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Encyclopedia > Heraklion Archaeological Museum
A figure of the bull leaper (ca. 1500 BC).
"Snake Goddess" or a priestess performing a ritual (MM III)

The Heraklion Archaeological Museum is one the great museums of Greece and the best in the world regarding the Minoan art as it contains the most notable and complete collection of artifacts of the Minoan civilization of Crete. The museum began in 1883 as a simple collection of antiquities. A dedicated building was constructed from 1904 to 1912 at the instigation of two Cretan archaeologists, Iosif Hatzidakis and Stefanos Xanthoudidis. From 1937, work began on the present earthquake-proof building, designed by the renowned Greek architect Patroklos Karantinos. The museum was damaged during World War II, but the collection survived intact and was again accessible to the public from 1952. A new wing was added in 1964. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1184x945, 282 KB) The Bull Leaper, an ivory figurine from the palace of knossos, crete. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1184x945, 282 KB) The Bull Leaper, an ivory figurine from the palace of knossos, crete. ... Bull-leaping, fresco from the Great Palace at Knossos, Crete The Bull Leaper, an ivory figurine from the palace of knossos, crete. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (802x1216, 245 KB) Snake goddess from the Palace of Knossos, Crete. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (802x1216, 245 KB) Snake goddess from the Palace of Knossos, Crete. ... Minoan Snake Goddess figurine c 1600 BCE Snake Goddess describes a number of figurines of a woman holding a snake in each hand found during excavation of Minoan archaeological sites in Crete dating from approximately 1600 BCE. By implication the term also describes the deity depicted although little more is... Heraklion or Iraklion (Greek: Ηράκλειο; Italian: Candia), is the largest city and the capital of Crete. ... Minoan may refer to the following: The Minoan civilization The (undeciphered) Eteocretan language The (undeciphered) Minoan language The script known as Linear A An old name for the Mycenean language before it was deciphered and discovered to be a form of Greek. ... The Minoan Civilisation was a pre-Hellenic Bronze Age civilization which arose on Crete, a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Patroklos Karantinos (Greek Πάτροκλος Καραντινός) 1903 Constantinople - 1976 in Athens, is a notable Greek architect; the pioneer of Postmodernism in Greece. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ...


Besides the Minoan collection, other periods of Cretan history are covered, from the Neolithic to the Greco-Roman period. The Archaeological Museum at Heraklion is dedicated to Minoan art and artefacts, with a smaller section for post-Minoan art and artefacts. (The Museum is currently being renovated but a temporary exhibition is open in the main building.) Minoan may refer to the following: The Minoan civilization The (undeciphered) Eteocretan language The (undeciphered) Minoan language The script known as Linear A An old name for the Mycenean language before it was deciphered and discovered to be a form of Greek. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Heraklion or Iraklion (Greek: Ηράκλειο; Italian: Candia), is the largest city and the capital of Crete. ... Minoan may refer to the following: The Minoan civilization The (undeciphered) Eteocretan language The (undeciphered) Minoan language The script known as Linear A An old name for the Mycenean language before it was deciphered and discovered to be a form of Greek. ...

Contents

Collections

Room I

Covers findings from 6000 BCE to the pre-Palatial period, including: (7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – other millennia) Events c. ...

  • Neolithic fertility goddess
  • Vasiliki ware
  • stone jars from the island of Mochlos
  • miniature clay sculptures

An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Mochlos (also transliterated as Mokhlos or Mohlos) is a modern island in the Gulf of Mirabello in eastern Crete, and the archaeological site of an ancient Minoan settlement. ...

Room II

Covers findings from 2000 BCE to 1700 BCE in Knossos, Malia and several peak sanctuaries, including: (Redirected from 2000 BCE) (21st century BC - 20th century BC - 19th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 2064 - 1986 BC -- Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt 2000 BC -- Farmers and herders travel south from Ethiopia and settle in Kenya. ... (18th century BC - 17th century BC - 16th century BC - other centuries) (1690s BC - 1680s BC - 1670s BC - 1660s BC - 1650s BC - 1640s BC - 1630s BC - 1620s BC - 1610s BC - 1600s BC - 1590s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1700 - 1500 BC -- Hurrian conquests... A portion of Arthur Evans reconstruction of the Minoan palace at Knossos. ... Malia, a city in Crete Malia (Malia grata), a bird found on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi Category: ... Peak sanctuaries and sacred caves of ancient Minoa litter modern Crete. ...

  • Kamares ware pottery
  • glazed plaques of Minoan houses (aka the "Town Mosaic")
  • peak sanctuary figurines

Minoan may refer to the following: The Minoan civilization The (undeciphered) Eteocretan language The (undeciphered) Minoan language The script known as Linear A An old name for the Mycenean language before it was deciphered and discovered to be a form of Greek. ...

Room III

The Phaistos Disc (Phaistos Disk, Phaestos Disc) is a curious archaeological find, likely dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age. ...

Room IV

Covers findings from 1700 BCE to 1450 BCE, including: (18th century BC - 17th century BC - 16th century BC - other centuries) (1690s BC - 1680s BC - 1670s BC - 1660s BC - 1650s BC - 1640s BC - 1630s BC - 1620s BC - 1610s BC - 1600s BC - 1590s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1700 - 1500 BC -- Hurrian conquests...

  • bull's head rhyton from Knossos
  • snake goddess figurines
  • tools and weapons, mostly cast in bronze
  • cups with Linear A inscriptions

A portion of Arthur Evans reconstruction of the Minoan palace at Knossos. ... Linear A incised on tablets found in Akrotiri, Santorini. ...

Room V

Covers findings from 1450 BCE to 1400 BCE, including: (Redirected from 1400 BCE) (15th century BC - 14th century BC - 13th century BC - other centuries) (1400s BC - 1390s BC - 1380s BC - 1370s BC - 1360s BC - 1350s BC - 1340s BC - 1330s BC - 1320s BC - 1310s BC - 1300s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1344...

  • Egyptian trade objects
  • clay model of a house
  • Examples of a Linear A and Linear B scripts

Linear A incised on tablets found in Akrotiri, Santorini. ... This article is about the ancient syllabary. ...

Room VI

Covers findings from cemeteries at Knossos, Phaistos and Archanes, including: A portion of Arthur Evans reconstruction of the Minoan palace at Knossos. ... Map of Minoan Crete Phaistos (Greek: Φαιστός, Mycenaean: PA-I-TO), also transliterated as Phaestos, Festos and Phaestus was an ancient city on the island of Crete. ... Archanes (also Arkhanes, Godart & Olivier abbreviaton: ARKH) is the archaeological site of an ancient Minoan settlement in central Crete. ...

The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... A rare Dresden porcelain figurine Figurine is a diminutive form of the word figure, and generally refers to a small, human-made object that represents some sort of being. ... The Treasure of Atreus tholos in 2004 Beehive tombs, also known as Tholos tombs (plural tholoi), are a style of Mycenaean chamber tomb from the Bronze Age. ... Archanes (also Arkhanes, Godart & Olivier abbreviaton: ARKH) is the archaeological site of an ancient Minoan settlement in central Crete. ...

Room VII

Covers findings from 1700 BCE to 1300 BCE from smaller villas and sacred caves, including: (18th century BC - 17th century BC - 16th century BC - other centuries) (1690s BC - 1680s BC - 1670s BC - 1660s BC - 1650s BC - 1640s BC - 1630s BC - 1620s BC - 1610s BC - 1600s BC - 1590s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1700 - 1500 BC -- Hurrian conquests... (Redirected from 1300 BCE) Centuries: 15th century BC - 14th century BC - 13th century BC Decades: 1350s BC 1340s BC 1330s BC 1320s BC 1310s BC - 1300s BC - 1290s BC 1280s BC 1270s BC 1260s BC 1250s BC Events and Trends Cecrops II, legendary King of Athens dies after a reign... Sacred caves and peak sanctuaries of ancient Minoa litter modern Crete. ...

An Egyptian carved and glazed steatite scarab amulet. ... Agia Triada (Holy Trinity) is a Minoan site in southern Crete, 4 km west of Phaistos, situated at the western end of the Mesara Plain. ... Malia, a city in Crete Malia (Malia grata), a bird found on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi Category: ...

Room VIII - Zakros

Covers findings from 1700 BCE to 1450 BCE from the palace of Zakros, including: (18th century BC - 17th century BC - 16th century BC - other centuries) (1690s BC - 1680s BC - 1670s BC - 1660s BC - 1650s BC - 1640s BC - 1630s BC - 1620s BC - 1610s BC - 1600s BC - 1590s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1700 - 1500 BC -- Hurrian conquests... Zakros (Greek Ζάκρος) is a site on the eastern coast of the island of Crete (in modern-day Greece) containing ruins from the Minoan civilization. ...

  • rock crystal rhyton
  • bull's head rhyton
  • pottery with floral and marine motifs

A Rhyton (Greek ῥυτόν rutón) is a ceremonial drinking cup shaped like an animal head or horn. ...

Room IX

Covers findings from 1700 BCE to 1450 BCE in eastern Crete, including: (18th century BC - 17th century BC - 16th century BC - other centuries) (1690s BC - 1680s BC - 1670s BC - 1660s BC - 1650s BC - 1640s BC - 1630s BC - 1620s BC - 1610s BC - 1600s BC - 1590s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1700 - 1500 BC -- Hurrian conquests...

  • terracotta figurines from Pisokephalo peak sanctuary
  • seal stones

Room X - Mycenaean

Covers findings from 1400 BCE to 1100 BCE, including: (Redirected from 1400 BCE) (15th century BC - 14th century BC - 13th century BC - other centuries) (1400s BC - 1390s BC - 1380s BC - 1370s BC - 1360s BC - 1350s BC - 1340s BC - 1330s BC - 1320s BC - 1310s BC - 1300s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1344... (Redirected from 1100 BCE) Centuries: 13th century BC - 12th century BC - 11th century BC Decades: 1150s BC 1140s BC 1130s BC 1120s BC 1110s BC - 1100s BC - 1090s BC 1080s BC 1070s BC 1060s BC 1050s BC Events and Trends 1100 BC - Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria conquers the Hittites...

  • clay figurines
  • clay sculpture of dancers with a lyre player

“Lyres” redirects here. ...

Room XI - Dorian

Covers findings from 1100 BCE to 900 BCE during the arrival of the Dorian Greeks, including: (Redirected from 1100 BCE) Centuries: 13th century BC - 12th century BC - 11th century BC Decades: 1150s BC 1140s BC 1130s BC 1120s BC 1110s BC - 1100s BC - 1090s BC 1080s BC 1070s BC 1060s BC 1050s BC Events and Trends 1100 BC - Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria conquers the Hittites... Centuries: 11th century BC - 10th century BC - 9th century BC Decades: 950s BC 940s BC 930s BC 920s BC 910s BC - 900s BC - 890s BC 880s BC 870s BC 860s BC 850s BC Events and trends 909 BC - Zhou xiao wang becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China. ... [[Im Category: ...

  • weapons and tools, mostly of iron
  • clay fertility figurines
  • votive offerings

Room XII

Covers findings up to 650 BCE, including: Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 700s BC 690s BC 680s BC 670s BC 660s BC - 650s BC - 640s BC 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC 600s BC Occupation begins at Maya site of Piedras Negras, Guatemala. ...

  • pottery decorated with griffins
  • artefacts and figurines from Kato Syme

Room XIII - Larnakes

Minoan larnakes (clay coffins) are on display here.


Room XIV - Hall of the Frescoes

A portion of Arthur Evans reconstruction of the Minoan palace at Knossos. ... Agia Triada (Holy Trinity) is a Minoan site in southern Crete, 4 km west of Phaistos, situated at the western end of the Mesara Plain. ... Agia Triada (Holy Trinity) is a Minoan site in southern Crete, 4 km west of Phaistos, situated at the western end of the Mesara Plain. ... Stone sarcophagus of Pharaoh Merenptah Detail of a stone sarcophagus in the Istanbul Archeological Museum showing a hunting scene Anthropoid sarcophagus discovered at Cádiz A sarcophagus is a stone container for a coffin or body. ...

Room XV & Room XVI

  • More frescoes, including the famous "La Parisienne"

Room XX - Classical Greek, Greco-Roman

  • sculptures from Classical Greek and Greco-Roman periods

Visitor Information

Hours: April-September Monday 12-7pm Tuesday-Sunday 8am-7pm October-March daily 8am-5pm


Admittance: €6, free on Sundays November-May. The Museum is currently CLOSED to public since late 2006 for undisclosed period. No temporary exhibitions as of July 2007.


Reference

  • The Rough Guide to Crete ISBN 1-84353-292-1

Notable artifacts

Minoan Snake Goddess figurine c 1600 BCE Snake Goddess describes a number of figurines of a woman holding a snake in each hand found during excavation of Minoan archaeological sites in Crete dating from approximately 1600 BCE. By implication the term also describes the deity depicted although little more is... The Phaistos Disc (Phaistos Disk, Phaestos Disc) is a curious archaeological find, likely dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age. ... The Arkalochori Axe is a votive double axe excavated in the Arkalochori cave by Spyridon Marinatos. ...

Renovation

This museum has been closed for renovations since late 2006. A temporary exhibition is now open within the museum where all the main artifacts (including the Phaistos Disk, Snake Goddess, Bull Leaping and King of the Lillies Frescoes) are displayed. The temporary exhibition includes approximately 150 items in chronological order with the explanatory plaques and context plaques.


See also

This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Minoan Civilisation was a pre-Hellenic Bronze Age civilization which arose on Crete, a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Archaeological Museum of Herakleion

 
 

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