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Encyclopedia > Hipólito Yrigoyen
Hipolito Yrigoyen

Juan Hipólito del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Yrigoyen Alem (12 July 18523 July 1933) was twice President of Argentina (from 1916 to 1922 and again from 1928 to 1930). This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 3 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... List of Heads of State (Presidents and Dictators etc. ... Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

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Freedom activist

Born in Buenos Aires, Irigoyen worked as a school teacher before entering politics. In 1891 he co-founded the Unión Cívica Radical (Radical Civil Union),, together with his uncle, Leandro Alem. Following Alem's suicide in 1896, Hipólito Irigoyen assumed sole leadership of the Radical Civic Union. It adopted a policy of Intransigencia, a position of total opposition to the regime known as "The Agreement." Established by electoral fraud, this was an agreed formula among the political parties of that time for alternating in power. In its fervour, the Radical Civic Union took up arms in 1893 and again in 1905. Later, however, Irigoyen adopted a policy of nonviolence, pursuing instead the strategy of "revolutionary abstention," a total boycott of all polls until 1912, when President Roque Sáenz Peña was forced to agree to the passage of the Sáenz Rock law, which established secret, universal, and compulsory male suffrage. Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Argentine political parties | Liberal parties ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Events January 1 - Japan accepts the Gregorian calendar January 2 - Introduction by Webb C. Ball of the General Railroad Timepiece Standards in North America: Railroad chronometers January 13 - The UK has its first meeting. ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ...


First presidency (1916-1922)

Irigoyen was elected President of Argentina in 1916. He frequently found himself hemmed in, however, as the Senate was appointed by the legislatures of the provinces, most of which were controlled by the opposition. Several times, Irigoyen resorted to federal intervention by declaring a state of emergency, which deepened the confrontation with the establishment. Irigoyen was popular, however, among middle class voters, who felt integrated for the first time in political process, and the Argentinian economy prospered under his leadership. Irigoyen preserved Argentinian neutrality during World War I, which turned out to be a boon, owing to higher beef prices and the opening up of many new markets to Argentina's primary exports (meat and cereals). Argentina was known as the barn of the world, and its gross domestic product placed it among the wealthiest nations on earth. Constitutionally barred from re-election, Irigoyen was succeeded by Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear. 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Argentina consists of 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia), and 1 federal district (distrito federal), marked by a *: Categories: Geography of Argentina | Lists of subnational entities ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... In economics, the gross domestic product (GDP) is a measure of the amount of the economic production of a particular territory in financial capital terms during a specific time period. ... Máximo Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear Pacheco (Buenos Aires, 4 October 1868 - Don Torcuato, 23 March 1942), better known as Marcelo T. de Alvear was an Argentina politician that was President of Argentina from 12 October 1922 to 12 October 1928. ...


Second presidency (1928-1930)

On the expiration of Torcuato's term in 1928, Irigoyen was overwhelmingly elected President for the second time. Now in his late seventies, he found himself surrounded by aides who censored his access to news reports, hiding from him the reality of the effects of the Great Depression, which hit towards the end of 1929. Neofascist sectors of the army and the intelligentsia (such as Leopoldo Lugones) plotted openly for a regime change. On 16 September 1930, Irigoyen was deposed in a military coup by José Félix Uriburu. This was the first revolution since the adoption of the Argentinian constitution. 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Great Depression was a global economic slump that began in 1929 and bottomed in 1933. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Leopoldo Lugones (13 June 1874 - 1938) was an Argentine writer and journalist. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Twilight years

After his overthrow, Irigoyen was placed under house arrest and confined several times to the island of Martín García. He died in Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ...

Preceded by:
Victorino de la Plaza
President of Argentina Succeeded by:
Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear
Preceded by:
Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear
President of Argentina Succeeded by:
José Félix Uriburu

Victorino de la Plaza y Palacios (1840 - 1919) was President of Argentina from 9 August 1914 to 12 October 1916. ... List of Heads of State (Presidents and Dictators etc. ... Máximo Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear Pacheco (Buenos Aires, 4 October 1868 - Don Torcuato, 23 March 1942), better known as Marcelo T. de Alvear was an Argentina politician that was President of Argentina from 12 October 1922 to 12 October 1928. ... Máximo Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear Pacheco (Buenos Aires, 4 October 1868 - Don Torcuato, 23 March 1942), better known as Marcelo T. de Alvear was an Argentina politician that was President of Argentina from 12 October 1922 to 12 October 1928. ... List of Heads of State (Presidents and Dictators etc. ...

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