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Encyclopedia > Himeyuri Students
The Himeyuri Monument in Itoman, Okinawa
The Himeyuri Monument in Itoman, Okinawa

The Himeyuri Students (Himeyuri Gakutotai) was a unit of the nursing in the Battle of Okinawa. 222 students and 18 teachers of former Okinawa Daiichi Women's High School and Okinawa Shihan Women's School were mobilized by the Japanese army in March 23, 1945. But, on June 18, suddenly they were dissolved. And in the early morning of June 19, most of them were killed by the gas shell thrown by the US forces in the Ibara third surgery shelter. The survivors were threw themselves from the precipitous cliff because of the terror of the US soldiers. To mourn for them the Himeyuri Monument was built on April 7, 1946. Itoman (糸満市; -shi) is a city located in Okinawa, Japan. ... Combatants United States, United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, Australia Empire of Japan Commanders Simon B. Buckner†, Joseph W. Stilwell, Ray Spruance Mitsuru Ushijima† Strength 548,000 regulars, 1300 ships,  ? aircraft 100,000 regulars & militia,  ? ships,  ? aircraft Casualties 12,513 dead or missing, 38,916 wounded, 33,096 non-combat wounded... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


See also

Combatants United States, United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, Australia Empire of Japan Commanders Simon B. Buckner†, Joseph W. Stilwell, Ray Spruance Mitsuru Ushijima† Strength 548,000 regulars, 1300 ships,  ? aircraft 100,000 regulars & militia,  ? ships,  ? aircraft Casualties 12,513 dead or missing, 38,916 wounded, 33,096 non-combat wounded...

External links

  • Himeyuri Peace Museum
  • Himeyuri Gakutotai
  • Himeyuri Monument and the third army field hospital in cave

 
 

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