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Encyclopedia > High School

High school is the name used in some parts of the world, particularly in Scotland, Northern America, and Oceania to describe an institution that provides all or part of secondary education. The actual term "high school" originated in Scotland with the world's oldest being the Royal High School (Edinburgh) in 1505,[1][2] and spread to the New World owing to the high prestige enjoyed by the Scottish educational system. (In the eighteenth century, Scotland had the world's most literate population.) A number of countries engaged Scottish educators to develop their state education systems. Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... High school may refer to: High school, the name used for the last segment of compulsory secondary education in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, India, the United States etc; also the building where such education takes place High School (film), a 1968 documentary High School High, a comedy starring Jon Lovitz... This article is about the country. ... Northern America is a name for the parts of North America besides Mexico when Mexico is considered as Latin America. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... The Royal High School (RHS) of Edinburgh can trace its roots back to 1128, and is one of the oldest schools in Scotland. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ...


The Royal High School was used as a model for the first public high school in the United States, the English High School founded in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1821. The precise stage of schooling provided by a high school differs from country to country, and may vary within the same jurisdiction. In all of New Zealand and Malaysia along with parts of Australia and Canada, high school is synonymous with secondary school, and encompasses the entire secondary stage of education. A public high school is a secondary school that is financed by tax revenues and other government-collected revenues, and administered exclusively by, and at the discretion of, state and local officials. ... A sketch of the original Boston English School in the 1820s Founded in 1821, The English High School of Boston, Massachusetts, is the oldest public high school in America. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ...

Contents

Usage by country

Australia

In Australia, the term "high school" refers to secondary school from Years 7 to 12. Although this can vary from state to state, some secondary schools begin at year 8 instead. Unlike most of the other countries, such as Asian and American education systems, there is no concept of a separate institution between elementary and high school. Therefore, a Year 7 Australian high school student is sometimes as young as 11. High schools are split into the "junior" years (7-10) or (7-9) and the "senior" years (11-12) or (10-12). Educational oversight Federal Minister for Education DEST Julia Gillard National education budget $40. ...


Students may choose to leave school at Year 10, or at ages 15 to 17, depending on the state, or continue through Year 12. In urban areas, almost all students finish Years 11 and 12 in order to align with university requirements. The school certificate takes place at Year 10, followed by the Higher School Certificate (HSC) in Year 12.

Brazil

In Brazil the term "high school" (also referred to as "Secondary school" and "Ensino Médio") refers generally to schools in grades ten through twelve. Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ...


The most common subjects taught in Brazilian high schools are: Physics (theoretical and experimental), Chemistry(theoretical and experimental), Biology(theoretical and experimental), Math, History, Geography, Portuguese, English, Spanish, Literature, Sociology, Philosophy, Physical Education, Writing, Environment preservation, Plastic Arts and Music education. A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Biology (disambiguation). ... Incorrect shortening of Mathematics. ... This article is about the social science. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about (usually written) works. ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge [1]) is the scientific or systematic study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture[2]. Areas studied in sociology can range from the analysis of brief contacts between anonymous... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Physical education (PE) is the interdisciplinary study of all area of science relating to the transmission of physical knowledge and skills to an individual or a group, the application of these skills, and their results. ... Write redirects here. ... Plastic Arts are those visual arts that involve the use of materials that can be moulded or modulated in some way, often in three dimensions. ... Music education is a field of study associated with the teaching and learning of music. ...


High school in Brazil is aimed to prepare students for the entrance process to college or university (private or public) called "Vestibular." Every year, students are evaluated by ENEM - Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (National High School Exam), the grade obtained in this exam is often used as a part of Vestibular process. The Federal Government of Brazil offers full (100%) or partial (50%) scholarship in private Universities for students well graded in ENEM egressed from public high school in the program called PROUNI - Programa Universidade para Todos (University for Everyone Program).

Canada

Western Tech a high school in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

In Canada the term "High School" (also referred to as "Secondary school" or "Collegiate Institute") refers generally to schools comprising grades ten through twelve. Although each Provinces and territory have their own system, some provinces have Junior High, while others have post-eleventh grade, public schools, also known as Senior High. Almost all high schools schedule classes running from early September to late May or early June with a summer break during July and August. Western Technical-Commercial School (WTCS) is a high school in the Bloor-West Village of Toronto, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... Lisgar Collegiate Institute in Ottawa built in 1874 A collegiate institute is a general term that can refer a school of secondary or tertiary education. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... // Middle school serves as a bridge between the Elementary School and the High School. ... Summer vacation (also called summer holidays or summer break) is a vacation in the summertime between school years in which students are off for 3 months, depending on the country and district. ...


Most Canadian students are required to continue their education until at least age eighteen. After graduating from high school, students can continue their education at College, University, or join the workforce. For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...


Canadian high schools offer many extracurricular activities, mainly sports. The most popular sports in Canadian high schools are hockey, football, baseball, soccer, basketball, track and field athletics, and cheerleading. Senior prom is a very popular activity amongst graduating students. Extracurricular activities are activities performed by students that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Diagram of a Canadian football field. ... This article is about the sport. ... Soccer redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... Youth Cheerleaders during a football halftime show. ... Prom Queen redirects here. ...

England

Wetherby High School, a former secondary modern school in Wetherby, West Yorkshire that adopted the term 'High School'.
Medina High School, one of the five state-maintained high schools on the Isle of Wight.

Despite the term "high school" being created in Scotland, in neighbouring England or Wales its usage varies: Education in England is the responsibility of Department for Education and Skills at national level and, in the case of publicly funded compulsory education, of Local Education Authorities. ... Secondary modern schools are a type of school in British educational systems, part of the Tripartite System. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, that has a population of 2. ... For other uses, see Isle of Wight (disambiguation). ...

Germany

Germany has a tripartite school system consisting of Hauptschule, Realschule and Gymnasium but with many variants, the most prominent of which is the Gesamtschule, which is a comprehensive school. Hauptschule and Realschule end with the grades 9 or 10 and are often followed by vocational education or the attendance of a technical college. Most primary schools already end with grade 4 but some have grades 5 and 6; the change between different school types, and thus tracks, remains possible throughout the school years. Nevertheless Germany has been criticized by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Vernor Muñoz, in 2007 because the selection process in grade 4 was exclusive instead of inclusive. Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... A grammar school is a school that may, depending on regional usage as exemplified below, provide either secondary education or, a much less common usage, primary education (also known as elementary). Grammar schools trace their origins back to medieval Europe, as schools in which university preparatory subjects, such as Latin... Leicestershire ( IPA: (RP), IPA: (locally)), abbreviation Leics. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... The traditional counties as usually portrayed. ... A grammar school is a school that may, depending on regional usage as exemplified below, provide either secondary education or, a much less common usage, primary education (also known as elementary). Grammar schools trace their origins back to medieval Europe, as schools in which university preparatory subjects, such as Latin... A comprehensive school is a secondary school that does not select children on the basis of academic attainment or aptitude. ... For other uses, see Isle of Wight (disambiguation). ... Three-tier education refers to those structures of schooling, which exist in some parts of England, where pupils are taught in three distinct school types. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... For the condiment, see Worcestershire sauce. ... England, Wales, Northern Ireland The sixth form, in the English, Welsh and Northern Irish education systems, is the term used to refer to the final two years of secondary schooling (when students are about sixteen to eighteen years of age), during which students normally prepare for their GCE A-level... Three-tier education refers to those structures of schooling, which exist in some parts of England, where pupils are taught in three distinct school types. ... Responsibility for educational oversight in Germany has to lie primarily with the states while the federal government only has a minor role. ... Rütli-Hauptschule, Berlin-Neukölln. ... In Germany, the Realschule was an outgrowth of the rationalism and empiricism of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. ... The education system in Germany has a long tradition of compulsory state schools. ... A comprehensive school is a secondary school that does not select children on the basis of academic attainment or aptitude. ... Tracking is the practice of separating students by ability into different classes or schools. ... Special Rapporteur is a title given to individuals working on behalf of the United Nations who bear a specific mandate from the former UN Commission on Human Rights to investigate, monitor and recommend solutions to human rights problems. ...


The German equivalent of the high school are the grades 10 to 12 of Gymnasium and the grades 9 - 12 at the Gymnasium Querfurt High School, which are called "Oberstufe", and the offers of technical colleges, which can qualify for the attendance of universities of applied sciences. To a lesser degree the vocational education in the dual education system could also be seen as an equivalent of high school. The high school grades were traditionally the grades 11 to 13 but have been shortened or are about to be shortened in all federal states to either 10 to 12 or 11 to 12. A dual education system is practised in several countries, notably Germany, Austria and Switzerland, but also Denmark, the Netherlands and France. ...

India

In India, high school is a grade of education which includes Standards IX to XII. Standards XI and XII are also called Senior Secondary School or Junior college. Some states refer to Standards IX and X as High School, while XI and XII are termed as Intermediate. Other states refer to VI, VII, VIII, IX and X (grades 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) as Secondary school and XI and XII (grades 11 and 12) as Senior Secondary School. Usually, students from ages 14 to 18 study in this section. These schools may be affiliated to national boards like Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) or National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or various state boards. India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. ... For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... For other uses, see X (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see X (disambiguation). ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... CBSE redirects here. ... The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ... The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) is an autonomous organization that was established by the Government of India in November 1989. ...

Indonesia

Menengah Pertama or abbreviated by SMP, and the other part which is senior high school, known locally as Sekolah Menengah Atas and in other terms, Sekolah Menengah Umum which abbreviated as SMA and SMU. There is also one institution similar to SMA, but they were focusing on one specific career major which is known as Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan or SMK. Unfortunately, citizens of Indonesia currently looking down of SMK graduates and they were not preferable to be attended by students. Junior high is a must for all citizens of Indonesia while Senior high is not a must as Indonesia currently applying nine years of study to all citizens. It is managed by the Department of Education in Indonesia and stated in the Indonesia constitution where every citizens have the right to study. Graduate students from SMP and SMA or SMU and also SMK are achieving different educational certificate. All students of Indonesian high school must passed in the National Examination held by BSNP (Badan Standarisasi Nasional Pendidikan), an organization under the Department of Education of Indonesia. Educational oversight Professor Ministry of Education Bambang Sudibyo National education budget US$ 4. ... Citizenship is membership in a political community (originally a city but now a state), and carries with it rights to political participation; a person having such membership is a citizen. ...

Iran

In Iran, "High school" which is known in Persian as "Dabirestan". It takes 3 years, after the Secondary school (Rahnamai) and before the University-preparatory school (Pishdaneshgahi). After the first year of high school, students should choose their general branch (Mathematics and Physics, Experimental sciences, Social sciences, Arts, etc.). A classroom in Sharif University Irans educational system comprises many schools and universities scattered throughout the country. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a private secondary school designed to prepare a student for higher education. ...

Israel

Bagrut certificate from an Israeli high school

In Israel, high school or Tichon (intermediary school, in Hebrew) is a three-year school period, from the 10th to the 12th grade, yet most pupils in Israel attend high school. High school prepares the pupil for the Bagrut examination, which is required to continue to higher education institution and to be accepted for most jobs. This article is about the education in Israel. ... Teudat Bagrut (Hebrew: The entire process of the examination is governed by the the countrys Ministry of Education. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Teudat Bagrut (Hebrew: The entire process of the examination is governed by the the countrys Ministry of Education. ...

Japan

Japanese high school students wearing the seifuku

The Japanese word for a high school is kōtōgakkō (高等学校; literally high school), or kōkō (高校) in short. High school in Japan covers grades 10 through 12. Although it is not mandatory, some 99% of Japanese people attend high school. The third year of high school in Japan is allotted for students to prepare for college exams known as "juken" (受験). Others may wish to settle for a job instead. High schools in Japan are referred to by MEXT as "upper secondary schools." However most English-language newspapers and sources use the term "high school". Many school boards also use "high school"; for instance the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education uses "senior high school". Japanese high school students wearing the sailor fuku Japanese junior high school students in sailor fuku Secondary Education in Japan is split into lower secondary schools (中学校 chÅ«gakkō, literally, middle school) which cover the seventh through ninth years, and upper secondary schools (高等学校 kōtōgakkō, literally, high school, abbreviated to... http://en. ... Japanese high school students wearing the sailor fuku Japanese junior high school students in sailor fuku Secondary Education in Japan is split into lower secondary schools (中学校 chÅ«gakkō, literally, middle school) which cover the seventh through ninth years, and upper secondary schools (高等学校 kōtōgakkō, literally, high school, abbreviated to... Languages Japanese Religions Shinto, Buddhism, large secular groups      The Japanese people ) is the ethnic group that identifies as Japanese by culture or ancestry, or both. ... Office building The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology ), also known as MEXT, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government. ... A board of education or a school board or school committee is the title of the board of directors of a school, local school district or higher administrative level. ... The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education (東京都教育委員会 Tōkyō-to Kyōiku Iinkai) manages public high schools in the metropolis of Tokyo, Japan. ...

Lithuania

In Lithuanian education system, aukštoji mokykla, which a is literary translation of "high school", actually refers to a college or a university, but not an institution that provides secondary education. Thus, universitetas (university) and kolegija (college) are both covered by the umbrella term aukštoji mokykla. An umbrella term is a word that provides a superset or grouping of related concepts, also called a hypernym. ...


Secondary education is provided by institutions that are approved by the government for this type of education. There are three types of these institutions:

  • pagrindinė mokykla (the general school) - covers ages 7 to 16 (grades 1 to 10)
  • gimnazija, licėjus (gymnasium, lyceum) - covers ages 15 to 18 (grades 9 to 12)
  • vidurinė mokykla (secondary school) - covers ages 7 to 18 (grades 1 to 12)

Pagrindinė mokykla provides only an incomplete secondary education as it is not sufficient if one wants to start studies at a university. People who want to continue their education to obtain the full secondary education diploma, which would allow them to join a university upon completing the pagrindinė mokykla, must either enter a gymnasium, lyceum, or a vidurinė mokykla.


A vidurinė mokykla is the most universal type of these institutions as it offers all levels of pre-college education, starting from elementary level up to the secondary level.

Malaysia

In Malaysia, the term "secondary school" is almost always used in the place of "high school". Secondary education is compulsory and it begins at the age of 13 in Form One (Tingkatan Satu) and goes on until Form Five (Tingkatan Lima). After completing Form Five, the students have a choice of entering Form Six (Tingkatan Enam) before proceeding to further their studies elsewhere.-1...


A number of standardised tests are taken by students throughout their schooling years. To continue onto secondary schools, primary school students must undergo the Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah (Primary School Evaluation Exam) in their sixth and final year of primary education. At the age of 15 in Form Three (Tingkatan Tiga), the pupils sit for the Penilaian Menengah Rendah exam (Lower Secondary Assessment). Depending on their results in that exam, students can choose to enroll in one of several specific streams available upon entering Form Four (Tingkatan Empat). At the end of secondary education, the pupils sit for the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia exam (Malaysian Certificate of Education). If they choose to continue to Form Six, they are required to sit for the Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia examination (Malaysian Higher School Certificate). Once the pupils have completed Form Five (or Form Six for certain students), they have officially completed secondary school. Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah also known as Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (commonly abbreviated as UPSR) is a national examination taken by all Standard 6 students in Malaysia. ... Penilaian Menengah Rendah or PMR is a Malaysian public examination taken by Form 3 or 15-year-old school students of both public and private schools. ... The Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM), formerly known as the Malaysian Certificate of Education (MCE), is a national examination taken by all fifth form students in Malaysia. ... The Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM) or Malaysia Higher School Certificate is a test usually taken by students at the end of Form 6. ...


It is mandatory for students in secondary schools to wear the school uniforms as allotted by the government. Boys are required to wear white shirts and olive green short trousers; or olive green long trousers; or white trousers (generally for Form Six students alone). Girls are told to wear turquoise pinafores over white shirts (Form One to Form Five); or turquoise skirts with white blouses (generally only for Form Six students); or white baju kurung (a long tunic that covers the arms) over long turquoise skirts (Form One to Form Six).

Mexico

The term "high school" is commonly used as a term for "prep school", it is mostly used in the northern states, such as Chihuahua and Nuevo León. It refers generally to schools in grades ten through twelve. High school in Mexico requires only three years of study, all three for preparing to enter college (called Universidad). Educational oversight Minister of Public Education Secretarijhguyhgbjhvjgfytat of Public Education Josefina Vázquez Mota National education budget USD$45,566,979,250 billion (2004) Primary language(s) of education Spanish. ... THEY SUC |native_name = |nickname = Lady of the Desert |settlement_type = |motto = |image_skyline = |imagesize = |image_caption = |image_flag = Mexico stateflags Chihuahua. ... Location within Mexico Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 51 Largest City Monterrey Government  - Governor Natividad González Parás  - Federal Deputies PAN: 7 PRI: 5  - Federal Senators PAN :2 PRI: 1 Area Ranked 13th  - Total 64,210 km² (24,791. ...

New Zealand

The term "high school" is commonly used as a term for secondary school in New Zealand. "College" is another term often used in the North Island and for private schools and, unlike the United States, does not refer to a university. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ...


High school in New Zealand usually begins at Year 9 or 3rd form, which is for ages 12–14, up to Year 13 or 7th form, which is 17–18 years, though students can leave at the age of 16 (15 with an exemption). Pupils usually stay at 'High School' for 5 years before going into a university or the workforce.


The current and most common qualification system implemented throughout New Zealand's secondary schools is the National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA). NCEA 'standards' or tests/assignments begin usually in 5th form (NCEA Level 1) and continue through to NCEA Level 2 at 6th form and NCEA Level 3 at 7th form. Some assignments/tests are completed as early as 4th form, depending on the school and individual students. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


High school students in New Zealand are taught a range of subjects relevant to both education in general and NCEA specific requirements. In year 9, the compulsory subjects are Mathematics, English, Physical Education, Social Studies and Science, as well as optional classes, such as Woodworking, Music, and a choice of languages, being mostly Māori, Spanish, French, or Japanese, depending on the geographic location of the school and availability of teachers able to teach the respective subjects. Social studies is a term used to describe the broad study of the various fields which involve past and current human behavior and interactions. ... Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


It is common for students in New Zealand to wear uniforms. Uniform styles vary widely between schools and are generally more casual compared to the more 'formal' uniforms worn in Australia's equivalent schools. It is common for Year 13 students of public schools to be allowed to wear 'Mufti' or everyday clothing of their choice. Although many schools require students of all year levels to wear a uniform with upper years often having a different uniform from the rest of the school.

Norway

High school, (Norwegian: "Videregående Skole", English: "Continuational School"), in Norway is education and training that lead to general university admissions certification or vocational competence. High school is normally provided with 3 years in school or with 2 years in school and 2 years in an enterprise. General studies primarily emphasize theoretical knowledge and lead to general university admissions certification. If you choose general studies courses, you can enter university after 3 years. Vocational education and training leads to an occupation and to vocational competence with or without a craft- or journeyman’s certificate. Choosing vocational education/training allows you to enter working life within 3–5 years. You also have an opportunity to take the supplementary programme for general university admissions certification.


High School in Norway is the most common education level as it provides the theoretical and practical education to work as a skilled worker e.g. a carpenter or chef. There are multiple basic programs to choose from and gives a complete understanding of the craft or profession obtained.


List of programs: 3 general studies

  • Sports and physical education
  • Music, dance and drama with programme areas
    • Music
    • Dance
    • Drama
  • Specialization in general studies with programme areas
    • Arts, crafts and design studies
    • Natural science and mathematics studies
    • Languages, social science and economics studies

9 vocational

  • Building and construction
  • Design, arts and crafts
  • Electricity and electronics
  • Health and social care
  • Media and communication (with the option of general studies Vg3)
  • Agriculture, fishing and forestry (with the option of general studies Vg3)
  • Restaurant and food processing
  • Service and transport
  • Technical and industrial production

A craftman or journeyman’s certificate is normally the only qualification needed to work in ones chosen profession. Further education is provided through "fagskole", which gives a more technical education at an advanced level, but is not college. For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ...

Pakistan

In Pakistan, the term "high school" isn't often used to describe schools; nevertheless, the term encompasses grades 9 to 11. There are two high school systems prevalent there. First is the local matriculation system which is administered by both Federal[3] and Provincial Boards of Education and includes grades 9 and 10 after which pupils may be admitted into college. The second major education board there is the Cambridge International Exams GCE Ordinary Level conducted by the British Council. Educational oversight Ministry of Education National education budget Rs. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Logo of the British Council British Council building in London British Council, Hong Kong The British Council is one of the United Kingdoms cultural relations organisations and which specialises in educational opportunities. ...

Philippines

High school in the Philippines refers to education after grade school. It normally spans four years of schooling. Children normally enter high school from age 12 or 13 and completes it when they reach age 15 or 16. Everyone who finishes high school normally receives a high school diploma and a transcript of records (DECS Form 137-A) and oftentimes participates in a graduation ceremony. Except for a few exceptions granted by law, a high school diploma is a requirement in entering college/university. For other uses, see Graduation (disambiguation). ...

Scotland

Balwearie High School in Kirkcaldy - an example of a High School in Scotland

Secondary institutions are usually called high schools or academies in Scotland. School names are often officially abbreviated to H.S. (e.g. St. Modan's H.S.). Unofficially, school names are abbreviated in one of two ways: generally the school is dropped from the full name (Stirling High School->Stirling High, Wallace High School->Wallace High) but where the school name consists of two words, high school may be dropped in its entirety (St. Modan's High School->St. Modan's). Other high schools drop the "high school" entirely, and replace it with "academy" (Prestwick Academy was formerly called "Prestwick High School"). Educational oversight Cabinet Secretary Scottish Government Fiona Hyslop MSP National education budget n/a (2007-08) Primary language(s) English and Scottish Gaelic National system Compulsory education 1872 Literacy (2005 est)  â€¢ Men  â€¢ Women 99% 99% 99% Enrollment  â€¢ Primary  â€¢ Secondary  â€¢ Post-secondary 1,452,240 390,2602 322,980 739,0003... , Kirkcaldy (IPA pronunciation: ) is the largest town in Fife, Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ...

Singapore

In Singapore, schooling for those in the age range of 13 to 16 takes place in a secondary school, in accordance with the British system in England and Wales. Certain schools are known as high schools such as the Dunman High School and Singapore American School. This suggests that the school follows a U.S. curriculum and syllabus in addition to British "O"-levels or incorporate core elements of U.S. education system, such as equal emphases in both the sciences and the arts, offering a variety of subject options. Due to the intensely competitive nature of the education system, graduates of top high schools, excluding the other public schools known as "secondary schools", students would have attained all the elements required for U.S. college admission as their counterparts in the States, as early as 16. To be admitted to a U.K. university, however, the students need to matriculate in a "junior college" for preparation for the university entrance exams known as "A-levels" and "S-levels" (for advanced placement in first year of university, applicable for Oxbridge entrants). These studies are extremely specialized and typically last 2 intense years, some completing it in three years, and is equivalent to academic work of a standard freshman or sophomore in a U.S. college. Educational oversight Minister Ministry of Education Tharman Shanmugaratnam National education budget S$6. ... There are various different types of schools in Singapore. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... This article is about the country. ... Dunman High School is an autonomous co-educational secondary school in Singapore. ... Singapore American School The Singapore American School (Abbreviation: SAS) is a private international school in Singapore. ...

South Africa

In South Africa, high school begins in grade 8. Students study for five years, at the end of which they write what is known as "matric". The system used to be based on Higher or Standard grade. As of 2008, students must attain a pass in their Home Language, Additional Language, Mathematics or Mathematical Literacy and Life Orientation to progress on to university. South African primary school children South African high school students, 2005. ... Eighth grade is a year of education the United States and other countries eight years after kindergarten (usually 13-14 years old. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Officially the Senior Certificate is to be changed to the National Senior Certificate in 2008 and the system of higher and standard grade has been dropped. An alternative examination is possible in the Independent Examinations Board (IEB) exams. They are set up by a board, representing many private schools. The National Senior Certificate or NSC is the equivalent of a high school diploma and is the school-leaving certificate in South Africa. ... Independent Examinations Board The Independent Examinations Board or IEB is a South African independent assessment agency which offers examinations for various client schools. ... Independent Examinations Board The Independent Examinations Board or IEB is a South African independent assessment agency which offers examinations for various client schools. ...

South Korea

In South Korea, students from grades 10 through 12 attend high schools. Students may choose, however, the class they wishe to take for liberal arts. High schools in South Korea may also have subject specialty tracks. For example, students who have a talent for science, foreign language, physical activity, art, etc.. may choose to go to an academic science or foreign language and other specialty high school (Hangul:특수목적고등학교, Revised:Teuksu-Mokjeok Godeung Hakgyo)These high schools are often hard to get into, especially Science and foreign language, which creates competition to go to a good high school. Education in South Korea is seen as the most important key to success and competition is consequently very heated and fierce. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... A foreign language is a language not spoken by the indigenous people of a certain place: for example, English is a foreign language in Japan. ... U.S. Marine emerging from the swim portion of a triathlon. ... Jamo redirects here. ... Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ...


Unlike most developed countries, high schools in South Korea are neither free nor compulsory. However, 97 percent of Korean students do complete high school, according to a 2005 OECD study. World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ...


Most Korean students may choose to go to common high school (Hangul:인문계 고등학교; Revised:Inmungye godeung hakgyo) ; and other students may choose a vocational track high school which emphasizes agriculture, commerce, or technical trade curricula (hangul:전문계 고등학교; Revised:'Jeonmungye godeung hakgyo) Jamo redirects here. ... Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... Jamo redirects here. ... Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ...


High schools are called 고등학교 (Revised: Godeung Hakgyo, McCune–Reischauer: Kodŭng Hakkyo). Korean writing systems Hangul Hanja Hyangchal Gugyeol Idu Mixed script Korean romanization Revised Romanization of Korean McCune-Reischauer Yale Romanization The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ...

Taiwan

The secondary education in Taiwan includes junior high school, senior high school, vocational high school, military school and complete high school. The traditional secondary education institutions were established during the Japanese colonial era (1895–1945)." Today, they include many features from the United States. Educational oversight Ministry of Education leader titles = Minister of Education Tu Cheng-sheng National education budget NT$ 608. ... A military academy (American English), or service academy (British English) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the military (officer corps of the Army), naval service or air force or provides education in a service environment, the exact definition depending on the country. ...


After six years in elementary school, the rules typically state that children must enter junior high school, or their parents may be fined. There are three grades in junior high. Children who achieve the third grade can choose to enter senior high school, vocational high school or complete high school. If children want to continue their formal education, they must sit for an exam. Generally speaking, the grade to enter high school and complete high school is highest, while it is lower to go on to vocational high school and military school. In the United States, Third grade (called Grade 3 in some regions) is a year of primary education. ...


Senior high school has three grades. Graduates from senior high school often continue on to university. Vocational high school has three grades as well. Children who complete vocational high school can then enter a technological university. Complete high school is like that of American high schools, in that it has grades seven to grade twelve.


There are also international schools such as Taipei American School (TAS), Taipei Adventist Prepatory Academy (TAPA), Taipei Adventist American School (TAAS), National Experimental High School (NEHS), Taipei European School (TES), Hshinchu International School (HIS), and Morrison Academy (MCA). These schools offer grades from Kindergarten to grade 12. English is instructed for all courses. Since the curriculum concurs with the corresponding country's curriculum, graduates from these international schools generally do not stay in Taiwan for their undergraduate degree. International schools are private schools that cater mainly to children who are not nationals of the host country, often the children of the staff of international businesses, international organizations, embassies, missions, or missionary programs. ... Taipei American School Taipei American School (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei Mei-kuo Hsüeh-shiao; abbreviation TAS) is a private international school with a largely American-based curriculum located in Tianmu (Tien-mu), Shilin District (Shih-lin), Taipei City. ... National Experimental High School At Science Based Industrial Park (NEHS), situated near the Hsinchu Science Park, is a public, coeducational school (preprimary-12). ... Morrison Christian Academy (at Taichung Main Campus) Morrison Academy was established in 1952 and offers a rigorous, college preparatory, American-based Christian affiliated education to expatriate children living in Taiwan. ... For other uses, see Kindergarten (disambiguation). ... An undergraduate degree (sometimes called a first degree or simply a degree) is the most common and primary academic degree available and is normally studied at a higher education institution, such as a university. ...

United States

In the United States a high school is an upper secondary school which educates children from grade nine or ten through grade twelve[4], in other words, from the age of 14 or 15 to 17 or 18 (in some states, such as California, many students begin the ninth grade at age 13). Prior to attending high school, many children in the United States attend a middle school or a junior high school (usually grades 5-6, 5-8, 5-9, 6-8, 6-9, 7-8, 7-9 or 8-9).[5][6] As part of education in the United States, secondary education usually covers grades 5, 6, or 7 through twelve. ... Little Rock Central High School is a secondary school in Little Rock, Arkansas, United States. ... Little Rock redirects here. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... Ninth grade (called Grade 9 or Year 9 in some regions, also known as freshman year in the U.S.) is the ninth school year after kindergarten. ... Tenth grade (called Grade 10 in some regions and in Canada, also known as sophomore year in the U.S.) is a year of education in the United States and many other nations. ... Twelfth grade (called Grade 12 in some regions, also known as senior year in the U.S.) is the final year of secondary education in the United States and many other nations. ... This article is about the U.S. State of California. ... // Middle school serves as a bridge between the Elementary School and the High School. ...


Individual states, counties, and school districts have considerable leeway in how they choose to divide their school levels. Students will generally graduate from high school in the year of their 18th birthday if they were born between January 1 and August 31, but this varies by state depending on the kindergarten cut-off date, which ranges from August 1 in Missouri to January 1 in Connecticut and December 1 in California[7] A few American schools still incorporate grades 7 through 12, but it is usually either grades 9-12 or grades 10-12 although some states split grades 9-10 and 11-12 into a high school and senior high school. For purposes of the Grade Point Average (GPA) and subject requirements used for college admission, grade 9 is usually considered the first year of high school regardless of whether the student is in the last year of a 7-9 junior high program, or the first year of a 9-12 high school program. While high school is generally defined as being grades 9-12, there are some senior high schools that cover only grades 10-12, and typically accept students from a junior high school that includes grades 7-9. Some states consider grades 7-12 to be secondary education, while others consider grades 6-12 to be secondary education. School districts are a form of special-purpose district in the United States (amongst some other places) which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools. ... For other uses, see Kindergarten (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym Connecticuter or Connecticutian[2] Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[4] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[5] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km... This article is about the U.S. State of California. ... This article is about evaluation of school work. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


As a practical matter, while laws in most states mandate school attendance at least until graduation or age 16, many require attendance until age 17 or 18 (unless the student earns a diploma earlier, usually around age 16). Conversely, students who have failed a grade may remain in high school past the age of 18. In general, students over 19 attend remedial classes to receive a high school diploma or General Educational Development (GED) certificate. State laws vary on the cut-off age for students to receive free public education services. Many states have adult high schools for people generally 18 and over. Students can stay in high school past the age of 18 if it is deemed appropriate. They cannot stay past a certain age depending on the state. On average 71% of American students graduate from high school.[8][9][10][11] A high school diploma or GED certificate is usually required for entrance into a two or four-year college or university and to other post-secondary education programs. General Educational Development (or GED) tests are a battery of five tests which, when passed, certifies that the taker has American or Canadian high school-level academic skills. ... // Public spending on education in 2005 Public education is education mandated for or offered to the children of the general public by the government, whether national, regional, or local, provided by an institution of civil government, and paid for, in whole or in part, by taxes. ... General Educational Development (or GED) tests are a battery of five tests which, when passed, certifies that the taker has American or Canadian high school-level academic skills. ... For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...


High schools can usually be sub-classed as general high schools, vocational schools (VoTech schools), and college preparatory high schools (prep schools) and special high schools or alternative high schools. Most high schools are general high schools. These schools offer a wide range of educational opportunities intended for the widest range of students possible. These general population schools offer college preparatory classes for advanced students, general education classes for average students and remedial courses for those who are struggling. Students can "mix and match" course levels according to their own abilities or interests. A vocational school, providing vocational education and also as referred to as a trade school or career college, and school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ... A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a private secondary school designed to prepare a student for higher education. ... A special school is a school catering to students who have special educational needs (SEN), for example, because of learning difficulties or physical disabilities. ... In education, the phrase alternative school, sometimes referred to as a minischool, or special school, is any public or private school having a special curriculum, especially an elementary or secondary school offering a more flexible program of study than a traditional school. ...


In some school districts exceptionally high-performing students are offered enrollment at a district college preparatory high school. Traditionally "prep schools" in North America were usually private institutions, though most medium or large public (state) school districts now offer university-preparatory schools for advanced students. Public prep schools draw the top students from their district and have strict entrance requirements. All academic classes offered in these schools are classified as honors, International Baccalaureate, or Advanced Placement. A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a private secondary school designed to prepare a student for higher education. ... A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a private secondary school designed to prepare a student for higher education. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into International Baccalaureate Organization. ... Advanced Placement (AP) is the term used to describe high school classes that are taught at a college level. ...


Vocational high schools offer hands-on training to students that prepares them for careers in fields such as information technology, marketing, business, engineering and the medical professions. While some graduates of vocational or career and technical education high schools will go directly into a trade, others will pursue post-secondary education. The Association for Career and Technical Education is the largest national education association dedicated to career and technical education. A vocational school, providing vocational education and also as referred to as a trade school or career college, and school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... A blacksmith is a traditional trade. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Special high schools are catered for students who have special educational needs, e.g. because of learning difficulties or physical disabilities. Some special high schools are offered for students who have major disciplinary or mental health difficulties that make it problematic to educate them in traditional high school settings. Some special high schools are assigned as security risks, where the school houses students who are not yet old enough to legally leave school and are considered a danger to other students or teachers, but have not been convicted of a crime. Some special high schools are dedicated to students with drug or mental health difficulties and have medical and psychological staff on site. A few of these schools include a nursery and a child care staff so that teen parents can finish their education without having to find child care during the school day. Special high schools have their own campus, but sometimes are located in a section or wing of a general high school. A special school is a school catering to students who have special educational needs (SEN), for example, because of learning difficulties or physical disabilities. ... This article is about educating students with disabilities or behavioral problems. ... This article is about the use of the term in the United States and Canada. ... Mental health is a term used to describe either a level of cognitive or emotional wellbeing or an absence of a mental disorder. ... Childcare (also written child care[1] and babycare) is the act of caring for and supervising minor children. ... Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenage or underage girl, usually within the ages of 13-19, becoming pregnant. ...


Another recent form of high school that has emerged is the online high school. Stanford University's own Education Program for Gifted Youth recently received a generous donation and used it to create the first truly complete online high school, with an interactive and advanced program for advanced learners. The Education Program for Gifted Youth, at Stanford University, is a gifted education program which offers distance and residential summer courses for students of all ages. ...


Middle school in the United States usually begins in late August or early September of each year and ends in late May or early June. During the excess two and a half months, the students are given summer vacation to rest from the school year. In some cases schools use a year round schedule. An academic term is a division of an academic year, the time during which a school, college or university holds classes. ... This sign for Morrisville Elementary School in North Carolina includes flashing lights to alert drivers that students may be on the roadways even during summer months. ...

See also

References

  1. ^ James J. Trotter, The Royal High School, Edinburgh (London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1911), p. 186.
  2. ^ J. B. Barclay, The Tounis Scule: The Royal High School of Edinburgh (Edinburgh: Royal High School Club, 1974), p. 137.
  3. ^ http://fbise.edu.pk/
  4. ^ "MSN Encarta Dictionary definition of high school". Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. http://www.webcitation.org/5kx5NVGzy. 
  5. ^ Definition of junior high school accessed August 17, 2007. Archived 2009-10-31.
  6. ^ Definition of intermediate school accessed August 17, 2007
  7. ^ Kindergarten cut-off dates
  8. ^ Government Education Dept. article on High school dropout rates
  9. ^ Manhattan Institute article on High school dropout rates
  10. ^ Manhattan Institute article on High school dropout rates / Value of GED certificate
  11. ^ United Health Foundation article on High school dropout rates
Ninth grade (called Grade 9 or Year 9 in some regions, also known as freshman year in the U.S.) is the ninth school year after kindergarten. ... Freshman redirects here. ... Tenth grade (called Grade 10 in some regions and in Canada, also known as sophomore year in the U.S.) is a year of education in the United States and many other nations. ... Sophomore is used (especially in the USA) for describing a student in the second year of study (generally referring to high school or university study). ... Eleventh grade (called Grade 11 in some regions, also known as junior year in the U.S.) is a year of education in the United States and many other nations. ... Eleventh grade (called Grade 11 in some regions, also known as junior year in the U.S.) is a year of education in the United States and many other nations. ... Twelfth grade (called Grade 12 in some regions, also known as senior year in the U.S.) is the final year of secondary education in the United States and many other nations. ... Twelfth grade (called Grade 12 in some regions, also known as senior year in the U.S.) is the final year of secondary education in the United States and many other nations. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... This is a list of lists of schools, sorted by country. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Academia is a collective term for the scientific and cultural community engaged in higher education and research, taken as a whole. ... Educational stages vary around the world. ... Infant playing with a book. ... Preschool education is the provision of education for children between the ages of 2 and 4, dependent on the jurisdiction. ... For other uses, see Kindergarten (disambiguation). ... Child picking up book. ... A primary school in Český Těšín, Poland Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. ... A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... // Middle school serves as a bridge between the Elementary School and the High School. ... A grammar school is a school that may, depending on regional usage as exemplified below, provide either secondary education or, a much less common usage, primary education (also known as elementary). Grammar schools trace their origins back to medieval Europe, as schools in which university preparatory subjects, such as Latin... High School also refers to the highest form of classical riding, High School Dressage. ... A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a private secondary school designed to prepare a student for higher education. ... A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ... Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... A vocational school, providing vocational education and also as referred to as a trade school or career college, and school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ... For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ... A community college is a type of educational institution. ... For other uses, see Academy (disambiguation). ... Institute of Technology is also the name of a vocational school in California. ... A blacksmith is a traditional trade. ... Further education (often abbreviated FE) is post-secondary, post-compulsory education (in addition to that received at secondary school). ... Continuing education is an all encompassing term within a broad spectrum of post-secondary learning activities and programs. ... Libraries are useful resources for adult learners. ... Free education is a policy stance in politics that ensures education for its citizens up to a certain level. ... For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ... An independent school is a school which is not dependent upon national or local government for financing its operation and is instead operated by tuition charges, gifts, and perhaps the investment yield of an endowment. ... An independent school in the United Kingdom is a school relying, for all of its funding, upon private sources, so almost invariably charging school fees. ... Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools in the United States that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each schools... A comprehensive school is a secondary school that does not select children on the basis of academic attainment or aptitude. ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... A day school is an institution where children are given educational instruction only during the day and after which children return to their homes. ... In education, the phrase alternative school, sometimes referred to as a minischool, or special school, is any public or private school having a special curriculum, especially an elementary or secondary school offering a more flexible program of study than a traditional school. ... A parochial school (or faith school) is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ... A free school is a decentralized network in which skills, information, and knowledge are shared without hierarchy and the institutional environment of formal schooling. ... A boarding school is usually a fee-charging school where some or all pupils not only study, but also live during term time, with their fellow students and possibly teachers. ... In the U.S. system of education, a magnet school is a public school which offers innovative courses, specialized training, etc. ... A virtual school is simply a school where students of all ages can do their coursework online. ... Compulsory education is education which children are required by law to receive and governments to provide. ... A vocational school, providing vocational education and also as referred to as a trade school or career college, and school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ... A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually abbreviated to preparatory school, college prep school, or prep school) is a private secondary school designed to prepare a student for higher education. ...

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