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Encyclopedia > High Weald AONB

A weald once meant a dense forest, especially the famous great wood once stretching far beyond the ancient counties of Sussex and Kent, England, where this country of smaller woods is still called "the Weald." Now that most English forests have been cut down, the word may refer to open countryside or to the special clays found in the Weald. Weald descends from an ancient Indo-European root meaning "forest" or "wild." It is closely related to the German Wald and Old Norse völlr, both of which descend from the same Indo-European root; both German and Old Norse are sister languages of English. This article is about forests as a massing of trees. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Indo-European languages include some 443 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. ... Old Norse is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements during the Viking Age, until the 13th century. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

The Weald

As a geographical term, the Weald is a particular area in the South of England that is situated between the chalk hills of the North Downs and South Downs, and that extends across the counties of Kent, East Sussex, West Sussex and Surrey. A compass rose with South highlighted South is one of the four cardinal or compass directions. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... The Needles, part of the extensive Southern England Chalk Formation Chalk is a soft, white, porous form of limestone composed of the mineral calcium carbonate. ... For the landform that extends above the surrounding terrain and that is smaller than a mountain, see the article on mountain. ... The North Downs in England are a ridge of chalk hills that stretch about 100 mi (160 km) from Hampshire through Surrey and Kent. ... Near Beachy Head The South Downs is one of the two areas of chalk downland in southern England. ... Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... Surrey is a county in southern England, one of the Home Counties. It is divided into a number of districts - Elmbridge, Epsom and Ewell, Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge, Waverley, Woking, and borders on Hampshire, Berkshire, Greater London, Kent, East Sussex and West Sussex. ...

The High Weald of higher hills, ridges and valleys is part of the Wealden anticline, once layered rock that later rose up and folded upward into an arched incline, as well as steep slopes falling away in certain parts of the area. It covers an area of 500 mile² (1,300 km²) and has been declared an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. This article is about the physical-geographic term. ... In geology, an anticline is an area of rock deformation that involves a downward slope to either side. ... Sedimentary, volcanic, plutonic, metamorphic rock types of North America. ... Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is a United Kingdom. ...

Lower parts of the Weald form a gentler rolling countryside which is especially popular with ramblers. The Weald has kept its wooded character to this very day, the forest still covering 23% of the area, one of the highest levels in England. Despite the population pressure in the South of England, it has not resulted in any major urban environment. Small towns such as Tunbridge Wells, Tonbridge, Crawley, Sevenoaks, etc., are local centres which have attracted a certain number of commuters into London without having lost their character of old. The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company of Kenosha, Wisconsin (United States) based automobile company. ... Tunbridge Wells (officially Royal Tunbridge Wells) is a Wealden town in west Kent in England, just north of the border with East Sussex. ... Tonbridge is a market town in the English county of Kent, with a population of 31,600 in 2001. ... Crawley is a town and local government district in West Sussex, England. ... Sevenoaks is a town in Kent, in south-east England. ...

The area was the centre of the Wealden iron industry from Roman times until the last forge was closed in 1820. The use of its timber for the furnaces, but also for the medieval cloth industry and for the use by the shipbuilders on the Thames and Medway, might well have denuded its landscape, but now that all three industries use other raw materials, the Weald remains one of the most heavily wooded areas of England. It is also one of the most important regions whence many English yeomen came to settle the lands across the sea which have since become the United States. The Wealden iron industry is the result of a combination of the natural materials being available for the making if iron. ... Roman or Romans has several meanings, primarily related to the Roman citizens, but also applicable to typography, math, and a commune. ... Cloth-making was, apart from iron-making, the other large-scale industry carried out on the Weald of Kent and Sussex in medieval times. ... Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... This article is about Medway in England. ... Yeoman is an antiquated term for farmers, tradesmen and other members of the early English middle class. ...

Other English Wealds

Wooded areas other than those which are situated between the Downs and which have the name Weald are North Weald Bassett in Essex, and Harrow Weald in northwest London. A downland is an area of open chalk upland. ... Alternate uses, see List of dog breeds for several dog breeds known as Bassets, including the familiar Basset Hound. ... This article is about the county of Essex in England. ... Harrow is a locality in the London Borough of Harrow in London. ... Greater London and the Regions of England. ...

Compare wold, which is from the same root as weald, and which originally meant "forest" or "wildlands." It now most often means open countryside or moorlands and especially the rolling uplands known in the North of England as the Yorkshire Wolds. These are among the beautiful Yorkshire Dales which veterinarian James Herriot made famous in his nostalgic All Creatures Great and Small and sequels. A compass rose with North highlighted North is one of the four primary cardinal directions, specifically the direction that, in Western culture, is treated as the primary direction and used (explicitly or implicitly) to define all other directions. ... The Yorkshire Wolds are an area of low hills and valleys in the East Riding of Yorkshire in North-Eastern England. ... A village in the Yorkshire Dales The Yorkshire Dales lie in an area of high ground in North and West Yorkshire, England. ... In American and Canadian English, a veterinarian (from Latin veterinae, draught animals) is an animal doctor, a practitioner of veterinary medicine. ... James Herriot is the pen name of James Alfred Wight, known as Alf (October 3, 1916 - February 23, 1995). ... Nostalgia currently describes a longing for the past: Often an idealized and unrealistic past The term was originally coined in 1678 by Johannes Hoffer (1669-1752) from Greek (νόστος = nostos = ones homeland, άλγος = algos = pain/longing) roots, to refer to the pain a sick person feels because he is... All Creatures Great and Small (the title being borrowed from a line of the hymn, All Things Bright and Beautiful) was a book by James Herriot, first published in 1972. ... A sequel is a work of fiction (e. ...

External links

  • High Weald (http://www.highweald.org/)
  • Map of heritage locations (http://www.wealddown.co.uk/historic-buildings-index-domestic-agricultural.htm#gridshell)
  • National Parks for High Weald (http://www.fatbadgers.co.uk/Britain/natparks.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
High Weald Bridleways Group - Report - Section 1.1 (701 words)
Agriculture in the High Weald is traditionally based around grassland enterprises: beef, sheep and dairy.
The High Weald Land Management Initiative (HW LMI) has been working with land managers, rural businesses and others interested in the environmental, social and economic well being of the area.
In 2001, FPDSavills Research was asked to investigate land ownership and land use in the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (HWAONB), for the HW LMI.
  More results at FactBites »



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