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Encyclopedia > Highway 6 (Israel)
Headquarters and control centre near Petah Tikva
Headquarters and control centre near Petah Tikva

Highway 6 (Hebrew: כביש 6), widely known as the Trans-Israel Highway or Cross-Israel Highway (חוצה ישראל), is a major electronic toll highway in Israel. The highway was officially dedicated as the Yitzhak Rabin Highway, though this name is not generally used. It started operations in the 2000s and is being lengthened as construction proceeds on newer sections. As of 2006, parts of it are still under construction. Image File history File links H6_HQ.jpg‎ Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Highway 6 (Israel) ... Image File history File links H6_HQ.jpg‎ Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Highway 6 (Israel) ... The Coat of Arms of Petah-Tikva Petah-Tikva (Hebrew פֶּתַח-תִּקְוָה opening of hope, Standard Hebrew Pétaḥ-Tiqva, also transliterated as Petach Tikva, Petah Tikvah, Petach Tikvah, Petaḥ Tiqwa or Petach Tiqwa) and nicknamed as Mother of Cities, is a city in the west of the Center District of Israel... Hebrew (עִבְרִית or עברית, ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel and Jewish communities around the world. ... Many ETC systems use transponders like this one to electronically debit the accounts of registered cars without their stopping Electronic toll collection (ETC), an adaptation of aircraft identification friend or foe technology, aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads. ... Highway in Pennsylvania, USA A highway is a major road designed for automobile travel that connects cities, places, other highways, or other significant points of interest. ...


The aim of the Highway is to provide an efficient north-south transportation corridor in the country while allowing drivers to bypass the traffic-congested Tel Aviv region, located in the center of the country. Thus it is the Eastern-most major highway in Israel, in some places located almost right on the Green Line. Currently Highway 6 is 86 km long, all of which is an expressway. This figure will grow in the next few years as additional segments, currently undergoing statutory approvals and permitting processes, are added to the main section of the road. Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... The term Green Line is often used to refer to the 1949 Armistice lines established between Israel and its opponents (Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt) at the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management KM programming language KM Culture, Korean Movie Maker. ... An expressway is a divided highway, usually 4 lanes or wider. ...


Highway 6 is the first Israeli BOT road constructed, carried out mainly by the private sector in return for a license to collect tolls on the highway for a given number of years. It is also one of the largest infrastructure projects undertaken in Israel in recent years. Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) is a form of project financing, wherein a private entity receives a franchise from the public sector to finance, design, construct, and operate a facility for a specified period, after which ownership is transferred back to the public sector. ...

Contents


Unique characteristics and pricing

Highway 6 uses a system of cameras and transponders to toll vehicles automatically. There are no toll booths, allowing Highway 6 to be designed as a normal freeway with interchanges. A radio antenna detects when a vehicle with a transponder has entered and exited the highway, calculating the toll rate. For vehicles without a transponder, an automatic license plate recognition system is used. Monthly statements are mailed to users. Highway 6 is based on the technology of the 407 ETR in Ontario, Canada. In telecommunication, the term transponder (sometimes abbreviated to XPDR or TPDR) has the following meanings: An automatic device that receives, amplifies, and retransmits a signal on a different frequency. ... The system must be able to deal with different styles of licence plates Automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) is a mass surveillance method that uses optical character recognition on images to read the licence plates on vehicles. ... Highway 407, officially called the 407 Express Toll Route (ETR), is a pay-per-use freeway located in south-central Ontario, Canadas Greater Toronto Area. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (French has some legal status but is not fully co-official) Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty...


The pricing scheme for Highway 6 is based on the number of segments a driver passes in a given trip. Each segment is the road span between two interchanges (with one particular interchange being an exception). As of March 2006, the pricing for up to 3 segments is 15.04 NIS, 17.94 for 4 segments, and 20.84 for 5 or more segments. Pricing for motorcycles and heavy vehicles such as trucks is different. High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... 1 sheqel coin (1994–5). ...


The price above is for drivers who register with Highway 6's operator and install the in-vehicle transponder unit (called a "Passkal", pronounced with emphasis on the "kal", lit. "easy-pass") to record their highway usage. When a vehicle does not have a transponder, its license plate is scanned and the vehicle identified. Drivers who pre-register their license plate with the Highway 6's operator and establish a billing relationship receive a discounted rate (though they pay more than those who have installed a "Passkal"). If a license plate is not located in Highway 6's database then the bill is sent to the owner of the vehicle according to the car registration with the Israeli Ministry of Transportation. Such a vehicle pays the highest rate, 40-80% higher than "Passkal" rates.


The licensed road operator, Derech Eretz, operates a fleet of service vehicles that patrol the entire length of the highway and assist drivers in need. Since it is technically a private road, the road operator is required to pay the police for traffic enforcement.


Financial results and statistics

In March 2006, Derech Eretz reported a profit of 89 million NIS for 2005, an increase of 56% from 2004, on income of 779 million NIS, an increase of 137% from 2004.


At the end of 2005:

  • about 500 000 registered subscribers (one subscriber can own multiple vehicles),
  • 1.36 million individual users (increase from 1.1 million users),
  • 21 million trips,
  • 80% of trips are by subscribers,
  • Bill collection success rate was 97%.

Controversy

Even as of 2006, various bodies still argue over the necessity of the highway.


Opponents claim that it is does not provide a solution for the overcongestion of traffic at central city entrances, and the country can't afford to invest as much money as it does in a project that does not solve the main traffic problem. Moreover, they claim that existing highways could be expanded for a similar result but lower costs.


Proponents point out the incredible success of the increase in subscriptions, the profit turned, and the anticipated share of profits that will be shared with the government as use continues to increase. The highway's BOT financing ensures reduced government risk.


Opponents' second claim is that the highway further increases the social gap in Israel, giving a privilege to the rich - or, those who can afford to use the highway. It also puts a lot of money taken from citizens in the hands of the few. It also increases the use of private vehicles (as opposed to public transportation), which creates pollution.


Proponents counter with the fact that the highway is more fuel efficient since there are rarely traffic jams, and it is direct with no traffic lights, city traversing, or intersections, unlike most other highways. Contrary to the original 'made for the rich' claims, the cost of using the highway might actually reduce the cost of operating vehicules regardless of social strata. Proponents of the highway claim that the highway's main benefit is allowing drivers to travel from north to south (and vice versa) while bypassing the congested highways in Israel's central region (the central portion of Highway 6 is located on the eastern edge of Israel's central region). This also allows for faster movement of goods and thus decreases shipping costs. Contrary to popular belief, many of Egged's buses travel on Highway 6, and therefore the highway does not discourage public transportation. The use of the highway by the long-range bus routes reduces travel time for passengers, and the marginal cost of operations (gas, wear and tear, depreciation, etc...) for each bus and driver. Egged Bus Cooperative is the largest bus company in Israel - and - the worlds second largest (second only to London Buses). ...


Opponents claim that the highway harms the environment in a number of ways - it takes away the natural habitat of some animals and encourages further construction in those areas as land values rise.


Proponents do not disagree that the building of the highway damages the environment, but counter with the extensive investment and care in minimizing this inherent damage. Proponents show that the highway allows more people to live in rural and affordable periphery areas thereby reducing population density in the central area.


Finally, proponents also claim that the highway lessens the number of traffic accidents in Israel, which is relatively high, because it takes many cars off regular, more dangerous and crowded highways, and puts them on the much safer planned and maintained road.


Interchanges

The highway 6 bridge over the Narbeta wadi, about 2 kilometers south of the Iron interchange; the Arab village Meiser is in the background
The highway 6 bridge over the Narbeta wadi, about 2 kilometers south of the Iron interchange; the Arab village Meiser is in the background

Below is a list of the interchanges of Highway 6, from north to south. The highway with which Highway 6 interchanges is in parentheses. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2016x1215, 434 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Highway 6 (Israel) ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2016x1215, 434 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Highway 6 (Israel) ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are predominantly speakers of the Arabic language, rather than a pure ethnic group, mainly found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ...

  • Iron Interchange (Route 65)
  • Baaka Interchange (Route 61)
  • Nitzanei Oz Interchange (Route 57)
  • Eyal Interchange (Road 551)
  • Horshim Interchange (Road 531)
  • kessem Interchange (Highway 5)
  • Nachshonim Interchange (Road 471)
  • Ben Shemen Interchange (Highways 1, 443, 444)
  • Daniel Exit (Highway 1)
  • Nesharim Interchange (Route 44)
  • Hulda Interchange (Road 411)
  • Sorek Interchange (Routes 3, 7)

Highway 5, or the Trans-Samaria Highway (Hebrew: כביש חוצה שומרון, Kvish Chotze Shomron), is one of Israels main motorways connecting the Mediterranean coast immediately north of Tel Aviv with Ariel and other Israeli settlements in Samaria (northern West Bank). ... Highway 443 (Hebrew: ), also Maaleh Beit Choron, way of Beth-Horon, is the main highway connecting Modiin with Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, and also serves as a secondary connection between the Tel Aviv area and Jerusalem. ... Highway 1 (Hebrew: ), is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv with Jerusalem. ...

External links

  • (Hebrew) Official website
Transportation in Israel

Roads in Israel: Highway 1 | Highway 2 | Highway 4 | Highway 5 | Highway 6 | Route 60 | Route 90 | Highway 443 | Ayalon Highway | Carmel Tunnels | Begin Expressway The Israeli road development began during the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Highway 1 (Hebrew: ), is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv with Jerusalem. ... Highway 2 (Hebrew: , Kvish 2) is an Israeli highway located on the coastal plain of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Highway 4 (Hebrew: , Kvish 4) is an Israeli highway that runs along Israels entire coastal plain of the Mediterranean Sea, its rout is from the Erez Border Crossing with the Gaza Strip to Rosh Hanikra border crossing with Lebanon. ... Highway 5, or the Trans-Samaria Highway (Hebrew: כביש חוצה שומרון, Kvish Chotze Shomron), is one of Israels main motorways connecting the Mediterranean coast immediately north of Tel Aviv with Ariel and other Israeli settlements in Samaria (northern West Bank). ... Route 90 road sign Route 90 road sign Route 90 is the longest road in Israel and stretches from Metula and the northern border with Lebanon, along the western side of the Sea of Galilee, through the Jordan River Valley, along the western bank of the Dead Sea, through the... Highway 443 (Hebrew: ), also Maaleh Beit Choron, way of Beth-Horon, is the main highway connecting Modiin with Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, and also serves as a secondary connection between the Tel Aviv area and Jerusalem. ... The Ayalon Highway (Route 20) (Hebrew: נתיבי איילון, Netivey Ayalon) is a major expressway in the Tel Aviv region of Israel. ... The Menachem Begin Expressway (or Begin Boulevard) is an urban expressway in western Jerusalem. ...

Bus: Egged | Dan | Kavim | Metrodan Beersheba | Metropoline | Nativ Express | Superbus | Connex An early motorized bus - a Benz truck modified by Netphener company (1895) A bus is a large automobile intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. ... Egged Bus Cooperative is the largest bus company in Israel - and - the worlds second largest (second only to London Buses). ... Photograph of a Dan bus in Tel Aviv. ... Kavim is an Israeli bus company. ... Metrodan Beersheba Ltd. ... Metropoline is an Israeli intercity bus company which provides bus service between Tel Aviv and Beer Sheva. ... Nativ Express, or Nateev Express is an Israeli bus company. ... Superbus is an Israeli bus company, which provides bus routes from Tel Aviv to Lod, Ramla, Tzrifin, Modiin Illit and Shoham, as well as within those towns. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Railways: Israel Railways Israel Railways (Hebrew: רכבת ישראל Rakevet Yisrael) is Israels government-owned national railway company and is responsible for all inter-city and suburban railway passenger and freight traffic in the country. ...

Light Rails and Rapid Transits: Tel Aviv Subway | Jerusalem Light Rail | Carmelit This article is about light rail systems in general. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway system, usually in an urban area, with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Tel Aviv Metro system has long been anticipated, as the major public transport mean of the largest and most active metropolitan of Israel. ... The Jerusalem Light Rail project consists of initially one and in a later phase possibly multiple light rail lines to provide fast and efficient public transportation in Jerusalem. ... The Carmelit is a subway (underground metro) in Haifa, Israel. ...

Aviation Authorities and Companies: Israel Airports Authority | Ben Gurion International Airport | El Al | Arkia | Israir The Israel Airports Authority was founded in 1977 as a public corporation mandated by the Israel Airports Authority Law. The authority is responsible for the management of Israels major civil airports and land-to-land border terminals between Israel and its neighbours (Egypt, Jordan, and the Palestinian Authority). ... Ben Gurion International Airport or Ben Gurion Airport (Hebrew: נמל תעופה בן גוריון) (IATA: TLV, ICAO: LLBG), once widely known as Lod Airport, is located near Lod, 15 km southeast of Tel Aviv, and is the largest international airport in Israel. ... Categories: Airline stubs | Companies of Israel | Transportation in Israel | Airlines of Israel ... Arkia Israeli Airlines is an airline based in Israel and uses the IATA designator IZ. On November 28, 2002, at the same time that the Kenyan hotel bombing occurred, an Arkia Boeing 757 was narrowly missed by two anti-aircraft missiles. ... Israir Airlines is an airline based in Tel Aviv, Israel. ...


 
 

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