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Encyclopedia > Hesperidium
Several kind of citrus, the most common hesperidium, cut open and ready to eat.

A hesperidium (plural hesperidia) is a modified berry with a tough, leathery rind. The peel contains volatile oil glands in pits. The fleshy interior is composed of separate sections, called carpels, filled with fluid-filled vesicles that are actually specialized hair cells. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Citrus (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruit. ... A carpel is the female reproductive organ of a flower; the basic unit of the gynoecium. ...

The outer ovary wall becomes the thick spongy layer, while the inner ovary wall becomes very juicy with several seeds.

Oranges and other citrus fruits are common examples. Orange blossoms and oranges on tree For other uses of orange, see orange (disambiguation) The Orange Citrus x sinensis is a Citrus tree, and the fruits of this tree. ... For other uses, see Citrus (disambiguation). ...

Unlike most other berries, the rind of hesperidia is generally not eaten with the fruit because they are tough and bitter. A common exception is the kumquat which is consumed entirely. Species See text Potted kumquat trees at a kumquat liqueur distillery on Corfu. ...

The outermost, pigmented layer of rind contains essential oils and is known as the flavedo. When scraped off and used as a culinary ingredient it is called zest. The inner rind (known as pith or albedo) of the citron or lemon is candied in sugar and called succade. An essential oil is any concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants, which are called aromatic herbs or aromatic plants. ... Zest is the outer, colored shell of citrus fruit and is often used for baking. ... The centre dark spot (about 1 mm diameter) in this yew wood is the pith Elderberry shoot cut longitudinally to show the broad, solid pith (rough-textured, white) inside the wood (smooth, yellow-tinged). ... Binomial name L. For other uses, see Citron (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruit. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely-traded commodity. ...

See also

Look up Hesperidium in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Peel, also known as rind, is the outer protective layer of a fruit. ...


Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Bailey, H. and E. BAILEY. 1976. Hortus Third. Cornell University MacMillan. N.Y. p 275
For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruit. ... The blueberry and its cousins each carry the sepals of their flower at the tip, showing that the berry forms below that flower. ... The peach is a typical drupe (stone fruit) In botany, a drupe is a type of fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp or skin and mesocarp or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside. ... An apple is an example of a pome fruit. ... A compound fruit is one that develops from several ovaries in either a single flower or multiple flowers. ... Mulberry is a kind of multiple fruit. ... An accessory fruit is a fruit in which the fleshy part is derived not from the ovary (or surrounding stem, if the ovary is inferior) but from some adjacent tissue. ...



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