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Encyclopedia > Henry McHenry
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Henry McHenry is a professor of anthropology at the University of California, Davis, specializing in studies of human evolution, the origins of bipedality, and paleoanthropology. Jump to: navigation, search Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος, human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... Jump to: navigation, search The University of California, Davis, commonly known as UC Davis, is one of the ten University of California campuses. ... Jump to: navigation, search Human evolution is the process of change and development, or evolution, by which human beings emerged as a distinct species. ... Paleoanthropology is the branch of physical anthropology that focuses on the study of human evolution, tracing the anatomic and genetic linkages of pre-humans from millions of years ago, up to modern times. ...


McHenry is known internationally for his scholarship on comparative relationships among primate fossils, and he is frequently asked to give talks globally. His findings have been featured in numerous scholarly journals, and in major publications including Science, The New York Times, Discover and National Geographic. Science is the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Discover is a science magazine that publishes articles about science for a general audience. ... The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ...


McHenry earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees at UC Davis before earning his Ph.D. at Harvard. Harvard, see Harvard (disambiguation) Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ...

Contents


Efficient Walker theory

Attempting to explain the evolutionary advent of bipedalism among hominids, McHenry and Peter Rodman have advanced the Efficient Walker theory. The scientists compared the efficiency of chimpanzees walking on two versus four legs, finding two legged locomotion was far more efficient. They concluded bipedalism was selected simply because it allowed for a father range of travel for hominids. As Miocene forests decreased and hominids were forced into the savannas, the scientists reason, bipedalism enabled greater access to resources. Genera Subfamily Ponginae Pongo - Orangutans Gigantopithecus (extinct) Sivapithecus (extinct) Lufengpithecus (extinct) Ankarapithecus (extinct) Subfamily Homininae Gorilla - Gorillas Pan - Chimpanzees Homo - Humans Dryopithecus (extinct) Ouranopithecus (extinct) Paranthropus (extinct) Australopithecus (extinct) Sahelanthropus (extinct) Orrorin (extinct) Ardipithecus (extinct) Kenyanthropus (extinct) Pierolapithecus (extinct) (tentative) The hominids are the members of the biological family Hominidae... The Miocene epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23 to 5. ...


Study of African ancestors

McHenry travels regularly to Africa to extend his knowledge of human origins, focusing his studies on the fossil remains of australopithecines. The best-known of which are the 3.6 million year old remains of 'Lucy', discovered in 1974 by Donald Johanson of the Institute for Human Origins. According to McHenry, "The earlier species (Lucy) is more primitive in its skull and teeth, but has human-like body proportions," whereas "the later species, africanus, with more human-like skull and teeth, has the more ape-like body proportions--big arms, small legs." // Etymology World map showing Africa (geographically) The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra — land of the Afri (plural, or Afer singular) — for the northern part of the continent, as the province of Africa with its capital Carthage, corresponding to modern-day... Species A. afarensis (Lucy) Formerly Australopithecus, now Paranthropus Australopithecines (genus Australopithecus) are a group of extinct Hominids that are closely related to humans. ... Jump to: navigation, search Lucy is a female given name, popular in Britain. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Donald Carl Johanson (born June 28, 1943) is an American paleoanthropologist known for his discovery of the skeleton of a 3. ... Jump to: navigation, search Binomial name Australopithecus africanus Dart, 1925 Australopithecus africanus was an early hominid, an australopithecine, who lived between 2 and 3 million years ago in the Pliocene. ...


Family ventures

McHenry and his wife, Linda, have been members of the nonsectarian Shambhala Meditation Center in Davis since 1985 and co-directors since 1995. His father, Dean E. McHenry, was a respected political scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles in the 1940s and 1950s, the founding Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Cruz from 1961 to 1974, and a coauthor of California's Master Plan for Higher Education in 1960. Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search The University of California, Los Angeles, popularly known as UCLA, is a public, coeducational university situated in the neighborhood of Westwood within the city of Los Angeles. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events and trends The 1940s were seen as a transition period between the radical 1930s and the conservative 1950s, which also leads the period to be divided in two halves: The first half of the decade was dominated by World War II, the widest and most... Jump to: navigation, search // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the... The University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC or UC Santa Cruz) is a coeducational public university located in Santa Cruz, California, USA. It is one of the ten campuses of the University of California. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Recognition

In 2000, the James H. Meyer Fellows of the UC Davis Foundation awarded McHenry the university's 'Prize for Undergraduate Teaching and Scholarly Achievement'. Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year 2000. ...


External links

  • UCDavis.edu - 'Origin of Bipedality', McHenry, H.M., Annual Review of Anthropology, vol 11, p 151-173 (1982)
  • UCDavis.edu - 'Henry McHenry honored for highly evolved teaching', Lisa Klionsky (March 3, 2000)
  • UCDavis.edu - 'The singing paleontologist: Back from his latest African visit, Henry McHenry has a bone to pick with an old theory about human evolution', Trina Wood

  Results from FactBites:
 
Teaching prize/Dateline UC Davis/03-03-00 (1315 words)
McHenry calls those professors who inspired his career–Kinzey, as well as Ledyard Stebbins and Milton Hildebrand–excellent scholars and teachers, who shared their knowledge with great enthusiasm.
Colleagues and students praise McHenry for his vision of the ideal anthropology education, for encouraging students to hone their intellectual curiosity, for the empathy he feels for his students, and for linking his prolific and high-profile research to the classroom.
McHenry is known internationally for his scholarship on comparative relationships among primate fossils housed in museums in Africa; his findings have been featured in Science, The New York Times, Discover and National Geographic, and numerous scholarly journals, and he is frequently asked to give talks globally.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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