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Encyclopedia > Hiking (sailing)

In sailing, hiking is the action of moving the sailor's body weight as far to windward (upwind) as possible, in order to counteract the force of the wind pushing sideways against the boat's sails. Hiking works by using crew weight to move the boat's center of gravity. It is usually done by leaning over the edge of the boat as it heels. Some boats are fitted with equipment such as hiking straps and trapezes to make hiking more effective. Wooden sailing boat Sailing is motion across a body of water in a sailing ship, or smaller boat, powered by wind. ... In physics, a force acting on a body is that which causes the body to accelerate; that is, to change its velocity. ... A sail is a surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind. ... In physics, the center of gravity (CoG) of an object is the average location of its weight. ...

Hiking is most integral to catamaran and dinghy sailing, where the lightweight boat can be easily capsized by the wind unless the sailor counteracts the wind's pressure by hiking, or eases the sails to reduce it. The heavy keel on larger keelboats means that it is practically impossible to capsize them due to wind alone, but keelboat racers will still hike to cause the boat to prevent unnecessary sideways heel, because most boats are can sail faster when they are kept relatively flat. Two Hobie catamarans, showing the typical Hobie raised platform joining the two hulls, and tall mast. ... 2 GP14s, a Topper and a Graduate Dinghy sailing is the activity of sailing small boats by using (1) the sails and (2) underwater foils (centreboard and rudder). ...

Many boats, especially dinghies, have equipment that facilitates effective hiking. Hiking straps made from rope or webbing hold the sailor's feet down, allowing them to lean back over the edge of the boat while sitting facing in. These simple devices are almost universal on dinghies that do not have more complex hiking systems. Some sailors wear special shorts fitted with pads or stiff battens to help them hike more effectively and without tiring. Rope is also the title of a movie by Alfred Hitchcock Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength, for pulling and connecting. ... Webbing can mean several things: Nylon webbing is a versatile component of rock climbing equipment. ... Shorts are a garment worn by both men and women over their pelvic area and the upper part of the upper legs or more, but not the entire length of the leg. ...

Some dinghies and catamarans, such as the 505, International 14, or Hobie 16, have trapeze devices to allow the crew to increase their righting moment on the boat. These are wires attached high up on the mast, and fitted with a bracket that fits into a hook on a harness worn by the crew. This wire and harness then supports the crew as they stand and lean back over the water, pulling against the mast. On some boats, such as the Laser II, the skipper uses hiking straps, and the crew uses a trapeze. On high-performance skiffs, such as the International 14 or 49er, both the skipper and the crew use trapezes. The International 505 is a one design high-performance two person monohull planing centerboard dinghy. ... Hobie Cats are the most popular tupe of Catamarans for racing and day sailing. ... Skipper can be: A person who has command of a boat or ship A type of butterfly Barbies sister (a doll) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A skiff is a small flat-bottomed open boat with a pointed bow and square stern, used mainly by fisherman. ... A 49er in a high-speed plane The 49er is a newer one-design class of small sailing dinghy. ...

Most dinghies are fitted with hiking sticks, or tiller extensions, which allow the skipper to steer the boat while hiked out.

Some racing keelboats are fitted with elastic lifelines running down the sides of the boat. These allow the crew to lean into the lifeline to get further out on the windward rail. Many kinds of racing keelboat are raced with more crew aboard than is strictly necessary to operate the boat in order to increase the amount of weight on the upwind side of the boat, keeping the boat flatter.

Results from FactBites:

 Hiking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1102 words) Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. Hiking a long-distance trail from end to end is often referred to as thru-hiking. Hiking is one of the fundamental outdoor activities on which many others are based.
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