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Encyclopedia > Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) was a Indian independence Association led by revolutionaries Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekar Azad. It was the first successful socialist organization in India and was inspired by the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks involved in the Russian Revolution. Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh (September 27, 1907 – March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... The Mensheviks were a faction of the Russian revolutionary movement that emerged in 1903 after a dispute between Vladimir Lenin and Julius Martov, both members of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. ... The term Russian Revolution principally refers to the Russian Revolution of 1917, which included the February Revolution resulting in the abdication of Czar Nicholas II and the subsequent Bolshevik revolt, the October Revolution, that eventually saw the czar and his family shot by a communist firing squad. ...

Contents


Initial actions

The association was established in October 1924 in Kanpur by revolutionaries like Ramprasad Bismil, Jogesh Chatterjee, Chandrashekhar Azad and Sachindranath Sanyal.[1].The aim of the party was to organize armed revolution to end the colonial rule and establish in a Federal Republic of the United States of India. Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... (L to R) The Ganga at Bithoor, IIT Kanpur, Radhakrishna Temple Kānpur (known as Cawnpore before 1948) is the most populous city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Chandrasekhar Azad Chandrasekhar Azad was one of four most famous revolutionaries that fought for Indias freedom from the British. ...


The Kakori Train Action was a notable act of terrorism by this group.On 9 August 1925 the members of the group looted government money that was being transferred in a train.The Kakori case led to the hanging of Ashfaqullah Khan, Ramprasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Lahiri.The arrest of leaders following the Kakori train action was a major setback. August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Later activities

In Lahore on 17 December 1928, Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekar Azad and Rajguru assassinated Saunders, a police official involved in deadly lathi-charge on Lala Lajpat Rai.Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb inside the central legislative assembly.The Assembly Bomb Case trial followed.Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged in March 1931.On 27th February, 1931, Chandrasekar Azad was killed in a gunfight with the police. It is unclear of the eventual fate of the Association, but the common understanding is that it disbanded with the death of Chandrasekar Azad and the hanging of its popular activists: Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. The Minar-e-Pakistan represents Pakistani independence The Hazuri Bagh, looking towards the Roshnai Gate Lahore (Urdu: لاھور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh (September 27, 1907 – March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian political leader who is chiefly known for leading movements against British Raj in India. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh (September 27, 1907 – March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Significance

The association was in the forefront of revolutionary movement in northarn parts of India.Younger generation from U.P, Punjab, Bengal, Maharashtra were its members. The association was in direct opposition to Mahatma Gandhi's Congress, and the ideals of the two parties differed greatly, however, it can be said that the revolutionary ideals of the HSRA appealed more to a younger audience. The contribution of HSRA to Indian society still lives on today, it is considered the father of all Indian Marxist associations including the current Marxist parties.[citation needed] Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش), also popularly known by its abbreviation UP, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (Meaning: Land of five Rivers) (also Panjab, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Shahmukhi: پنجاب) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in Bangla, is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... Maharashtra (Devanagari: महाराष्ट्र, literally: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Devanagari: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी; Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was a prominent political leader of India and its struggle for independence from the British Empire. ... Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party or Congress (I), abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ...


Notes

  1. Gateway of India article


          Indian Independence Movement               
History: Colonisation - East India Companies - Plassey - Buxar - British India - French India - Portuguese India - More...
Philosophies: Indian nationalism - Swaraj - Gandhism - Satyagraha - Hindu nationalism - Indian Muslim nationalism - Swadeshi - Socialism
Events and movements: Rebellion of 1857 - Partition of Bengal - Revolutionaries - Champaran and Kheda - Amritsar Massacre - Non-Cooperation - Bardoli - 1928 Protests - Nehru Report - Purna Swaraj - Salt Satyagraha - Act of 1935 - Cripps' mission - Quit India - Bombay Mutiny
Organisations: Indian National Congress - Ghadar - Home Rule - Indian National Army - Azad Hind - Swaraj Party - Anushilan Samiti - More...
Indian leaders: Mangal Pandey - Rani of Jhansi - Bal Gangadhar Tilak - Gopal Krishna Gokhale - Mahatma Gandhi - Sardar Patel - Subhas Bose - Badshah Khan - Jawaharlal Nehru - Maulana Azad - Chandrasekhar Azad - Rajaji - Rajendra Prasad - Bhagat Singh - More...
British Raj: Robert Clive - James Outram - Dalhousie - Irwin - Linlithgow - Wavell - Stafford Cripps - Mountbatten - More...
Independence: Cabinet Mission - Indian Independence Act - Partition of India - Political integration - Constitution - Republic of India

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bhagat Singh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1049 words)
Here they had renamed their party as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
His later revolutionary activities were as a leader of this association.
By the end of 1928, he and his comrades renamed their organization as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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