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Encyclopedia > Hindustan Republican Association

The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), known as the Hindustan Republican Association until 1928, was an Indian independence association led by revolutionaries Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekar Azad. It was one of first socialist organizations in India and was inspired by the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks involved in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Bhagat Singh (Gurmukhī: ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ) (September 27, 1907 – March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... Leaders of the Menshevik Party at Norra Bantorget in Stockholm, Sweden, May 1917. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government (Duma), resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ...

Contents


Initial actions

The association was established at a meeting in the village of Bholachang, Brahamabaria subdivision, East Bengal. Present at the founding meeting were Pratul Ganguly, Narendra Mohan Sen and Sachindra Nath Sanyal. It emerged as an offshoot of the Anushilan Samiti.[1] The aim of the party was to organize armed revolution to end the colonial rule and establish in a Federal Republic of the United States of India.[2]. East Bengal was the name used during two periods in the 20th century for a territory that roughly included the modern state of Bangladesh. ... Narendra Mohan Sen (1887-1963) was an Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary. ... Anushilan Samiti was the principal secret revolutionary organisation operating in Bengal in the first quarter of the 20th century. ...


The Kakori train robbery was a notable act by this group. On 9 August 1925 the members of the group looted government money that was being transferred in a train. The Kakori case led to the hanging of Ashfaqullah Khan, Ramprasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Lahiri. The following arrests of its leaders was a major setback. Kakori train robbery (alt. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ashfaqullah Khan, the great martyr, was born on 22 October 1900, in a middle class family of Shahjahanpur district in Uttar Pradesh. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ram Prasad Bismil. ...


Later activities

In Lahore on 17 December 1928, Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekar Azad and Rajguru assassinated Saunders, a police official involved in deadly lathi-charge on Lala Lajpat Rai. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb inside the central legislative assembly. The Assembly Bomb Case trial followed. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged in March 1931. On 27th February, 1931, Chandrasekar Azad was killed in a gunfight with the police. Lahore (Urdu: لاہور) is the second largest city of Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Bhagat Singh (Gurmukhī: ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ) (September 27, 1907 – March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who is chiefly remembered as a leader in the Indian fight for freedom from the British Raj. ... Batukeshwar Dutt was an Indian revolutionary in the early 1900s. ... Sukhdev Thapar (15th May 1907 - March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...


It is unclear of the eventual fate of the Association, but the common understanding is that it disbanded with the death of Chandrasekar Azad and the hanging of its popular activists: Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. Bhagat Singh (Gurmukhī: ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ) (September 27, 1907 – March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary, considered to be one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle. ... Sukhdev Thapar (15th May 1907 - March 23, 1931) was an Indian revolutionary. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Significance

The association was in the forefront of revolutionary movement in northern parts of India. Younger generation from U.P, Punjab, Bengal, Maharashtra were its members. Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: اتر پردیش, IPA: ), also popularly known by its abbreviation U.P., is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... Punjab (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ/پنجاب, Hindi: पंजाब, IPA: / /) is a state in northwest India. ... Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in Bangla, is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... Maharashtra (Devanagari: महाराष्ट्र mahārāṣṭra, literally: Great Nation; IPA: / /)( ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ...


The association was in direct opposition to Mahatma Gandhi's Congress, and the ideals of the two parties differed greatly, however, it can be said that the revolutionary ideals of the HSRA appealed more to a younger audience. The contribution of HSRA to Indian society still lives on today, and served as inspiration for current Indian leftwing groups.[3]. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; Hindi: मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी, Romanized: mohandās karamcaṃd gāndhī, IPA pronunciation: ) (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian Independence Movement. ... Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party or Congress (I), abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Saha, Murari Mohan (ed.), Documents of the Revolutionary Socialist Party: Volume One 1938-1947. Agartala: Lokayata Chetana Bikash Society, 2001. p. 16-17
  2. ^ Gateway of India article
  3. ^ Communist Party of India (Marxist)


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