstream artists, it has also provided an outlet for undiscovered artists to grab the spotlight with graphic but low production quality videos, often made cheaply by non-professionals. Perhaps the most notorious video aired, which for many came to exemplify BET's program Uncut, was "Tip Drill" by Nelly. While no more explicit than other videos, its exploitative depiction of women, particularly of a man swiping a credit card between a stripper's buttocks, was seized upon by many social activists for condemnation. The segment was discontinued in mid 2006. Misogyny is an exaggerated pathological aversion towards women. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Bet may refer to: Look up bet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This phrase has several meanings, including the following; A tip drill is a basketball practice in which players take turns to tip the ball off the backboard consecutively without the ball touching the ground. ... Nelly (born Cornell Haynes Jr. ...


Product placement in hip hop

Critics such as Businessweek's David Kiley argue that the discussion of many products within hip hop music and culture may actually be the result of undisclosed product placement deals.[8] Such critics allege that shilling or product placement takes place in commercial rap music, and that lyrical references to products are actually paid endorsements, often with only a small portion, if any amount, of the proceeds going to the actual artists.[8] In 2005, a proposed plan by McDonalds, which would have paid rappers to advertise McDonalds food in their music, was leaked to the press.[8] After Russell Simmons made a deal with Courvoisier to promote the brand among hip hop fans, Busta Rhymes recorded the song "Pass The Courvoisier".[8] Simmons insists that no money changed hands in the deal.[8] BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... A shill is an associate of a person selling goods or services who pretends no association to the seller and assumes the air of an enthusiastic customer. ... Wikibooks [[wikibooks:|]] has more about this subject: Marketing Product placement advertisements are promotional ads placed by marketers using real commercial products and services in media, where the presence of a particular brand is the result of an economic exchange. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants [1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ... Russell Simmons (born October 4, 1957 in Queens, New York), is an American entrepreneur and record producer. ... A bottle of Courvoisier VS cognac Courvoisier is a type of cognac. ... Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ...

Foodstuffs emblazoned with Hip hop images
Foodstuffs emblazoned with Hip hop images

The symbiotic relationship has also stretched to include car manufacturers, clothing designers and sneaker companies, and many other companies have used the hip-hop community to make their name or to give the credibility. One such beneficiary was Jacob the Jeweler, a diamond merchant from New York, Jacob Arabo's clientèle included Sean Combs, Lil Kim and Nas. He created jewelry pieces from precious metals that were heavily loaded with diamond and gemstones. As his name was mentioned in the song lyrics of his hip hop customers, his profile quickly rose. Arabo expanded his brand to include gem-encrusted watches that retail for hundreds of thousands of dollars, gaining so much attention that Cartier filed a trademark-infringement lawsuit against him for putting diamonds on the faces of their watches and reselling them without permission.[9] Arabo's profile increased steadily until his June, 2006 arrest by the FBI on money laundering charges.[10] Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969[1]) is an American record producer, CEO, clothing designer, actor, and rapper. ... Lil Kim on the cover of her album Notorious Kim Kimberly Ann Jones, professionally known as Lil Kim (also called The Queen Bee, The Lieutenant, and The Queen Bitch such as the QB of all bitches) is a United States rapper who was born in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood... For other uses, see Nas (disambiguation). ... hello ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ...


While some brands welcome the support of the hip-hop community, one brand that did not was Cristal champagne maker Louis Roederer. A 2006 article from The Economist magazine featured remarks from managing director Frederic Rouzaud about whether the brand's identification with rap stars could affect their company negatively. His answer was dismissive in tone: "That's a good question, but what can we do? We can't forbid people from buying it. I'm sure Dom Pérignon or Krug would be delighted to have their business." In retaliation, many hip hop icons such as Jay-Z and Sean Combs who previous included references to "Cris", ceased all mentions and purchases of the champagne. A bottle of Louis Roederer Cristal (1993). ... This article is about Champagne, the alcoholic beverage. ... Louis Roederer is one of the largest remaining independent Champagne Houses, owned by the same family since it was founded in 1776. ... The Economist is an English-language weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969[1]) is an American record producer, CEO, clothing designer, actor, and rapper. ...


Media

Hip-hop culture is intrinsically related to televisionThere have been a number of television shows devoted to or about hip-hop. For a long time, BET was the only television channel likely to play much hip hop, but in recent years the mainstream channels VH1 and MTV have added a significant amount of hip hop to their play list. With the emergence of the Internet a number of online sites have also begun to offer Hip Hop related video content. BET redirects here. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


Hip hop films have been related since hip-hop's conception and have become even more related in the 21st century. During the early 1990s, African-Americans experienced a film renassiance, sparked by the popularity of hood films, in-depth looks at urban life, focusing on violence, family, friends and hip-hop. There have also been a number of hip hop films, movies which focused on hip-hop as a subject. This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Hip hop films are motion pictures that display the aesthetics and culture of hip hop, primarily use hip hop as the musical soundtrack, use hip hop artists as their main characters, or all of the above. ...


Hip hop magazines have a large place in hip hop culture, including XXL, Scratch, The Source and Vibe. Many individual cities have produced their own local hip hop newsletters, while hip hop magazines with national distribution are found in a few other countries. The 21st century also ushered in the rise of online media, and hip hop fan sites now offer comprehensive hip hop coverage on a daily basis. XXL may refer to one of the following: a clothing size that generally means Extra Extra Large. ... Nas, The Game and will. ... The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... For other uses, see Vibe. ...


Diversification

Hip hop has spawned dozens of sub-genres which incorporate a style of production or rapping which dominates their music. Though it began a stereotypically African American music, it has since spread to all people of the world. See also: Category:Hip hop genres Hip hop music can be subdivided into subgenres, fusions with other genres and regional hip hop scenes. ... Hip hop music was primarily limited to its country of origin, the United States, until the 1980s, at which point it reached into other countries and continents until its presence was worldwide. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x680, 267 KB) Povzetek Hip hopers in Ljubljana, Slovenia Photo Andrejj Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hip hop culture Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x680, 267 KB) Povzetek Hip hopers in Ljubljana, Slovenia Photo Andrejj Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hip hop culture Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Triple bridge (Tromostovje) Ljubljana (IPA /ljubljʌna/), German Laibach (/lɑɪbax/), Italian Lubiana (/lʊbjɑ:na/) is the capital of Slovenia, situated on the outfall of the river Ljubljanica into the Sava, in central Slovenia, between the Alps and the Mediterranean. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


Hip-hop influences people in many different ways, such as the vocabulary people use (Slang words), the way people dress, and the way they carry themselves, at times people are influenced so much that they will do a lot of things their favorite rappers are doing, sort of idolizing them, there are cases where fans get tattoos that their favorite rappers have. Hip-Hop has now expanded and gone on a global scale, millions of rap albums are sold in foreign countries, some are not English speaking countries, yet people go out of their way and purchase these albums even thought they don’t understand the message the song carries, and manage to memorize the lyrics and sing along not knowing what they are saying. In foreign countries Hip-Hop has influenced natives to pursue rap careers and do what is being done in the United States such as following the trends, in their country. This is a product of globalization and it explains how popular culture can be interwoven with the everyday life of individuals that follow it, and how it can affect them in many ways. Like jazz, and all musics created by African Americans, hip-hop is one of the few musical genres seen as thoroughly, entirely American. With its popularization all over the world, however, it is now an international, rather than American, genre of music. Here, it is important to note the varying social influences that affect hip-hop's message in different nations. Frequently a musical response to political and/or social injustices, the face of hip-hop varies greatly from nation to nation. For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ...


In France, hip hop music and culture has been appropriated by African and Arab teens to describe their political and economic disenfranchisement, the racism they face and the housing projects many live in outside the city of Paris.[citation needed] Cuba's hip hop movement is used to express political discontent and to decry the poverty found in that island nation under Fidel Castro's leadership.[citation needed] This article is about the capital of France. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ...


"Hip hop, as with any number of African-American cultural forms before it, offers a range of compelling and contradictory significations to Jamaican artist and audiences. From "modern blackness" to foreign mind," transnational cosmopolitanism to militant pan-Africanism, radical remixology to outright mimicry, hip-hop in Jamaica embodies the myriad ways that Jamaicans embrace, reject, and incorporate foreign yet familiar forms"- Wayne Marshall [11]


The United Kingdom's styles of hip hop differ strongly from its American roots due to the nation's colonial history in the Caribbean and India. An influx of immigrants from these regions, particularly from the 1960s and '70s has led to a hip hop generation that has been born of immigrant parents and greatly influenced by their heritage, but who are firmly rooted in the Anglo culture. Interestingly, more female rappers have achieved mainstream success in the U.K. than in America.[citation needed] Among the more well-known are Ms. Dynamite and Lady Sovereign who toured the U.S. in 2007 with Gwen Stefani and Akon. West Indies redirects here. ... Ms. ... Louise Amanda Harman (born December 19, 1985), known as Lady Sovereign, is an English MC[1][2]. // Lady Sovereign was raised in northwest Londons Chalkhill Estate, a public housing project where she says her upbringing could get dangerous or depressing[3]. She was influenced by her mothers Salt... Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) (pronounced [1]), is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer, and occasional actress. ... Kishan Aliaune Damala Bouga Time Puru Nacka Badara Akon Thiam,[1][2] often going by the shorter Aliaune Thiam[3] (born October 14, 1981),[4] and better known by his stage name Akon, is an American R&B singer, rapper, songwriter, record producer, and record executive. ...


In South Africa the largest form of hip hop is called Kwaito, which has had a growth similar to American hip hop. Kwaito is a direct reflection of a post apartheid South Africa and is a voice for the voiceless; a term that U.S. hip hop is often referred to. Kwaito has become much more than just music, it has evolved into a lifestyle, encompassing all aspects of life including language and fashion. [12]The music of Kwaito is both politically and party driven. The politically fuelled music gives a voice to oppressed people that have no other way to voice their concerns and find music to be very accessible, not only to themselves but also to the audiences they are trying to reach. On the other hand the club driven music can also be seen as political in the sense that the artists could care less about the post apartheid life they live and are more concerned about having a good time and not how their access to this life came about. Kwaito is a music that came from a once hated and oppressed people, but it is now sweeping the nation. The main consumers of Kwaito are adolescents and half of the South African population is under 21. Some of the large Kwaito artists have sold over 100,000 albums, and in an industry where 25,000 albums sold is considered a gold record, those are impressive numbers. [13]In the end Kwaito gives aspirations to the oppressed people of a post apartheid South Africa, where they now have a control over a very influence source of media, music.[14] Kwaito is a music genre that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa in the early 1990s. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ...


In Jamaica the sounds of hip hop are derived from American and Jamaican influences, Jamaican hip hop is defined both through dancehall and Reggae music. Jamaican Kool Herc brought the sound systems, technology, and techniques of Reggae music to New York during the 1970’s. Jamaican hip hop artists often rap in both Brooklyn and Jamaican accents. Jamaican hip hop subject matter is often influenced by outside and internal forces. Outside forces such as the bling-bling era of today's modern hip hop and internal influences coming from the use of anti colonialism and marijuana or "Ganja" references which Rastafarians believe bring them closer to God.[15][16] Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Categories: People stubs | Hip hop musicians | Hip hop DJs | 1955 births ... Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Rasta hairstyle Rastafarianism is a religious movement that believes in the divinity of former emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia. ...


[17]


In the developing world hip hop has made a considerable impact in the social context. Despite the lack of resources, hip hop has made considerable inroads. [18] Because funds are limited, hip hop artists are forced to use very basic tools, and even graffiti, an important aspect of the hip hop culture, is constrained because it is not available to the average person. However, the vibrant culture is what fuels the spread of hip hop in developing nations and the general political instability that comes along with a developing nation. Many hip hop artists that make it out of the developing world come to places like the United States in search of an identity and place that fits them specifically. Maya Arulpragasm is a Sri Lankan born hip hop artist in this situation. She claims, "I'm just trying to build some sort of bridge, I'm trying to create a third place, somewhere in between the developed world and the developing world." [19]


Hip hop and religions

Religion and spirituality are important to many successful mainstream and underground artists. It is no surprise given the significant influence "the church" (Protestant denominations, mainly) has in African-American communities. Not only historically has faith provided solace, sanctuary and strength[citation needed], but in contemporary America, "the church" refers to an entire support system, lifestyle and identity.


Hip hop musicians especially, draw inspiration for their music from the mysteries of the world. Religion and hip-hop are very closely related, if only because the subject manner of rapping runs from violent and amoral to godly and righteous. Kanye West made this distinction in his song "Jesus Walks" where he repeatedly declares his devotion to Jesus while noting that "They say you can rap about anything except for Jesus/That means guns, sex, lies, video tapes/But if I talk about God my record won't get played Huh?". Rapper DMX is also known to include prayers on his albums, and is planning an upcoming gospel album. Mase, a rapper best known from the golden era of Bad Boy records, also retired from the rap game, to become an ordained minister. Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... DMX can mean: DMX, alias for Earl Simmons, American Rap artist DMX Krew, an electronic music producer Digital Multiplex or DMX-512, a lighting communications protocol. ... Mason Durrell Betha (born August 27, 1978 in Jacksonville, Florida),[1] known by stage name Ma$e, is an American rapper, best known as an artist on Sean Diddy Combs hip hop label Bad Boy Records during the late 1990s. ...


Islam

Islam has been a spiritual and political force within African-American communities in the United States since at least the 1960s when the Nation of Islam gained national attention under the dynamic leadership of Malcolm X (who subsequently left and disavowed his support of the group while remaining a Muslim).[citation needed] Many conscious hip hop artists, who see their music as a tool for political and social change, have embraced Islam. A short list of Muslim rappers: Scarface, Busta Rhymes, Freeway, Mos Def, Ice Cube, Paris, A Tribe Called Quest, Brother Ali, Ghostface Killah, Lupe Fiasco, Talib Kweli, Jus Allah, Vinnie Paz, Beanie Sigel, and Jurassic 5. The Nation of Islam (NOI) is a religious and social/political organization founded in the United States by Wallace Fard Muhammad in 1930 with the self-proclaimed goal of resurrecting the spiritual, mental, social, economic condition of the black man and woman of America and belief that God will bring... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... Conscious hip hop is a subgenre of alternative hip hop which focuses on social issues. ... Brad Terrence Jordan[1] (born on November 9, 1970 in New Jersey), better known by his stage name Scarface (and formerly Akshen) is an American rapper originally known for his work as a member of The Geto Boys. ... Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... Dante Terrell Smith (born December 11, 1973), better known by his stage name Mos Def, is an American rapper and actor. ... Media:Example. ... Paris hails from the San Francisco Bay Area and was catapulted onto the national scene in 1990 with his hit single The Devil Made Me Do It and album of the same name, after earning a degree in economics from University of California-Davis. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed and highly-influential American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ... Brother Ali (born Jason Newman, now Ali Newman) is an American hip hop artist. ... Dennis Coles (born May 9, 1970), better known by the stage name Ghostface Killah, is an American rapper revered for his lyrical dexterity and vivid imagination. ... Wasalu Muhammad Jaco (born February 16, 1982 in Chicago, Illinois) better known by his stage name Lupe Fiasco, is an American rapper. ... Talib Kweli Greene (born October 3, 1975), better known as Talib Kweli, is an American MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... Jus Allah (born James Bostick) is a New Jersey rapper who made his debut on Jedi Mind Tricks second album Violent by Design in 2000. ... Vinnie Paz is the lyricist behind the Philadelphian underground hip-hop group Jedi Mind Tricks. ... This article refers to the rapper Beanie Sigel. For the gangster, see Bugsy Siegel. ... Jurassic 5 was a six- and then later five-piece hip hop group formed in 1994. ...


The Nation of Gods and Earths gained a significant presence in hip hop with the emergence of the Wu-Tang Clan. All nine members, with the exception of Ghostface Killah, a Sunni Muslim, and several affiliates, are affiliated with the nation, as are other artists such as Eric B. and Rakim, Jadakiss, Nas, and Big Daddy Kane. The Wu-Tang often drop references to the nation's teachings in their lyrics. RZA even published a book "The Wu-Tang Manual" which in part, explained these references. The entire Brand Nubian group lineup are members of The Nation; also, Lord Jamar of Brand Nubian, released an album in 2006 entitled The 5% Album. Islam has affected the evolution of hip hop because of the number of rappers who have been Muslim. The Five Percenter Universal Flag (Seven, Sun, Moon, and Star). ... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... // This is a list of musical groups and producers that are officially affiliated with the hip hop group Wu-Tang Clan See also List of Wu-Tang Clan affiliate albums A group consisting of Armel and Sharecka. ... Eric B. & Rakim was an East Coast rap group that popularized the James Brown-sampled funky hip hop of the late 1980s. ... Jayson T. Phillips (born May 27, 1975), also known by his stage name Jadakiss, is an American rapper. ... For other uses, see Nas (disambiguation). ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... RZA (IPA pronunciation: ; born , July 5, 1969) is an American hip hop producer, rapper and actor. ... Brand Nubian is a hip hop group from New Rochelle, New York, consisting of three MCs; Grand Puba (born Maxwell Dixon, March 4, 1966), Sadat X (formerly Derek X, born Derek Murphy) and Lord Jamar (born Lorenzo Dechalus, on September 17, 1968), and two DJs, DJ Alamo and DJ Sincere. ... Lord Jamar (born Lorenzo Dechalus, September 17, 1968 in New Rochelle, New York) is a rapper and actor. ... Brand Nubian is a hip hop group from New Rochelle, New York, consisting of three MCs; Grand Puba (born Maxwell Dixon, March 4, 1966), Sadat X (formerly Derek X, born Derek Murphy) and Lord Jamar (born Lorenzo Dechalus, on September 17, 1968), and two DJs, DJ Alamo and DJ Sincere. ... The 5% Album is the debut record from the acclaimed Brand Nubian member Lord Jamar. ...


Internationally, Islam figures prominently in French hip hop, where the majority of artists are Muslims of primarily Algerian descent, in Arabic hip hop, and in Iranian hip hop. Most French hip hop artists come from poor urban areas outside of Paris known as the banlieues (including Lunatic, Mafia K1 Fry, La Brigade, Secteur Ä), Lyon, Lille, Le Havre (La Boussole), Strasbourg, Toulouse (KDD) or Marseille (IAM, Fonky Family, Psy 4 De La Rime, 3ème Oeil, and others). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Cover of sampler CD (2003) This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Arabic-speaking world. ... موسیقی رپ ایرانی Languages Persian, English, German Awards Tehran Underground Music Festival Charts none Festivals Tehran Underground Music Festival Iranian Online Rap Radio Stations Zirzamin Online Media Tehran Avenue, Zirzamine, Cafe Tehran, RaPersian Freestyle Rapper Community Major Iranian bands Deev–Eblis–EMZipper–Erfan–Hich Kas–Zedbazi– Salome Iranian hip hop is hip hop...


Judaism

The only Jewish artists to have gained large-scale success in hip hop are the Beastie Boys, although Hassidic Jew Matisyahu has recently gained considerable attention. One of the most respected Jewish Hip Hop artists is MC Serch one half of the New York based Rap duo 3rd Bass. MC Serch is known for his intelligent and socially conscious rhymes and recently created the VH-1 special "The White Rapper Show" which was a talent search for the next great white Rapper. Ill Bill, who is a prominenet underground rapper and affiliate of MC Serch had a brief appearance on The White Rapper Show with his group La Coka Nostra, is also Jewish. Rapper Necro, who, coincidentally is Ill Bill's younger brother, is Jewish as well. There is also the lesser know group Blood of Abraham which was comprised of Mazik and Ben-Yad. They were signed by the late Eazy-E and Ruthless records and addressed such themes as anti-semitism and racism in their lyrics. They have toured with the Black Eyed Peas for years. Remedy is a Jewish affiliate of the Wu-Tang Clan. Former The Roots member and producer Scott Storch is also Jewish. Less well known is Princess Superstar. Recently the hip hop scene in Israel, where the majority of rappers are Jewish - though there are many Arab and Black artists as well - has gained international attention. Popular Jewish-Israeli rappers include Subliminal and The Shadow. The Beastie Boys are a hip hop musical group from New York City consisting of Michael Mike D Diamond, Adam MCA Yauch, Adam Ad-Rock Horovitz. ... Matisyahu (born Matthew Paul Miller, June 30, 1979) is an American reggae musician. ... MC Serch (born Michael Berrin on May 6, 1967) is a Jewish-American hip hop MC and former member of 3rd Bass. ... 3rd Bass was a rap group in the late 1980s and early 1990s, notable for being one of the first successful interracial rap groups. ... Ill Bill (right) and Sabac Red William Braunstein (born 1972), better known as Ill Bill is a politically minded MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... Ron Braunstein (born June 7, 1976), better known as Necro, is an American rapper, record producer and director from Brooklyn, New York. ... Blood of Abraham hip hop duo composed of Benyad (Benjamin Mor) and Mazik (David Saevitz) that debuted in 1993 with the release of Future Profits on Ruthless Records, the label of the late Eric Eazy-E Wright. ... // This is a list of musical groups and producers that are officially affiliated with the hip hop group Wu-Tang Clan See also List of Wu-Tang Clan affiliate albums A group consisting of Armel and Sharecka. ... Wu-Tang redirects here. ... The Roots, a. ... Scott Storch (born December 16, 1973) is a Canadian[1] record producer. ... Princess Superstar (born Concetta Kirschner, 1971) is an American rapper. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... This article is about the color. ... Yaakov Kobi Shimony (Hebrew: יעקב קובי שמעוני, born November 13, 1979), generally known by his rap name Subliminal (Hebrew: סאבלימינל), is an Israeli rap artist and music producer. ... Yoav Eliasi (Hebrew: יואב אליאסי) (born November 21, 1977), commonly known by his rap name The Shadow (Hebrew: הצל), is an Israeli rap artist. ...


Christianity

Main article: Christian hip hop

Christian hip-hop is by far the most common form of overtly religious hip hop and many of the artists in this sub-genre are actually ordained ministers. Artists of note include Cross Movement, GRITS,Pigeon John,Braille,Red Cloud, Da' T.R.U.T.H., KJ52, Flame, Lecrae, John Reuben, Tedashii, Trip Lee, Sho Baraka, T-Bone, Fresh IE, Mr. Del (formerly of Three Six Mafia), Righteous B, Toby Mac and many others. This form of expression is a way for people to glorify the Lord through they music they listen to. Christian Hip Hop (originally Gospel Rap, also known as Holy Hip Hop or Christ hop) is a form of hip hop music which uses Christian themes to express the songwriters faith. ... The Cross Movement is a Christian hip hop band from Philadelphia, USA. // Ministry The Cross movement is considered by many to be trailblazers in the Christian music industry. ... This article is about the corn-based Southern U.S. food. ... Originally called Backyard Posse, Triple 6 Mafia were a group of US rap musicians from Memphis, TN. The group had many members (including Gangsta Blac, Gangsta Boo, Lord Infamous, Koopsta Knicca & chief producers Juicy J and DJ Paul) and are best known for their gruesome lyrics, extolling drugs, pornography, and...


Paganism

Though not as prominent as other religions in hip hop, pagan rappers include Emcee Lynx, a conscious hip hop artist from Oakland, California who self-identifies as a Druid, and The Heretics. There are many other less well-known artists as well. Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism Bagan, a city in Myanmar also known as Pagan Pagan (album), the 6th album by Celtic metal band Cruachan Pagan Island, of the Northern Mariana Islands Pagan Lorn, a metal band from Luxembourg, Europe (1994-1998) Pagans Mind, is... == Headline text ==. Emcee LynxAND JAYSHREE SARMA FROM NAIROBI KENYA A DANCER, RJ AND EMCEE FOR SEVERAL SHOWS, HER MOST MEMORABLE ANCHORING JOB WAS IN 2005 FOR uSTAD zAKIR HUSSEIN WORLD RENOWNED TABLA MAESTRO ,, A FORMER ANGELS DANCE MEMBER AND PRESENTER AT EAST FM He uses music to advocate for... Conscious hip hop is a subgenre of alternative hip hop which focuses on social issues. ... Oakland redirects here. ...


Sikhism

Sikhism has gained prominence in the hip hop scene not only in India, but also in other parts of the world where there are large Sikh populations - and in the UK, particularly west London, and the Silicon Valley / South Bay region of California in particular. In India, hip hop music is often mixed with Bhangra and Electronica to produce a high-energy fusion incorporating traditional Punjabi musical traditions and high-speed raps. [1] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Bhangra (Punjabi: , IPA: ) is a lively form of music and dance that originated in India. ... Electronica refers to a wide range of contemporary electronic music designed for a wide range of uses, including foreground listening, some forms of dancing, and background music for other activities; but unlike electronic dance music, is not specifically focused on the dance floor. ...


Other religions

Given the importance of religion in general as a key facet of most rappers' self-expression, the environment in the culture is generally hospitable to a diverse range of religious expressions. Among the minority religions represented in the hip-hop community are Sikhism, The Bahá’í Faith and Buddhism. Sikh rappers are concentrated mostly in the UK, India and Australia, although the most famous is likely the Canadian rapper Sikh Knowledge. Bahá’í rappers include members of Blue Scholars and Common Market, as well as Gabriel Teodoros, New York's Fort Tabarsi and others in the United States and Canada, including one in Toronto who also affiliates with Universal Sufism. Chinese hip hop is home to several Buddhist rappers, although their numbers in the United States are few. Stoupe and Toki Wright are both Buddhists, but presently there is no organized community of Buddhist rappers in the United States. Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... Buddhism is a variety of teachings, sometimes described as a religion[1] or way of life that attempts to identify the causes of human suffering and offer various ways that are claimed to end, or ease suffering. ... Blue Scholars are a hip hop duo based in Seattle, Washington. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... Universal Sufism ( Arabic: الطريقة للصوفية عالمية At-Tarǐqat As-SÇ”fǐyyat Alamǐyya ) is a spiritual and universalist movement founded by Hazrat Inayat Khan in the early 20th century. ... Chinese hip hop (Chinese: 嘻哈; pinyin xÄ«ha) is a relatively new phenomenon in Chinese music. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Stoupe the Enemy of Mankind is a Hip Hop producer and DJ, member of the underground Hip Hop duo Jedi Mind Tricks. ...


Legacy

KRS-One in concert. KRS-One is a long-time activist, performer and promoter of hip hop culture.
KRS-One in concert. KRS-One is a long-time activist, performer and promoter of hip hop culture.

Originating from reggaeton and dancehall from Jamaica, hip hop has since exponentially expanded into a widely accepted form of representation world wide. It expansion includes events like Afrika Bambaataa releasing "Planet Rock" in 1982 which tried to establish a more global harmony in hip hop. In the 1990s MC Solaar became an international hit that was not from America, the first of his kind. From the 80's onward, television became the major source of widespread outsourcing of hip hop to the global world. From YO! MTV Raps, a television show that was shown in many countries to Public enemies world tour, Hip Hop spread further to Latin America and became highly mainstream. Ranging from countries like France, Spain, England, the US and many many other countries world wide, voices want to be heard, and hip hop allows them to do so. As such, hip hop has been cut mixed and changed to the areas that adapt to it. [20] [21] KRS-One (born Lawrence Krisna Parker on August 20, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York. ...


Early hip hop has often been credited with helping to reduce inner-city gang violence by replacing physical violence with hip hop battles of dance and artwork. However, with the emergence of commercial and crime-related rap during the early 1990s, an emphasis on violence was incorporated, with many rappers boasting about drugs, weapons, misogyny, and violence. While hip hop music now appeals to a broader demographic, media critics argue that socially and politically conscious hip hop has long been disregarded by mainstream America in favor of its media-baiting sibling, gangsta rap.[22] For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ...


Many artists are now considered to be alternative/underground hip hop when they attempt to reflect what they believe to be the original elements of the culture. Artists/groups such as Talib Kweli, Mos Def, Dilated Peoples, dead prez, Blackalicious, and Jurassic 5 may emphasize messages of verbal skill, unity, or activism instead of messages of violence, material wealth, and misogyny. Alternative hip hop (also known as alternative rap) is a genre that is defined in greatly varying ways. ... Talib Kweli Greene (born October 3, 1975), better known as Talib Kweli, is an American MC from Brooklyn, New York. ... Dante Terrell Smith (born December 11, 1973), better known by his stage name Mos Def, is an American rapper and actor. ... Dilated Peoples is an underground hip hop group residing in California. ... Dead Prez is a critically acclaimed underground hip-hop duo of alternative rappers stic. ... Blackalicious is an American alternative hip hop duo. ... Jurassic 5 was a six- and then later five-piece hip hop group formed in 1994. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action or inaction to bring about social or political change. ... In Eva Prima Pandora, by Jean Cousin (Louvre Museum), Eve, the equivalent of Pandora embodies Original Sin Misogyny (pronounced ) is hatred or strong prejudice against women; an antonym of philogyny. ...


Authenticity is often a serious debate within hip hop culture. Dating back to its origins in the 1970’s in the Bronx, hip hop revolved around a culture of protest and freedom of expression in the wake of oppression. As hip hop has become less of an underground culture, it is subject to debate whether or not the spirit of hip hop is embodied in protest, or whether it can evolve to exist in a marketable integrated version. In “Authenticity Within Hip-Hop and Other Cultures Threatened with Assimilation,” Commentator Kembrew McLeod argues that hip hop culture is actually threatened with assimilation by a larger, mainstream culture.[23] In accordance with McLeod's position, Greg Tate an editor of the Village Voice also voices that hip hop is slowly losing its edge due to the genre's involvement in the mainstream, hyper-capitalist world. Believing that hip hop should be utilized as a voice for social justice, Tate points out that in the marketable version of hip hop, there isn't a role for this evolved genre in context of the original theme hip hop originated from (freedom from oppression). The problem with Black progressive political organizing isn't that hip hop, but that the No. 1 issue on the table needs to be poverty, and nobody knows how to make poverty sexy. [24] Tate discusses how the dynamic of progressive Black politics cannot apply to the genre of hip hop in the current state today due to the genre's heavy involvement in the market. In his article he discusses Hip Hop's 30th birthday and it's evolution has been a devolution due to it's capitalistic endeavors. Both Tate and McLeod argue that hip hop has lost its authenticity due to its losing sight of the revolutionary theme and humble "folksy" beginnings the music originated from. “This is the first time artists from around the world will be performing in an international context. The ones that are coming are considered to be the key members of the contemporary underground hip-hop movement." This is how the music landscape has broadened around the world over the last ten years. The maturation of Hip Hop has gotten older with the genres age, but the initial reasoning of why Hip Hop has started will always be intact. Expression and oppression will always be at the root of any Hip Hop movement.


Though born in the United States, the reach of hip hop is global. Youth culture and opinion is meted out in both Israeli hip hop and Palestinian hip hop, while France, Germany, the U.K., Africa and the Caribbean have long-established hip hop followings. According to the U.S. Department of State, hip hop is "now the center of a mega music and fashion industry around the world," that crosses social barriers and cuts across racial lines.[25] National Geographic recognizes hip hop as "the world's favorite youth culture" in which "just about every country on the planet seems to have developed its own local rap scene."[26] There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Palestinian hip hop supposedly started in 1998 with Tamer Nafars group DAM[1]. These Palestinian youth forged the new Palestinian musical sub-genre, which blends Arabic melodies and hip hop beats. ... British Hip Hop is a genre of music, and a culture that covers a variety of styles of rap music made in the United Kingdom. ... Hip hop music has been popular in Africa since the early 1980s due to widespread American influence. ... Songo-salsa is a style of music that blends Spanish rapping and hip hop beats with salsa music and songo. ... The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ...


Further Reading

  • Chang, Jeff. "Can't Stop, Won't Stop".
  • Rose, Tricia (1994). "Black Noise". Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0-8195-6275-0
  • Light, Alan (ed). (1999). The VIBE History of Hip-Hop. New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0-609-80503-7
  • George, Nelson (2000, rev. 2005). Hip-Hop America. St. Louis: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-028022-7
  • Toop, David (1984, rev. 1991). Rap Attack II: African Rap To Global Hip Hop. New York. New York: Serpent's Tail. ISBN 1-85242-243-2 .
  • Fricke, Jim and Ahearn, Charlie (eds). (2002). Yes Yes Y'All: The Experience Music Project Oral History of Hip Hop's First Decade. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81184-7
  • Corvino, Daniel and Livernoche, Shawn (2000). A Brief History of Rhyme and Bass: Growing Up With Hip Hop. Tinicum, PA: Xlibris Corporation/The Lightning Source, Inc. ISBN 1-4010-2851-9
  • Kitwana, Bakar (2004). The State of Hip-Hop Generation: how hip-hop's culture movement is evolving into political power. Retrieved December 4, 2006. From Ohio Link Database
  • (1999) Light, Alan, ed. The VIBE History of Hip-Hop. New York: Three Rivers Press.
  • Ro, Ronin. Bad Boy: The Influence of Sean “Puffy” Combs on the Music Industry. New York: Pocket Books, 2001.
  • Gueraseva, Stacy. Def Jam Inc. New York: Random House, 2005
  • Brown, Jake. Suge Knight: The Rise, fall, and Rise of Death Row Records. Phoenix: Colossus Books, 2002.

Cant Stop, Wont Stop: A History of the Hip Hop Generation is a book by Jeff Chang chronicling the early hip-hop scene. ... David Toop (born 1949) is a musician, author, and as of 2001 was visiting Research Fellow at the London Media School. ... View of the EMP from the Seattle Center with the monorail traveling through it. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Hip hop Portal

Image File history File links Crystal_128_arts. ... Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960), better known by his stage name Chuck D, is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... The Bomb Squad is a hip hop production team whose original members were Carl Ryder (Chuck D), Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee and Eric Vietnam Sadler. ...

References

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  2. ^ a b c Peter Shapiro, Rough Guide to Hip Hop, 2nd. ed., London: Rough Guides, 2007.
  3. ^ "A History of Graffiti in Its Own Words", New York Magazine, unknown. 
  4. ^ David Toop, Rap Attack, 3rd ed., London: Serpent's Tail, 2000.
  5. ^ a b Patterson, Orlando. "Global Culture and the American Cosmos." The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts Paper Number 21994 01Feb2008 <http://www.warholfoundation.org/paperseries/article2.htm>.
  6. ^ Evan Serpick. "MTV: Play It Again", Entertainment Weekly, July 9, 2006. 
  7. ^ Roger Ebert (August 11, 1995). Reviews: Dangerous Minds. Chicago Sun-Times.
  8. ^ a b c d e Kiley, David. Hip Hop Two-Step Over Product Placement BusinessWeek Online, April 6, 2005, accessed January 5, 2007
  9. ^ Williams, Corey. "'Jacob the Jeweler' pleads guilty", Associated Press, 2006-11-1. Retrieved on 2007-11-01. 
  10. ^ Sales, Nancy Jo. "Is Hip-Hop's Jeweler on the Rocks?", Vanity Fair, 2007-10-31. Retrieved on 2008-04-14. 
  11. ^ Marshall, Wayne Bling-Bling ForRastafari: How Jamaicans Deal With Hip-HopSocial and Economic Studies 55:1&2 (2006):49-74
  12. ^ TIMEeurope Magazine | Viewpoint
  13. ^ Kwaito: much more than music - SouthAfrica.info
  14. ^ South African music after Apartheid: kwaito, the "party politic," and the appropriation of gold as a sign of success | Popular Music and Society | Find Articles at BNET.com
  15. ^ Bling-bling for Rastafari: How Jamaicans deal with hip-hop by Wayne Marshall
  16. ^ http:/https://moodle.brandeis.edu/file.php/3404/pdfs/marshall-bling-bling.pdf/
  17. ^ Reggae Music 101 - Learn More About Reggae Music - History of Reggae
  18. ^ Schwartz, Mark. "Planet Rock: Hip Hop Supa National." In The Vibe History of Hip-hop, ed. Alan Light, 361-72. New York: Three Rivers Press, 1999.
  19. ^ An Itinerant Refugee in a Hip-Hop World - New York Times
  20. ^ Chang, Jeff. “It’s a Hip-hop World.” Foreign Policy 163, Nov/Dec 2007, 58-65.
  21. ^ Global Hip Hop: Beats and Rhymes-The Nu World Cult
  22. ^ template
  23. ^ McLeod, Kembrew. “Authenticity Within Hip-Hop and Other Cultures Threatened with Assimilation.” Journal of Communication. 1999. 49:134.
  24. ^ Tate, Greg. “Hip-hop Turns 30: Whatcha Celebratin’ For?” Village Voice. 4 January 2005.
  25. ^ Hip-Hop Culture Crosses Social Barriers - US Department of State
  26. ^ Hip Hop: National Geographic World Music
is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Title-page to Vanity Fair, drawn by Thackeray, who furnished the illustrations for many of his earlier editions Vanity Fair: A Novel without a Hero is a novel by William Makepeace Thackeray that satirizes society in early 19th-century England. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Rap redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... DJ Mixer. ... A boy hitting (holding) a pike Breakdance (media coined phrase), also known as breaking, b-girling or b-boying, is a street dance style that evolved as part of the hip hop movement that originated among African American youths in the South Bronx of New York City during the early... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Faada Freddy of the Senegalese rap crew Daara J in Germany, 2005. ... Hip hop dance refers to dance styles, mainly street dance styles, primarily danced to hip hop music, or that have evolved as a part of the hip hop culture. ... Hip Hop Theatre is a sub-genre of Hip-Hopera that came to the American stage in the late 20th century. ... The roots of hip hop can be found in 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx[1]. Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the forms development, contrasted with old school hip hop. ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, was probably introduced with the popularity of Run-DMCs 1986 album Raising Hell. ... See also: Category:Hip hop genres Hip hop music can be subdivided into subgenres, fusions with other genres and regional hip hop scenes. ... This is a list of influential albums in the history of hip hop music. ... Hip hop music was primarily limited to its country of origin, the United States, until the 1980s, at which point it reached into other countries and continents until its presence was worldwide. ... Hip hop music has been popular in Africa since the early 1980s due to widespread American influence. ... Cover of sampler CD (2003) This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Arabic-speaking world. ... Asian Hip Hop is a heterogeneous musical genre that covers all hip hop music as recorded and produced by artists of Asian origin. ... European hip hop is hip hop music created by European musicians. ... Latin rap is not a homogeneous musical style but rather a term that covers all Hip-Hop music recorded by artists of Latino origin. ... This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Middle East. ... Hip hop is quite a new style of music for Bosnia and Herzegovina, but it has nevertheless proven very popular. ... Dominican hip hop has its own style of hip hop music by mixing its native music and rapping to it like in the genres Merenrap or Merenhouse where they just take a blend of their native dance music called Merengue and rap to it. ... Greenlandic hip hop began in 1985 with the formation of the Inuit rap crew Nuuk Posse, though hip hop music first came to Greenland a year earlier. ... Rap marocain Moroccan rap ---- (more info) Stage 2 : In Progress (How-to) Its an interesting translation about Morocco Spy-jones 13:44, 31 May 2007 (UTC) This article didnt exist in English-language Wikipedia Spy-jones 20%   00:16, 1 June 2007 (UTC) Join this translation   ---   Update this... Native American hip hop is popular among Native Americans in the United States and the First Nations of Canada. ... Nepalese hip hop music, also referred to as NEPHOP, has a slight blend of Nepalese traditional music, western popular music, with lyrics that are usually altruistic and depicting the present Nepalese political and economic situation. ... Serbian hip hop refers to all genres of hip hop music in the Serbian language, mostly from Serbia, Republika Srpska (BiH), and Montenegro. ... Taiwanese hip hop music started in the early 1990s, popularized by early hip hop trio L.A. Boyz. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Greenwood Publishing Group : Encyclopedia of Rap and Hip Hop Culture (370 words)
Hip Hop music is comprised of several art forms: 1) MC-ing or rapping 2)B-boying or breakdancing 3)Deejaying (music) and 4) Graffiti art (visual art).
This encyclopedia examines all four elements of Hip Hop Culture, providing students, scholars, and music fans with a complete history of the thirty-year music genre.
Hip-hop cultural expert Bynoe's (Stand and Deliver: Political Activism, Leadership, and Hip Hop Culture) encyclopedia should help fill that void by providing a commanding single-volume guide that will be of value to those unfamiliar with hip-hop culture or those who like the culture or music but are unfamiliar with its origins and development.
Hip Hop Index (238 words)
Hip hop (pronunciation 'hip-"häp) is a cultural movement that began amongst urban (primarily, but not entirely, African American) youth in New York and has since spread around the world.
Hip hop has since come to be a synonym for rap music to mainstream audiences.
Gangs inspired and often embraced the ethic of "gangsta rap" but hip hop was developed in the 1970s as a conscious alternative to the worship of violence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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