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Encyclopedia > Hero of Ukraine

Hero of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Герой України, transliteration: Heroy Ukrayiny; Russian: Герой Украины) is the highest state decoration that can be conferred upon an individual citizen by the Government of Ukraine. The title was created in 1998 by President Leonid Kuchma, and currently has two classes of distinction: one for heroism and the other for achievement in labor. Since the technical scientist Borys Paton first received the title in 1998,[1] 167 people have been awarded the title. The decoration of Hero of Ukraine closely resembles awards in neighboring states, such as Russia's Hero of the Russian Federation and Belarus's Hero of Belarus. The nature of these decorations together has been historically and culturally influenced by decorations awarded in the now-defunct Soviet Union (USSR), especially (in this particular case), the prestigious Hero of the Soviet Union. State decorations are orders, medals and other decorations granted by a state. ... Ukraine is a democracy under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Leonid Kuchma Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Ukrainian: Леонід Данилович Кучма; born August 9, 1938) was the second President of Ukraine from July 19, 1994, to January 23, 2005. ... Borys Paton Paton Bridge in Kiev Borys Yevhenovych Paton (in Ukrainian: , born: November 27, 1918) is the long-term chairman of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. ... Obverse of the Gold Star medal Hero of the Russian Federation (Russian: ) is the highest honorary title that can be bestowed on a citizen by the Russian Federation. ... Photo of PavieÅ‚ MaryjaÅ­ wearing the Hero of Belarus medal Hero of Belarus (Belarusian: Герой Беларусі; Łacinka: Hieroj BieÅ‚arusi; Russian: Герой Беларуси, Transliteration: Geroy Belarusi) is the highest title that can be bestowed on a citizen of Belarus. ... Hero of the Soviet Union (Russian: Герой Советского Союза, Geroy Sovetskogo Soyuza) was the highest honorary title and the superior degree of distinction of the Soviet Union. ...

Contents

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Creation

The origin of the "Hero of Ukraine" award can be traced to the highest decorations established in the USSR, of which Ukraine was a constituent republic: Hero of the Soviet Union, established on 16 April 1934, and the Hero of Socialist Labor, established on 27 December 1938. Most of the recipients of the former title received it for heroic military action (with Soviet cosmonauts being a notable exception), while those awarded the latter were recognized for their contributions to national economy and culture. The awards could be given to the same individual more than once, and only the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet could deprive a recipient of the award once given. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, similar awards were created in the resulting independent countries, including Ukraine. An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. ... Soviet Republic may refer to one of the following states. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Hero of Socialist Labor (Герой Социалистического Труда in Russian, or Geroy Sotsialisticheskogo Truda) was an honorary title in the Soviet Union and the highest degree of distinction for exceptional achievements in national economy and culture. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (362nd in leap years). ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... In the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, the Brezhnev era, a distinctive Soviet culture developed characterized by conformist public life and intense focus on personal life. ... The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (Президиум Верховного Совета СССР in Russian, or Prezidium Verkhovnogo Soveta) was a Soviet governmental body. ...


The title Hero of Ukraine was created on 23 August 1998 with Edict #944/98 by President Leonid Kuchma. Similar in structure to the titles issued by the Soviet Union, the title is awarded in two distinctions: "The Order of the Gold Star" and "The Order of the State". Unlike the Soviet awards, Ukrainian law allows a person to receive a title in each distinction only once, although the person may receive both levels in due course. This means that if a holder of the Order of the State performs a heroic action, he or she can be presented with the Order of the Gold Star. Vice versa, if labor achievements of a holder of the Order of the Gold Star are recognized to be of exceptional value to the nation, the recipient can be eligible to receive the Order of the State. Either of the distinctions can be presented posthumously, and a hero cannot have the title voided upon conferment. August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Posthumous means after death. ...

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Design

Order of the State Order of the Gold Star Miniature Medal

Because of the two distinctions of the title, two different medals have been created by Ukrainian law. They have several common features – for example, both medals use a ribbon 45 mm long and 28 mm wide and divided equally into two bands along its length, with a blue band on the left and a yellow band on the right, matching the colors of the Ukrainian flag. Connected to the ribbon is a suspension device joined to a medallion, both of which are made out of gold. On both medals, the name of each decoration and a serial number are engraved on the reverse side of the medallion. [2] Image File history File links Order of the State. ... Image File history File links Order of the Golden Star. ... Image File history File links Wearers copy of the Hero of Ukraine medal. ... A Medal is a word used for various types of compact objects: a wearable medal awarded by an authority government for services redered, especially to a country (such as Armed force service); strictly speaking this only refers to a medal of coin-like appearance, but informally the word also refers... Flag ratio: 1:1 Article 20 of the Constitution of Ukraine states: „...Державний Прапор України – стяг із двох рівновеликих горизонтальних смуг синього Ñ– жовтого кольорів.” Translation: “National Flag of Ukraine is a banner of two equal-sized horizontal strips colored blue and yellow” The flag of Ukraine was adopted in 1918, and is interpreted as the blue sky (symbolizing peace) over fields of...


Below the ribbon of the Order of the Gold Star, the golden suspension device contains an engraving of the trident, a small Coat of Arms of Ukraine. The medallion is shaped like a five-pointed star with the width of 35 mm from one end to the other, and is set within a wreath of oak leaves. Inside the star, there are two smaller stars engraved inside it. [3] In contrast, the medallion for the Order of the State has the trident of Prince Volodymyr of Kiev (St. Vladimir) placed on top of a wreath of oak leaves. The size of the medallion is 35 mm high and 36 mm wide. There is no special design or symbol engraved on the suspension device. [4] In addition to the formal award, recipients of either level are given a wearer's copy for use in public. Only one design of the wearer's copy exists, being modeled after the Hero of the USSR medal with the red ribbon replaced by a blue and yellow ribbon. This medal is made out of non-precious metals and it is worn on the wearer's left-hand side above all other decorations. [5] Trident, Burmese, 18th century A massive sculpture of Lord Shiva holding a trident (Trishula). ... The Coat of Arms of Ukraine features the same colors found on the Ukrainian flag: a blue shield with yellow trident—the symbol of ancient tribes that once lived in Ukraine, later adopted by Ruthenian rulers. ... MM or Mm or mm can mean or be an abbreviation for: Military: Machinists Mate, a rating in the United States Navy Military Medal, a British and Commonwealth decoration Commerce: Market maker Million, in traditional accounting or investment banking Minute Maid, a brand of orange juice and other beverages... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Detail of the Millennium of Russia monument in Novgorod (1862) representing St Vladimir and his family. ...

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Regulations

Two different regulations have been issued by President Leonid Kuchma: the edict of 1998 and a new edict in 2002.[6] The edict of 2002 voided the edict of 1998, being issued after the law of Ukraine on state awards[7] confirmed the status of the title in 2000.


The 1998 edict contained general guidelines about the title. Some of the subjects mentioned were the criteria for receiving each level of the title, who can present the title, and how the medal should be displayed in public. The decree specified the title as being awarded to "citizens of Ukraine for their personal heroism and great labor achievements." It stipulated that only the president could award the title, though certain other bodies of the Ukrainian Government could recommend people to receive it. The edict also allowed for special benefits, including increased pay, social security, and health care, which heroes could use until their death. The decree also covered the topics of duplicate medals and the display, ownership and storage of the insignia. Ukraine is a democracy under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. ...


The new 2002 regulations differ only slightly from the original ones. The designs of the medals were not changed, the new edict introduced the measurements of the miniature medal, or the "wearer's copy". Article 4 outlines the details on the ownership of the insignia and special procedures for the medals to be displayed in museums.

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Display

Ribbon bar
Ribbon bar

The medal that is presented with the title is always worn on the left side of a business or suit jacket and is worn above any other medals and decorations awarded by Ukraine. If a person has been awarded both levels of the title, the Order of the Gold Star medal is placed to the right of the Order of the State medal. A copy of the medal, made out of non-precious metals, can be presented to the hero for daily wear. If wearing the medal is not permitted, a ribbon bar measuring 12 x 18 mm can be worn in its place. Another copy of the decoration, called the miniature badge, is worn above the ribbon bars on the left side of the uniform. Image File history File links Ribbon bar for the Ukrainian title Hero of Ukraine. ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ...

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Procedure

In order for a person to be awarded the title, a recommendation must be made to the President by the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament of Ukraine), the Prime Minister, the Prosecutor General, the Chairman of the Constitutional Court, the Chairman of the Supreme Court, any of the ministers or heads of other central executive bodies, or any regional authorities. Verkhovna Rada. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in orange and red—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... The Prime Minister of Ukraine is appointed by the President and ratified by the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). ... The Prosecutor General of Ukraine (also: Attorney General of Ukraine, Ukrainian: ) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known as the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (Генеральна прокуратура України). The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with: prosecution in court on behalf of the State; representation of the interests... Constitutional Court The Constitutional Court of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is the only body of constitutional jurisdiction in Ukraine. ... The Supreme Court of Ukraine (in Ukrainian, Верховний Суд України) is the highest judicial body in the system of courts of general jurisdiction in Ukraine. ...


If the title is to be conferred to a member of the Ukrainian military, security services, national and border guards or civil defense services, a recommendation must be filed by the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Security Service, the National Guard, the National Border Guards Committee or the Ministry of Emergencies.[8]


The recommendations are then sent to the President for consideration, along with a package composed of the details of the nominee's deeds and the recommendations that have been filed on his or her behalf. If the President agrees with the recommendation, he will issue a decree to award the person the title, which includes receiving a medal, miniature badge and certificate at a ceremony at the Presidential Palace in Kiev. [9] Mariyinsky Palace President Yushchenko talks with President Madl. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ...

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Notable recipients

Vitali Klitschko, right, with his brother Wladimir
Vitali Klitschko, right, with his brother Wladimir
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Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 326 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 326 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This is a (incomplete) list of people who have been presented the title Hero of Ukraine in reverse chronological order. ... Sofia Rotaru (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; born Marshyntsi, Chernivtsi Oblast, August 7, 1947 is a Soviet / Ukrainian singer from a Moldovan family. ... Yana Klochkova (born August 7, 1982 in Simferopol, Ukraine) is a Ukrainian swimmer. ... Gold Medal is an album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004. ... Swimming is a technique that humans, and other animals, use to move through water using only movements of the body. ... The 2004 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, were held in Athens, Greece, over a period of 17 days from August 13 to August 29, 2004. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Dr. Vitali Vladimirovich Klitschko (Ukrainian: Віталій Володимирович Кличко – Vitalij Volodymyrovyč Klyčko; born July 19, 1971), known as Dr. Iron Fist, was a professional boxer from 1996 through 2005; he was the WBC heavyweight boxing champion of the world in 2004 and 2005. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called Western Boxing, prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science (a common nickname among fans), is a sport and martial art in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their... Valeri Vasilevich Lobanovsky, (January 6, 1939-May 13, 2002), was a Ukrainian football manager. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... FC Dynamo Kyiv is a professional football club from the Ukrainian capital, Kiev (Kyiv). ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Andriy Shevchenko (Ukrainian: , born 29 September 1976, Dvirkivschyna, Kiev Oblast) is a Ukrainian football striker who plays for Chelsea FC in the English Premier League. ... Ronaldinho posing on the cover of France Football with the Ballon dOr. ... Serie A is the top division of the Italian Football League, the highest football league in Italy. ... Pavlo Zahrebelnyy (Ukrainian: ) (born August 25, 2004 in village Soloshyne, Poltava region) is a well-know Ukrainian novelist. ...

Controversial awards

There have been allegations that some members of Kuchma's inner circle, mainly Viktor Medvedchuk, may have masterminded inappropriate awards of Ukrainian decorations and titles, including the Hero of Ukraine title. Police, according to the Associated Press, sent summons to Medvedchuk on 15 July 2005, inviting him for questioning about these awards. [16] Kuchma and Medvedchuk were also questioned on Aleksandr Bartenev's Hero of Ukraine title. Bartenev, known also as "Major", an alleged gangster, is currently facing legal charges in Ukraine. [17] Viktor Medvedchuk (Ukrainian: ) is a Ukrainian politician. ... Associated Press logo Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Due to these problems, President Yushchenko has agreed to stop awarding state decorations starting in June 2005 until further notice. This move was announced by Ivan Vasiunyk, the First Deputy Secretary of State, and backed by the Ukraine's Commission for Decorations and Heraldry. According to Vasiunyk, forty one people were awarded the title of Hero of Ukraine in 2004, with some of the awardings being presented during the election period. Vasiunyk also said that "I don't think you know a third of these names", referring to those who were presented with the hero title in that year. The Commission also agreed not to strip anyone of their decorations, unless Ukrainian law would permit them to do so. [18] Even so, two posthumous titles were awarded in July of 2005 to Oles' (Oleksandr) Honchar and Vadym Hetman. Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian: ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... Rampant redirects here. ... Vadym Hetman (d. ...

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References

  1. ^ Paton being mentioned as the first Hero of Ukraine
  2. ^ Ukraine Ministry of Defense - Hero of Ukraine
  3. ^ President of Ukraine - Medal designs (Russian)
  4. ^ Elitprofi.com.ua The awards of the President of Ukraine (English)
  5. ^ AP photo of the wearer's copy of the medal
  6. ^ Current edict of 2002
  7. ^ Law of Ukraine on state awards of 2000
  8. ^ Hero of Ukraine decree, No. #944/98
  9. ^ Decree by Victor Yushchenko on awarding a person with the title
  10. ^ The Washington Times article on Yana Klochkova receiving the title
  11. ^ Boxnews.com.ua - Vitali Klitschko being awarded the title
  12. ^ Pravda article on Lobnovsky's funeral
  13. ^ Article on Andrei Shevchenko receiving the title
  14. ^ Article on Andrei Shevchenko receiving the title
  15. ^ Article on Pavlo Zagrebelny receiving the title
  16. ^ Kiev Post's article on the questioning of Medvechuk
  17. ^ April 18 2005 press release from the Ukrainian Embassy in Estonia
  18. ^ May 27 2005 press release from the Ukrainian Embassy in Estonia
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External links

  • (Ukrainian)/(Russian) Ukrainian National Award - "Hero of Ukraine" at the official web-site of the President of Ukraine. in Ukrainian, in Russian
  • (Ukrainian) Ribbon bars for various state decorations page on the official site of the President

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hero of Ukraine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1813 words)
The decoration of Hero of Ukraine closely resembles awards in neighboring states, such as Russia's Hero of the Russian Federation and Belarus's Hero of Belarus.
The origin of the "Hero of Ukraine" award can be traced to the highest decorations established in the USSR, of which Ukraine was a constituent republic: Hero of the Soviet Union, established on 16 April 1934, and the Hero of Socialist Labor, established on 27 December 1938.
Most of the recipients of the former title received it for heroic military action (with Soviet cosmonauts being a notable exception), while those awarded the latter were recognized for their contributions to national economy and culture.
Portal:Ukraine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (710 words)
Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, Ukrayina, /ukraˈjina/) is a country in Eastern Europe.
From at least the ninth century the territory of present-day Ukraine was a centre of medieval East Slavic civilization that formed the state that became known as Kievan Rus and for the following several centuries the territory was divided between a number of regional powers.
Decorations that are similar to the Hero of Ukraine are Russia's Hero of the Russian Federation and Belarus's Hero of Belarus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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