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Encyclopedia > Himyar

Himyar was a state in ancient South Arabia dating from 110 BC. It conquered neighbouring Saba in 25 BC, Qataban in AD 50 and Hadramaut AD 100. Its political fortunes relative to Saba changed frequently until it achieved power around AD 280. It was the dominant state in Arabia until AD 525. The economy was based on agriculture. Foreign trade was based on the export of frankincense and myrrh. The last sovereign Tubba Himyarite king, (Arabic: Dhu Nuwas) is often considered to have converted to Judaism if he was not simply Judaising. His war against the Abyssinian Christians in his kingdom, resulted in an infamous massacre in Najran. Other Abyssinian and Himyarite Christians at Zafar were massacred. Abyssinian domination by Kaleb and later by Abraha continued until 570. A coalition of Yemeni and Persian replaced Abyssinian invaders with Persian ones. In 632 Himyar was absorbed into the Islamic empire. The term South Arabia commonly refers to either: the Federation of South Arabia or the Protectorate of South Arabia This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC - 110s BC - 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 115 BC 114 BC 113 BC 112 BC 111 BC - 110 BC - 109 BC 108 BC... Sheba (from the English transcription of the Hebrew name shva, also Saba, Arabic: سبأ) is a southern kingdom mentioned in the Jewish scriptures (Old Testament) and the Quran. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC 0s 10s 20s 30s Years: 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC 25 BC 24 BC 23 BC 22 BC 21 BC 20... Events Londinium is founded by the Romans, taking over as capital of the local Roman province, from Colchester (approximate date) Roman Emperor Claudius appoints Agrippa II governor of Chalcis. ... Hadhramaut, (also Hadramawt) now part of Yemen, is the coastal region of the south Arabian peninsula on the Gulf of Aden in the Arabian Sea, extending eastwards from Yemen to the Dhofar region of Oman. ... -1... National motto: Remis Velisque. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Events Bernicia settled by the Angles Ethiopia conquers Yemen The Daisan river, a tributary of the Euphrates, floods Edessa and within a couple of hours fills the entire city except for the highest parts. ... 100g of frankincense resin. ... 100g of Myrrh. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Yusuf Dhu Nuwas (also called Yusuf Asar Dhu Nuwas, Masruq, and Dunas Zhidovin) was the last king of Yemen (then called Himayar) from a Jewish dynasty of unknown origin. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people, with around 14 million followers (as of 2005 [1]). It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths, second only to Zoroasterism, and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. ... This article needs cleanup. ... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... Najran is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the south of the country along the border with Yemen. ... Zafarظفار is an ancient Arabian site, situated in Yemen, some 130 km southsouthwest of the capital Sanaá. It was the capital of the Himyarites, who ruled much of southern Arabia (c. ... The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum), was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from ca. ... Abraha (died 570) was a governor of the territories in Arabia for the Axumite Kingdom, and later king of modern Yemen. ... Events First mention of the Spear of Destiny (approximate date). ... The Sassanid Empire in the time of Shapur I; the conquest of Cappadocia was temporary Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of... The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum), was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from ca. ... The Sassanid Empire in the time of Shapur I; the conquest of Cappadocia was temporary Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of... Events Abu Bakr becomes first caliph or Successor of the Prophet, leader of Islam Abu Bakr defeats Mosailima in the Battle of Akraba. ... ...


Himyarite kings included:

  • Yusuf Asar Yathar
  • Dhu Nuwas
  • Shammar Yuharish

Yusuf Dhu Nuwas (also called Yusuf Asar Dhu Nuwas, Masruq, and Dunas Zhidovin) was the last king of Yemen (then called Himayar) from a Jewish dynasty of unknown origin. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Himyar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (222 words)
Himyar was a state in ancient South Arabia dating from 110 BC.
It conquered neighbouring Saba in 25 BC, Qataban in AD 50 and Hadramaut AD Its political fortunes relative to Saba changed frequently until it achieved power around AD It was the dominant state in Arabia until AD The economy was based on agriculture.
In 632 Himyar was absorbed into the Islamic empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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