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Encyclopedia > Hiking
Eagle Creek, Oregon hiking
Symbols used in trail blazing
A hiking trail marker.

Hiking is an outdoor activity which consists of walking in natural environments, often on hiking trails. It is such a popular activity that there are numerous hiking organizations worldwide. The health benefits of different types of hiking have been confirmed in studies.[1] The word hiking is understood in all English-speaking countries, but there are differences in usage. In sailing, hiking is the action of moving the sailors body weight as far to windward (upwind) as possible, in order to counteract the force of the wind pushing sideways against the boats sails. ... Typical painted blaze in Mt. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Walking (disambiguation). ... “Footpath” redirects here. ... The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where English is an official language, in order of population. ...


In the United Kingdom, hiking is a slightly old-fashioned word, with a flavor more of heartiness and exercise than of enjoying the outdoors; the activity described here would be called hillwalking or simply walking. In the United States, hiking refers to cross-country walking of a longer duration than a simple walk and usually over terrain where hiking boots are required.[2] A day hike refers to a hike that can be completed in a single day, often applied to mountain hikes to a lake or summit, but not requiring an overnight camp, in which case the term backpacking is used. Bushwhacking specifically refers to difficult walking through dense forest, undergrowth, or bushes, where forward progress requires pushing vegetation aside. In extreme cases of bushwhacking where the vegetation is so dense that human passage is impeded, a machete is used to clear a pathway. Australians use the term bushwalking for both on- and off-trail hiking. New Zealanders use tramping (particularly for overnight and longer trips), walking or bushwalking. Multi-day hiking in the mountainous regions of India, Nepal, North America, South America, and in the highlands of East Africa is also called trekking. Hiking a long-distance trail from end to end is also referred to as trekking and as thru-hiking in some places, for example on the Appalachian Trail. This article is about backpacking in the wilderness. ... modern factory-made Machete For other uses, see Machete (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 kilometers (31 miles) or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... Thru-hiking is the process of hiking a long-distance trail from end to end. ... The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T., is a marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. ...

Contents

Comparison with other forms of touring

Hiking is one of the fundamental outdoor activities on which many others are based. Many beautiful places can only be reached overland by hiking, and enthusiasts regard hiking as the best way to see nature. Hikers see it as better than a tour in a vehicle of any kind (or on an animal; see horseback riding) because the hiker's senses are not intruded upon by distractions such as windows, engine noise, airborne dust and fellow passengers. Hiking over long distances or over difficult terrain requires both the physical ability to do the hike and the knowledge of the route and its pitfalls. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Trikke is a Human Powered Vehicle (HPV) Automobiles are among the most commonly used engine powered vehicles. ... For the Roman class, see Equestrian (Roman) A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... For other uses, see Window (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Engine (disambiguation). ... Look up dust in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Environmental impact

Path from Benaoján to Cortes (Grazalema Natural Park, Spain)

Hikers often seek beautiful natural environments in which to hike. These environments are often fragile: hikers may accidentally destroy the environment that they enjoy. While the action of an individual may not strongly affect the environment, the mass effect of a large number of hikers can degrade the environment. For example, gathering wood in an alpine area to start a fire may be harmless once (except for wildfire risk). Years of gathering wood, however, can strip an alpine area of valuable nutrients. Benaojan is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the autonomous community of Andalucía in southern Spain. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the natural environment. ... For the climate of the mountains named the Alps, see climate) for a region above the tree-line. ... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ...


Generally, protected areas such as parks have regulations in place to protect the environment. If hikers follow such regulations, their impact can be minimized. Such regulations include forbidding wood fires, restricting camping to established camp sites, disposing or packing out faecal matter, imposing a quota on the number of hikers per mile. Car camping is camping in a tent, but nearby the car for easier access and for supply storage. ... Human feces in a toilet after defecation Human Feces (also faeces — see spelling differences), also known as stools, is the waste product of the human digestive system and varies significantly in appearance, depending on the state of the whole digestive system, influenced by diet and health. ...


Many hikers espouse the philosophy of Leave No Trace: hiking in a way such that future hikers cannot detect the presence of previous hikers. Practitioners of this philosophy obey its strictures, even in the absence of area regulations. Followers of this practice follow strict practices on dealing with food waste, food packaging, and alterations to the surrounding environment. Leave No Trace is an ecological principle of leaving an environment of habitation in such a condition as to render it impossible for future observers to discern the previous presence of the practitioners of the Leave No Trace methodology. ...


Human waste is often a major source of environmental impact from hiking. These wastes can contaminate the watershed and make other hikers ill. Bacterial contamination can be avoided by digging 'catholes' 10 to 25 cm (4 to 10 inches) deep, depending on local soil composition and covering after use. If these catholes are dug at least 60 m (200 feet) away from water sources and trails, the risk of contamination is minimized. Many hikers warn other hikers about the location of their catholes by marking them with sticks stuck into the ground. Phyla Actinobacteria Aquificae Chlamydiae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Lentisphaerae Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Verrucomicrobia Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are unicellular microorganisms. ...


Sometimes hikers enjoy viewing rare or endangered species. However, some species (such as martens or bighorn sheep) are very sensitive to the presence of humans, especially around mating season. To prevent adverse impact, hikers should learn the habits and habitats of endangered species. Species Martes americana Martes flavigula Martes foina Martes gwatkinsii Martes martes Martes melampus Martes pennanti Martes zibellina For the Wiltshire village see Marten, Wiltshire. ... Binomial name Shaw, 1804 Synonyms Desmarest Cuvier[1] Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)[2] is one of three species of mountain sheep in North America and Siberia; the other two species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep, and the Siberian Snow sheep Ovis nivicola. ...


There is one situation where an individual hiker can make a large impact on an ecosystem: inadvertently starting a wildfire. For example, in 2005, a Czech backpacker burned 7% of Torres del Paine National Park in Chile by knocking over an illegal gas portable stove. Obeying area regulations and setting up cooking devices on bare ground will reduce the risk of wildfire. Czechs (Czech: ) are a western Slavic people of Central Europe, living predominantly in the Czech Republic. ... The Cordillera del Paine is a small but spectacular mountain group in Chilean Patagonia. ... A small portable stove and its container MSR WindPro with skillet, heat reflector, wind shield and isobutane/propane canister A portable stove is a stove specially designed to be portable and lightweight, as for camping. ...

Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest, USA

Old-growth Douglas Fir in the Mount Hood National Forest The Mount Hood National Forest is located 20 miles (32 km) east of the city of Portland, Oregon, and the northern Willamette River valley. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

Personal safety hazards

Hiking may produce threats to personal safety. These threats can be dangerous circumstances while hiking and/or specific accidents or ailments. Diarrhea has been found to be the most common illness afflicting long-distance hikers in the United States[3]. (See Wilderness acquired diarrhea.) Any outdoor activity entails many risks, even if participants do not recklessly place themselves in harms way. ...


Dangerous hiking circumstances include losing the way, inclement weather, hazardous terrain, or exacerbation of pre-existing medical conditions. Specific accidents include metabolic imbalances (such as dehydration or hypothermia), topical injuries (such as frostbite or sunburn), attacks by animals, or internal injuries (such as ankle sprain). Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. ... Hypothermia is a condition in which an organisms temperature drops below that Required fOr normal metabolism and Bodily functionS. In warm-blooded animals, core [[body Temperature]] is maintained nEar a constant leVel through biologic [[homEostasis]]. But wheN the body iS exposed to cold Its internal mechanismS may be unable... This article is about a medical condition. ... For a review of anatomical terms, see Anatomical position and Anatomical terms of location. ... A sprain (from the French espraindre - to wring) is an injury which occurs to ligaments caused by a sudden overstretching (for the muscle injury, see strain). ...


Hikers often propose a set of behavioral prescriptions to minimize these threats. A well-known example of such a set of prescription is the Ten Essentials. The Ten Essentials comprise the basic equipment that many consider essential in the backcountry. ...


Attacks by humans are also a reality. There are organizations that promote prevention, self defense and escape. The cell phone and GPS devices are used in some organizations.


See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... This is a list of some long-distance footpaths used for walking and hiking. ... The Ten Essentials comprise the basic equipment that many consider essential in the backcountry. ...

Types

  • Backpacking – also known as trekking, a multi-day, often arduous hike especially in mountainous regions
  • Dog hiking – hiking with dogs
  • Freehiking - hiking while unclothed, also hiking off-trail
  • Hillwalking - an English form of hiking
  • Llama hiking
  • Scrambling - "non-technical" rock climbing or mountaineering OR "technical" hiking
  • Thru-hiking – hiking a trail from end to end in one continuous hike (people may end to end a trail, but in section hikes)
  • Ultralight backpacking
  • Waterfalling – AKA waterfall hunting and waterfall hiking is hiking with the purpose of finding and enjoying waterfalls

This article is about backpacking in the wilderness. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into llama. ... Scrambling on Crib Goch, Snowdonia, Wales Scrambling is a method of ascending rocky faces and ridges. ... Thru-hiking is the process of hiking a long-distance trail from end to end. ... Ultralight backpacking is a style of backpacking that emphasizes the use of the lightest-weight equipment available. ... For other uses, see Waterfall (disambiguation). ...

Related activities

  • Cross-country skiing - often the equivalent of hiking in snowy lands during wintertime
  • Fell running - An English and Welsh sport of running over rough mountainous ground, often off-trail. Known as Hill running in Scotland and Ireland. Similarities exist with Mountain running popular overseas, but also many differences.
  • Geocaching – outdoor treasure-hunting game
  • Orienteering – running sport involving navigation with a map and compass
  • River trekking
  • Rogaining – sport of long distance cross-country navigation
  • Trail blazing

Tartu Marathon 2006 cross-country ski race in Estonia. ... Fell running, also known as mountain running and hill running, is the sport of running and racing, off road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty. ... A Geocache in Germany Geocaching is an outdoor treasure-hunting game in which the participants use a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver or other navigational techniques to hide and seek containers (called geocaches or caches) anywhere in the world. ... The international orienteering symbol. ... River Trekking is a form of hiking or outdoor adventure activity, particularly popular in Hong Kong, and, in some ways, similar to canyoning or canyoneering. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Typical painted blaze in Mt. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.miller-mccune.com/health/for-good-health-take-a-hike-796
  2. ^ Colorado Mountain Club: More than a great hiking club...
  3. ^ Boulware DR, et al. (2003), “Medical Risks of Wilderness Hiking”, Am J Med, 114(4):288-93.

External links

Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveller should expect the unexpected. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Adventure recreation refers to active and outdoor activities such as backpacking (wilderness), rafting, climbing, and outdoor survival. ... Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveller should expect the unexpected. ... A lodging cottage in a rural area of Lithuania. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about backpacking in the wilderness. ... A type of touring bicycle Bicycle touring is a leisure travel activity which involves touring, exploring or sightseeing by bicycle. ... Car camping is camping in a tent, but nearby the car for easier access and for supply storage. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism that appeals to ecologically and socially conscious individuals. ... Extreme tourism or shock tourism is a type of niche tourism involving travel to dangerous places (mountains, jungles, deserts, caves, etc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hang gliding is one of the windsports. ... Mountain biker riding in the Arizona desert. ... An open crevasse. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nudity in sport. ... Paragliding is a recreational and competitive flying sport. ... Rafting in Brazil. ... River Trekking is a form of hiking or outdoor adventure activity, particularly popular in Hong Kong, and, in some ways, similar to canyoning or canyoneering. ... Map of Africa 1890 Look up safari in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... There are many different definitions of sustainable tourism that have been developed over the last decade. ... Ultralight backpacking is a style of backpacking that emphasizes the use of the lightest-weight equipment available. ... An urban explorer stands near the outfall of a muffin shaped brick and concrete storm drain, under Saint Paul, Minnesota. ... For the concept car, see Plymouth Backpack. ... A 1. ... A campsite on Oludeniz beach Bicycle camping A campsite at Hunting Island State Park in South Carolina Campsites are often situated in or near forests. ... // With world travel market having undergone significant changes over the last few years a new type of tourist has emerged known as the Free Independent Traveler or Tourist (FIT). ... A Geocache in Germany Geocaching is an outdoor treasure-hunting game in which the participants use a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver or other navigational techniques to hide and seek containers (called geocaches or caches) anywhere in the world. ... On this harnessed zip-line between platforms in trees in Costa Rica, the rider controls speed with a leather glove hand brake. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hiking | Hikes (0 words)
We have thousands of nature trails and interpretive trails, lake hikes and river hikes, hikes to viewpoints and mountain summits, urban hiking trails and backcountry treks – something for hikers of all abilities and experience levels, from the occasional day-hiker or nature walker to the seasoned hiker and long trail backpacker.
Each hiking trip is a complete chapter from a hiking or backpacking guidebook and includes a detailed trail map, driving directions, and a clear description of the route, all produced by well-known outdoor guidebook publishers.
Every hiking trail is linked to USGS topographic maps from the trail overview page, and many also offer a host of additional features like photos, trail elevation profiles, regional locator maps, and interesting natural, geographical, and historical information on the hike and the region.
American Hiking Society (0 words)
American Hiking Society is the only national organization dedicated to promoting and protecting America’s hiking trails, the natural areas that surround them, and the hiking experience itself.
Download American Hiking's Key Components of Creating a Volunteer Program (PDF) manual today and implement a successful volunteer program tomorrow.
American Hiking Society sincerely thanks the Leggetts for their substantial support, guidance, and leadership of AHS trails programs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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