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Encyclopedia > Hinchley Wood

Hinchley Wood is a residential community approximately 14 miles south-west of London, England. At the 2001 census it consisted of 1429 households with a population of 3674. It developed largely because of the railway line which passes through the area, and many of its residents are commuters to London. There are a number of shops, and a petrol station. Hinchley Wood School is one of the main secondary schools in the area. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

Hinchley Wood shot to fame in 1999 when residents took on McDonalds to defeat a plan to turn their local pub into a fast-food outlet. The pub had earlier provided a historical footnote when former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his wife Raisa dropped in for a pint in 1997, when their flight home was delayed. It featured (somewhat bizarrely) in Crap Towns: The 50 Worst Places To Live In The UK (ISBN 0-7522-1582-5), and is the location of Hinchley Wood railway station. McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants [1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachyov ( , IPA: , commonly written as Mikhail Gorbachev; born March 2, 1931) was the last leader of the Soviet Union, serving from 1985 until its collapse in 1991. ... Hinchley Wood railway station is a railway station located in the village of Hinchley Wood, in the Elmbridge district of Surrey in South East England, United Kingdom. ...


In the beginning, the farmland on which Hinchley Wood was to be built was an outpost of Thames Ditton. In 1925, Esher Council considered a petition from the small number of residents of Manor Road, in which ribbon development from Thames Ditton was taking place, for the provision of a new station between Surbiton and Claygate on the railway that had opened in 1885. The Southern Railway was not interested in a new station in 1925 because it would create no new traffic, but the opening of the Kingston bypass changed everything. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Esher is a town in the Surrey borough of Elmbridge in South East England near the River Mole. ... Surbiton is a suburban area of London situated in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. ... Claygate, Surrey is a very small village in the English county of Surrey consisting of about 6,500 residents. ...

Even before the first sod for the new road was cut, the speculative possibilities that it might throw up were being considered. The impact of the bypass was revolutionary and even as it was being built a sewer was laid under it at Manor Road to facilitate development. The opening of the station brought about the rapid emergence of Hinchley Wood as a coherent, identifiable settlement, with a housing stock so plainly superior to that typical of the 1930s.

When the station opened Hinchley Wood comprised a couple of dozen houses and a lonely petrol filling station in a field that bordered the by-pass. Development took place around the shops that were built next to the station, largely due to the actions of GT Crouch, who had the vision to see the benefits of the bypass and the railway: somehow he had to have a station.

Having been given planning permission to build Hinchley Wood in September 1929, Crouch struck a deal with the Southern Railway for the construction of the station. In order to persuade the Southern Railway to build it, Crouch had to help pay for it. Although the Southern Railway knew well enough that a new settlement would bring new business, it also knew the benefit to Crouch.

At its annual general meeting in 1927, the chairman called attention to “great increment in the value of the land, which goes into the pockets of vigilant people at our expense”. Crouch agreed to contribute £2,500 towards the cost (about one-third) of the building of the station.

It was to be built where conveniently the tracks separated already, making it the more economically built and manned. Additionally, the Southern Railway bought some more land on which to build a goods yard, which in the event was never built because competition from road haulage became too great, but the land was retained, ultimately to allow a car park to be provided.

The speed at which the houses in Hinchley Wood were built was phenomenal, with the peak years being in 1933-34 when 750 residents moved in, many of whom were London commuters. The Hinchley Wood Residents’ Association was formed in 1931 and quickly became an effective voice for the community on Esher Council.

The train service in the 1930s, although considerably more frequent and faster than today, was the regular cause of complaint: such was the rapid growth of Hinchley Wood that overcrowding of trains became an issue as well as their timing.


  • Hinchley Wood Forum
  • Hinchley Wood Residents Association
  • Hinchley Wood Primary School
  • Hinchley Wood School

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TeacherNet - Case Studies (525 words)
Hinchley Wood School has come up with some sensible strategies to reduce the amount of administration associated with school trips.
In common with many schools, the responsibility at Hinchley Wood for all arrangements for school trips rested with the department or member of teaching staff organising the event.
Hinchley Wood is a mixed 11-16 foundation school of 850 pupils.
Local Residents - Hinchley Wood, Kingston, Surrey (833 words)
On Sunday 13th December local residents in Hinchley Wood, Surrey had taken action to stop their well-loved local pub from being turned into a McDonald's store.
It is hoped that Hinchley Wood will join the growing list of places in which local communities have successfully defended themselves.
The Hinchley Wood occupation is a big step forward in the UK, and will give great encouragement to all those seeking effective ways to defend their communities and their interests as residents, in the face of the invasion of profiteering chains.
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