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Encyclopedia > Heraion

Heraion redirects here. For other uses, see Heraion (disambiguation)


The Heraion of Samos was built by the architects Rhoikos and Theodoros ca. 540 BC. The temple stood opposite the cult altar of Hera in her sanctuary. Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC Events and Trends 548 BC -- Croesus, Lydian king, defeated by Cyrus. ...


It was a dipteral temple, that is with a portico of columns two deep, which surrounded it entirely. It had a deep square-roofed Pronaos in front of a closed Cella. Cella and Pronaos were divided into three equal aisles by two rows of columns that marched down the Pronaos and through the Temple. The result was that Hera was worshipped in a Temple fitted within a stylized grove of columns, eight across and twenty-one deep. The columns stood on unusual bases that were horizontally fluted. A pronaos is the inner area of the portico of an ancient Greek or Roman temple, situated between the colonnade or walls of the portico and the entrance to the cella or shrine. ... A cella, in Ancient Greek and Roman temples was the central room that housed cult statues. ...


The Heraion of Samos was the first of the gigantic Ionic temples. Unfortunately it stood for only about a decade before it was destroyed, probably by an earthquake. One of the giant statues from the Heraion survives in the Samos Archaeological Museum. The great kouros of Samos, the largest surviving kouros in Greece (Samos Archaeological Museum) A kouros (plural kouroi) is a statue of a male youth, dating from the archaic period of Greek sculpture (about 650 BC to about 500 BC). ...


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The Standard of the Heraion (4383 words)
The purpose of the dedication of the Heraion was to supplant a currency of obols with a currency of iron measured by weight and in general with a currency of metals measured by weight.
The oboloi, as used up to the time of the dedication of the Heraion, did not have to conform to a standard of weight, but since all the obols in the bundle had the length of four natural basic feet, it must be asked whether they had to conform to a standard of length.
It is possible that the obols of the Heraion were given that length, but that the obols in circulation had more or less a length of that order, their length being determined by their practical use as roasting spits.
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