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Encyclopedia > Henry Reeve (soldier)

Henry Reeve (1850—1876) was a Brigadier General in Cuba's 'Ejercito Libertador' - more commonly known as the 'Ejercito Mambi' - during the Ten Years' War (1868-1878). This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... The Ten Years War, (Guerra de los Diez Años) (also known as the Great War) began on October 10, 1868. ...


He was born in Brooklyn, New York, USA on April 4, 1850 and died in Matanzas, Cuba on August 4, 1876. Reeve was 27 years old at the time of his death, and had served in the Cuban Army for 7 years having participated in over 400 battles against the Spanish Army. Brooklyn (named for the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... Official language(s) None Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Matanzas is one of the provinces of Cuba. ... The Spanish Army (Ejército de Tierra in Spanish; literally, Land Army) is one branch of the Spanish Armed Forces, in charge of land operations. ...


Upon becoming aware of the Cuban uprising initiated at 'La Demajagua' by Carlos Manuel de Cespedes in 1868, he promptly volunteered. He arrived in Cuba in 1869 aboard the ship Perrit as part of an Expeditionary Force. For other uses, see Cuba (disambiguation). ... Expeditionary Force is a generic name sometimes applied to a military force dispatched to fight in a foreign country. ...


The expedition was ambushed by the Spanish Army while unloading and Reeve was taken prisoner along with many others. A Spanish firing squad shot the group, and left them unburied and presumed dead. Reeve was wounded but had enough strength to creep away, and was found by units of the Cuban Army.


He was known as 'Enrique - El Americano' and nicknamed "El Inglesito" by Ignacio Agramonte y Loynáz, and he quickly rose under his command. Reeve in turn gave Agramonte his knickname: "El Mayor". He served with distinction initially under Agramonte and subsequently under Máximo Gómez y Báez. The statue of Ignacio Agramonte on the Plaza de Revolución in Camagüey Ignacio Agramonte y Loynáz (1841—1873) was a Cuban revolutionary, and played an important part in the Ten Years War. ... Máximo Gómez Máximo Gómez y Báez was a general in the Ten Years War and Cubas military commander in that countrys War of Independence (late 19th century. ...


Under Agramonte he participated in many actions, including the rescue of Julio Sanguily in 1871 were Agramonte, Reeve, and 34 others overcame a superior Spanish force of 120.


In one critical action he jumped over a artillery battery, lifting the morale of the Cuban fighters but was seriously wounded on a leg. For his actions he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General.


Exposed to the harsh jungle conditions, he was told he would never walk or ride a horse again. Reeve persevered and with metallic braces he was able to walk, but had to be strapped to his mount in order to be able to ride his horse. He kept leading the famed Camagüey Cavalry Corps throughout the balance of his life.


After Agramonte's death at Jimaguayú in May 1873, Reeve presented Máximo Gómez to the legendary Camagüey Calvary Corps. Under Gómez' command Reeve participated in the failed invasion of Western Cuba. Stranded in the province of Matanzas in 1876, the Spanish annihilated his small escort at Las Yagrumas; unable to ride, Reeve shot himself with his handgun before being captured.


Henry Reeve was honored by the Cuban government in 1976 on the centenary of his death with a postal stamp.


 
 

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