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Encyclopedia > Hemudu culture

The Hemudu culture (河姆渡文化) was a Neolithic culture that fluorished just south of the Hangzhou Bay in Jiangnan in modern Yuyao, Zhejiang, China. The site at Hemudu was discovered in 1973. Hemudu sites were also discovered on the islands of Zhoushan. The culture is dated from about 5000 BC to 3000 BC. The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ... Jiang Nan (Chinese: 江南, Wade-Giles: Chiang nan) refers to the southern part of the lowest reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of the Yangtze Delta. ... Yuyao is a city in Zhejiang province, China, capital of Yuyao district. ... Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is a eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Zhoushan (舟山; formerly transliterated as Chusan) is the only prefecture-level city consisting solely of islands in the Peoples Republic of China. ... (6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero. ... (31st century BC - 30th century BC - 29th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2925 - 2776 BC - First Dynasty wars in Egypt 2900 BC - Beginning of the Early Dynastic Period I in Mesopotamia. ...

The Hemudu culture coexisted with the Majiabang culture for over a thousand years as two separate and distinct cultures, with cultural transmissions between the two cultures. Two major floods caused the nearby Yaojiang River to change its course and inundated the soil with salt, forcing the people of Hemudu to abandon its settlements. It has been suggested that soil salinity be merged into this article or section. ...

Most of the artifacts discovered at Hemudu consist of animal bones, exemplified by hoes made of shoulder bones. The culture produced a distinct pottery made with charcoal powder. The Hemudu culture is one of the earliest cultures to cultivate rice and produce lacquer wood. Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents of animal and vegetable substances. ... Binomial name Oryza sativa L. Rice (Oryza sativa) is a species of grass in the genus Oryza, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia, where it grows in wetlands. ... In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or colored coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ...

See also


  • Chang, Kwang-chih. The Archaeology of Ancient China, ISBN 0300037848



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