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Encyclopedia > Hermann Henselmann
Karl-Marx-Allee, towards Strausberger Platz. The TV tower at Alexanderplatz is visible in the background

Hermann Henselmann (born 3 February 1905 in Rossla; died 19 January 1995 in Berlin) was a German Architect most famous for his buildings constructed in East Germany during the 1950s and 60s. Image File history File linksMetadata Karl-Marx-Allee_Fernsehturm. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Karl-Marx-Allee_Fernsehturm. ... Karl-Marx-Allee, towards Strausberger Platz. ... The Berliner Fernsehturm seen from a distance. ... Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... GDR redirects here. ...

Contents

Early Years

Henselmann studied at the Kunstgewerbe school in Berlin from 1922 to 1925. His early projects, such as a house on Lake Geneva near Montreux (1930) were Modernist in style, showing a clear Bauhaus influence, and due to this and Henselmann's Jewish ancestry he was prevented from working as a private architect by the Nazi government. Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005. ... National Socialism redirects here. ...


Socialist Realism

Frankfurter Tor, Berlin

After the war he was appointed head architect in the city of Gotha and later in Weimar in the Soviet Zone of Germany, although his projects were subjected to harsh criticism for their Modernism. He served in Hans Scharoun's town planning group that tried to convert the SED's leaders to Modernism, although unlike Scharoun Henselmann stayed in East Berlin after their rejection. His neo-classical Weberwiese building in Berlin, emblazoned with quotes from his friend Bertolt Brecht (who had personally convinced him not to leave for the West) announced his conversion to the historical revivalism of the style known as Socialist Realism or Stalinist architecture. Henselmann would subsequently design the towers that cap each end of the Stalinallee boulevard (renamed Karl-Marx-Allee in the 1960s) at Frankurter Tor and Strausberger Platz, which showed the influence of Karl Friedrich Schinkel as well as the Stalinist 'Seven Sisters' 'wedding cake' skyscrapers in Moscow. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 998 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Stalinist architecture Hermann... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 998 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Stalinist architecture Hermann... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Gotha is a town in Thuringia, in Germany. ... For other uses, see Weimar (disambiguation). ... Soviet redirects here. ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... Berlin Philharmonic Hans Bernhard Scharoun (born September 20, 1893 Bremen, Germany - November 25, 1972 Berlin, Germany), was a German architect best known for designing the Berlin Philharmonic concert hall and the Schminke House in Loebau/Saxony. ... The party emblem represented the handshake between Communist Wilhelm Pieck and Social Democrat Otto Grotewohl when their parties merged in 1946 The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Brecht redirects here. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ... Unrealised design for the Palace of Soviets, Moscow, by Boris Iofan, 1933 Stalinist architecture (also referred to as Stalins Empire style or Socialist Classicism) is a term given to constructions that were built in the Soviet Union between 1933, when Boris Iofans draft for Palace of Soviets was... Karl-Marx-Allee, towards Strausberger Platz. ... The Old Museum in Berlin Karl Friedrich Schinkel (March 13, 1781 - October 9, 1841) was a German architect and painter. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


Return to Modernism

Haus des Lehrers and Congress Hall, Berlin

Henselmann was appointed head architect for the city of Berlin in 1953 and held various town planning positions until his retirement. After Stalin's death and the rehabilitation of Modernism, Henselmann returned to his earlier concerns, designing flagship buildings for East Berlin such as the Haus des Lehrers (House of Teachers) and Congress Hall in Alexanderplatz and the housing complex of Leninplatz (which was renamed Platz der Vereinten Nationen or United Nations Square in 1992, and its large statue of Lenin removed). Plans for a 'Signal Tower' drafted in 1958 became early drafts for the vast Fernsehturm, finished in 1969. Other late projects in a modernist and high rise style included the cylindrical Jen-Tower in Jena and a tower for the Leipzig University in the shape of an open book. Henselmann's later projects gave a modern, technocratic face to the German Democratic Republic, akin to the skyscrapers being built at the time in Frankfurt. He dismissed the brief period of Socialist Realism as a 'childhood illness', though his buildings on Karl-Marx-Allee are now protected monuments. Henselmann retired as an architect in 1972. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 515 pixelsFull resolution (1555 × 1002 pixel, file size: 320 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) weitere Informationen / further Information: Dieses Bild kann ohne zusätzliche Erlaubnis verwendet werden. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 515 pixelsFull resolution (1555 × 1002 pixel, file size: 320 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) weitere Informationen / further Information: Dieses Bild kann ohne zusätzliche Erlaubnis verwendet werden. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... The Berliner Fernsehturm seen from a distance. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... , For other uses, see Jena (disambiguation). ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ... Karl-Marx-Allee, towards Strausberger Platz. ...


Selected Buildings

Jen-Tower, Jena
Leninplatz, now Platz der Vereinten Nationen, Berlin

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... , For other uses, see Jena (disambiguation). ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Karl-Marx-Allee, towards Strausberger Platz. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The television tower of Berlin 02/2004 The Fernsehturm (German for Television Tower) is a television tower in the center of Berlin, Germany. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The building was originally part of the University of Leipzig At 142. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... , For other uses, see Jena (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...

Reference

Anders Aman, Architecture and Ideology in Eastern Europe in the Stalin Era (MIT, 1988)


External links

  • Hermann Henselmann and the Architecture of German Socialist Realism- article in Slavonica
  • Hermann Henselmann at the archINFORM database
  • Hermann Henselmann: Architect Portrait (in German)
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Hermann Henselmann

 
 

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