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Encyclopedia > Henri Lammens

Henri Lammens (1862-1937) was a prominent Belgian-born Jesuit and Orientalist. 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Orientalism is the study of Near and Far Eastern societies and cultures, by Westerners. ...

Born in Ghent, Belgium of Catholic Flemish stock, Henri Lammens joined the Society of Jesus in Beirut at the age of fifteen, and settled permanently in Lebanon. During his first eight years there Lammens mastered the Arabic language, as well as Latin, and Greek. His first work of scholarship was a dictionary of Arabic usage (1889). He edited al-Bashir, the Jesuit newspaper of Beirut, and after much travelling, he began his career as an Orientalist at the School of Oriental Studies at the Jesuit College in 1907. Ghent municipality and district in the province East Flanders Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... Arabic ( or just ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The School of Oriental and African Studies (commonly abbreviated to SOAS) is a College of the University of London. ...

He published a series of studies on the Umayyads, and several on pre-Islamic Arabia: Etudes sur le regne du calife Omaiyade Mo'awia ler (1908), Le berceau de l'Islam; L'Arabie occidentale à la vielle de l'Hegire (1914). He contributed many articles to the first edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam, as well as to various learned journals. The Umayyad Dynasty (Arabic الأمويون / بنو أمية umawiyy; in Turkish, Emevi) was the first dynasty of caliphs of the Prophet Muhammad who were not closely related to Muhammad himself, though they were of the same Meccan tribe, the... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is a scholarly encyclopaedia covering all aspects of Islamic civilization and history. ...

His contributions are considered highly influential among Western historians of Islam; and yet he has often been criticized for his skewed portrayal of many issues. It is universally acknowledged "that Lammens provided the study of the sira with a new basis; and none would underestimate his contributions on the history of the Umayyads."

Lammens concluded that the outcome of the meeting of Saqifah came about as the result of a conspiracy woven by Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, who, in the Saqifah of the Banu Sa`idah, had agreed to seize the caliphate and succeed one another. ref Saqifah, also known as Saqifa Bani Saeda or Saqifat Bani Saida, was a roofed building used by the tribe, or banu, of Saida, of the faction of the Khazraj, of the city of Medina in the Hijaz, northwestern Arabia. ... In a political sense, conspiracy refers to a group of persons united in the goal of usurping or overthrowing an established political power. ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... For other uses, see Umar (disambiguation). ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman (name). ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ...

Other peoples views of Henri Lammens

Maxime Rodinson, a contemporary of Lammens, and a biographer of Muhammad, characterized Lammens as Maxime Rodinson (26 January 1915–23 May 2004) was a french marxist historian, sociologist and orientalist. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ...

"filled with a holy contempt for Islam, for its 'delusive glory', and 'lascivious' prophet." "A Critical Survey of Modern Studies of Muhammad" p26

A Library Journal reviewer wrote: Library Journal is a trade publication for librarians. ...

"...one who had 'a holy contempt for Islam.' Lammens himself refers to the Qur'an as an 'infinitely shabby journal.' -Michael W. Ellis, Ellenville P.L., NY


Some of Lammens's studies are included in Quest for the Historical Muhammad, edited by Ibn Warraq. Fatima and the Daughters of Muhammad is a book written by Henri Lammens, Rome and Paris: Scripta Pontificii Instituti Biblici, 1912 The book is mentioned in The Quest for the Historical Muhammad by Ibn Warraq. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Ibn Warraq is the bestselling author of several books on Islam. ...

This Belgian biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This is an article on biographies. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Misconceptions about the Shi'a - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1478 words)
The result of such uneven contacts by opinionated orientalists can be observed in the writings of the likes of historians such as the Jesuit Henri Lammens (1862-1937), the Jewish Ignaz Goldziher, and Joseph Schacht (1902-1969), who made no effort to conceal their mockery and judgemental views of history.
Yet modern authors readily admit that such attacks by Lammens have yet to be refuted 5, while other modern historians continue to even recycle such works into their latest publications.
Henri Lammens, Fatima and the Daughters of Muhammad, Rome and paris: Scripta Pontificii Instituti Biblici, 1912.
Iranica.com - FAÚT®EMA (3033 words)
The first substantial biography of Fa@tÂema, by Henri Lammens (1912), was mainly based on historical and Sunnite sources.
Lammens' rather antipathetic portrait of her was severely criticized by Louis Massignon (1969, I, pp.
Henri Corbin took up Massignon's study of Fa@tÂema, but with particular stress on redemption; unlike Massignon's "transhistorical" approach, his method was rooted in gnostic theosophy.
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