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Encyclopedia > Herbert Eugene Bolton
Herbert Eugene Bolton, history professor and first Director of the Bancroft Library
Herbert Eugene Bolton, history professor and first Director of the Bancroft Library

Herbert Eugene Bolton (July 20, 1870January 30, 1953) was an American historian and one of the most prominent authorities in Spanish-American history. He originated what became the Bolton theory of the history of the Americas and wrote or co-authored 94 works. A student of Frederick Jackson Turner, Bolton disagreed with his mentor and argued that the history of the Americans is best understood by taking a holistic view. The height of his career was spent at the University of California, Berkeley where he served as chair of the history department for 22 years and is credited with making the renowned Bancroft Library the dominant research center it is today. Image File history File links Herbert_Bolton. ... Image File history File links Herbert_Bolton. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... A historian is someone who writes history, and history is a written accounting of the past. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Frederick Jackson Turner Frederick Jackson Turner (November 14, 1861–1932) was, with Charles A. Beard, the most influential American historian of the early 20th century. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... For other senses of this word, see history (disambiguation). ... The Bancroft Library, located at the University of California, Berkeley, was founded in 1905 with the acquisition of Hubert Howe Bancrofts collection and named in his honor. ...

Contents

Early life and education

Bolton was born in Wilton, Wisconsin in 1870 to Edwin Latham and Rosaline (Cady) Bolton. He attended the University of Wisconsin and graduated with a bachelor's degree in 1895. That same year he married Gertrude James, with whom he eventually had seven children. Wilton is a village located in Monroe County, Wisconsin. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public university located in Madison, Wisconsin. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Bolton studied under Frederick Jackson Turner from 1896 and 1897. Starting in 1897, Bolton was a Harrison Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania and studied American history under John Bach McMaster. In 1899, received his Ph.D. from University of Pennsylvania and then taught Milwaukee State Normal School until 1900. 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Pennsylvania (or Penn[3][4]) is a private, nonsectarian research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Pre-Colonial America For details, see the main Pre-Colonial America article. ... John Bach McMaster (June 29, 1852 - May 24, 1932) was an American historian. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ...


Career

From 1901 to 1909, Bolton was a history professor at the University of Texas, where he taught medieval and European history. He became interested in the Spanish colonization of the Americas and in summer 1902 began traveling to Mexico in search of historical documents. 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Texas at Austin, often called UT or Texas, is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... This article discusses the history of the continent of Europe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The Carnegie Institution asked Bolton to write a report of information found about United States history in Mexican archives, and the report was published in 1913. Soon afterward, Bolton became an associate editor of the Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association (now the Southwestern Historical Quarterly). The Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW) is a foundation established by Andrew Carnegie in 1902 to support scientific research. ... Pre-Colonial America For details, see the main Pre-Colonial America article. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


In 1904, Bolton and Eugene C. Barker published With the Makers of Texas: A Source Reader in Texas History, a Texas history textbook. In 1906, Bolton began studying Native American history in Texas for the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology, writing more than 100 articles for the Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The history of Texas (as part of the United States) began in 1845, but settlement of the region dates back to the end of the Upper Paleolithic Period, around 10,000 BCE. Its history has been shaped by being part of six independent countries: Spain, France, Mexico, the Republic of... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... An Aani (Atsina) named Assiniboin Boy. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...


In 1911, Bolton became a professor at the University of California, Berkeley. There he served as the chair of the history department for 22 years and became the first director of the renowned Bancroft Library. He taught the "History of the Americas" course, which attracted up to a thousand students a week. At Berkeley he supervised more than 300 master's theses and 104 doctoral dissertations. In 1914, Bolton published Athanase de Mézières and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier, 1768-1780. A year later, Bolton published Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century: Studies in Spanish Colonial History and Administration and declined the presidency of the University of Texas. 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... The Bancroft Library, located at the University of California, Berkeley, was founded in 1905 with the acquisition of Hubert Howe Bancrofts collection and named in his honor. ... This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Over the next 29 years, Bolton published many works, including Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (1921), The Spanish Borderlands (1921), Outpost of Empire (1931), Rim of Christendom (1936) and Coronado (1949), for which he received a Bancroft Prize from Columbia University. 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Bancroft Prize was established in 1948 with a bequest from Frederic Bancroft and is awarded by Columbia University for books about diplomacy or about the history of the Americas which were first published the year before. ... Columbia University is a private university whose main campus lies in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. ...


In 1932, Bolton served as president of the American Historical Association, and in 1944 retired as a professor. He taught briefly at San Francisco State College (now University) in retirement. He died of a stroke in Berkeley in 1953. 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The American Historical Association (AHA) is a society of historians and teachers of history founded in 1884 and incorporated by the United States Congress in 1889. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... For other articles with similar names, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Legacy

Bolton is best known for his exploration of Spanish colonial trials and translation of the important journals of Spanish soldiers and priests, which vastly expanded the written record of that period. His 94 written works are still influential today, especially through the concepts of the Spanish Borderlands and the Bolton theory. Currently, the Bolton Prize honors works in Latin American literature to commemorate his controbutions to this field.


Bolton's biggest mistake was his February 1937 authentication of Drake's Plate of Brass, which was a forgery of a mythical brass plaque purportely placed by Sir Francis Drake upon his arrival in Northern California in 1579. The plate is currently on display at the Bancroft Library where he served. 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Authentication (Greek: αυθεντικός = real or genuine, from authentes = author ) is the act of establishing or confirming something (or someone) as authentic, that is, that claims made by or about the thing are true. ... The so-called Drakes Plate of Brass. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... Brass is the term used for alloys of copper and zinc, the amount of zinc varying from 5 to 45 percent to create a range of brasses each with unique properties[1]. Note that in comparison bronze is principally an alloy of copper and tin. ... The word plaque or placque may mean: Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: plaque, placque Dental plaque, a yellowish film that builds up on the teeth Atheromatous plaque, a buildup of fatty deposits within the wall of a blood vessel Mucoid plaque, a supposed thick coating of plaque in... Sir Francis Drake, c. ... Northern California, sometimes abbreviated NorCal, refers to the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Events January 6 - The Union of Atrecht united the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma, governor in the name of king Philip II of Spain. ...


Sources


  Results from FactBites:
 
Herbert Eugene Bolton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (708 words)
Herbert Eugene Bolton (July 20, 1870–January 30, 1953) was an American historian and one of the most prominent authorities in Spanish-American history.
Bolton was born in Wilton, Wisconsin in 1870 to Edwin Latham and Rosaline (Cady) Bolton.
Bolton's biggest mistake was his February 1937 authentication of Drake's Plate of Brass, which was a forgery of a mythical brass plaque purportely placed by Sir Francis Drake upon his arrival in Northern California in 1579.
Welcome to the University of Oklahoma Press - home (279 words)
In the early decades of the twentieth century, Herbert Eugene Bolton became the preeminent historian and bibliographer of the Spanish Borderlands, renowned for his many scholarly works on the Spaniards in the American Southwest.
Bolton’s work, an account of the Hasinais from the late seventeenth century through the 1770s, was the result of prodigious research in the then little-mined Spanish archives in Texas and Mexico.
Bolton soon realized that the Spanish documents shed light not only on the history of the region but also on the Indians and their culture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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