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Encyclopedia > Henry Hare Dugmore

The Reverend Henry Hare Dugmore (1810-1896), South African missionary, writer and translator.

Rev. Henry Hare Dugmore c1890
Rev. Henry Hare Dugmore c1890


Family background

Dugmore was born in England in 1810, son of Isaac and Maria Dugmore. The family came to South Africa after Isaac Dugmore was financially ruined: he had been forced to pay the debts of a relative for whom he had stood surety. The Dugmore family arrived in South Africa in 1820 as part of the Gardner party of 1820 Settlers, sailing from London to South Africa on the vessel Sir George Osborn. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The 1820 Settlers were several groups or parties of white, British colonists settled by the British government and the Cape authorities in the South African Eastern Cape in 1820. ... The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ...

Conversion and missionary work

In 1830 Dugmore became a committed member of the Wesleyan Methodist church, and began to study for ordination. In the late 1830s he was appointed as the successor to the missionary William Boyce, who ran a Wesleyan mission station in the rural Eastern Cape at Mount Coke, near King William's Town. Dugmore quickly became fluent in Xhosa, and spent the next twenty years undertaking missionary work. He was jointly responsible for the first translation of the Bible and Psalms into the Xhosa language, and composed a large number of Xhosa hymns, some of which are still sung today. The Wesleyan Church in America (formerly Wesleyan Methodist) was officially formed in 1843 at an organizing conference in Utica, New York, as a group of ministers and laymen splitting from the Methodist Episcopal Church, primarily over the issue of slavery, though they had secondary issues as well. ... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ... King Williams Town, a town of South Africa, in the Cape province and on the Buffalo River, 42 m. ... The Xhosa people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa. ... The holy Jewish scripture: The Torah. ... Psalms (Tehilim תהילים, in Hebrew) is a book of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh, and of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. ...

Later life

In 1860 Dugmore moved to the little town of Queenstown where he spent the rest of his life. He continued to write, and became involved in a large number of clubs and societies. In addition, he became the focus of many visits by missionaries from Europe and North America, and was noted for his oratory and public speaking on sacred and secular subjects - in both English and Xhosa. 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Queenstown, situated in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa is the commercial, administrative and educational centre of a prosperous farming district. ... World map showing location of Europe When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west...

See also

The Xhosa people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa. ...


  • Mitford-Barberton, I., 1968. Some Frontier Families, Cape Town: Human & Rousseau.
  • Dugmore, H. H., 1990. Reminiscences of an Albany Settler, Scottsville: Grant Christison. (Facsimile of original, published Grahamstown: Richards, Glanville and Co., 1871)

External links

  • List of descendants of H. H. Dugmore
  • 1820 Settlers' National Monument



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